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Día de la Constitución: Constitution Day in Spain

The current Constitution of Spain went into effect in 1978, setting certain changes in motion for the country. In this article, you’ll learn about what those changes are, what happens on Constitution Day in Spain, and more fun facts about the Constitution of Spain!

Understanding a country’s history and culture is essential is being able to master its language. And at SpanishPod101.com, we believe that learning Spanish should be both fun and informative—starting with this article!

Are you ready? Let’s get started.

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1. What is Constitution Day in Spain?

The courts approved the 1978 Constitution on October 31, a referendum approved it on December 6, and the King signed and proclaimed it on December 27. It went into effect on December 29.

The promulgation of the Constitution led Spain into a point of transition, which took place as a result of the death of the former head of state, general, and dictator, Franco, on November 20, 1975. His death sparked major changes that resulted in the previous Franco Regime transforming into a democratic one, under the political form of a parliamentary monarchy.

Here are some fun and interesting facts about the Spanish Constitution for you:

  • The Spanish people approved it with 87.7% “yes” votes.
  • It’s one of the most extensive constitutions of the European Union, with 169 items.
  • The 1978 Constitution used both old Spanish ideas and those from Italy’s 1948 Constitution and Germany’s 1949 Constitution.
  • In its 41 years of existence as of 2019, Spain has only reformed its Constitution twice.

The Constitution can be revised at any time, but this is very complicated—much more so than in other countries (though in Germany and France, the Constitution can’t be changed). Italy, for example, has already amended its Constitution thirty-seven times!

Another fun fact: Camilo José Cela, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, not only helped to correct the grammar of the Constitution, but was also present in the discussions that were held before its implementation, actively participating.

2. When is Constitution Day?

The Spanish Flag

Each year, Spain celebrates its Constitution Day on December 6.

3. How Does Spain Celebrate Constitution Day?

The Constitution Day celebrated in Spain doesn’t usually have many events, though in schools, children may study the Constitution and some of the most important articles.

On Constitution Day, Spain’s most significant event is the Congress of Deputies holding an open session for the public in the Palace of the Courts. It’s considered one of the most emblematic buildings of the nineteenth century. People visit several of the rooms, radio and television broadcasts are made, and each visitor receives a small souvenir.

4. La Pepa

Palace of the Parliament

Do you know what the first Constitution enacted in Spain is commonly called?

The Constitution of 1812 is known as la Pepa, since it was enacted on the day of San Jose. As explained in the video for Father’s Day, people named Jose are also called Pepe. The population welcomed the Constitution to the cry of ¡Viva la Pepa!

5. Must-Know Spanish Vocabulary for Constitution Day

King’s Crown

Here’s some essential vocabulary for you to memorize so you can talk about Constitution Day in Spanish!

  • Publicar — “Publish”
  • Gobierno — “Government”
  • Conmemorar — “Commemorate”
  • Nación — “Nation”
  • Democracia — “Democracy”
  • Monarquía — “Monarchy”
  • Rey — “King”
  • Reina — “Queen”
  • Gobernar — “Govern”
  • Jornada de puertas abiertas — “Open house”
  • Palacio de las Cortes — “Palace of the Parliament”
  • Constitución — “Constitution”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced and to read them alongside relevant images, visit our Spanish Constitution Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

What are your thoughts on Spanish Constitution Day? How do you celebrate your country’s Constitution Day? Let us know in the comments; we always love hearing from you!

This holiday represents a marked transitional period for Spain, but there’s still so much more to know! If you’re interested in more cultural or historical information on Spain or other Spanish-speaking countries, you may find the following pages on SpanishPod101.com useful:

Learning Spanish doesn’t have to be a boring or overwhelming task—with SpanishPod101, it can even be fun! If you enjoyed this lesson and are serious about learning Spanish, create your free lifetime account today!

Happy Spanish learning! :)

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74 Common Spanish Travel Phrases

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One of the most common answers language learners give when we’re asked why we chose to learn that language is because we like the country or countries where it’s spoken. Therefore, it’s not a surprise that if you’re learning Spanish, you might like to visit Spain. So why not learn Spanish travel words and phrases?

Whether you choose to travel to Spain for a short holiday or for a longer time, here you’ll learn all the vocabulary you need to find your way in Madrid, Barcelona, Seville, or any other city you want to visit. You probably already know that Spanish people aren’t that great at speaking English, especially in small towns, so if you want to avoid misunderstandings, this is the way to go.

Our purpose today is to teach you some common Spanish travel phrases that will help you be understood if you need help while you’re traveling in Spain—or if you want to order food, book a hotel room, get a cab, or take the bus. But even more importantly, we’re going to help you understand the answers you’ll receive!

Surely you don’t want to ask a local how to get to your hotel only to not understand the answer. That would make the whole process of learning the questions quite useless, wouldn’t it? Well, there’s no need to worry, because we’re making sure our guide of Spanish for travelers includes all of the Spanish phrases for travel you’ll need.

Without further ado, let’s delve into our list of useful Spanish words for tourists!

Table of Contents

  1. Ten Basic Expressions
  2. Nine Simple Conversation Phrases
  3. Nine Basic Spanish Phrases for Travel
  4. Seven Sentences You Might Need When Shopping
  5. Nine Sentences You Might Need in a Restaurant
  6. Nine Sentences to Ask for and Give Directions
  7. Six Expressions You Might Need in Case of an Emergency
  8. Five Flattery Phrases
  9. Ten Useful Phrases to Go through Language Problems
  10. How SpanishPod101.com Can Help You Learn Spanish

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1. Ten Basic Expressions

Preparing To Travel

Let’s start from the beginning. It’s practically impossible to have a proper conversation without using any of these basic expressions, so you’re going to need them. If you already know them, don’t worry; you can skip this section! And keep in mind that to hear these Spanish travel phrases with pronunciation, as well as more Spanish words and phrases, you can visit our vocabulary lists on our website.

1- Hola

As most of you might already know, Hola means “Hello.” It’s by far the most commonly used greeting in Spanish and can be used at any time of the day.

If you would like to learn more ways of greeting someone, you can check out our article How to Say Hello in Spanish.

2- Gracias

Once again, this is one of the most common Spanish words. It means “Thank you” and it’s obviously a basic word in many conversations. We would like our tourists to be polite, so we hope you use it a lot!

3- De nada

Now you know how to say “Thank you,” but do you know what to say after someone thanks you in Spanish? De nada literally means “Of nothing” and it translates to “You’re welcome.”

4-

In our first list of basic expressions in Spanish, we can’t forget to include words like “Yes” and “No.” Again, you probably already knew that means “yes,” but here it is just in case!

5- No

This is clearly one of the easiest travel phrases in Spanish for most of you. No in Spanish means “no.”

6- Lo siento

Lo siento is one of the most common ways of saying “I’m sorry” in Spanish and you can use it the majority of the time when you wish to apologize to someone. But if you would like to know what the most appropriate expression is for different situations, feel free to read our article on How to Say “Sorry” in Spanish.

7- No hablo español

If you don’t feel comfortable enough speaking Spanish yet, it might be useful for you to be able to say “I don’t speak Spanish.” If you want to apologize for not speaking Spanish, remember that you can combine it with the previous expression on the list: Lo siento, no hablo español.

8- Me gusta

Whenever you want to express that you like something, you can say Me gusta. If you want to be specific and say what it is that you like, you can add a verb in its infinitive form, a noun, or a pronoun.

Example: Me gusta bailar.
Translation: “I like dancing.”

Example: Me gustan los helados.
Translation: “I like ice cream.”

9- No me gusta

If you don’t like something, all you need to do is add no just before me gusta.

Example: No me gusta correr.
Translation: “I don’t like running.”

10- Por supuesto

The last expression on this list might not be as important as the rest, but it’s still good to know. Por supuesto means “of course.”


2. Nine Simple Conversation Phrases

Survival Phrases

Besides the basic expressions we just saw, there are a few sentences you might need to know so that you can have a basic conversation when you meet someone for the first time. These are often included in some of the first lessons when you start learning a language, but they’re always good to review.

You might want to take a look at our Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners in case you’re not too familiar with them yet.

1- ¿Cómo te llamas?

One of the first questions you might ask someone you just met is “What’s your name?” This is one of the key Spanish travel phrases you should know, especially when it comes to forming relationships while in Spain.

2- Me llamo Ana / Soy Ana.

Obviously, if you learn how to ask what someone’s name is, you also need to know how to reply! Two of the most common ways of saying “My name is…” are Me llamo… or Soy… followed by your name. The last one only means “I’m…” but just like in English, it’s still an option.

3- ¿Cuántos años tienes?

This is another common question: “How old are you?” Interestingly, when we talk about our age in Spanish, we use the verb tener, which means “to have.” This means that the literal translation to this question is “How many years do you have?”

4- Tengo 25 (veinticinco) años.

As mentioned above, the literal translation to this answer is “I have 25 years.” Of course, it translates to “I am 25 years old.”

If you’re not yet comfortable with numbers in Spanish, we have you covered: check out our Numbers in Spanish article.

5- ¿De dónde eres?

This question means, “Where are you from?” Because people are normally curious when they hear a foreign accent or language, it tends to be heard quite frequently when someone’s traveling.

6- Soy de Australia / Soy australiano/a.

There are two different ways of replying to the previous question, and they’re very similar to what you would say in English. Soy de Australia means, “I am from Australia,” and Soy australiano (or australiana) means “I’m Australian.”

To learn more nationalities in Spanish, take a look at our Spanish Vocabulary for Nationalities.

7- ¿Dónde vives?

And finally, here’s our last basic question. ¿Dónde vives? means “Where do you live?”

8- Vivo en Londres

As you might expect, this sentence is the answer to the previous question. Vivo en Londres means “I live in London.” We chose this city because its name is a bit different than it is in English.

Now you might be wondering if all cities have different names in Spanish. Well, luckily, this doesn’t always happen, but it does happen sometimes. Normally, when they’re not that easy to pronounce for Spanish speakers, the names will be changed. Here’s a list of Names of World Cities in Spanish that might help you.

9- ¿Me puedes sacar una foto?

This sentence isn’t as important as the rest, but it’s still really useful to know when you’re traveling. If you travel solo and your parents want to see how you’re doing on your travels, but you’re not a big fan of selfies, you’re going to have to ask someone to take a photo of you.

The way of asking “Could you take a photo of me?” in Spanish is ¿Me puedes sacar una foto?

Of course, if you’re traveling as a couple or even with a group, you might still want to ask a local to take a photo of you. You can ask this question in the plural by saying: ¿Nos puedes sacar una foto?

For a few more useful questions, take a look at our Top 15 Spanish Questions You Should Know for Conversations.


3. Nine Basic Spanish Phrases for Travel

Airplane Phrases

Let’s get to more specific and useful Spanish travel phrases. Regardless of where you’re traveling, you’ll be taking cabs, trains, or buses. This is why we’ve listed a few sentences you might need if you take any of these means of transportation.

In each of these examples, we’ve marked in bold the most important part of the sentence. So, if you need to use any of these essential Spanish travel phrases for transportation, you’ll use the part in bold and change the rest of the sentence whenever you need to.

1- Three Sentences You Will Need When You Take a Cab

  • ¿Dónde puedo coger un taxi?
    Translation: “Where can I take a cab?”
  • Me puedes llevar a la calle San Juan, ¿por favor?
    Translation: “Could you take me to Saint John’s Street, please?”
  • Al aeropuerto, por favor.
    Translation: “To the airport, please.”

2- Three Sentences You Will Need When You Take a Train

  • Dos billetes para ir a Pamplona, por favor.
    Translation: “Two tickets to go to Pamplona, please.”
  • Un billete de ida y vuelta a Madrid, por favor.
    Translation: “One round-trip ticket to Madrid, please.”
  • ¿En qué andén se coge el tren R5?
    Translation: “On which platform can I take the R5 train?”

People

3- Three Sentences You Will Need When You Take a Bus

  • ¿Me puedes avisar cuando lleguemos al Museo del Prado?
    Translation: “Could you let me know when we arrive to the Museo del Prado?”
  • ¿Dónde me bajo para visitar la catedral?
    Translation: “Where do I get off to visit the cathedral?”
  • ¿Qué autobús tengo que coger para ir a Valencia?
    Translation: “What bus do I need to take to get to Valencia?”


4. Seven Sentences You Might Need When Shopping

Basic Questions

No matter what kind of trip you’re on, you’ll need to buy something at some point. It could be food, clothes, medicine…who knows. We’ve put together a few sentences you might need in order to buy something in Spain. These may be more advanced Spanish phrases for travel, but you can definitely master these with enough practice!

1- ¿Cuánto cuesta?

When we’re shopping, we sometimes need to ask about the price of a product, more often than not due to misplaced price tags. This is why asking “How much does this cost?” is such an important question to know. Obviously, the answer to this question is even more important. Here’s an example of how a conversation might go:

Example:
A: Perdona, ¿cuánto cuesta esta chaqueta?
B: Cuesta 35 (treinta y cinco) euros.

Translation:
A: “Excuse me, how much does this jacket cost?”
B: “It costs 35 euros.”

In case you skipped the simple conversation section in this article, we’ll remind you once more that if you want to know more about numbers in Spanish, you can check out our Numbers in Spanish article.

2- ¿Qué me recomiendas?

This question means, “What’s your recommendation?” and you might need to use it when you’re not sure what to get.

For example, one thing we’re really proud of in Spain is our jamón. You might want to try it when you visit Spain, but when you come to our supermarkets or restaurants and see all the different kinds we have, you might be confused.

In our example, because we’re asking for a specific recommendation, we’ll add a noun—the thing we’re interested in—after qué. This is optional except when what you’re referring to isn’t that obvious.

Example:
A: Qué jamón me recomiendas?
B: Este es buenísimo y no es muy caro.

Translation:
A: “What ham do you recommend?”
B: “This one is really good and it’s not too expensive.”

Ham

3- Quiero cambiar dólares a euros.

When traveling, you might need to exchange your currency for the local one, which in this case is the Euro. Specifically, the translation of this sentence is, “I want to exchange dollars for euros.”

For more information on talking about money or currency in Spanish, you might find it useful to check this vocabulary list of Words Related to Trade.

4- ¿Cómo puedo conseguir un descuento?

You might not be able to use this one as often as the other sentences on this list, depending on where you are, but it’s still good to know how to ask the question, “How can I get a discount?”

5- ¿Tienes esta camisa en otro color?

In case you see a shirt you like, but you can’t stop thinking that it would look better in a darker color, you might want to know how to ask ¿Tienes esta camisa en otro color? which means “Do you have this shirt in a different color?”

Other similar questions you might need to ask include asking for a different size. Here’s an example:

Example:
A: Perdona, ¿tienes estos pantalones en una talla más grande?
B: Lo siento, solo tenemos esta talla o una más pequeña.

Translation:
A: “Excuse me, do you have these trousers in a bigger size?”
B: “I’m sorry, we only have this size or a smaller one.”

6- ¿Se puede pagar con tarjeta?

You’ll never have to ask “Can I pay by card?” in a big supermarket, but it might be helpful if you’re buying something in a small store, or in a local market.

Girl

7- ¿Dónde hay un cajero?

In case the answer to the previous question is “No” and you currently don’t have any cash on you, you’re going to need to ask where the nearest ATM is. The way to ask this is ¿Dónde hay un cajero?

If you think you might have trouble understanding the possible answers to this question, keep reading this article!


5. Nine Sentences You Might Need in a Restaurant

Chef Cooking

When it comes to Spanish travel and tourism vocabulary, we think that restaurant words and phrases just about top the list.

In this section, we’ve included a few sentences you’ll need in a restaurant. However, if we started listing all the vocabulary you would need to order food, we would be here all night long, so this is why we recommend our video All Food and Restaurant Phrases You Need. In this video, Rosa will explain everything you need to know about food in general, and also about Spanish food.

1- Mesa para dos, por favor.

Unless you’re at a fast-food restaurant, normally one of the first things you’ll have to tell the waiter is how many people will be eating, so that they can pick the right table for you. This situation can take place in a few different ways.

For example, the waiter might ask you as soon as you walk in how many people there will be. There are a few ways they can ask you this question, but the one thing we know for sure is that it will include the word cuántos, which means “how many.” He could ask ¿Cuántos son? which means “How many are you?” or ¿Mesa para cuántos? which means “Table for how many?” among others. If you’re asked this question, you can just say the number, or the magic sentence in the title.

There’s a second way this could happen: the waiter might count how many people he sees before asking that question. For example, if he counts four people, he might directly ask: ¿Mesa para cuatro?, which means, “Table for four?” If he gets the number right, you can just reply . If he gets it wrong, you can correct him with the right number.

Finally, the third way this situation could go. You could be faster than the waiter and say Mesa para dos, por favor, which means “Table for two, please.” We previously said this is a magic sentence; let us explain why. If you’re still nervous whenever you need to speak Spanish and you didn’t understand what the waiter said to you, they’ll completely understand if you just say these words. Just like that, you’re in! Now let’s get you ready for what comes right after that.

