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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Beatriz: Bienvenidos a SpanishPod101.com.
Beatriz: Buenos días, soy Beatriz.
Joseph: Joseph here. Verb Conjugation Series, Lesson 11 – “The Absolute Future”. Bea and Joseph back again for another Verb Conjugation lesson from Spanishpod101.com.
Beatriz: Hola a todos, ¿cómo están? Hola Joseph, ¿qué tal?
Joseph: Muy bien Beatriz, ¿cómo estás tú?
Beatriz: Muy bien.
LESSON FOCUS
Joseph: Today, we’re going to take our first look at how to say something like “I’ll call you later.”
Beatriz: Una acción futura.
Joseph: A future action, independent of any other action. “I’ll call you later.”
Beatriz: “Te llamaré más tarde”.
Joseph: “Te llamaré más tarde”. And, if we say this “I’ll call you later.”, would you say that the action of calling is as certain as it is in the expression “I call you everyday.”?
Beatriz: No. When you say “I call you everyday” - “Te llamo cada día”, there is a greater sense certainty.
Joseph: And, what’s the tense of the verb “llamo”?
Beatriz: Present Tense.
Joseph: And, what about the verb “llamaré”?
Beatriz: That’s the future.
Joseph: And, does it express the speaker’s desire for something to happen or not to happen?
Beatriz: No, it does not.
Joseph: So then, it’s in the Indicative Mood.
Beatriz: Claro, el verbo “llamaré” está conjugado en tiempo futuro del modo indicativo.
Joseph: So, here, the verb “llamaré” is conjugated to the Future Tense of the Indicative Mood. In today’s lesson, we’re going to provide an introduction to this tense and mood explaining its general usage and walking you through the paradigms of three modal verbs: “amar” – “to love”, “correr” – “to run” and “partir” – “to depart.”
Beatriz: And remember. This lesson is designed to be used in tandem with today’s premium audio tracks.
Joseph: The paradigms, the quiz and review. Develop your method, work at it daily.
Beatriz: Apply it wherever you can.
Joseph: Here comes another lesson from Spanishpod101.com. So, let’s start with a question.
Beatriz: Ask away.
Joseph: When we’re saying something like “Estaré de vacaciones” – “I’ll be on vacation”, does the action expressed by the verb “estaré” – “I will be” occurred now, before now or after now?
Beatriz: After now. Está en el futuro.
Joseph: And is this action depended on or independent of another action?
Beatriz: “Estaré de vacaciones”, it’s independent of any other action.
Joseph: So, “estaré de vacaciones en julio” – “I’ll be in vacation in July.” Here we’re expressing an action that will take place in the future.
Beatriz: Correcto.
Joseph: And, Beatriz, which of the following expressions would you say sounds more concrete? “Me comunicaré con mi colega dentro de poco” – “I’ll be in touch with my co-worker shortly” or “Me comunico con mi colega cada día” – “I’m in touch with my co-worker everyday”?
Beatriz: The second one sounds more concrete. “Me comunico con mi colega cada día”.
Joseph: And which tense is this verb in?
Beatriz: “Me comunico”. It’s in the Present Tense.
Joseph: And so, would you say that the other expression, “Me comunicaré con mi colega dentro de poco” – “I’ll be in touch with my co-worker shortly”, is more abstract?
Beatriz: Yes. I mean, it sounds like you’re going to be in touch with your co-worker, but we can’t be absolutely positive.
Joseph: Right. I see the sense of abstraction. And which tense is this verb in?
Beatriz: “Me comunicaré”. It’s in the Future Tense.
Joseph: Of which mood?
Beatriz: Of the Indicative Mood.
Joseph: So, when we say “la reunión será en la noche del sábado” – “the get-together will be on Saturday night”, it’s pretty certain that the get-together will be at that time, but it’s not completely certain. We can’t be sure no matter how emphatic we are in this tense and mood. There’s always a scent of uncertainty in our expression.
Beatriz: Claro. Por ejemplo, “te ayudarán con los estudios”.
Joseph: And that means “They will help you with your studies.”So, again, here the verb “ayudarán” – “will help” expresses uncertainty at some level. If it were in the present, this scent of uncertainty would disintegrate.
Beatriz: “Te ayudan con los estudios”.
Joseph: “They help you with your studies.”
Beatriz: “Te ayudarán con los estudios”.
Joseph: “They will help you with your studies.”
Beatriz: Okay amigos, ahora enfoquémonos en la formación verbal.
Joseph: Muy bien, hoy estudiaremos el tiempo futuro del modo indicativo. The Future Tense of the Indicative Mood.
Beatriz: Así es. Today, we’ll look at the verbs “amar”.
Joseph: “To love.”
Beatriz: “Comer”.
Joseph: “To eat.”
Beatriz: Y “partir”.
Joseph: “To leave” or “to depart.” Now, the formation of the Future Tense is really easy. These forms, Beatriz, “amar”, “comer” and “partir”, is this how you’d find them in the dictionary?
Beatriz: Claro, es el infinitivo.
Joseph: Right. They’re in the Infinitive. And we remember the verb “haber”, right?
Beatriz: Of course. It means “to have”.
Joseph: And, Bea, could you refresh our memory and conjugate this verb in the Present Tense of the Indicative Mood?
Beatriz: Sure. “Yo he”, “tú has”, “él ha”, “nosotros hemos”, “vosotros habéis”, “ellos han”.
