Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 6. Talking about something in the past.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for talking about something in the past.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "I went to the beach on Sunday."
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Alex: [slow] Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: The pattern for talking about something in the past has three elements. First comes the pronoun, "I."
Alex: Yo.
Eric: Second is the verb in preterite, "went," conjugated in the first person singular form.
Alex: fui.
Eric: Third is the complement, "to the beach on Sunday."
Alex: a la playa el domingo.
Eric: Altogether, we have.."I went to the beach on Sunday."
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo. [slow] Yo fui a la playa el domingo. [normal] Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: First use a pronoun, which can be replaced by a proper noun or any other subject, then follow it with a verb in its preterite form. Make sure to conjugate the verb according to the subject. The complement can be anything that gives more details of what someone or something has done in the past - noun, noun phrase, adjective, or adverb.
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: So remember that to talk about something in the past, first give the subject, plus a verb in its preterite form, and add a complement for more details.
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "You worked late." First comes the pronoun, "You."
Alex: Tú.
Eric: Second is the verb in the preterite, "worked," conjugated in the second person singular form.
Alex: trabajaste.
Eric: Third is the complement, "late." Literally "until late."
Alex: hasta tarde.
Eric: Altogether we have..
Alex: Tú trabajaste hasta tarde. [slow] Tú trabajaste hasta tarde. [normal] Tú trabajaste hasta tarde.
Eric: "You worked late."
[pause]
Alex: Tú trabajaste hasta tarde.
Eric: How do you say - "We created a robot." To give you a hint, "a robot" is..
Alex: un robot. [slow] un robot. [normal] un robot.
Eric: We created a robot.
[pause]
Alex: Nosotros creamos un robot. [slow] Nosotros creamos un robot. [normal] Nosotros creamos un robot.
[pause]
Alex: Nosotros creamos un robot.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "I went to the beach on Sunday."
[pause]
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
[pause]
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: "You worked late."
[pause]
Alex: Tú trabajaste hasta tarde.
[pause]
Alex: Tú trabajaste hasta tarde.
Eric: "We created a robot."
[pause]
Alex: Nosotros creamos un robot.
[pause]
Alex: Nosotros creamos un robot.
OUTRO
Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for talking about something in the past, as in..
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: meaning "I went to the beach on Sunday."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

7 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What did you do last weekend?

user profile picture
SpanishPod101.com
Sunday at 10:59 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Ginette,


Gracias por tus comentarios.

Usamos mas el pasado simple que el preterito perfecto.

El preterito perfecto es como el past perfect en ingles.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

user profile picture
Ginette Carter
Friday at 7:30 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Quiero saber si el uso de pretérito es más común en Español que el uso del pasado simple? Se dice (Yo) fuí o (yo) he ido? (yo) comí or (yo) he comido? Tu supiste o tu sabias o tu has sabido ?


En francés usamos el pasado simple de una manera narrativa, y raramente en la conversation. Cómo le uso en español ?

user profile picture
Ginette Carter
Tuesday at 7:27 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

El tiempo preterit es muy difficil para me. Necessito que le praticar muchissimo, un verbo cada día....

user profile picture
SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 12:03 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Cee,


Thank you for your comments.

Well, it depends on you, but I'll say 3 times. One just listening, a second one reading the transcript along with the audio, and third time of just listening.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

user profile picture
Cee
Thursday at 1:48 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I have read that repetition plays a part in our learning. How often should we repeat a lesson and how many times is recommended.

user profile picture
Cee
Thursday at 1:47 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Yo fue a la ejercicio en sábado.