Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Lizy: Bienvenidos a SpanishPod101.com!
Lizy: Buenos días, soy Lizy.
Alan: Alan here.
Lizy: Newbie series, lesson #11.
Alan: “Let’s Eat.” Hey people, my name is Alan Le Rue.
Lizy: I am Lizy Stoliar.
Alan: And we would like to welcome you to the 11th lesson of the newbie series in spanishpod101.com
Lizy: If you are new to the game or just want to catch up on your Spanish, this is the place to do it.
Alan: That’s right, Lizy. Here we cover vocabulary, usage and grammar.
Lizy: And then show you how this actually apply in Spanish of Latin American and Spain.
Alan: So Lizy, what are we going to talk about today?
Lizy: Food.
Alan: Uff, a favorite topic of mine and I am sure of yours as well.
Lizy: Definitely. What are we doing today?
Alan: Well, today we are going to look at expressions used in the beginning of a meal that is the “bon appetite” of Spanish.
Lizy: And where does our conversation take place?
Alan: Well this conversation takes place in a restaurant in Oaxaca, Mexico, where Manuel and Luisa are served lunch.
Lizy: Be sure to check out the vocabulary list in the PDF for this lesson which has a column showing the root of each word.
Alan: Roots are little hints of meaning and they are well worth learning. Okay, let’s get into today’s conversation.
DIALOGUE
MOZO: Aquí tiene su chimichanga con mole, señor. Servido.
MANUEL: Gracias. Se ve rica.
MOZO: Y para usted, señora, aquí tiene su burrito de carne. Servida.
LUISA: Gracias, señor. Se ve sabroso.
MOZO: ¡Buen provecho!
WAITER: Here you have your chimichanga with mole, Sir. There you are.
MANUEL: Thank you. It looks delicious.
WAITER: And for you, Ma'am, here you have your beef burrito. There you are.
LUISA: Thank you, Sir. It looks tasty.
WAITER: Bon appetite!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alan: Umm “mole”, I love it.
Lizy: Me too. Have you ever been to Mexico and had the real “mole”, Alan?
Alan: You know, I have been to Mexico. I went to Mexico City about 10 years ago. What a fantastic experience! That city is big.
Lizy: Bueno, yo no he estado en México pero aquí sí he comido unos tacos riquísimos y una sincronizada, que es lo que me encanta, sincronizada de jamón y queso. Wow, es lo máximo.
Alan: Is that a Mexican dish, “sincronizada”?
Lizy: Sí, sí, sí, totalmente.
Alan: You know, I remember a couple of years ago, they opened a Taco Bell in Lima. Do you remember that?
Lizy: Sí.
Alan: And I think it lasted about six months and then it went bankrupt. I don’t think Peruvians could figure out why they had to spend so much money for beans. Okay, now we will look at the vocabulary and phrases for this lesson. First word...
VOCAB LIST
Lizy: “El”.
Alan: “The.”
Lizy: “El”, “el”.
Alan: Next we have...
Lizy: “La”.
Alan: “The.”
Lizy: “La”, “la”.
Alan: Now we will listen to...
Lizy: “Ver”.
Alan: “To see.”
Lizy: “Ver”, “ver”.
Alan: Next we have...
Lizy: “Servido, servida”.
Alan: There you are, “served.”
Lizy: “Ser-vi-do, ser-vi-da”, “servido, servida”.
Alan: Then we have...
Lizy: “Sabroso, sabrosa”.
Alan: “Tasty”, “flavorful.”
Lizy: “Sa-bro-so, sa-bro-sa”, “sabroso, sabrosa”.
Alan: And lastly...
Lizy: “Buen provecho”.
Alan: “Bon appetite.”
Lizy: “Buen pro-ve-cho”, “buen provecho”.
Alan: Liz, you know what else is really delicious in Mexico?
Lizy: ¿Qué?
Alan: A “burrito”.
Lizy: “El burrito está rico”.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Alan: “The burrito is delicious.” Hey let’s look at the word “el”.
Lizy: The word “el”, without an accent, means “the” for masculine nouns in the singular. In the plural, it changes to “los”.
Alan: Right. So how would we say if there are more than one “burrito” which I hope there is?
Lizy: So if there were more than one “burrito”, we would say “los burritos”.
Alan: This is an important article to remember people because it’s associated with all singular masculine nouns.
Lizy: Let’s flip the switch. The next word we are going to look at today is “la”.
Alan: Lizy, how about an example with “la”?
Lizy: “La chimichanga está rica también”.
Alan: “The ‘chimichanga’ is delicious too.”
Lizy: The word “la” means “the” for feminine nouns in the singular.
Alan: Right. It is the feminine counterpart to “el”. In the plural, “la” changes to “las”.
Lizy: So if we were going to talk about more than one “chimichanga”...
Alan: We would say “las chimichangas”.
Lizy: Again this article is very important because it’s associated with all feminine nouns.
Alan: Okay, the next vocabulary word is “ver”. Lizy, would you give us an example with “ver”, please?
Lizy: “La comida se ve bien”.
Alan: “The food looks good.” This is a case of a passive verb conjugation.
Lizy: Let’s wait until a future lesson to get into that, okay?
Alan: Okay, sure, but for now let’s just look at the form “se ve”. Lizy, how could we translate that?
Lizy: Literally this means “it is seen” but we translate it as “it looks” in the sense of it appears.
Alan: Okay, this brings us to the last expression today which is “buen provecho”.
Lizy: “Aquí está la comida, buen provecho”.
Alan: “Here is the food, bon appetite.” I like how we just translated Spanish into French for English speakers.
Lizy: Well isn’t that a French word used all the time in English?
Alan: Yep, that it is. In fact in English, we don’t really have a good expression for it except maybe “enjoy.”
Lizy: So “buen provecho” literally means “good gain” or “good advantage” but in Spanish, it’s used to say “Bon appetite”. It also has its counterpart in Spanish, “buen apetito”.
Alan: Both of these phrases are used in the same way at the moment when food is served but I think “buen provecho” is more common. What would you say, Liz?
Lizy: Así es, buen provecho es muy común. Y eso tiene una respuesta, que és… “servido”.
Alan: That’s right. So if you want to wish somebody “bon appetite”, you say “provecho” and if you are the person who is sitting down and eating, you would say “gracias, servido”. Now let’s move on and have a more thorough look at the grammar used in this lesson.