Joseph: Great. So, we say “yo he” – “I have”. Now, how do we say “to love”?
Beatriz: “Amar”.
Joseph: And if we add the word “he” after it, what would it sound like?
Beatriz: “Amar he”.
Joseph: And if you say that a few times fast, what would it sound like?
Beatriz: All right. Let’s start with the first one. “Amar he” and then “amar he” “amar he” “amar he”.
Joseph: And when we say “amaré”, what do we mean?
Beatriz: “I will love.”
Joseph: So, this is the Future Tense?
Beatriz: That’s it.
Joseph: So, to form the Future Tense of the Indicative Mood with regular verbs, all we need to do is add the personal endings of the verb “haber” from the Present Tense of the Indicative Mood to the complete form of the verb. So, we see “amar”, “amaré”.
Beatriz: Así es. En la Edad Media el verbo “haber” se usaba para expresar la obligación de realizar algún acto. Por ejemplo, de “cantar he” antiguamente, al moderno “cantaré”.
Joseph: Nicely put. So, in the Middle Ages, the verb “haber” conjugated in the Present Tense used to be used after a verb in the Infinitive to express the obligation of carrying out an action. Now, in modern Spanish, we actually join the words together. So, instead of “cantar” – “to sing” + “he” – “I’ve got to” as it was in old Spanish, we say “cantaré” as a single word which means “I will sing.” The sense of obligation has been lost in modern Spanish. Now, it just refers to a simple action in the future. Okay, Beatriz, shall we run through today’s paradigms?
Beatriz: Sounds like a good idea.
Joseph: What makes these endings so easy to remember is that there’s only one set of them for all three kinds of verbs. Beatriz, shall we begin?
Beatriz: Let’s go.
Joseph: Okay. Let’s start with the verb “amar”.
Beatriz: Okay. “Amar”.
Joseph: “To love.”
Beatriz: “Yo amaré”.
Joseph: “I will love.”
Beatriz: “Tú amarás”.
Joseph: “You will love.”
Beatriz: “Él amará”.
Joseph: “He will love.”
Beatriz: “Nosotros amaremos”.
Joseph: “We will love.”
Beatriz: “Vosotros amaréis”.
Joseph: “You all will love.”
Beatriz: “Ellos amarán”.
Joseph: “They will love.” And, Beatriz, to really help us get this to sink in, could you give us a couple of examples?
Beatriz: Yes, of course.
Joseph: A ver.
Beatriz: “Tu amarás esa ciudad”.
Joseph: “You will love that city.” Okay. And another?
Beatriz: “Él amará platónicamente”.
Joseph: “He will love platonically.” And one more?
Beatriz: “Yo amaré la playa”.
Joseph: “I will love the beach.” All right. And now, let’s move on to the verb “comer” and look at this one in the Future Tense of the Indicative Mood.
Beatriz: Let’s go. All right.
Joseph: Okay.
Beatriz: “Comer”.
Joseph: “To eat.”
Beatriz: “Yo comeré”.
Joseph: “I will eat.”
Beatriz: “Tú comerás”.
Joseph: “You will eat.”
Beatriz: “Él comerá”.
Joseph: “He will eat.”
Beatriz: “Nosotros comeremos”.
Joseph: “We will eat.”
Beatriz: “Vosotros comeréis”.
Joseph: “You all will eat.”
Beatriz: “Ellos comerán”.
Joseph: “They will eat.” Great. And, Beatriz, how about a couple of examples with “comer”?
Beatriz: All right. Let’s think about it. I know you like to eat. All right. “Yo comeré hasta saciarme”.
Joseph: “I will eat until satisfying myself.”
Beatriz: Or, “Él comerá hasta decir basta”.
Joseph: “He will eat until saying that’s enough.”
Beatriz: All right. “Nosotros comeremos poco”.
Joseph: Right. “We’ll eat just a little bit.” Okay. And now let’s move on to the verb “partir” and see exactly how this one is formed in the Future Tense of the Indicative Mood. Beatriz, would you do us the honor?
Beatriz: “Partir”.
Joseph: “To leave.”
Beatriz: “Yo partiré”.
Joseph: “I will leave.”
Beatriz: “Tú partirás”.
Joseph: “You will leave.”
Beatriz: “Él partirá”.
Joseph: “He will leave.”
Beatriz: “Nosotros partiremos”.
Joseph: “We will leave.”
Beatriz: “Vosotros partiréis”.
Joseph: “You all will leave.”
Beatriz: “Ellos partirán”.
Joseph: “They will leave.” Okay. And, Beatriz, how about a couple more examples this time with the verb “partir” in the Future Tense of the Indicative Mood to really help us remember it?
Beatriz: All right. “Yo partiré sin decir adiós”.
Joseph: “I will leave without saying goodbye.” How melodramatic.
Beatriz: “Él partirá en un abrir y cerrar de ojos”.
Joseph: “He will leave in the blink of an eye.” Literally, “he will leave in the opening and closing of the eye.” That’s beautiful. Next?
Beatriz: “Vosotros partiréis después de él”.
Joseph: “You will all leave after him.”
Beatriz: “Nosotros partiremos a las ocho de la noche”.
Joseph: “We’ll leave at 8 o’clock.” Beatriz, muy amable, gracias por brindarnos ejemplos tan útiles e instructivos.
Beatriz: No, por favor. Ha sido un gusto, un gustazo.
OUTRO
Joseph: Bueno, para los dos. From here, you can drop by Spanishpod101.com and participate in our discussion of this topic in the Comment section or if you think there’s a topic here that deserves special attention, open up a thread in the forum and we can develop on it there.
Beatriz: And don’t forget to press the center button of your iPod when you’ll listen to the premium audio tracks.
Joseph: That way, you can fall along with the exercises and the display.
Beatriz: ¡Cuídense!
Joseph: Take care! ¡Chao!
Beatriz: ¡Chao, chao!