2- ¿Cuál es el menú del día?

It’s common for Spanish restaurants to have a special menu for each day. Before deciding what you want to order, you can ask them ¿Cuál es el menú del día? which means “What’s the menu of the day?”

If you don’t like the special menu, don’t worry, because they’ll always have more options on the regular menu.

3- Por favor, ¿me tomas nota?

It’s quite likely that the waiter will approach you after you’ve been deciding what to get for a while. But in case you’re getting hungry and the waiter hasn’t asked what you would like to eat yet, when you see him you can ask him Por favor, ¿me tomas nota? which translates to “Can you write down my order, please?”

4- ¿Qué van a tomar?

Once the waiter has approached your table, you’ll be asked what you would like to order. It’s common for waiters to use the formal usted instead of , so the sentence we’ve suggested, ¿Qué van a tomar?, uses that form.

Another similar question the waiter might ask you is: ¿Ya han decidido qué van a tomar? which means “Have you decided what you’re going to have?”

Notice that both examples are in the plural. If you were eating by yourself in the restaurant, the waiter would ask ¿Qué va a tomar? instead.

Waiter

5- Yo tomaré…

Of course, if you’re eating in a restaurant, you need to know how to tell your waiter what you would like to eat. Here’s an example of how to order your food in Spanish.

Example: Yo tomaré las costillas de cerdo con ensalada.
Translation: “I will have the pork ribs with salad.”

6- ¡Camarero/camarera!

If you need to call the waiter for any reason, unless you know his or her name, you’ll have to say “Waiter!” or “Waitress!” This is one of the many reasons why you should know how to say it in Spanish. If your server is a girl, you’ll have to say ¡camarera!, and if it’s a man, you’ll say ¡camarero! If you feel like that’s a bit too rude for you, you can also say Perdona, which means “Excuse me.” Here’s an example that we hope you won’t need:

Example: ¡Camarero! ¡Hay un pelo en mi sopa!
Translation: “Waiter! There’s a hair in my soup!”

7- ¿Algo más?

This question means, “Anything else?” and might be asked after you’ve ordered your food and the waiter wants to make sure that you’ve finished.

The answer to this question, if you have in fact finished ordering, could be No, eso es todo, which means “No, that is all.” If you still want to order something else, you can of course say , followed by your next order.

8- Tengo alergia a…

For people with allergies, it’s important to be able to let the waiter know about it. The way to say, “I’m allergic to…” is Tengo alergia a

Example: Tengo alergia a los cacahuetes.
Translation: “I’m allergic to peanuts.”

You might also want to ask if a specific dish contains an ingredient in particular.

Example: Perdona, ¿la crema de calabaza lleva lactosa?
Translation: “Excuse me, does the pumpkin soup contain lactose?”

To be even safer, you can check Spanish Materials and Resources from Food Allergy Research & Education for some help.

9- La cuenta, ¿por favor?

The last sentence on this list is what you might need to say last, before you leave. As you might have guessed, this is how to ask for the bill. This sentence means “The bill, please?” and even though you could ask using a full sentence instead, this is all you’ll need.


6. Nine Sentences to Ask for and Give Directions

We’re sure you knew this section would come. After all, learning directions are some of the most essential travel phrases in learning Spanish and we don’t want you to get lost when you visit our beautiful country. But if you do, we want to help you find your way.

Here are some sentences you might need if you’re lost or can’t find your destination. Because these sentences have quite simple meanings, we don’t think you’re going to need anything but their translations.

People

1- Estoy perdido.

Translation: “I’m lost.”

2- ¿Dónde está la estación?

Translation: “Where is the station?”

3- ¿Cómo se va a la Plaza Mayor?

Translation: “How can I get to the Main Square?”

4- ¿Dónde está el baño?

Translation: “Where is the bathroom?”

5- Está aquí mismo

Translation: “It’s right here.”

6- Está detrás de este edificio

Translation: “It’s behind this building.”

7- Ve/gira hacia la derecha

Translation: “Go/turn to the right.”

8- Ve/gira hacia la izquierda

Translation: “Go/turn to the left.”

9- Ve recto

Translation: “Go straight.”


7. Six Expressions You Might Need in Case of an Emergency

We really hope you never need to use any of these expressions, but they’re important and need to be included in this article. Just in case, here are some emergency expressions.

1- ¡Ayuda!

Translation: “Help!”

2- ¡Necesito ayuda!

Translation: “I need help!”

3- Llama a una ambulancia.

Translation: “Call an ambulance.”

4- ¿Hay algún médico?

Translation: “Is there any doctor?”

5- Llama al 112 (cien doce)

Translation: “Call 112 [the emergency number].”

6- He perdido la cartera/pasaporte.

Translation: “I’ve lost my wallet/passport.”


8. Five Flattery Phrases

Whenever you travel to a different country, locals love hearing that you’re having a good time on your trip and that you’re enjoying the country. If you want to criticize something, be careful and gentle, because as they say, you can criticize your own country as much as you want, but if a foreigner does it, they’re wrong. So if anyone asks you, try to focus on the positive side!

Here’s a few basic phrases you could use to express what you like about your trip, as well as a couple more you might need when you meet a local.

1- Me gustan los españoles.

Translation: “I like Spaniards.”

2- Me gusta la comida española.

Translation: “I like Spanish food.”

3- Me encanta España.

Translation: “I love Spain.”

4- Muy amable, gracias.

Translation: “Very kind, thank you.”

5- ¿Tienes Facebook o Instagram?

Translation: “Do you have Facebook or Instagram?”


9. Ten Useful Phrases to Go through Language Problems

World Map

Some of the most important Spanish travel phrases may be those that will help you overcome language barriers. So we want to have you covered in case you have trouble understanding someone or don’t feel too confident speaking Spanish. Just calm down and remember that you’re still learning and that we’re here to help you. The next few expressions are some of the most useful Spanish words for tourists, so pay attention.

1- ¿Hablas inglés?

Translation: “Do you speak English?”

2- No te entiendo.

Translation: “I can’t understand you.”

Girl

3- No lo sé.

Translation: “I don’t know.”

4- ¿Me lo puedes repetir?

Translation: “Could you repeat that?”

5- ¿Puedes hablar más despacio?

Translation: “Could you speak slower?”

6- No hablo español.

Translation: “I don’t speak Spanish.”

7- ¿Cómo se dice esto en español?

Translation: “How do you say this in Spanish?”

8- ¿Cómo se pronuncia esta palabra?

Translation: “How do you pronounce this word?”

9- Escríbelo, por favor.

Translation: “Write it down, please.”

10- ¿Lo puedes deletrear?

Translation: “Could you spell it?”


10. How SpanishPod101.com Can Help You Learn Spanish

Now that we’ve reached the end, we realize you’re probably thinking that these are too many expressions for you to learn straight away. We’re afraid you’re going to have to do some studying, but hey, we promise it’s going to be totally worth it! When you start learning a language, there’s nothing like the feeling of starting to understand and being understood. And we’re sure you see now that the travel phrases in Spanish language learning are so useful!

At SpanishPod101.com, there’s so much more you can learn, no matter what your level is. And now, with our guide of Spanish phrases for travelers and our Don’t Travel Without Knowing These Top 10 Verbs list, you can go anywhere in Spain. Be sure to check out all of our resources, so that you can master the language and culture while having fun!

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How to Use Numbers in Spanish

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Surely you already know how to say a few numbers in Spanish, but have you mastered them? And no, we’re not asking you if you have a PhD in Mathematics.

We’ll probably agree that numbers are an incredibly important part of our lives. Most of us don’t need to do any complicated math on a regular basis, unless that happens to be part of your job description. But we all still use numbers all the time, whether you like them or not. We all look at the clock a few times a day, we go shopping and look at the prices of products…

We all need to count things sometimes as well. We can count our money, or how many cartons of milk we have left, or how many steps there are from the entrance of your house to your room, or maybe how many days there are left until a special occasion.

We don’t need to be experts, but we all need numbers and we all use them. We realize they’re not the most exciting topic when learning a language, but if we all use them when we speak our native language, what makes you think you won’t need them in Spanish?

Curled

In today’s article, we’re going to teach you everything you need to know about using numbers in Spanish, including how to count, write, and pronounce Spanish numbers from 1 to 100 and higher!

Table of Contents

  1. Saying Numbers
  2. Giving Your Phone Number
  3. Saying Prices and Shopping
  4. Telling the Time
  5. Saying Dates
  6. Basic Math
  7. How SpanishPod101.com Can Help You Learn More Spanish

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1. Saying Numbers

Spanish Numbers

  • Numbers 0-9

Let’s start with the basics. Normally one of the first things you learn in Spanish is how to count from 0 to 10, so you might already know this, but we’ll show it here just in case. (They are, after all, some of the most important numbers in learning Spanish!)

  • 0 - cero
  • 1 - uno (or un if it’s in front of a noun, because it becomes an article, for example: un perro → “a dog” )
  • 2 - dos
  • 3 - tres
  • 4 - cuatro
  • 5 - cinco
  • 6 - seis
  • 7 - siete
  • 8 - ocho
  • 9 - nueve

Little Girl Counting with Her Fingers

  • Numbers 10-99

It’s time to start learning some more numbers. Just so you know, once we reach number 16, numbers start following a clear pattern, even though it might seem confusing at first. This is why first we’ll begin by explaining the hardest one, and then we promise the next numbers will be incredibly easy to understand.

Dieciséis (16) is nothing more than diez y seis (“ten and six”) put together. You might notice it’s not written exactly the same way, but that happens for a reason. Let’s analyze these changes step by step:

  1. Z → C: The first change is the z we had in the word diez that turns into a c in dieciséis, as well as in the words for the following numbers (diecisiete, dieciocho…). Don’t let this confuse you, you’re better than that. In Spanish, the letter c in front of the vowels e and i has the exact same sound as z (which is like the “th” sound in “thanks”), while every other time it would have a k sound.

    Moreover, for other reasons, we don’t use the letter z in front of those two vowels. In this case, what’s the letter that’s after c? That’s right, an i, which means it has the exact same sound as in diez.

  2. Y → I: The second change is another letter changing and it’s very similar to the previous one. In Spanish, the word for “and” is y, so if we wanted to put these words together, it would look like this: diecyséis.

    The combination of the letters c + y is extremely uncommon in Spanish, and in fact, it only exists in a few foreign words such as cyan. That’s why, to make it look more aesthetic, it changes to i.

  3. E → É: And finally, the last change, is one that we’ll only see in a couple more numbers. The reason for this change is based on the rules of Spanish accents. We won’t get too much into it right now, but basically, one of these rules is that words that end in vowel + s, like this one, that are stressed on the last syllable, always have an accent.

    Seis is a short word and only has one syllable, so it doesn’t require one. However, dieciséis is a longer word, so it does need one. Don’t worry too much about it for now; we promise it’s not as hard as it sounds, but now is not the time.

    We said this change happens in two more numbers: these are veintitrés (23) and veintiséis (26). It’s for the exact same reason.

Now that we’ve seen the hardest one, let’s look at the rest of the numbers higher than 16. Do you notice that it’s always ten, or twenty, or thirty, followed by y and another number? This is the pattern we were talking about. With tens and twenties, these words are written together like we saw previously and might show a few changes, but once we reach the thirties, they start being written separately, so it becomes a lot clearer.

  • 10 - diez
  • 11 - once
  • 12 - doce
  • 13 - trece
  • 14 - catorce
  • 15 - quince
  • 16 - dieciséis
  • 17 - diecisiete
  • 18 - dieciocho
  • 19 - diecinueve
  • 20 - veinte
  • 21 - veintiuno
  • 22 - veintidós
  • 23 - veintitrés
  • 24 - veinticuatro
  • 25 - veinticinco
  • 26 - veintiséis
  • 30 - treinta
  • 31 - treinta y uno
  • 32 - treinta y dos
  • 33 - treinta y tres
  • 40 - cuarenta
  • 41 - cuarenta y uno
  • 42 - cuarenta y dos
  • 50 - cincuenta
  • 60 - sesenta
  • 70 - setenta
  • 80 - ochenta
  • 90 - noventa

  • Numbers up to 1000

There are a few things you need to be careful with:

  1. Notice that 100 is cien, but in every other number that follows it changes to ciento and it’s followed by the next number. For example, 101 is ciento uno and 187 would be ciento ochenta y siete.
  2. Unlike in English, hundreds are written in one word. For example, doscientos (one word) = “two hundred” (two words). However, what follows it does work like in English: a space, and then the next number, in the same way it would normally be written. For example, “eight hundred forty-two” would be ochocientos cuarenta y dos in Spanish.
  3. In English, the word “hundred” doesn’t change, whether it’s one-hundred, two-hundred, or four-hundred. This does change a little bit in Spanish: if it’s, for example, 156, we’ll say ciento cincuenta y seis, but if it’s 470, we’ll say cuatrocientos setenta. Do you see what we’re talking about? Instead of ciento, when it’s more than one hundred, we add the letter s at the end to make it plural, so it will be cientos.
  4. Sometimes, the number in front of cientos will be the exact same word we learned in the beginning, such as cuatrocientos (400) or ochocientos (800), but there are others that are a bit irregular. These are setecientos (700) and novecientos (900), that don’t exactly use the words siete (7) and nueve (9). The most different one is quinientos (500), which sounds completely different than cinco (5) and doesn’t even end with cientos. It’s a special one, sorry about that.
  5. The words for hundreds can be masculine or feminine, depending on the noun they’re modifying. For example, if we’re talking about 300 T-shirts, because that’s a feminine word in Spanish, we would say trescientas camisetas, but if we’re talking about 300 dishes, we’ll say trescientos platos. If you’re just counting, because the number isn’t related to any noun, you don’t need to worry about its gender.

Now that we know all this, let’s take a look at the list:

  • 100 - cien
  • 101 - ciento uno
  • 102 - ciento dos
  • 103 - ciento tres
  • 110 - ciento diez
  • 111 - ciento once
  • 135 - ciento treinta y cinco
  • 200 - doscientos
  • 201 - doscientos uno
  • 202 - doscientos dos
  • 300 - trescientos
  • 400 - cuatrocientos
  • 500 - quinientos
  • 600 - seiscientos
  • 700 - setecientos
  • 800 - ochocientos
  • 900 - novecientos
  • 1,000 - mil

  • Thousands and millions

Did you think learning numbers up to 1,000 wasn’t enough? We got you covered. If, on the other hand, you think this is too much for you, don’t worry. Come back when you’re ready.

However, thousands and millions happen to be easier than hundreds, because in this case they do work exactly like in English: number + mil (“thousand”) or millón (“million”).

There’s only one thing you need to keep in mind for now: In Spanish, big numbers are broken up with dots, instead of commas. In the list of numbers below we’ll use the English standard so there’s no confusion, but for example, 2,345,392,203 in Spanish would be written 2.345.392.203.

  • 2,000 - dos mil
  • 2,001 - dos mil uno
  • 2,018 - dos mil dieciocho
  • 2,245 - dos mil doscientos cuarenta y cinco
  • 3,000 - tres mil
  • 10,000 - diez mil
  • 20,000 - veinte mil
  • 44,100 - cuarenta y cuatro mil cien
  • 1,000,000 - un millón (Note that here we do need the word un in front of millón)
  • 2,000,000 - dos millones
  • 4,023,150 - cuatro millones veintitrés mil ciento cincuenta

We could keep going, but we won’t, because we need to tell you something more important. We apologize in advance, because this might be confusing, but unfortunately, an American “one billion” isn’t equivalent to a Spanish un billón. Yes, we mean exactly what you just read. Let’s be a little bit more specific:

  • 1,000,000,000 = mil millones or un millardo = “one billion”
  • 1,000,000,000,000 = un billón = “one trillion”

We’re sure you’re already hoping you never have to refer to these numbers in Spanish, but here’s a specific example: in English, you would say that in the world there are over 7-billion people. However, in Spanish, you would have to say there are over siete mil millones.

  • Ordinal Numbers

When it comes to ordinal numbers, writing abbreviations is really easy, because they don’t change from number to number like they do in English. All you need to do is write whatever number you need followed by o if it refers to something or someone masculine, or a if it has a feminine reference.

For example, in an address, if you want to express that you live on the third floor, in the second apartment, you would need to write: 3o 2a. The first one refers to el piso (“floor”) and the second one to la casa (“house,” but it refers to the apartment).

  • 1st - primero / primera
  • 2nd - segundo / segunda
  • 3rd - tercero / tercera
  • 4th - cuarto / cuarta
  • 5th - quinto / quinta
  • 6th - sexto / sexto
  • 7th - séptimo / séptima
  • 8th - octavo / octava
  • 9th - noveno / novena
  • 10th - décimo / décima

Following the previous example, 3o 2a would be spelled tercero segunda.