Lesson focus

Lizy: Today we are going to focus on the expressions “servido” and “buen provecho”.
Alan: Sounds good.
Lizy: The word “servido” literally means “served.”
Alan: But in Spanish, it’s used to say “there you go” or “here you go.”
Lizy: “Buen provecho”. On the other hand, it’s generally used like we say “bon appetite” in English. That is at the moment when food is served to someone.
Alan: Lizy, can you take us back to where “servido” appeared in the conversation?
Lizy: “Aquí tiene su chimichanga con mole, señor. Servido.”
Alan: “Here you have your ‘chimichanga’ with ‘mole’, sir. There you go.” Now the word “servido” is interesting.
Lizy: Why?
Alan: Because it’s like saying “be served” as opposed to “help yourself.”
Lizy: Yeah. Also if this word is said to a man, then “servido” is used and if it’s said to a woman, then “servida” is used.
Alan: That’s right “servido” for man, “servida” for woman. This expression shows courtesy for other people and humbleness on the part of the server.
Lizy: Okay, now let’s look at the expression “buen provecho”.
Alan: As in...
Lizy: “Aquí tiene su sopa, buen provecho.”
Alan: “Here you have your soup, bon appetite.”
Lizy: Right. So at the moment when someone is served “buen provecho” is said to let them know that you hope they enjoyed their meal.
Alan: This too is used mainly as a courtesy and to show politeness. However there is another usage for this phrase too.
Lizy: Right. “Tengo que salir, gracias. Buen provecho.”
Alan: “I have to leave, thank you. Enjoy.” So this is the case when you have to get up from the table before the rest of your guests for one reason or another.
Lizy: Saying “buen provecho” here is more like saying “enjoy the rest of your meal” than saying “bon appetite.” Many times, the saying is shortened to “provecho” in this case.
Alan: That’s right. Remember, politeness is important in Latin America and Spain. Let me give you kind of an example here, Lizy. That in a restaurant if you are getting up from your table and as you are leaving and for example, small restaurant, and there is only a few other tables there, it’s pretty common to tell the people who you’ve never met, you’ve never spoken to but they are sitting there eating. As you leave the room, you say “buen provecho” and they will say “gracias”.
Lizy: Así es, Alan. Comparto esa idea. That’s right. You never want to get up without excusing yourself.
Alan: That would be good. Lizy, what would happen if someone did that?
Lizy: Sería un malcriado y se ve horrible.

Outro

Alan: That’s right. It wouldn’t look good at all. Okay folks, this brings us to the end of today’s lesson.
Lizy: See how the same conversation is changed in our regional series.
Alan: That’s right. This lesson was created in tandem with Costa Rican 11, Iberian 11 and Peruvian 11.
Lizy: Be sure to check out the vocabulary lists with audio in the learning center at spanishpod101.com. Also ask us the question in the forum or leave us a comment.
Alan: See you soon.
Lizy: Nos vemos pronto, ¡chao!

Grammar

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Dialogue - Bilingual

23 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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So, what are some of your favorite Hispanic foods? Or, what are some of your favorite foods in general? Now, we know that David is the master Paella maker, what about the rest of you? What's your specialty?

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:40 AM
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Hola Dexter,


Me encantan las quesadillas también!

Please let us know if you have any questions.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Dexter
Friday at 04:54 AM
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Chimichangas y quesadillas son sabrosas.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:24 PM
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Hola Jorge Lemus,


Gracias!

Please let us know if you have any questions.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Jorge Lemus
Wednesday at 12:32 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

if anyone is eating and reading the comments.


¡buen provecho!

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 02:45 PM
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Hola Matthew,


Thank you for your comment.

That would depend on the context.

Please let me know if you have any questions.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Matthew
Wednesday at 10:57 AM
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"Alan: That would be good. Lizy, what would happen if someone did that?" should be "Alan: That wouldn't be good. Lizy, what would happen if someone did that?"

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 09:53 PM
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¡Hola Jay!


Muchas gracias for taking the time to leave us your kind words. 😇


Let us know if you have any questions.


Saludos,

Levente

Team SpanishPod101.com

Jay
Wednesday at 05:31 AM
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Mi favorito es tacos.

That;s about all I can say for now 😅 thank you so much for these lessons! I am currently in my spanish 2 class in highschool, and i've decided to take spanish seriously from now on. I look forward to learning more!❤️️👍

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 02:25 AM
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Hola Michael,


Thank you for your comment.

The pronunciation is very alike between "b" and "v" with a little difference in pronunciation.

Let's review the following lessons of pronunciation.

https://www.spanishpod101.com/lesson/pronunciation-2-basic-pronunciation-2/?lp=141


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Michael
Sunday at 10:42 AM
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I am surprised at the pronunciation of the letter v in these lessons. I thought it was close to the sound of the english letter b. But in ver and servido I am hearing a pretty clear english v sound. Is this regional?