Paradigms

Quiz

14 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com
Saturday at 6:30 pm
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Thanks to Kevin Macleod for the music used in today's lesson! Today we learned about conjugating regular verbs in the absolute future tense. We haven't covered this yet on SPod101, but can somebody think of some examples of irregular verbs that have slightly different formations in the absolute future?

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 5:48 am
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Hola Huckleberry J Hopper,


Gracias por tus comentarios.

Excelente, muy buenos ejercicos para el futuro absoluto.

Que bueno que hayas podido ayudar a esas dos personas con lo aprendido. 👍

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Huckleberry J Hopper
Tuesday at 5:39 am
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Y una mas punto. Hoy ayudé dos gentes de Valencia en Espanol a mi Universidad! Gano!

Huckleberry J Hopper
Tuesday at 5:33 am
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Hoy fue muy bien! Vale, 'El futuro absoluto' esentialmente es facil.


PERSONA AMAR COMER PARTIR

yo infinitive + é comeré partiré

tú Infiitivo + ás comerás partirás

él infinitivo + á

nosotros inifitivo + emos

vosotros infinitivo + éis

ellos/ellas infinitivo + án

ustedes infinitivo + án


Si, correcto?


Muchas gracias. Ahora, me hablaré con mis amigos espanoles. Una dia, yo amaré gramatica. Una dia. jaja😉

Spanishpod101.comVerified
Monday at 10:21 pm
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Hola Randy,


Thank you for posting.


We’ll surely consider your feedback for our future development.:wink:


Let us know if you have any questions, ok?


Saludos cordiales


Cristiane

Team Spanishpod101.com

Randy Bachman
Monday at 9:39 pm
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Thank you for providing the spanish-grammer link. I have been looking for something like this since I started the program. I have relied on other sites to provide this since I could not find it here. Paradigms, dictionary, vocab lists - all important tools for me. It would be nice if it was prominent on the dashboard and not buried. I am sure it was probably discussed in one of the intro-videos, but I must have missed it. It is a really good page.

Randy

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 1:41 pm
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Hi Neil Preston,


When this lesson was developed we decided not to add it.

Thank you for the feedback.

You can find the verb conjugation in our Grammar Bank:

https://www.spanishpod101.com/spanish-grammar/


I hope this helps!

Thank you,

Ofelia

Team SpanishPod101.com

Neil Preston
Monday at 10:50 am
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Is there some reason the conjugations of the key verbs are not listed in the pdf file?

Spanishpod101.comVerified
Thursday at 2:17 pm
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Hi Milton,



We are glad to hear that you are enjoying our lesson so far!"_


Always beginning is the most important part.


Please ask us anytime if you have questions!



Good luck,


Spanishpod101.com

Milton
Wednesday at 1:25 pm
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Thanks For This Lesson. I am still a beginner and this is helping me to understand better.

mariposa
Monday at 10:45 pm
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Sure, it's understandable that you are always begin with the regular verbs. It's important to learn the paradigms first and then look at the exceptions.

I only introduced some irregular verbs because you asked in the first comment :wink:


Saludos