2. Giving Your Phone Number

When giving a phone number in Spanish, there are a few different ways you can express these numbers. This shouldn’t come as a surprise, because we’re sure it happens in most languages. You can say them number by number, or two numbers at a time, or three. Because we’re only getting started here, we recommend saying it number by number.

Example:
A: ¿Me puedes dar tu número de teléfono?
B: Claro. Mi número es 612 934 213 (seis uno dos, nueve tres cuatro, dos uno tres).

Translation:
A: “Could you give me your phone number?”
B: “Of course. My number is 612 934 213.”


3. Saying Prices and Shopping

Japanese

In Spanish, decimal numbers are expressed with a comma instead of a dot, so we wouldn’t write or pronounce 2.7 (two point seven), but 2,7 (dos coma siete: “two comma seven”). In prices, even though we write it, we generally don’t pronounce the word coma.

When shopping in Spain, remember that our currency is euros, like in most European countries. You might notice in the following examples that we always place the € symbol after the number. In the examples below we’ve also expressed two different ways of saying numbers in prices, and they are both equally correct.

Between euros and cents it’s optional to say con, which means “with.” To give you a literal translation in English, it would be, for example, “two euros with fifty [cents]).” Moreover, you have the option of indicating the name of the currency, which in this case is euros, or just ignoring it.

The same thing goes for the word for “cents,” which is céntimos. Pay attention to the examples. In bold, we’ve marked all the optional words.

Example:
A: Disculpa, ¿cuánto cuesta esta libreta?
B: Cuesta 1,50 € (uno [con] cincuenta or un euro [con] cincuenta [céntimos]).

Translation:
A: “Excuse me, how much does this notebook cost?”
B: “It costs €1.50.”

Example:
A: ¿Cuánto es?
B: Son 56,78 € (cincuenta y seis [con] setenta y ocho or cincuenta y seis euros [con] setenta y ocho [céntimos]).

Translation:
A: “How much is it?”
B: “It’s €56.78.”


4. Telling the Time

There are a few noticeable differences between telling the time in Spanish and in English. For example, you’ll probably find that in the following list, all phrases begin with la or las. In case you don’t know that yet, la is an article that means “the.” To be a little more specific, it’s a feminine article. It’s not that time is feminine or anything, even though the word hora, which means “time,” is feminine, but when we need to say what time it is in Spanish, we’ll always use a feminine article.

Because Spanish is a pro-drop language (which means we tend to not use the subject when speaking), we don’t need to start the sentence with a pronoun like in English (“It’s half past five”). We can start with the verb ser in its right conjugation (don’t be scared, it’s actually easy) or directly with the article we just mentioned, followed by the time.

1:00 → La una [en punto]
One o’clock
2:00 → Las dos [en punto]
Two o’clock
10:05 → Las diez y cinco
Five past ten
2:10 → Las dos y diez
Ten past two
7:15 → Las siete y cuarto
Quarter past seven
4:30 → Las cuatro y media
Half past four
7:45 → Las ocho menos cuarto
Quarter to eight
11:53 → Las doce menos siete
Seven to twelve
2:55 → Las tres menos cinco
Five to three

Man Pointing at Watch

Example:
A: ¿Qué hora es?
B: (Son) las dos menos cuarto.

Translation:
A: “What time is it?”
B: “It’s a quarter to two.”

If you want to learn more about telling the time, check out our How to Tell Time in Spanish video lesson.


5. Saying Dates

Notice that in Spanish, just like in most languages (and unlike in American English), we express first the day and then the month. Another difference is that we don’t normally use ordinal numbers, even though it’s still an option; if we want to refer to April 3, we will say tres de abril instead of tercero de abril.

As you might have already realized and as we’ll see in the following examples, months and days of the week in Spanish aren’t spelled in capital letters like they are in English. If you don’t know months in Spanish yet, you can find them in our vocabulary list Talking about Months in Spanish, and for other vocabulary related to the days of the week, Talking about Days.

Example:
A: ¿Qué día es hoy?
B: (Es) miércoles dos de mayo.

Translation:
A: “What day is it today?”
B: “It’s Wednesday, May the 2nd.”

Example:
A: ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños?
B: (Es) el dieciséis de noviembre.

Translation:
A: “When is your birthday?”
B: “It’s on November the 16th.”


6. Basic Math

Luckily, these things don’t change from language to language. Could you imagine if sums were different in other languages? That would be chaos. The only thing that changes is the way we express them, both the calculation and the result.

Student Struggling with Math

1- Sumas

Example:
2 + 3 = 5
Dos más tres son cinco
“Two plus three is five”

Translation:
Dos más tres es igual a cinco
“Two plus three is equal to five”

2- Restas

Example:
10 - 4 = 6
Diez menos cuatro son seis
“Ten minus four is six”

Translation:
Diez menos cuatro es igual a seis
“Ten minus four is equal to six”

If you happen to be a big Math fan and you’re interested in learning some more Math in Spanish, check out our Top 10 Must Know Math Words in Spanish video lesson.


7. How SpanishPod101.com Can Help You Learn More Spanish

In your language-learning, Spanish numbers are one of the most important topics you’ll need to learn and memorize. Aside from counting and other uses we mentioned above, you can even use Spanish numbers to learn Spanish pronunciation.

Now that you know all numbers in Spanish and how to use them in the most common situations, you’re not going to stop there, right? There’s so much more you can learn at SpanishPod101.com, if you give us a chance. Check out our lessons, podcasts, articles, and vocabulary lists to learn everything you need and more to become fluent in Spanish, the second-most natively spoken language, after Chinese.

If you’re interested in learning even more numbers, check out our list of Spanish Numbers. Numbers are the same in Spain and Mexico and only show differences in pronunciation, so feel free to take a look at that list even if you’re learning Spanish from Spain.

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How To Post In Perfect Spanish on Social Media

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You’re learning to speak Spanish, and it’s going well. Your confidence is growing! So much so that you feel ready to share your experiences on social media—in Spanish.

At Learn Spanish, we make this easy for you to get it right the first time. Post like a boss with these phrases and guidelines, and get to practice your Spanish in the process.

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1. Talking about Your Restaurant Visit in Mexican Spanish

Eating out is fun, and often an experience you’d like to share. Take a pic, and start a conversation on social media in Spanish. Your friend will be amazed by your language skills…and perhaps your taste in restaurants!

Antonio eats at a restaurant with his friends, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

POST

Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

Probando el restaurante italiano nuevo.
“Trying out the new Italian restaurant.”

1- Probando

First is an expression meaning “Trying out.”
This word in the gerund form is useful for short posts, because it doesn’t have to be conjugated. It can also be used when talking about trying out things such as electronic devices and cars.

2- el restaurante italiano nuevo.

Then comes the phrase - “the new Italian restaurant.”
In Spanish, most of the time, adjectives go after the noun. Italian restaurants are very popular in Mexico, especially if you are craving good pizza.

COMMENTS

In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

1- ¡Me hubieras llevado!

His girlfriend, Cristina, uses an expression meaning - “You should have taken me!”
Cristina expresses here that she wishes she was with her boyfriend rather.

2- Se oye caro.

His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “Sounds expensive.”
Javier has reservations about the costliness of the food.

3- ¡Disfruta mucho!

His neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Enjoy (a lot)!”
Angelica simply wishes him a good time.

4- Estoy segura que les va a encantar.

His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “I’m sure you guys will love it.”
Karen is also optimistic that this is an enjoyable event.

VOCABULARY

Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • restaurante: “restaurant”
  • probando: “testing, trying out”
  • nuevo, nueva: “new”
  • mucho: “a lot”
  • les va a encantar: “you / they are going to love it “
  • hubieras: “you should have”
  • caro, cara: “expensive “
  • So, let’s practice a bit. If a friend posted something about having dinner with friends, which phrase would you use?

    Now go visit a Spanish restaurant, and wow the staff with your language skills!

    2. Post about Your Mall Visit in Mexican Spanish

    Another super topic for social media is shopping—everybody does it, most everybody loves it, and your friends on social media are probably curious about your shopping sprees! Share these Spanish phrases in posts when you visit a mall.

    Cristina shop with her sister at the mall, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    Para las compras mi hermana es la mejor.
    “Going shopping with my sister is the best.”

    1- Para las compras

    First is an expression meaning “For shopping.”
    This phrase in English is a verb, but in Spanish it is a plural noun.

    2- mi hermana es la mejor

    Then comes the phrase - “my sister is the best.”
    You can substitute the word for sister with any other feminine noun.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡No, yo soy la mejor!

    Her high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “No, I’m the best!”
    Teresa is playfully commenting, joking with her friend.

    2- Momento familiar.

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Family moment. ”
    Angelica states the obvious - this is a warmhearted family thing.

    3- ¡No te gastes todo tu salario!

    Her college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t spend all your salary!”
    Javier playfully admonishes her not to overspend.

    4- ¡Yo quiero ir!

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “I want to go!”
    Karen takes part in the conversation by injecting this wish.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • compras: “shopping”
  • hermana: “sister”
  • mejor: “best”
  • salario: “salary”
  • momento familiar: “family time”
  • no te gastes: “do not spend”
  • quiero: “I want”
  • So, if a friend posted something about going shopping, which phrase would you use?

    3. Talking about a Sport Day in Mexican Spanish

    Sports events, whether you’re the spectator or the sports person, offer fantastic opportunity for great social media posts. Learn some handy phrases and vocabulary to start a sport-on-the-beach conversation in Spanish.

    Antonio plays with his friends at the beach, posts an image of the team playing, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    ¡El equipo está listo para la victoria en la playa!
    “The team is ready for victory on the beach!”

    1- El equipo está listo

    First is an expression meaning “The team is ready.”
    Post this in Spanish to mean that you are ready to do something or ready for something. For example, a competition or a meal. It can also mean that you are looking forward to it.

    2- para la victoria en la playa

    Then comes the phrase - “for victory on the beach.”
    Mexican beaches are famous tourist attractions because they’re beautiful and fun, which makes it an ideal place to have a sports match.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Mucha suerte.

    His supervisor, Pablo, uses an expression meaning - “Good luck”
    This is a traditional, commonly-used reaction to a comment such as Antonio’s.

    2- ¡Han entrenado duro!

    His girlfriend, Cristina, uses an expression meaning - “You’ve trained hard!”
    Cristina is sincere in her wish to encourage and support her boyfriend, and it shows with this comment!

    3- Ojalá y no les llueva.

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “Hopefully it won’t rain.”
    Paco is adding a less positive, but still realistic comment. Hopefully he’s not that cynical…

    4- ¡Claro que estamos listos!

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “Of course we’re ready!”
    Javier is positive and optimistic that the game will go their way!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • equipo: “team”
  • listo: “ready”
  • playa: “beach”
  • victoria: “victory”
  • suerte: “luck”
  • claro: “of course”
  • ojalá: “hopefully”
  • Which phrase would you use if a friend posted something about sports?

    But sport is not the only thing you can play! Play some music, and share it on social media.

    4. Share a Song on Social Media in Mexican Spanish

    Music is the language of the soul, they say. So, don’t hold back—share what touches your soul with your friends!

    Cristina shares a song she just heard at a party, posts an image of the artist, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    Para alegrarles el día, escuchen esta canción.
    “To brighten your day, listen to this song.”

    1- Para alegrarles el día,

    First is an expression meaning “To brighten your day,.”
    This phrase is used a lot on social media to share something you think people would like.

    2- escuchen esta canción

    Then comes the phrase - “listen to this song.”
    You can use this phrase to recommend a song.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Gracias!

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Thank you!”
    Angelica is grateful, and says so in this short and sweet post!

    2- Que moderna salió, tía.

    Her nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “You turned out to be a modern woman, aunt. ”
    Paco gives his aunt a compliment, meaning he probably likes the song!

    3- ¡Ah, de la fiesta!

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “Ah, from the party!”
    Karen remembers this song from somewhere.

    4- Que extraña música.

    Her supervisor, Pablo, uses an expression meaning - “That’s strange music.”
    Pablo is perhaps a bit old-fashioned, but his opinion is keeping the conversation going.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • canción: “song”
  • alegrar: “to lighten up”
  • moderna: “modern”
  • tía: “tía”
  • fiesta: “party”
  • extraño, extraña: “strange”
  • música: “music”
  • Which song would you share? And what would you say to a friend who posted something about sharing music or videos?

    Now you know how to start a conversation about a song or a video on social media!

    5. Mexican Spanish Social Media Comments about a Concert

    Still on the theme of music—visiting live concerts and shows just have to be shared with your friends. Here are some handy phrases and vocab to wow your followers in Spanish!

    Antonio goes to a concert, posts an image of the band, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    ¡La banda se oye mejor en vivo, inolvidable!
    “The band sounds better live. Unforgettable!”

    1- La banda se oye mejor en vivo

    First is an expression meaning “The band sounds better live.”
    You can change the noun to express that something is best experienced in person.

    2- inolvidable

    Then comes the phrase - “unforgettable.”
    This is mainly used to express that something is really good, but it can also be used to express that something is very bad.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Ya está muy viejo para esos conciertos.

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “You’re too old for those concerts.”
    It seems the band is more popular with young people - or people younger than Antonio! Paco can be a bit negative with this comment.

    2- ¡Vas a ser el más viejo ahí!

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “You’ll be the oldest one there!”
    Teresa agrees with Paco, though, so who knows? Is Antonio too old to attend these concerts, or are these two just making conversation?

    3- ¡No hagas caso, vamos a disfrutar!

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t listen. Let’s enjoy!”
    Javier clearly feel that Teresa and Paco’s opinions don’t really matter in this instance, and recommends that they just enjoy the show. Good advice!

    4- Una de las mejores bandas.

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “One of the best bands.”
    Karen feels optimistic about the quality of the band.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • banda: “band”
  • inolvidable: “unforgettable”
  • concierto: “concert”
  • disfrutar: “to enjoy”
  • una de las mejores: “one of the best”
  • se oye mejor: “it sounds better”
  • en vivo: “live”
  • If a friend posted something about a concert, which phrase would you use?

    6. Talking about an Unfortunate Accident in Mexican Spanish

    Oh dear. You broke something by accident. Use these Spanish phrases to start a thread on social media. Or maybe just to let your friends know why you are not contacting them!

    Cristina accidentally breaks her mobile phone, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    Qué lástima, mi celular ha muerto.
    “What a shame. My cellphone (has) died.”

    1- Qué lástima

    First is an expression meaning “What a pity”
    A phrase used to express that something unfortunate has happened.

    2- mi celular ha muerto

    Then comes the phrase - “my cellphone has died.”
    A phrase used to express that the “cellphone” isn’t working anymore. If ‘cellphone’ was changed to another object, it would also mean that that object no longer works.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Nunca te duran.

    Her nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “You never make them last. ”
    Paco is being negative in his reaction with this criticism, or perhaps this is just the way he and his aunt banter with one another?

    2- Ya tienes excusa para comprar el más nuevo.

    Her high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “Now you have an excuse to buy the newest one.”
    Teresa offers Cristina a positive out - the phone can be replaced with a better one.

    3- ¡Espero que no haya sido a propósito!

    Her boyfriend, Antonio, uses an expression meaning - “I hope it wasn’t on purpose!”
    Antonio seems to comment in response to Teresa’s post! He seems to be making conversation.

    4- Se puede arreglar.

    Her supervisor, Pablo, uses an expression meaning - “It can be fixed.”
    Pablo has sober advice.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • qué lástima: “what a pity, what a shame”
  • celular: “cellphone”
  • nunca: “never”
  • excusa: “excuse”
  • comprar: “to buy”
  • arreglar: “to fix”
  • a propósito: “on purpose”
  • If a friend posted something about having broken something by accident, which phrase would you use?

    So, now you know how to discuss an accident in Spanish. Well done!

    7. Chat about Your Boredom on Social Media in Mexican Spanish

    Sometimes, we’re just bored with how life goes. And to alleviate the boredom, we write about it on social media. Add some excitement to your posts by addressing your friends and followers in Spanish!

    Antonio gets bored at home, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    Estoy aburrido, ¿qué recomiendan?
    “I’m bored, what do you recommend (to do)?”

    1- Estoy aburrido

    First is an expression meaning “I’m bored.”
    This is commonly used on social media to invite people to start an activity.

    2- ¿qué recomiendan?

    Then comes the phrase - “what do you recommend?.”
    This question can be asked for opinions, not only about activities, but of other things such as food and movies.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Ven y nos aburrimos juntos!

    His girlfriend, Cristina, uses an expression meaning - “Come and let’s be bored together!”
    Cristina is being a good girlfriend and has sympathy with his feelings. She offers a good solution!

    2- Ponte a limpiar la casa.

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “Get (on) to cleaning the house.”
    Javier is a clown and suggests that Antonio engages in housecleaning. He really must be joking…

    3- Podrías venir a trabajar extra…

    His supervisor, Pablo, uses an expression meaning - “You could come work overtime…”
    Pablo has a sober solution, but one that Antonio is unlikely to take, right?

    4- ¡Yo tampoco quiero estar aburrida!

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “I don’t want to be bored either!”
    Teresa shares a personal experience, a good way to participate in a conversation.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • aburrido, aburrida: “bored”
  • qué: “what”
  • casa: “house”
  • venir: “to come”
  • limpiar: “to clean”
  • recomendar: “to recommend”
  • trabajar extra: “to work overtime”
  • If a friend posted something about being bored, which phrase would you use?

    Still bored? Share another feeling and see if you can start a conversation!

    8. Exhausted? Share It on Social Media in Mexican Spanish

    Sitting in public transport after work, feeling like chatting online? Well, converse in Spanish about how you feel, and let your friends join in!

    Cristina feels exhausted after a long day at work, posts an image of herself looking tired, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    ¡Por fin puedo ir a descansar a mi casa!
    “Finally, I can go rest at home!”

    1- Por fin

    First is an expression meaning “At last.”
    This phrase is used to express relief over something that is finally done or finished.

    2- puedo ir a descansar a mi casa

    Then comes the phrase - “I can go rest at home.”
    Use this pattern when you are allowing yourself to do something.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Te estaré esperando con la cena.

    Her boyfriend, Antonio, uses an expression meaning - “I’ll be waiting with dinner.”
    Antonio is being a boyfriend from heaven!

    2- ¡Qué tarde saliste del trabajo!

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “You got out really late!”
    Angelica feels sorry for Cristina that she had to leave work so late.

    3- ¡Ya mero serás libre!

    Her high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “You’re almost free!”
    There is a silver lining to this dark cloud! Teresa kindly reminds Cristina that the suffering is almost over.

    4- Todos tenemos que trabajar duro.

    Her college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “We all have to work hard.”
    Javier reminds her that she’s not alone in her predicament.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • por fin: “at last, finally”
  • descansar: “to rest”
  • trabajo: “job, work”
  • ya mero: “almost”
  • libre: “free”
  • te estaré esperando: “I will be waiting for you”
  • tarde: “late”
  • If a friend posted something about being exhausted, which phrase would you use?

    Now you know how to say you’re exhausted in Spanish! Well done.

    9. Talking about an Injury in Mexican Spanish

    So life happens, and you manage to hurt yourself during a soccer game. Very Tweet-worthy! Here’s how to do it in Spanish.

    Antonio suffers a painful injury, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    ¡El entrenamiento de fútbol me ha costado una pierna, literalmente!
    “Soccer training has cost me a leg, literally!”

    1- El entrenamiento de fútbol me ha costado una pierna

    First is an expression meaning “Soccer training has cost me a leg.”
    You can change the word leg for another noun in this phrase to express that something has cost you more than money.

    2- literalmente

    Then comes the phrase - “literally.”
    An adverb that means something is in a literal manner.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Ya no puede hacer ejercicios pesados.

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “You can’t do heavy exercises.”
    Paco feels the need to remind Antonio of something he undoubtedly knows.

    2- ¿Qué pasó?

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “What happened?”
    Teresa shows her concern by being interested in the news. She asks for more details.

    3- Estoy segura que no es tan grave.

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “I’m sure it’s not too serious.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling optimistic.

    4- Por eso se retiran jóvenes los futbolistas.

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “That’s why soccer players retire young.”
    Javier doesn’t feel positive about professional soccer players’ careers.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • entrenamiento: “training”
  • me ha costado: “It has cost me”
  • pierna: “leg”
  • grave: “serious”
  • ¿Qué pasó?: “What happened?”
  • joven: “young”
  • If a friend posted something about being injured, which phrase would you use?

    We love to share our fortunes and misfortunes; somehow that makes us feel connected to others.

    10. Starting a Conversation Feeling Disappointed in Mexican Spanish

    Sometimes things don’t go the way we planned. Share your disappointment about this with your friends!

    Cristina feels disappointed about today’s weather, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    Yo que quería salir pero esta lluvia no se va a ir.
    “I wanted to go out, but this rain isn’t going to leave.”

    1- Yo que quería

    First is an expression meaning “I wanted.”
    This phrase is used to express that you wanted something or wanted to do something but there is a factor that is not letting you achieve it.

    2- salir pero esta lluvia no se va a ir

    Then comes the phrase - “to go out but this rain isn’t going to leave.”
    Place the reason why you couldn’t get or do something after ‘but’.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Pero si podemos hacer algo adentro.

    Her boyfriend, Antonio, uses an expression meaning - “But we can do something indoors.”
    Antonio is being supportive by suggesting that they turn the situation around. Good for him!

    2- Podemos ir al cine.

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “We can go to the movies.”
    Karen is also offering a suggestion to alleviate Cristina’s problem.

    3- Ten mucho cuidado si vas a manejar.

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Be very careful if you’re going to drive.”
    Angelica is more concerned with Cristina’s safety on the wet roads.

    4- Nos arruinó el fin de semana.

    Her college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “It ruined our weekend. ”
    Javier commiserates by sharing a personal experience. It also rained on his parade!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • salir: “to get out, to go out”
  • lluvia: “rain”
  • adentro: “inside, indoors”
  • cine: “movies”
  • manejar: “to drive”
  • arruinar: “to ruin, to mess up”
  • fin de semana: “weekend”
  • How would you comment in Spanish when a friend is disappointed?

    Not all posts need to be about a negative feeling, though!

    11. Talking about Your Relationship Status in Mexican Spanish

    Don’t just change your relationship status in Settings, talk about it!

    Antonio changes his status to “In a relationship”, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    ¡Mi vida ya no será igual con alguien especial a mi lado!
    “My life won’t be the same with someone special by my side!”

    1- Mi vida ya no será igual

    First is an expression meaning “My life will not be the same.”
    This phrase is used a lot to express that something has happened that will impact you greatly. It could be something with either a negative or positive impact.

    2- con alguien especial a mi lado

    Then comes the phrase - “with someone special by my side.”
    In Mexican culture, couples like to commemorate the day on which they began their relationships. They like to give each other presents when they celebrate each month’s anniversary.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¿Quién es la suertuda?

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “Who’s the lucky one?”
    Karen is teasing the couple by wondering who is lucky for having met who.

    2- ¡Ya era hora de que te calmaras!

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “It’s about time you settled down!”
    Teresa feels the couple should be together, that’s clear!

    3- Milagro que alguien te va a aguantar.

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “It’s a miracle that someone would put up with you.”
    Javier makes fun of his friend, as guys often do with sensitive matters.

    4- Qué bueno que te da gusto.

    His girlfriend, Cristina, uses an expression meaning - “It’s a good thing you’re glad.”
    Cristina’s comment is rather humorous. Imagine Antonio was unhappy about having a new girlfriend!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • vida: “life”
  • igual : “the same”
  • alguien: “someone, somebody”
  • especial: “special”
  • suertudo, suertuda: “lucky”
  • milagro: “miracle”
  • aguantar: “put up with”
  • What would you say in Spanish when a friend changes their relationship status?

    Being in a good relationship with someone special is good news - don’t be shy to spread it!

    12. Post about Getting Married in Mexican Spanish

    Wow, so things got serious, and you’re getting married. Congratulations! Or, your friend is getting married, so talk about this in Spanish.

    Cristina is getting married today, so she eaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    ¡Hoy es el día más importante de mi vida, mi boda!
    “Today is the most important day of my life. My wedding!”

    1- Hoy es el día más importante de mi vida

    First is an expression meaning “Today is the most important day of my life.”
    A phrase commonly used to express that something important is going to happen on that day.

    2- mi boda

    Then comes the phrase - “my wedding.”
    Replace this phrase with any other event or feeling that is important to you at the moment.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡El día más importante para los dos!

    Her husband, Antonio, uses an expression meaning - “The most important day for both of us!”
    Antonio agrees with his wife-to-be - a very good thing! - and reminds her that this is a big day not only for her.

    2- Les deseo lo mejor en este día tan especial.

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “I wish you all the best on this special day.”
    A warmhearted wish for the couple.

    3- ¡Estoy lista para la fiesta!

    Her high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “I’m ready for the party!”
    Use this expression to be funny.

    4- Muchas felicidades, lo mejor aún está por venir.

    Her husband’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations. The best has yet to come.”
    Karen is optimistic that this is a good union and congratulates the couple accordingly.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • día : “day”
  • importante: “important”
  • boda: “wedding”
  • listo, lista: “ready”
  • felicidades: “congratulations”
  • venir: “to come”
  • aún: “yet, still”
  • How would you respond in Spanish to a friend’s post about getting married?

    For the next topic, fast forward about a year into the future after the wedding…

    13. Announcing Big News in Mexican Spanish

    Wow, huge stuff is happening in your life! Announce it in Spanish.

    Antonio finds out he and his wife are going to have a baby, posts an image of them, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    ¡Vamos a tener un bebé!
    “We are going to have a baby!”

    1- Vamos a

    First is an expression meaning “We are going to .”
    Although this expression has the plural form of the verb “to go” it can mean “we are going to”. A verb is added after to express what you are going to do as a group.

    2- tener un bebé

    Then comes the phrase - “have a baby.”
    You can also change the word for “baby” to another noun. For example, a test, a puppy, a fun day, etc.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Qué alegría, muy buenas noticias!

    His neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “What joy, this is very good news!”
    This is a spontaneous, warmhearted comment.

    2- ¡Yo quiero ser la tía preferida!

    His wife’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “I want to be the favorite aunt!”
    Teresa is excited about the news, and hopes to have a big role in the little one’s life.

    3- ¡Felicidades! Han de estar muy emocionados.

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations! You two must be very excited.”
    Karen is also pleased about the news, imagining their joy too.

    4- Espero que no le pongan un nombre raro.

    His nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “I hope you don’t give him/her a weird name.”
    Paco is probably joking with the expecting parents. Otherwise he’s a rather miserable little chap!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • tener: “to have”
  • bebé: “baby”
  • alegría : “joy, happiness”
  • buenas noticias: “good news”
  • preferido, preferida: “favorite”
  • nombre: “name”
  • raro, rara: “weird”
  • Which phrase would you choose when a friend announces their pregnancy on social media?

    So, talking about a pregnancy will get you a lot of traction on social media. But wait till you see the responses to babies!

    14. Posting Mexican Spanish Comments about Your Baby

    Your bundle of joy is here, and you cannot keep quiet about it! Share your thoughts in Spanish.

    Cristina plays with her baby, posts an image of sweet little one, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    Mi tesoro está muy contento con su mami.
    “My precious is very happy with his mommy.”

    1- Mi tesoro

    First is an expression meaning “My precious.”
    This phrase literally says “my treasure” but it is a common phrase of affection for someone. Similar to - my darling.

    2- está muy contento con su mami

    Then comes the phrase - “he/she is very happy with his/her mommy..”
    In Mexican culture it is common to have a first name and a middle name along with two family names. One is your father’s family name and the other is your mother’s family name.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Cuando necesiten una niñera yo estoy disponible!

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “When you need a nanny I’m available!”
    Angelica is helpful and really eager to be part of the kiddo’s life.

    2- ¡Qué hermoso!

    Her husband’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “So beautiful!”
    Karen adds a positive, appreciative comment.

    3- ¡Yo también quiero uno!

    Her high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “I also want one!”
    Teresa is so inspired by the look of this baby that she wants one too.

    4- ¿A quién le toca cambiar el pañal?

    Her nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “Whose turn is it to change the diaper?”
    Paco is probably teasing the couple with this comment.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • tesoro: “treasure”
  • contento, contenta: “happy”
  • niñera: “nanny, babysitter”
  • disponible: “available”
  • hermoso, hermosa: “beautiful”
  • cambiar: “change”
  • a quién le toca: “who’s turn is it”
  • If your friend is the mother or father, which phrase would you use on social media?

    Congratulations, you know the basics of chatting about a baby in Spanish! But we’re not done with families yet…

    15. Mexican Spanish Comments about a Family Reunion

    Family reunions - some you love, some you hate. Share about it on your feed.

    Antonio goes to a family gathering, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    ¡La mejor carne asada se come en familia!
    “The best barbecue is eaten with family!”

    1- La mejor carne asada

    First is an expression meaning “The best barbecue.”
    Mexican “barbecue” is a very popular activity for families and friends, especially during summer. The participants contribute by bringing food or drinks, and everyone enjoys long talks during and after eating.

    2- se come en familia

    Then comes the phrase - “is eaten with family.”
    Mexican families tend to be very united, not only with close relatives and friends, but also with distant relatives. This is why reunions and events often have a large number of guests.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Eso es verdad!

    His neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “That’s true!”
    Angelica agrees with Antonio.

    2- Pensé que era la que sabe rica.

    His nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “I thought it’s the one that tastes good.”
    Paco must be a clown…otherwise he’s a wise-nose and a know-it-all! He takes part in the conversation with wry, dry wit.

    3- ¡Yo soy casi de la familia, pero no me invitan!

    His wife’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “I’m almost family, but you don’t invite me!”
    Teresa takes part in the conversation, probably with a light heart.

    4- Yo también quiero invitación para la próxima carne asada.

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “I want an invitation for the next barbecue, too.”
    The friends all want in on this party!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • carne asada: “barbecue”
  • familia: “family”
  • verdad: “_true”
  • invitar: “to invite”
  • invitación: “invitation”
  • próximo: próxima: “next”
  • también: “too, also”
  • Which phrase is your favorite to comment on a friend’s photo about a family reunion?

    16. Post about Your Travel Plans in Mexican Spanish

    So, the family are going on holiday. Do you know how to post and leave comments in Spanish about being at the airport, waiting for a flight?

    Cristina waits at the airport for her flight, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    ¡Me choca cuando se atrasan los vuelos!
    “I hate it when flights are delayed!”

    1- Me choca cuando

    First is an expression meaning “I hate it when.”
    This is a very common phrase used in informal conversations. It literally means “It crashes to me when…”, and it is used when something bothers you, or when you hate something or someone.

    2- se atrasan los vuelos

    Then comes the phrase - “flights are delayed.”
    Mexico is among one of the countries with the most airports in the world. 58 of its airports are international airports.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Por favor avisa cuando vayas a abordar.

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Please let me know when you are going to board.”
    Angelica probably wants to be sure that Cristina is OK, therefore she asks to be kept up to date.

    2- ¡Mejor tarde que nunca!

    Her husband’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “Better late than never!”
    Karen points out a positive aspect to the situation.

    3- Voy a estar esperando mi recuerdo.

    Her nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “I will be waiting for my souvenir.”
    Paco is dropping a hint here! He clearly expects to benefit from this holiday of his family’s.

    4- Ese aeropuerto es terrible, buena suerte.

    Her husband’s college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “That airport is terrible. Good luck.”
    Javier empathises by agreeing with Cristina about the service at the airport.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • vuelo: “flight”
  • abordar: “to board”
  • tarde: “late”
  • nunca: “never”
  • aeropuerto: “airport”
  • recuerdo: “souvenir”
  • terrible: “terrible”
  • Choose and memorize your best airport phrase in Spanish!

    Hopefully the rest of the trip is better!

    17. Posting about an Interesting Find in Mexican Spanish

    So maybe you’re strolling around at a local market, and find something interesting. Here are some handy Spanish phrases!

    Antonio finds an unusual item at a local market, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    No tengo ni idea qué es esto pero se ve interesante.
    “I have no idea what this is, but it looks interesting.”

    1- No tengo ni idea

    First is an expression meaning “I have no idea.”
    It literally translates to “I don’t have no idea”. This phrase has two negatives, but it is considered grammatically correct in the Spanish language.

    2- qué es esto pero se ve interesante

    Then comes the phrase - “what this is but it looks interesting.”
    The phrase “it looks interesting” in Spanish is used sometimes sarcastically. So pay attention to the speaker’s facial expression while they’re saying it.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Parece ser una antigüedad.

    His supervisor, Pablo, uses an expression meaning - “It seems to be an antique.”
    Pablo seems to know about these things, but he’s not sure.

    2- Se ve rara, con razón nadie la ha comprado.

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “It looks weird. No wonder nobody has bought it.”
    Javier doesn’t seem to think much of Antonio’s find.

    3- En ese mercado siempre hay cosas interesantes.

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “There are always interesting things in that market.”
    Karen feels optimistic that the find is at least interesting.

    4- Tal vez tiene valor histórico.

    His wife, Cristina, uses an expression meaning - “Maybe it has historical value. ”
    Cristina wants to be positive about Antonio’s find.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ni idea: “no idea”
  • antigüedad: “antiquity”
  • raro, rara: “weird”
  • mercado: “market”
  • siempre: “always”
  • cosa: “thing”
  • valor: “value”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s interesting find?

    Perhaps you will even learn the identity of your find! Or perhaps you’re on holiday, and visiting interesting places…

    18. Post about a Sightseeing Trip in Mexican Spanish

    Let your friends know what you’re up to in Spanish, especially when visiting a remarkable place! Don’t forget the photo.

    Cristina visits a famous landmark, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    ¡Estoy tan agradecida de poder visitar este bello lugar!
    “I am so grateful to be able to visit this beautiful place!”

    1- Estoy tan agradecida

    First is an expression meaning “I am so grateful.”
    A common, formal phrase used to express gratitude for something or towards someone, or to express happiness over something, someone, or a situation.

    2- de poder visitar este bello lugar

    Then comes the phrase - “to be able to visit this beautiful place.”
    Just change this part of the expression to refer to the subject of your gratitude.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Qué gran oportunidad!

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “What a great opportunity!”
    Angelica basically agrees with Cristina about the experience.

    2- ¡No te vayas a quedar ahí para siempre!

    Her high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t stay there forever!”
    Teresa is making a joke about Cristina’s love of the beautiful place.

    3- ¡Yo me uniré al siguiente viaje!

    Her husband’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “I will join you on your next trip!”
    Karen hopes to go there too.

    4- Ese es un monumento cultural muy importante.

    Her supervisor, Pablo, uses an expression meaning - “That is a very important cultural monument.”
    Pablo shares his knowledge of the landmark, and makes an interesting contribution to the conversation.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • agradecido, agradecida: “grateful”
  • visitar: “to visit”
  • bello lugar: “beautiful place”
  • para siempre: “forever”
  • me uniré: “I will join”
  • viaje: “trip”
  • monumento: “monument”
  • Which phrase would you prefer when a friend posts about a famous landmark?

    Share your special places with the world. Or simply post about your relaxing experiences.

    19. Post about Relaxing Somewhere in Mexican Spanish

    So you’re doing nothing yet you enjoy that too? Tell your social media friends about it in Spanish!

    Antonio relaxes at a beautiful place, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    Me merecía un buen descanso en un paraíso.
    “I deserved a good rest in paradise.”

    1- Me merecía

    First is an expression meaning “I deserved.”
    The phrase is translated as “I deserve,” but it is interpreted as rightfully deserving of something. It is commonly used after receiving or experiencing something that you had longed for.

    2- un buen descanso en un paraíso

    Then comes the phrase - “a good rest in paradise.”
    Mexico is well known for its beautiful beaches, the most famous of which are Cancun, Mazatlan, Puerto Vallarta and Acapulco. Tourists come from all over the world to enjoy the Mexican beaches.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- No creo que sea tan merecido.

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “I don’t think you deserve it that much.”
    Javier is being frivolous as he partakes in the conversation. He makes fun of his friend.

    2- Todos lo merecemos de vez en cuando.

    His neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “We all deserve it once in a while.”
    Angelica disagrees with Javier, feeling that Antonio probably deserves relaxation sometimes!

    3- Es un buen lugar para relajarse.

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “It is a good place to relax.”
    Karen feels the place contributes to relaxation.

    4- Que mal si está lleno de turistas.

    His wife’s nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “Too bad if it’s full of tourists.”
    Paco is adding the note of negativity or criticism to the conversation - who knows what’s up with this nephew of Cristina’s!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • descanso: “break”
  • paraíso: “paradise”
  • merecido, merecida: “deserved”
  • relajarse: “to relax “
  • lleno, llena: “full”
  • turista: “tourist”
  • todos: “everyone, all”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment in a friend’s feed?

    The break was great, but now it’s time to return home.

    20. What to Say in Mexican Spanish When You’re Home Again

    And you’re back! What will you share with friends and followers?

    Cristina returns home after a vacation, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    Cansada pero feliz de estar de vuelta en la casa.
    “Tired but happy to be back home.”

    1- Cansada pero feliz

    First is an expression meaning “Tired but happy.”
    A commonly used phrase on social media that is used after finishing an activity. In this example, the first word is a feminine adjective that can also be changed to masculine.

    2- de estar de vuelta en la casa

    Then comes the phrase - “to be back home.”
    This phrase can be changed to express why you are happy. You can change the verb and the noun to fit your situation.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Bienvenida de vuelta!

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Welcome back!”
    Angelica uses a warmhearted, traditional and commonly-used response to Cristina’s news.

    2- Ahora empieza la tarea de desempacar.

    Her college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “The task of unpacking starts now.”
    Javier reminds them of reality.

    3- Espero que no se les haya olvidado mi regalo.

    Her nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “I hope you did not forget my gift.”
    Paco seems to think only of himself with this comment!

    4- Quiero saber todo sobre el viaje.

    Her husband’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “I want to hear all about your trip.”
    Karen is excited to hear the details of the vacation.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • cansado, cansada: “tired”
  • feliz: “happy”
  • bienvenido, bienvenida: “welcome”
  • tarea: “task, chore”
  • desempacar: “unpack”
  • sobre: “about”
  • oír: “to hear”
  • How would you welcome a friend back from a trip?

    What do you post on social media during a public commemoration day such as Independence Day?

    21. It’s Time to Celebrate in Mexican Spanish

    It’s an historic day and you wish to post something about it on social media. What would you say?

    Antonio watches Independence Day fireworks show, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    ¡Viva la Independencia!
    “Hurray for Independence!”

    1- Viva

    First is an expression meaning “Hurray.”
    This can mean “Long live…”,”Hurray”, and “Hail”. This word is very common during national holidays and is used to express support over a person and/or festivity.

    2- la Independencia

    Then comes the phrase - “the Independence.”
    Mexican Independence Day is the biggest celebration in the country. It commemorates the beginning of the war against the Spaniards that ruled over Mexico. Fireworks are displayed in every city and events are organized by the local government for the night of September 15.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Qué empiece la celebración!

    His wife’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “Let the celebration begin!”
    Teresa is equally exuberant about the big festivities.

    2- ¡Feliz día de la Independencia!

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “Happy Independence Day!”
    Karen comments with the traditional greeting used on this day.

    3- Cuidado con los escandalosos

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “Beware of the boisterous.”
    Javier reminds Antonio that some participants in the festivities can be over-excited!

    4- ¡Es el día en que todos somos patrióticos!

    His wife’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “It’s the day we’re all patriotic!”
    This is pointing out a fact about the day for all Mexicans.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • viva: “hurray”
  • independencia: “independence”
  • celebración: “celebration”
  • escandaloso, escandalosa: “boisterous”
  • patriótico, patriótica: “patriotic”
  • empezar: “to begin”
  • cuidado: “watch out”
  • If a friend posted something about a holiday, which phrase would you use?

    Independence Day and other public commemoration days are not the only special ones to remember!

    22. Posting about a Birthday on Social Media in Mexican Spanish

    Your friend or you are celebrating your birthday in an unexpected way. Be sure to share this on social media!

    Cristina attends her surprise birthday party, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    ¡Gracias a todos por la fiesta de cumpleaños sorpresa!
    “Thank you all for the surprise birthday party!”

    1- Gracias a todos por

    First is an expression meaning “Thank you all for.”
    It is a common practice to thank a person or people on social media for something they have done for you. The word “all” can be changed to another noun to thank someone or something particularly.

    2- la fiesta de cumpleaños sorpresa

    Then comes the phrase - “the surprise birthday party. .”
    This can be changed to the specific thing you want to thank people for. For example, taking me to a concert, the support I have received, the great present, etc.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Happy birthday!”
    This is the universal, traditional greeting on any birthday.

    2- Gracias a todos por contribuir para la fiesta.

    Her husband, Antonio, uses an expression meaning - “Thank you all for contributing to the party.”
    Antonio is not just responding to Cristina - he makes use of the opportunity to express his gratitude to all their friends.

    3- ¡Espero y cumplas muchos años más!

    Her husband’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “I hope you have many more birthdays!”
    Karen extends a warm wish to Cristina on her birthday.

    4- ¿Verdad que mi pastel estuvo bien rico?

    Her high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “My cake was very tasty, right?”
    Presumably Teresa baked the cake. If she didn’t, she means to be funny with this comment.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • fiesta: “party”
  • sorpresa: “surprise”
  • cumpleaños: “birthday”
  • contribuir: “to contribute”
  • años: “years”
  • pastel: “cake”
  • rico, rica: “tasty”
  • If a friend posted something about birthday greetings, which phrase would you use?

    23. Talking about New Year on Social Media in Mexican Spanish

    Impress your friends with your Spanish New Year’s wishes this year. Learn the phrases easily!

    Antonio celebrates the New Year, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    Un brindis por un próspero año nuevo.
    “A toast to a prosperous New Year.”

    1- Un brindis por

    First is an expression meaning “A toast to.”
    As in many countries, toasts are offered during special occasions and are mainly done with alcoholic drinks. The word used during toasts in Mexico literally means “health” (in English the word is “cheers” ) as toasts are commonly done to wish good things for a person’s well being.

    2- un próspero año nuevo

    Then comes the phrase - “a prosperous New Year..”
    New Year’s Eve is also a big celebration in Mexico. Young adults and teenagers prefer to celebrate this holidays among friends and romantic partners.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Salud! ¡Feliz Año Nuevo!

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “Cheers! Happy New Year!”
    This is a casual, optimistic and commonly-used New Year’s wish.

    2- ¡Brindemos por todas las metas que no vamos a cumplir!

    His wife’s high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “Let’s toast to all the goals we will not achieve!”
    Teresa’s comment is realistic and funny at the same time!

    3- Siempre nos proponemos las mismas metas.

    His college friend, Javier, uses an expression meaning - “We always propose the same goals.”
    Javier makes conversation with this comment.

    4- Espero que se propongan mejorar en el trabajo.

    His supervisor, Pablo, uses an expression meaning - “I hope you propose to improve at work. ”
    Pablo talks work…

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • brindis: “toast”
  • próspero, próspera: “prosperous”
  • salud: “cheers”
  • Año Nuevo: “New Year”
  • brindar: “to toast”
  • meta: “goal”
  • cumplir: “to accomplish”
  • Which is your favorite phrase to post on social media during New Year?

    But before New Year’s Day comes another important day…

    24. What to Post on Christmas Day in Mexican Spanish

    What will you say in Spanish about Christmas?

    Cristina celebrates Christmas with her family, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Cristina’s post.

    ¡Feliz Navidad a todos y disfruten de la nieve!
    “Merry Christmas to everyone and enjoy the snow!”

    1- Feliz Navidad a todos

    First is an expression meaning “Merry Christmas to all.”
    This phrase is used frequently during Christmas season. Christmas in Mexico is a time celebrated with family. Most business are closed on the 24th and 25th of December.

    2- y disfruten de la nieve

    Then comes the phrase - “and enjoy the snow.”
    The word for “snow” can also be changed to another noun or phrase. For example, gifts, family, Christmas’ dinner, etc.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Cristina’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Sube fotos de los regalos que trajo Santa Claus.

    Her high school friend, Teresa, uses an expression meaning - “Upload photos of the gifts Santa Claus brought.”
    Use this expression to be funny.

    2- Feliz Navidad de parte de la familia.

    Her nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “Merry Christmas from the family. ”
    This is a friendly, commonly-used wish.

    3- ¡Muchas gracias por el regalo y espero que les guste el mío!

    Her neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Thank you very much for the present, and I hope you like mine!”
    Angelica uses social media to thank Cristina for her gift.

    4- ¡Una Navidad con nieve, que perfecto!

    Her husband’s high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “A Christmas with snow is perfect!”
    Karen clearly loves the snow and feels optimistic about Christmas.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • Navidad: “Christmas”
  • nieve: “snow”
  • Santa Claus: “Santa Claus”
  • perfecto, perfecta: “perfect”
  • con: “with”
  • regalo: “present”
  • gustar: “to like”
  • If a friend posted something about Christmas greetings, which phrase would you use?

    So, the festive season is over! Yet, there will always be other days, besides a birthday, to wish someone well.

    25. Post about Your Anniversary in Mexican Spanish

    Some things deserve to be celebrated, like wedding anniversaries. Learn which Spanish phrases are meaningful and best suited for this purpose!

    Antonio celebrates his wedding anniversary with his wife, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Antonio’s post.

    ¡Gracias por todo lo que hemos vivido juntos, mi vida!
    “Thank you for everything we have lived together, my dear! ”

    1- Gracias por todo lo que hemos vivido juntos

    First is an expression meaning “Thank you for all that we have lived together.”
    Most married couples like to celebrate their wedding anniversary every year. They go out to dinner, give each other gifts or go on a trip.

    2- mi vida

    Then comes the phrase - “my dear.”
    This is an affectionate way of calling your romantic partner. It is literally translates as “my life,” but it closely resembles “my dear”.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Antonio’s friends leave some comments.

    1- ¡Feliz aniversario, te amo!

    His wife, Cristina, uses an expression meaning - “Happy anniversary, I love you!”
    In answer to her husband’s sweet message, Cristina replies with a simple, loving greeting.

    2- ¿Qué le va a regalar a mi tía?

    His nephew, Paco, uses an expression meaning - “What will you give my aunt?”
    Paco seems to be protective of Cristina’s right to receive an amazing gift.

    3- Felicidades a los dos por su hermoso matrimonio.

    His neighbor, Angelica, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations to both of you for your beautiful marriage.”
    Angelica seems to feel inspired by this marriage, and congratulate them accordingly!

    4- Disfruten su día como pareja.

    His high school friend, Karen, uses an expression meaning - “Enjoy your day as a couple. ”
    Karen shares a simple well-wish.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • juntos: “together”
  • aniversario: “anniversary”
  • regalar: “to gift”
  • hermoso, hermosa: “gorgeous”
  • matrimonio: “marriage”
  • pareja: “couple”
  • amar: “to love”
  • If a friend posted something about Anniversary greetings, which phrase would you use?

    Conclusion

    Learning to speak a new language will always be easier once you know key phrases that everybody uses. These would include commonly used expressions for congratulations and best wishes, etc.

    Master these in fun ways with Learn Spanish! We offer a variety of tools to individualize your learning experience, including using cell phone apps, audiobooks, iBooks and many more. Never wonder again what to say on social media!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Spanish

    How to Say “Sorry” in Spanish

    There are many reasons why it’s important to be able to say “sorry” in Spanish, or any other language you’re learning. It’s one of the first things you learn when you start learning a language, and we’re sure you know why. Not only is it useful; it also shows manners, and those are important to have no matter where you are. That said, you’ll be glad that you learned how to say sorry in Spanish culture!

    Here’s an example: Let’s say you’re on a trip to Spain, you’re walking down the street, and you accidentally bump into someone. They might not know you’re a tourist who doesn’t speak much Spanish, so you have two options here: you could choose not to say anything and look like the bad guy, or you could apologize and show how polite you are.

    Girl Asking to be Forgiven

    This is only one example of where you would need to say that you’re sorry in Spanish on a simple short trip to Spain, but if you’re planning on a longer trip—or on moving there—you’ll soon start to make Spanish-speaking friends. Even if you’re a friendly person, there are many situations where your friends might require an apology. You could forget their birthday, or you could…step on their dog’s tail by accident? Or what if you meet a special someone and you forget an important date? Anything could happen.

    As you can see, the list could go on and on. We all make mistakes sometimes, and because we’re sure you’re a good person, we’re going to help you learn a few different ways to say “sorry” in the Spanish language, and how and when you should use each of them. Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Spanish Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

    1. Nine Ways of Saying “Sorry” in Spanish
    2. Four other Sentences You Might Use to Apologize:
    3. Six Different Answers You Might Get after Apologizing:
    4. How SpanishPod101.com can Help You Learn Spanish

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Spanish


    1. Nine Ways of Saying “Sorry” in Spanish

    1- Perdón

    When learning how to say “sorry” in the Spanish language, one of the first words you need to know is perdón. Perdón is the most common way of saying “sorry,” and this also happens to be the Spanish word for “forgiveness”. We don’t consider this word to be formal or informal, because this word can be used in different contexts. But do keep in mind that it’s always used in minor incidents such as the situation in the example below.

    Example: Perdón, creo que he cogido tu lápiz sin querer.
    Translation: “Sorry, I think I unintentionally grabbed your pencil.”

    Another situation when you could apologize using the word perdón would be the first example we mentioned before, which is if you bump into someone by accident.

    2- Lo siento

    Lo siento is another common way to apologize in Spanish, and is usually the first one you learn when starting to learn Spanish, because it’s not as limited in meaning as the word perdón. It literally means “I feel it” and it translates to “I’m sorry.”

    It can be used in a much wider sense than the word perdón: You can use it for both minor and major incidents. For example, it can be used to offer your condolences after your friend broke up with someone, or after someone has been fired.

    This one has a few simple variations: If you’re not just sorry, but very sorry, you say: Lo siento mucho. You use a third version, Lo siento muchísimo, if you’re very, very sorry.

    Example: Marta, lo siento mucho, me acabo de enterar de lo de tu padre.
    Translation: “I’m so sorry, Marta, I just heard about your father.”

    There’s still one last very common variation of this phrase, which consists of forming a sentence that starts with siento, still meaning “I’m sorry,” followed by the action or situation you’re sorry for. Don’t worry, we’ll give you an example of this one too.

    Example: Siento que hayas tenido que pasar por esto.
    Translation: “I’m sorry you had to go through this.”

    3- Lo lamento

    This phrase is very similar to Lo siento, but it’s generally used either when you regret something or in sad situations, such as when offering your condolences. Lo lamento is, by far, not as commonly used as Lo siento, so there’s no need to worry about memorizing this one right away.

    Example: Me he pasado con esta broma. Lo lamento.
    Translation: “I went too far with this prank. I’m so sorry.”

    4- Perdona

    Perdona is another very common word in Spanish, and it translates to “excuse me.” Some people say that all waiters and waitresses are actually called “Perdona,” as that’s what one commonly uses to call them. You should also use this word if you want to ask a stranger for directions.

    Example: Perdona, ¿me puedes pasar la sal?
    Translation: “Excuse me, could you pass me the salt?”

    5- Perdone (formal)

    Perdone is basically the formal version of perdona, because it follows the conjugation of the form usted, instead of (the common “you”). If you don’t know much Spanish yet, don’t worry about it, as it’s not that common anymore and it’s very likely you’ll never have to use it. We’ll use the same example we used with the form perdona, but translated to “pardon” so the difference is more obvious. Also notice that the main verb of the question also changes from puedes to puede.

    Example: Perdone, ¿me puede pasar la sal?
    Translation: “Pardon, would you mind passing the salt?”

    6- Perdóname

    This one might sound similar to the previous two words in the list, but it actually has a different meaning, which is “forgive me.” You can also say perdona when you mean to say “forgive me,” but not the other way around; so you don’t say perdóname when you mean to say just a casual “excuse me.”

    Example: Perdóname, no pretendía hacerte daño.
    Translation: “Forgive me, I didn’t mean to hurt you.”

    7- Disculpa or discúlpame

    This word, disculpa, has the exact same meaning as perdona, but it’s slightly more polite. While you can use perdona in all situations, this word is more limited in use. For example, a young person doesn’t usually say disculpa to friends or family, but rather when addressing a stranger, a teacher, or a boss.

    While perdona and perdóname don’t always have the same meaning, disculpa and discúlpame are completely interchangeable.

    Example: Disculpa/discúlpame, se te han caído las llaves.
    Translation: “Excuse me, you dropped your keys.”

    Handshake

    8- Disculpe (formal)

    Similar to the difference between perdona and perdone, disculpe is the formal version of disculpa. It can be translated to “pardon” or “I beg your pardon.” We’ll use the same example as we did with disculpa, with a couple of changes to make the difference more obvious.

    Example: Disculpe, señor, se le han caído las llaves.
    Translation: “Pardon, sir, you dropped your keys.”

    9- Mi más sentido pésame

    Looking for how to say “sorry for your loss” in Spanish? This last phrase can only be used during funerals or when offering your condolences. As we mentioned previously, you can also use Lo siento or Lo lamento, but this one is much more specific and standard.

    Example: Tu padre era un gran hombre. Mi más sentido pésame.
    Translation: “Your father was a great man. My deepest condolences.”


    2. Four other Sentences You Might Use to Apologize:

    3 Ways to Say Sorry

    When you truly want to apologize to someone, you don’t just say “sorry” and leave, right? In situations like this, you’ll want to know other sentences that might be useful someday if you need to apologize to someone in Spanish. As opposed to the previous list, these phrases are pretty easy to translate into English and their meanings, once you understand them, will make perfect sense. Don’t worry, we’re going to give you examples of every single one. Here’s our shortlist of helpful phrases regarding how to say “sorry” in Spanish culture.

    Girl Saying Sorry

    1- No era mi intención (“It was not my intention”)

    Example: Siento haberte hecho daño. No era mi intención.
    Translation: “I’m sorry I hurt you. It was not my intention.”

    2- No lo volveré a hacer (“I won’t do it again”)

    Example: Perdón por comerme tu bocadillo. No lo volveré a hacer.
    Translation: “I’m sorry I ate your sandwich. I won’t do it again.”

    3- No volverá a pasar/ocurrir (“It won’t happen again”)

    Example: Sé que he cometido un error, pero no volverá a ocurrir.
    Translation: “I know I made a mistake, but it won’t happen again.”

    4- No debería haberlo hecho (“I shouldn’t have done it”)

    Example: Creía que estaba haciendo lo correcto, pero estaba equivocado. No debería haberlo hecho.
    Translation: “I thought I was doing the right thing, but I was wrong. I shouldn’t have done it.”


    3. Six Different Answers You Might Get after Apologizing:

    Saying Sorry

    Just like in English, there are a few different ways of accepting an apology in Spanish. In Spanish, there are only a few of these responses and they’re pretty simple to understand, as they all have a direct translation to English and a very clear meaning, so once again, they don’t require an explanation.

    It’s Ok

    1- No te preocupes (“Don’t worry”)

    Example: A: ¿Te he pisado? ¡Perdón!
    B: No te preocupes, ni lo he notado.
    Translation: A: “Did I step on you? I’m sorry!”
    B: “Don’t worry, I didn’t even feel it.”

    2- No pasa nada (“It’s nothing”)

    Example: A: Ay, lo siento, he vertido un poco de agua.
    B: No pasa nada, voy a por un trapo.
    Translation: A: “Oh, I’m sorry, I dropped a bit of water.”
    B: “It’s nothing, I’ll go get a cloth.”

    3- No importa (“It doesn’t matter”)

    Example: A: ¿Ayer fue tu cumpleaños? Perdóname, ¡se me olvidó!
    B: No importa.
    Translation: A: “Your birthday was yesterday? Forgive me, I forgot!”
    B: “It doesn’t matter.”

    4- Te perdono (“I forgive you”)

    Example: A: Lo siento, mamá, he roto una taza. ¿Me perdonas?
    B: Claro que te perdono.
    Translation: A: “I’m sorry, Mom, I broke a cup. Can you forgive me?”
    B: “Of course I forgive you.”

    Broken Cup

    5- Gracias (“Thanks”)

    Example: A: Mi más sentido pésame.
    B: Gracias.
    Translation: A: “I’m sorry for your loss.”
    B: “Thanks.”

    6- No es culpa tuya (“It’s not your fault”)

    Example: A: Lo siento mucho, pero no puedo ir esta noche, mi padre está enfermo.
    B: No es culpa tuya, ya nos veremos en otro momento.
    Translation: A: “I’m so sorry, but I can’t go tonight, my dad is sick.”
    B: “It’s not your fault, I’ll see you some other time.”


    4. How SpanishPod101.com can Help You Learn Spanish

    Now you know how to say “sorry” in Spain, but what if you wanted to visit Mexico? You can click on the following link to learn Common Ways to Say Sorry in Mexican Spanish. You’ll see that some of these sentences are the same, or very similar, but you might learn some interesting new ones!

    If you’re not sure how to pronounce some of these words, you can check out SpanishPod101.com’s guide on Spanish Pronunciation.

    At SpanishPod101.com, you’ll find everything you need to learn Spanish. For example, if you follow this link, you’ll find hundreds of different useful vocabulary lists in Spanish. But hey, that’s not all! We have all the resources you need to become fluent in the language and knowledgeable in the culture. Just visit our website, explore, and learn!

    We hope this article on how to say “sorry” in the Spanish language was helpful to you. Continue practicing, and it won’t be long until you master the art of how to say “sorry” in Spanish culture. Best of luck!

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    Tomato Fight: Spain’s La Tomatina Festival

    During La Tomatina, Spain’s citizens throw tomatoes at each other. This Tomato Fight in Spain takes place every year, and has a rather fascinating origin story. In this article, you’ll learn several La Tomatina facts to increase your cultural knowledge. And maybe you can convince your country to start a tomato-throwing festival… ;)

    At SpanishPod101.com, we hope to make this learning journey both fun and informative. So let’s get started!

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    1. What is La Tomatina?

    As for the La Tomatina history, the Tomatina Festival began in 1945, when a parade for another festivity called the “Feast of Giants and Big-Heads,” refused to allow certain young people to take part in it. This led to a fight between the young people and the parade directors. At some point, one of the young people fell down, and the others took advantage of a vegetable stand nearby; they all began hurling tomatoes at each other, until police finally came to end the dispute. Those involved had to pay for the damage.

    Today, this momentous and rather ridiculous event is commemorated as the La Tomatina Festival.

    2. When is La Tomatina Festival?

    Big Tomato

    The date of La Tomatina varies each year, as it takes place on the last Wednesday in August. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

    • 2019: August 28
    • 2020: August 26
    • 2021: August 25
    • 2022: August 31
    • 2023: August 30
    • 2024: August 28
    • 2025: August 27
    • 2026: August 26
    • 2027: August 25
    • 2028: August 30

    3. La Tomatina Traditions

    People Throwing Tomatoes at Each Other

    The celebration begins the night before. Paellas are prepared in the square and everybody drinks wine. Early the next morning, all retailers with stores in the Plaza are busy protecting their doors and windows.

    At ten o’clock in the morning, the “soap stick” occurs. It involves climbing a slippery pole, which has been greased, to reach a ham that’s been put up on top. The start signal is given when someone takes down one of the hams. At this time, trucks fill the plaza with tomatoes. From here, the fight ends at a specified time.

    Certain rules have been established by the Town Hall to prevent any altercations. Most importantly, only tomatoes can be thrown. Another rule is that you cannot rip the shirts off of the other participants. They also ask that tomatoes be crushed, so that they don’t cause any damage when thrown. It’s also important to be careful and keep away from the trucks carrying tomatoes toward the square.

    One should bear in mind that when the second shot is heard, everyone should stop throwing tomatoes. Also, for safety reasons, it’s recommended to wear glasses and gloves.

    4. The Tomatoes

    Do you know where the tomatoes that are used in La Tomatina come from?

    The tomatoes come from Xilxes Castellón. These cost far less money and are grown in fact specifically for these celebrations, since they are not good enough to eat.

    5. Useful Vocabulary for La Tomatina

    Tomatina

    Here’s some vocabulary you should know for Tomatina in Spain!

    • Camión — “Truck”
    • Rojo — “Red”
    • Tomate — “Tomato”
    • Gigante — “Giant”
    • Gente — “People”
    • La tomatina — “Tomatina”
    • Lucha de tomate — “Tomato fight”
    • Palo jabón — “Greasy pole”
    • Buñol — “Buñol”
    • Cabezudo — “Big head puppet”

    To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, check out our Tomatina vocabulary list!

    How SpanishPod101 Can Help You Master Spanish

    What do you think of La Tomatina? A unique and wildly entertaining holiday, no? Let us know your thoughts in the comments!

    To continue learning about Spanish culture and the language, explore SpanishPod101.com! We provide an array of fun and effective learning tools for every learner:

    • Insightful blog posts on an array of cultural and language-related topics
    • Free vocabulary lists covering a range of topics and themes
    • Podcasts to improve your listening and pronunciation skills
    • Mobile apps to learn Spanish anywhere, on your own time
    • Much, much more!

    If you prefer a one-on-one learning approach, or want to give it a try, be sure to upgrade to Premium Plus. Doing so will give you access to your own personal teacher and a personalized learning plan based on your needs and goals.

    Whatever your reason for learning Spanish, know that your hard work and determination will pay off. You’ll be speaking, writing, and reading Spanish like a native before you know it! And SpanishPod101.com will be here with you on each step of your journey to language mastery.

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    Guide to Understanding Body Gestures in Spanish

    Thumbnail

    Every culture has its own body gestures and language, but sometimes we don’t even realize we do them until someone points it out.

    People say you’re not completely fluent in a language until you master idioms, sayings, and gestures, even if they’re not necessary to speak well. We agree that knowing body gestures to improve your Spanish is essential… But there’s a problem: body gestures in Spanish lessons are so hard to come by!

    When it comes to some gestures, there’s nothing to worry about, since they’re understood worldwide, such as waving to say hello or goodbye. But then there are others that might leave you a little bit confused. Do you feel like you don’t understand body language in Spanish, or gestures in European countries in general? You’re in the right place, then, because this is where we’re going to help you understand gestures in Spain.

    Here’s an example:

    What would you think it meant if someone were to hold their palm up as if they were doing karate, and then move it repeatedly toward their stomach while they’re laughing? There’s no need to be scared. They’re not going to cut you in half or anything like that. It just means they thought something was really funny! Would you have guessed that? Maybe, or maybe not.

    There are a few more Spanish body language and gestures like this, and some are easier to understand than others. Some of these will generally be accompanied by words, but some won’t. If this sounds a bit confusing, don’t worry. Lucky for you, we’re here to make that process easier. We’ve created this guide so that you can understand these gestures; soon enough, you’ll notice you’re doing them yourself without even thinking about it! Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Spanish Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

    Table of Contents

    1. Three Gestures for Greeting
    2. Seven Negative Gestures
    3. Three Positive Gestures
    4. Six Neutral Gestures
    5. How SpanishPod101.com Can Help You Learn Spanish

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    1. Three Gestures for Greeting

    Nonverbal communication in Spanish culture starts with greetings! Here are some of the most common Spain gestures and greetings.

    1- Hola and Adiós

    Girl Saying Hello

    Meaning: “Hello” and “Goodbye”

    How to do: This type of greeting is pretty common. You just need to put one of your hands up, not completely open, and shake from left to right and back at least a couple of times.

    When or where to use: You can use this gesture to say hello to someone you see, or goodbye when they’re leaving. If you’re really happy to see them, you can do this movement more energetically and repeatedly.

    Take a look at our previous article on How to Say “Hello” in Spanish!

    2- Dos besos

    Woman and Man Kissing Each Other on the Cheeks

    Meaning: “Two kisses on the cheeks”

    How to do: Kiss a person twice, once on each cheek. But keep in mind that you won’t actually be kissing them, but only pretending to. You must always start by leaning to your left side, which is their right cheek. Notice that in other countries, such as France, they start on the other side.

    When or where to use: This greeting is typically used between a woman and a man, or a woman and another woman—or between kids. If you’re two men, but you’re from the same family, you can also give him dos besos.

    3- Dar la mano

    Handshake

    Meaning: “Handshake”

    How to do: Shaking hands in Spain is easy: it’s just a normal handshake. We’re sure you’ve seen this one before, but just in case, all you need to do is hold and shake someone’s hand while facing them.

    When or where to use: Shake hands if the greeting is for professional reasons or between two men. It can also mean you’ve just made an agreement.


    2. Seven Negative Gestures

    Spanish hand gestures

    As in any country, there are negative body gestures in Spain that you should know and be aware of. These include offensive hand gestures in Spain and Spanish swear gestures! Learn the most common ones here.

    1- Así, así, or Regular

    Meaning: “So, so”

    How to do: Hold your hand open with your palm facing down in front of you, and softly shake it left to right two or three times.

    When or where to use: Use this gesture when someone asks you how you’re doing and you’re not doing that great.

    2- Te voy a dar

    Meaning: “I’m going to get you.”

    How to do: Hold your palm up diagonally near your face as if you were going to do some karate, and move your wrist from left to right several times.

    When or where to use: If you ask any Spaniard about this gesture, there’s a clear image that they would immediately think of, which is the image of an angry mother coming after you when you’ve been naughty.

    3- Dedo medio

    Middle Finger Sign

    Meaning: “Middle finger”

    How to do: You know this one! It’s one of the most offensive finger gestures in Spain. Put your middle finger up, facing whoever you want to show it to.

    When or where to use: You can use this gesture in different situations, such as when you’re driving and a crazy driver does something dangerous near you. Basically, use it when you’re mad at someone.

    4- Caradura

    Meaning: “Shameless”

    How to do: Open your palm and tap your cheek. The literal meaning of caradura is, in fact, “hard face,” so when you’re doing this, you’re showing how hard that person’s face is.

    When or where to use: We’ll give you a very common example. Do any of your friends always manage to avoid paying when you all go out, while everyone else is paying for their part? Surely, we all have one of those. Well, that’s a clear example of a caradura.

    5- Estoy harto or Estoy hasta aquí

    Meaning: “I’m fed up.”

    How to do: Do you know that typical salute you see in movies that soldiers do when they greet a superior? You know, when they move their hand up to their forehead. Well, this gesture obviously has a very different meaning, and it’s not exactly the same, but it’s actually done in a similar way.

    You need to hold your hand in the same way, but the position will be horizontal instead of vertical. Estoy hasta aquí literally means “I’m until here.” Because you’re touching your head, it refers to the fact that you’re fed up from toes to head.

    When or where to use: The name says it all: you’ll use this gesture when you’re fed up.

    6- Está loco/loca

    Meaning: “He/she is crazy”

    How to do: With your index finger, tap your head on one side a few times, frowning a little.

    When or where to use: Once again, it’s all in the name. When you want to point out to someone that they (or someone else) is crazy, you can use this gesture.

    7- Dinero

    Handing Someone Money

    Meaning: “Money”

    How to do: This one is quite international. Rub your thumb against your index finger and middle finger.

    When or where to use: Use this gesture when talking about money. You can use it to mean that you need money, or that something you’ve seen is very expensive.


    3. Three Positive Gestures

    1- Partirse de risa

    Meaning: “Laugh really hard”

    How to do: As we mentioned before, what you need to do is hold your palm up as if you were going to do some karate movement, and then move it at least a couple of times directly to your stomach. Because it refers to something being funny, you’ll normally laugh while you do it.

    When or where to use: This gesture can be used after someone tells a joke, or after you or someone else said something funny or silly. You can use it if you actually think what they said was funny, but you can also use it sarcastically, accompanied by a sarcastic “Ha, ha.”

    If you want to laugh while you practice your Spanish listening skills, take a look at this list of Spanish comedians.

    2- ¡Madre mía!

    Meaning: “Oh my God!”

    How to do: Hold one of your hands limp, or both hands for emphasis, and waggle it up and down for a few seconds.

    When or where to use: The most common use is when you’re about to tell someone some new gossip or something very exciting, as well as after someone says something like this to you.

    3- Tirón de orejas

    Meaning: “Ear pull”

    How to do: With your index finger and thumb, pull a kid’s ear lobule as many times as years he or she is turning that day, while counting them. The last pull is always a bit harder than the others.

    When or where to use: As you might have guessed from the previous explanation, you’ll use this gesture when it’s a kid’s birthday.

    If you’re feeling confident in Spanish, you might enjoy reading this article on why we pull ears on people’s birthday.


    4. Six Neutral Gestures

    1- Comer

    Meaning: “To eat”

    How to do: Hopefully this one will be easy to understand. Do you know that typical Italian hand gesture? Yes, you know, the one you do when you pretend to speak Italian. Well, it’s the same hand gesture, but you direct it to your mouth. And no, you don’t need to do your “Italian face” either.

    When or where to use: We use this gesture when we want to ask someone if they would like to eat.

    To learn some more about food in Spanish, check out our Top 10 Foods That Will Make You Live Longer and our Top 10 Foods That Will Kill You Faster articles.

    2- Mucha gente

    Meaning: “Crowded room”

    How to do: Hold your palm up, keeping your fingers straight and facing up, and then open and close them a few times.

    When or where to use: You can use this gesture, for example, when someone asks you how something you did went, such as a trip or a night out, and you want to describe that there were a lot of people.

    3- Pedir la cuenta

    Meaning: “Asking for the bill”

    How to do: We find this gesture pretty interesting. You have to extend one of your hands with your palm facing up, and then extend your other hand, usually the one you use for writing, and pretend to scribble something on your other hand.

    When or where to use: This is the gesture you use to ask for the bill in a restaurant without having to use any words, even though it could also be used while you say: La cuenta, ¿por favor? which means “The bill, please?”

    Check out some tips for eating at restaurants in Spain.

    4- ¿Lo pillas?

    Meaning: “Do you get it?”

    How to do: Hold your index finger and thumb up while the rest of your fingers are closed, and pretend to hold an object with them while you twist your wrist towards the other person. Your fingers will be a bit more open than in the image.

    When or where to use: We normally use this gesture after telling a joke or a pun.

    5- Estar muy delgado or Estar como un fideo

    Index Finger Pointing Up

    Meaning: “To be skinny”

    How to do: There are a couple of very similar options, and both of them include holding your fist up and extending one finger out. One of these versions is to extend your pinky finger, and the other one is to show your index finger. Both mean the same thing, so don’t worry.

    When or where to use: You can use this gesture when you’re talking to someone about somebody else who you think is (or became) very skinny, or when you see someone and point out to them that they lost weight, or are thin in general. It can be used in a negative or positive way.

    Here are some more words that will help you describe the way someone looks.

    6- Ojo or Mira

    Meaning: “Watch out” or “Look”

    How to do: You need to put your index finger on your cheekbone under your eye, and pull it once or twice.

    When or where to use: You can use this gesture when you want to tell your friend to look at something or someone without using words. You can also use it to tell them to be careful.


    5. How SpanishPod101.com Can Help You Learn Spanish

    We know this might seem complicated, especially when you’re starting to learn a language, but there’s nothing to worry about. As we mentioned before, these gestures aren’t necessary to speak Spanish, or to understand it, but they’re helpful and make communication more natural. We’re sure that by now you understand the importance of body language in Spain!

    Were you already familiar with any of these Spanish gestures? Did you learn new ones? Let us know in the comments!

    Even if you’re a beginner, you can start practicing and getting familiar with them, but no one is going to judge you if you don’t use them, or if you miss a nonverbal cue in Spanish! If used wrong, however, you might confuse them, so be careful!

    But we’re sure you won’t confuse “laughing really hard” with “I’m fed up,” or anything like that, and we’re also sure you won’t use the middle finger without meaning to, especially after reading this guide.

    So now you’ve practiced something that’s related to your oral skills, even though they’re actually silent. But what about your reading skills? Check out our Top Ways to Practice Your Spanish Reading Skills. Of course, we can’t forget your listening skills either!

    Are you interested in moving to Spain and finding a job there? In that case, we have the perfect article for you.

    For some more interesting content, here’s a list of the Top 10 Free Spanish Lessons. Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Spanish Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

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    Celebrating Grandparents Day in Mexico

    Grandprarents Day in Mexico

    National Grandparents Day in Mexico, thought to have been derived from the holiday of the same name in the United States, is a day set aside to honor grandparents. In a society where it’s common for Mexican grandparents to live in the same house as their family, it’s no wonder that this holiday would be adapted.

    In this article, you’ll learn all about Mexican Grandparents Day. This, in turn, will lend you greater cultural understanding—a vital step in mastering any language. At SpanishPod101.com, we hope to make this learning journey both fun and informative!

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    1. What is Grandparents Day in Mexico?

    Each year, Mexicans set aside a special day just to honor their grandparents. This tradition is actually based on Grandparents Day in the United States, which was created by a woman named Marian McQuade.

    This holiday extends beyond grandparents, and people in both the U.S. and Mexico treat Grandparents Day as a time to help the general elderly population—especially those in nursing homes or hospitals—as much as possible.

    2. When is Grandparents Day in Mexico?

    Grandparents Day is on August 28

    Mexicans celebrate Grandparents Day each year on August 28.

    3. Grandparents Day Celebrations

    Granddaughter Giving Grandparent Present

    Celebrations and traditions for Grandparents Day vary, and this holiday hasn’t received as much popularity in Mexico as in the U.S.

    Note that in Mexico, it’s common for grandparents to live either in the same household as their children and grandchildren, or very nearby. This means that grandparents really are an active part of their children’s and grandchildren’s lives, and are not to be ignored.

    Those whose grandparents are still around may choose to spend time with them, give them Grandparents Day gifts, or even send a heartfelt letter to thank them for the role they’ve played in that person’s life. Grandparents are, after all, some of the sweetest and most understanding people a person will have around. Oftentimes, the family will prepare a favorite meal, as well.

    Smaller children love to make crafts for their grandparents, and due to the closeness of grandparents to the rest of their family, visits are always welcome and attainable!

    Another way to celebrate Grandparents Day is to donate to charity or otherwise partake in events dedicated to honoring and respecting Mexico’s elderly population.

    4. International Day of Older Persons

    A similar celebration is called International Day of Older Persons, which takes place on October 1 of each year. While Grandparents Day tends to focus on one’s own grandparents, this holiday has a much broader focus on the elderly in general.

    Specifically, International Day of Older Persons seeks to shed light on common problems shared by the older population worldwide. Another one of its goals is to honor and be grateful for all that the elderly population has accomplished and offered to the world, and to each country.

    5. Useful Vocabulary for Grandparents Day in Mexico

    Black-Framed Eyeglasses

    Here’s some vocabulary you should know for Grandparents Day in Mexico!

    • Abuela — “Grandmother”
    • Abuelo — “Grandfather”
    • Regalo — “Present”
    • Nieta — “Granddaughter”
    • Familia — “Family
    • Nieto — “Grandson”
    • Arruga — “Wrinkle”
    • Viejo — “Old”
    • 28 de agosto — “August 28″
    • Anteojos — “Eyeglasses”

    To hear each vocabulary word pronounced, check out our Mexican Grandparents Day vocabulary list! You’ll also find a relevant image beside each word, to maximize your memorization!

    Conclusion

    We hope you enjoyed learning about the Grandparents Day Mexico celebrates each year! Does your country have a Grandparents Day celebration, or a similar holiday? Tell us about it in the comments! We look forward to hearing from you. :)

    To continue learning about Spanish and Mexican culture and the language, explore SpanishPod101.com. We offer an array of fun and practical learning tools for every type of learner:

    • Insightful blog posts on various cultural and language-related topics
    • Free vocabulary lists covering a range of topics and themes
    • Podcasts to improve your listening and pronunciation skills
    • Mobile apps to learn Spanish anywhere, and on your own time
    • Much, much more!

    If you prefer a one-on-one learning approach, or want to give it a try, be sure to upgrade to Premium Plus. Doing so will give you access to your own personal teacher, as well as a personalized plan based on your needs and language-learning goals!

    Whatever your reason for learning Spanish, know that your hard work and determination will pay off. You’ll be speaking, writing, and reading Spanish like a native before you know it, and SpanishPod101.com will be here with you on each step of your journey to language mastery!

    Happy Grandparents Day!

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    How to Text in Spanish: Internet Slang and Abbreviations

    Hla! Cmo stas? Spro bn. Vasir a lo de Carla? GPI btw,… cmo 100pre!

    What’s that? Ever encountered something similar while texting with a Spanish native speaker, hanging around on Spanish forums, following social media accounts in Spanish, or watching YouTube videos in what’s arguably the most popular romance language?

    Well, that’s Spanish internet slang, language, or whatever you want to call it… Spanish text abbreviations is another name! You might have noticed that most of it is just using the consonants of the words, or abbreviating the phrase. Were you able to catch the meaning of the above phrase? Here’s a translation to good ol’ English:

    “Hi! How are you? Hope you’re doing ok. Are you going to Carla’s later? Thanks for inviting me, by the way, …as always!”

    Phew! So, if you’re learning Spanish and would like to engage in conversation with native speakers either on the internet or through instant text messaging, it might come in handy to know some of the slang we’ll share below.

    Mainly, however, the idea of this article is to share with you how internet and text slang in Spanish—and more specifically, Mexican Spanish—slang is created and thought of by its users.

    As with any language one hopes to master, this is a useful thing to consider on your journey to learning it.

    Table of Contents

    1. What Do We Mean by “Internet Talk”?
    2. Writing with Only Consonants, Abbreviations, and Sounds
    3. Texting Slang with Numbers
    4. Texting Slang to Agree on a Meeting
    5. Conveying Emotions with Spanish Texting Slang
    6. Final Word About Spanish Text Lingo
    7. How Can SpanishPod101 Help You Learn Your Spanish Texting and Internet Slang?

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    1. What Do We Mean by “Internet Talk”?

    First of all, it serves to do a quick recap on what “Internet Talk” is in the first place. This consists of all the terms and expressions that started to appear as the internet exploded in popularity.

    The internet, being, in broad terms, an American invention, has English as an official language. Thus it’s very normal for young people in Spain, Mexico, Columbia, or most places in Latin America (and most of the world for that matter), to look at internet pages in English.

    As a consequence of that, certain expressions have seeped into our usage of Spanish in the web and social media, so don’t be surprised if you see Spanish speakers writing lol, wtf, brb, txt, omg, tfti, and even lmao.

    Those mean the same to us Spanish speakers as they do to anyone speaking English, so we’ll assume you got them covered.

    Let’s now take a look at what we’ll assume you’re here for: those Spanish abbreviations that aren’t very easy to understand at first.


    2. Writing with Only Consonants, Abbreviations, and Sounds

    1- Slang: GPI

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    As you may have caught from the example at the beginning of this article, this is merely a quick way of typing Gracias por invitar. In English, that’s something like “thanks for the invite.”

    Use:

    This one can be used in two different ways. One is if you were actually invited to an event that has yet to occur, and you’d like to express gratitude. No problem there, right?

    The other one is more sarcastic. You would use it when there’s an event that already happened, or an event that’s happening very soon and you definitely can’t attend. Then you would say GPI or “thanks for the invite,” just to be funny or to rub it in someone’s face that you regret not being invited, or even that you’re sore about not being told in advance.

    Be careful with this one, as it can be taken as you being friendly and playful—blasé, let’s say, about not being invited. But depending on the context and the particular situation, it could come off as you actually being offended.

    2- Slang: Xq? or Xk? or Just X?

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Short for ¿Porqué?, which is the same as “Why?” or “How come?”

    Use:

    This one should be pretty self-explanatory. The thing worth noting is that the “q” and “k” are both used interchangeably for the sound of the word que, as in…uhm, quesadilla? Forgive the obvious example, but most people know how to say that one, don’t they?

    Also, what’s up with just using the “x” for ¿por qué? Well, in math in Spanish, when you say something like “two times two,” you might say dos veces dos, or, especially if you’re in Mexico and some parts of Latin America, dos por dos. Since the symbol for multiplying is a little “x” for us Spanish speakers as well, then it makes a good quick way of asking x?

    3- Slang: Q, Khé, or

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    This one is the same as ¿qué?, que, and all the uses of both the word and its sound. Translates to “what,” or “which,” depending on the use.

    Use:

    That “Q” can actually be seen as q? to ask “what?” as in stating confusion or apprehension. Khé is the same, but much more exaggerated, like you really can’t believe what’s being said and you would go to such lengths as writing it in that manner.

    4- Slang: Bn

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Short for bien, which is “good!”

    Use:

    This is what you’re most likely to answer when someone asks the following in Spanish slang to you over a text or internet convo:

    5- Slang: Cmo stas?

    Actual meaning & Translation:

    Short for ¿Cómo estás? this literally means “How are you?” So of course, you answer “Good!” or plainly bn.

    Use:

    Just as in English, it’s polite and nice to ask your interlocutor how he or she is doing before starting the conversation, right after hola… or hla, or even ola.

    6- Slang: Bno

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    A fast way of typing bueno, which is also “good.”

    Use:

    If you’ve been studying Spanish, perhaps you’ve had explained to you the difference between bien and bueno. It’s sort of like the difference between “good,” “well,” and “ok.” The latter two are usually bien, while the former can be both.

    Bno can also express agreement or resignation. Like:

    — ¿Vamos x unos tacos?

    — Bno, pro pasas por mí?

    Translation:

    — “Are u down for some tacos?”

    — “Ok, but can u give me a ride?”

    7- Slang: Ntp

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    No te preocupes, which translates to “Don’t worry.”

    Use:

    Whenever your Spanish-speaking interlocutor is fretting about something, apologizing, or overthinking things, just say ntp. It’s almost used as “chill out.”

    8- Slang: Grx or Grax

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Gracias, which, as almost everybody knows, is “Thank you” or “Thanks.”

    Use:

    Use this when you want to say thanks, but want to appear light-hearted or cool about the whole thing.

    9- Slang: Xfa

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Remember how por got turned into x? just a while ago with xq? Well, this is the same thing, but applied to porfa, which is short for Por favor—which is regular old “Please.”

    Use:

    Want to ask for something the nice way without appearing too formal all the time? Vamos x tacos, xfa.

    10- Slang: Spero

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Just took the e off espero… darn those internet kids! Espero is the first-person present conjugation of esperar which is the verb for “to hope” or “to wait.”

    Use:

    Spero que entiendas esta oración.

    Translation? “Hope you catch the meaning of this sentence.”

    11- Slang: Vrd or Vdd

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Abbreviation for verdad, which is the word for “truth.”

    Use:

    This one can be used like you would use the word “truth” in English, as in la vrd no quiero ir (“To tell you the truth, I don’t want to go.”).

    It can also be used like when you ask “right” after saying something in English. To stick with the example above: No quieres ir, vdd? (“You don’t really want to go, right?”)


    3. Texting Slang with Numbers

    Perhaps you’ve come across crazy things like this:

    12- Slang: 100pre

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Okay, so, how do you say “one-hundred” in Spanish? That’s cien, which sounds almost like siem, the same sound at the beginning of the word siempre, which means “forever,” in English.

    Use:

    You can drop this one whenever you need to use the word “forever” in a Spanish sentence.

    13- Slang: Salu2

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Same idea. What’s the Spanish word for the number two? Dos is the right answer, as in Saludos, which is something like “greetings,” in English.

    Use:

    If you use saludos or salu2 at the end of a sentence online, it’s almost like saying “cheers” to say goodbye.


    4. Texting Slang to Agree on a Meeting

    Woman Looking at Phone

    14- Slang: Vns?

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Short for Vienes, which means “Are you coming?”

    Use:

    If you’re already at a place or event where you agreed to meet someone, you can text him or her that.

    15- Slang: Vasir?

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Short for the phrase ¿Vas a ir? which means “Are you going?”

    Use:

    Use this when you’re talking about an event or place, but you’re not there yourself.

    16- Slang: Aki

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    This is Aquí which is the Spanish word for “here,” but spelled with a “k.”

    Use:

    This is used mostly by very young people, talking informally.

    17- Slang: ¡Ámonos!

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    Not really sure if this is slang or an expression, but it’s just a funny, tongue-in-cheek way of saying Vamonos, which is the first-person plural imperative of ir, which is the verb “to go”… so! In short, it’s how you say “Let’s go!” in Spanish.

    Use:

    You say this to rush people in a group you’re in, but it could also be used almost as a way of saying “Holy sh*t!” or something like that. It expresses amazement, surprise, and wonder.

    Let’s say a friend of yours sends this photo of a massive taco he or she’s about to eat. You could text back saying ámonos! and the scream emoji.


    5. Conveying Emotions with Spanish Texting Slang

    18- Slang: TQM

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    This one’s cute. It’s just the first letter of every word in the phrase Te quiero mucho. The literal translation is “I want you so much,” but that’s not the meaning Spanish-speakers have for it at all. I’ll explain…

    Use:

    In Mexico and other Spanish-speaking countries, Te quiero mucho is what you say to some family members, and very close friends as if to say “I care about you” or “I love you.” The latter is te amo in Spanish, but just as in English, while it may be cool to say it to friends or family, it’s a big deal to say it to your significant other. Hence, when you haven’t reached the “‘I love you’ stage” and you need something to express affection in Spanish, we use Tqm.

    In Spanish texting or internet lingo, tqm is even less serious than typing it in full. You could say it’s like when you say “luv u” to a close friend, or in a lighthearted manner to a significant other.

    19- Slang: Bb

    Actual Meaning & Translation:

    What does the sound of two “b”s pronounced in Spanish sound like? Of course, it’s exactly like the word bebé, which is Spanish for “baby.”

    Use:

    You would call someone bb while texting in Spanish, only if they’re your significant other, like when you call your boyfriend/girlfriend “baby,” or when you’re talking sweetly with a close friend of either sex.

    It could also be used to talk to someone in a bit of a superior manner, but with a good and kind spirit. Like if they’re confused about something and you call them bb right before explaining.

    How Do You Communicate Laughter While Texting in Spanish?

    Both when texting in any kind of Spanish, or writing on the internet, you write jajaja, which is simply the same as the English version “hahaha.”

    “J,” in Spanish, is the same sound as the “h” in “horse,” so it’s actually closer to the way we all laugh than if you’d write “hahaha” texting in Spanish.

    Nevertheless, if you do that most people will get that you’re laughing, pretty much for the same reasons that Spanish speakers can use “lol” or “rofl.”

    Some variations of this include jijiji, jujuju, and jejeje.


    6. Final Word About Spanish Text Lingo

    Phone with Blocks On It

    It’s very much worth mentioning that all of the internet and texting slang in Spanish that we’ve shared here is rather informal. Very much like in English, it should only be used in informal settings and situations.

    It’s a matter of personal taste of course. I would say that you shouldn’t write this way even on a forum or a comment section, but you may see things differently.

    I’d save your new slang skills in Spanish for when you’re speaking with close interlocutors. If you’re addressing strangers and want to come off as serious, like if you’re writing an email to a stranger, a company, or something like that, don’t use these! They can say a lot about the speaker.


    7. How Can SpanishPod101 Help You Learn Your Spanish Texting and Internet Slang?

    If you liked this guide to the essential Spanish slang for texting and internet lingo, then feel free to find more resources, idiomatic expressions, and fun lessons on our SpanishPod101 website. We have over 1800 audio and video lessons, lively community forums, and a good combination of energetic hosts to help you with your Spanish learning needs in a fun and easy manner!

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    Ultimate Guide of Untranslatable Spanish Words

    Have you ever thought about untranslatable Spanish words? What about words like this in your native language? Every language has plenty of words that can’t be translated into English; there are even some words that just can’t be translated into any other language.

    Maybe there aren’t that many Spanish words that are untranslatable, as most of them can probably be translated into other languages, but we definitely have plenty of Spanish words with no English equivalent.

    That’s actually ironic, because English has a lot more words than Spanish. What do we mean when we say “a lot”? Well, thousands! The official dictionaries of each language list 150,000 words in Spanish and 600,000 words in English. However, it’s true that many of those English words aren’t currently in use and don’t even include definitions. In fact, there are only about 230,000 words with definitions in the Oxford Dictionary. That’s still 80,000 more words than there are in the Spanish dictionary. So yes, English has more words. Despite that, Spanish has many words that can’t be expressed in only one word in English. Most of them are basic concepts that do exist in English, but there’s just not a word for them.

    That’s why we’ve prepared, specifically for you, the ultimate guide of Spanish untranslatable words that don’t exist in English, but should. Let’s get started with our list of untranslatable words in Spanish!

    Table of Contents

    1. Ten Untranslatable Spanish Nouns
    2. Five Untranslatable Spanish Verbs
    3. Five Untranslatable Spanish Adjectives
    4. Three Extra Untranslatable Words in Other Languages Spoken in Spain
    5. How SpanishPod101.com Can Help You Learn More Spanish

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    1. Ten Untranslatable Spanish Nouns

    1- Anteayer

    Meaning: The day before yesterday.

    Example Situation: This word is pretty easy to understand, as it actually has a basic meaning and does exist in languages other than English. The concept obviously exists in English, but we can’t express it in a single word.

    Usage in a Sentence: Mi cumpleaños fue anteayer. → “My birthday was anteayer.”

    2- Botellón

    Meaning: Party in the street. (Literal translation: “big bottle.”)

    Example Situation: In Spain, it’s rather common for young people to get together to get drunk in a quiet street (well, we can’t say it’s quiet after they get there) or in a park, because it’s a lot cheaper than going to bars or clubs. It’s not something we Spaniards are proud of, as in most cases these people don’t pick up the bottles after they’re done and leave their mess behind.

    Usage in a Sentence: ¿Te vienes al botellón de esta noche en el parque? → “Are you coming to the botellón in the park tonight?”

    3- Chapuza

    Meaning: Something that’s badly made or fixed.

    Example Situation: This can refer to a lot of things. The most common is something that’s been built or fixed either really fast, without the proper equipment, or without having any idea how to do it. You know, like those times something in your house broke down and your dad tried to fix it. And hey, maybe he managed, maybe he didn’t, but it just doesn’t look that neat. It can be a machine, a car, some sort of object, the new floor… Well, those are all examples of chapuzas.

    Usage in a Sentence: Esta cocina es una chapuza. No hay nada que funcione. → “This kitchen is a chapuza. Nothing works.”

    Man

    4- Consuegro

    Meaning: Your son or daughter’s parent-in-law.

    Example Situation: Instead of saying, for example, “my daughter Anna’s husband’s parents,” all you need to say is mis consuegros. It makes your whole life easier, doesn’t it?

    Usage in a Sentence: Mis consuegros vienen esta noche a cenar. → “My consuegros are coming over for dinner tonight.”

    5- Entrecejo

    Meaning: The space between both eyebrows.

    Example Situation: We don’t use this word that much, unless we want to point out to someone that they have something between their eyebrows. As we’ll mention soon, we also have a couple of different words for those who don’t have an entrecejo, which are cejijunto and unicejo.

    Usage in a Sentence: Ey, perdona, tienes una mancha en el entrecejo. → “Hey, excuse me, there’s a stain on your entrecejo.”

    6- Puente

    Meaning: Long weekend. (Literal translation: “bridge.”)

    Example Situation: When there are only one or two days between a holiday and the weekend, or another holiday, we call it a puente. People sometimes take those days off to make a longer holiday.

    Usage in a Sentence: Este puente de cuatro días me lo voy a pasar en la playa. → “I’m going to spend this four-day puente at the beach.”

    7- Resol

    Meaning: The reflection of the sun.

    Example Situation: We use this word when the sun’s reflected in a mirror or in a glass, for example. You can use it to say that the reflection is bothering you, as in the following example, but it isn’t necessarily negative.

    Usage in a Sentence: Me voy a cambiar de asiento, porque aquí me da el resol en los ojos. → “I’m going to switch seats, because here I get the resol on my eyes.”

    8- Sobremesa

    Meaning: When everyone stays seated after a meal just to keep chatting.

    Example Situation: It’s very common when having a meal with friends or family, especially when there’s a lot of people (but not necessarily), to stay seated and talk to everyone. They can go on for hours and there is often drinking involved.

    Usage in a Sentence: Cada vez que vamos a cenar a casa de Pablo y Marta la sobremesa se alarga durante horas. → “Every time we go to Pablo and Marta’s for dinner the sobremesa lasts for hours.”

    9- Tocayo

    Meaning: A person who has the same name as you.

    Example Situation: This word isn’t as widely used as it used to be. It’s used to refer to someone who shares a first name with someone else.

    Usage in a Sentence: Creo que te confundes con mi tocayo: yo soy Juan García y me parece que buscas a Juan López. → “I think you’re mistaking me with my tocayo: I’m Juan García and I think you’re looking for Juan López.”

    10- Vergüenza ajena

    Meaning: When you’re embarrassed by someone else’s actions.

    Example Situation: Do you know that feeling when you’re with someone and they do something so embarrassing that it makes you wish you could run away from them, even though it might have nothing to do with you? That feeling, that’s exactly what vergüenza ajena is.

    Usage in a Sentence: Mamá, ¡deja de bailar! Te está mirando todo el mundo y me das vergüenza ajena. → “Mom, stop dancing! Everyone is looking at you and you’re giving me vergüenza ajena.”


    2. Five Untranslatable Spanish Verbs

    1- Estrenar

    Meaning: To wear something new for the first time.

    Example Situation: You can use this verb when you want to tell someone you want to wear something you just bought for the first time, but it’s also used when talking about movies or books being released.

    Usage in a Sentence: Me he comprado un vestido precioso y tengo muchas ganas de estrenarlo. → “I bought myself a beautiful dress and I can’t wait to estrenar it.”

    Girl

    2- Madrugar

    Meaning: To wake up early.

    Example Situation: You’ll use this verb when you want to tell someone that you woke up early that day, or that you wake up early every day.

    Usage in a Sentence: Madrugo todos los días: a las 5 de la mañana ya estoy despierto. → “I madrugo every day: I’m always up by 5 a.m.”

    Note: A person who always wakes up early is called a madrugador.

    Man

    3- Merendar

    Meaning: To eat a snack in the afternoon.

    Example Situation: In Spain, we have a meal between lunch and dinner which is called merienda and it usually consists of a snack. This snack can be either sweet or savory, and is usually had with a cup of coffee, tea, or maybe just milk. A common merienda for kids, for example, is to have cookies and milk, but it could also be a sandwich. The act of eating your merienda is the verb merendar.

    Usage in a Sentence: Hoy he ido a una cafetería nueva a merendar y me he comido un cruasán buenísimo. → “Today I went to a new café to merendar and I ate a delicious croissant.”

    4- Trasnochar

    Meaning: To stay up all night.

    Example Situation: It can be used any time someone’s up during the night. That means it includes people who work night shifts, people who have insomnia, people who go out to party, etc.

    Usage in a Sentence: Tengo que terminar un proyecto para mañana por la mañana; parece que me va a tocar trasnochar. → I need to finish a project for tomorrow morning; I think I’m going to have to trasnochar.

    Note: A person who tends to stay up most nights is called a trasnochador.

    5- Tutear

    Meaning: To use the common pronoun tú instead of the formal usted and conjugate verbs accordingly.

    Example Situation: We only use the form usted in formal situations, for example, when talking to someone who’s more important than us. While we’re talking to this person, maybe they decide that the conversation doesn’t require this form, and might ask you to use the common to refer to them.

    Usage in a Sentence: No hace falta que me hables de usted: puedes tutearme. → “You don’t need to use the form usted: you can tutearme.”


    3. Five Untranslatable Spanish Adjectives

    1- Cejijunto/a

    Meaning: To have both eyebrows connected.

    Example Situation: You can use this word to describe someone who has such hairy eyebrows that they meet or nearly meet in the middle.

    Usage in a Sentence: Mi marido es cejijunto de toda la vida y parece que nuestro hijo también empieza a tener las cejas pobladas. → “My husband has been cejijunto all his life and it looks like our son is starting to get hairy eyebrows too.”

    Note: It’s also called unicejo.

    2- Estadounidense

    Meaning: Demonym for a person from the United States of America.

    Example Situation: Isn’t it unbelievable that people from the U.S. just call themselves Americans and don’t have an actual demonym for their own country? America is the continent, not the country! What if Germans decided to ditch the word “German” and exclusively called themselves Europeans? Anyway, Spanish, just like most languages probably do, does have a word for it: estadounidense.

    Usage in a Sentence: Mi nuevo jefe es estadounidense, creo que es de Seattle. → “My new boss is estadounidense, I think he’s from Seattle.”

    3- Friolero/a

    Meaning: Sensitive to the cold.

    Example Situation: This adjective can be used to describe yourself or somebody else who’s sensitive to the cold, or someone who’s always cold, even in the summer.

    Usage in a Sentence: Soy muy friolera, así que nunca salgo de casa sin una chaqueta. → “I’m very friolera, so I never leave my house without a jacket.”

    Note: There’s also a word that describes someone who’s sensitive to the heat, which is caluroso/a.

    Little

    4- Manco/a

    Meaning: A person who’s missing a hand or an arm.

    Example Situation: Just like the meaning of this word states, it’s used to describe a person who only has one hand or arm.

    Usage in a Sentence: Mi abuelo se quedó manco tras un accidente en la fábrica donde trabajaba. → “My grandfather was left manco after having an accident in the factory he used to work at.”

    5- Tuerto/a

    Meaning: A person who can only see with one eye.

    Example Situation: You can use this adjective when you want to describe someone who’s blind in one eye.

    Usage in a Sentence: Mi hermano es tuerto: perdió la visión en el ojo derecho cuando era muy pequeño. → “My brother is tuerto: he lost his sight in his right eye when he was very little.”


    4. Three Extra Untranslatable Words in Other Languages Spoken in Spain

    You might not know this, but Spanish isn’t the only language spoken in Spain. There are a few regions that have co-official languages. But no need to worry; everyone speaks Spanish, no matter where you travel in Spain.

    All you need to know is that if you travel to cities like Bilbao, Valencia, Barcelona, Santiago de Compostela, or San Sebastián, you might hear people speaking a different language, or you might see signs written in those languages. Again, there’s nothing to be scared of.

    Out of these three words, which are also untranslatable in Spanish, the first and the third words are sometimes used in Spanish. The second word, somiatruites, has probably never been used in Spanish, and it might never be, except for in the example we’re going to give you—but we love this word too much not to include it. You’ll know why very soon.

    1- Morriña (Galician)

    Meaning: The feeling you have when you miss your homeland.

    Example Situation: Galicians use this word when they travel out of their homeland and feel homesick.

    Usage in a Sentence: Hace una semana que salí de Galicia y ya empiezo a sentir morriña. → “It’s been a week since I left Galicia and I’m already starting to feel morriña.”

    2- Somiatruites (Catalan and Valencian)

    Meaning: A person who gets overly excited over anything, even if it’s impossible. (Literal meaning: omelette dreamer.)

    Example Situation: We all have that one friend (or hey, maybe YOU’RE that friend) that gets way too excited over every little thing. For example, a girl who sees a cute boy for the first time and she’s already imagining what their wedding would look like, or someone who’s always daydreaming about things that might never happen.

    Usage in a Sentence: ¿Pero no ves que nunca te va a hacer caso? Eres una somiatruites. → “Can’t you see he’s never going to pay attention to you? You’re a somiatruites.”

    Note: If we wanted to translate this word into Spanish, it would be sueñatortillas. Sadly, it doesn’t exist.

    3- Zirimiri (Basque)

    Meaning: Very soft but constant rain, typical in the Basque Country (region in the North of Spain).

    Example Situation: They say that when you visit the Basque Country, in the North of Spain, there’s often this kind of rain that they call zirimiri, which is constant, but very soft. You might not even realize it’s raining until it’s been a few minutes and you’re starting to get wet.

    Usage in a Sentence: Aún no voy a sacar el paraguas, esto solo es zirimiri. → “I’m not going to take my umbrella out yet, this is just zirimiri.”

    Note: In Spanish, it has been accepted as sirimiri.

    Kid

    5. How SpanishPod101.com Can Help You Learn More Spanish

    We truly hope our list of untranslatable words from Spanish to English helped grow your interest for both languages!

    After learning all these untranslatable Spanish words, we’re sure you wish some of them did exist in English! All of these words will make a huge difference in your conversations and will make you sound more fluent in Spanish. We suggest that you also think of untranslatable words in your native language. It’s not as easy as it seems, but it’s definitely very interesting to think of.

    There’s so much more you can learn at SpanishPod101.com, no matter your current skill level or what you’re interested in. If you just can’t live without knowing what to call all the different bugs and insects in Spanish, then this list is made for you. Check out our lessons and our vocabulary lists and get learning!

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