Dialogue

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 6. Talking about something in the past.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for talking about something in the past.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "I went to the beach on Sunday."
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Alex: [slow] Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: The pattern for talking about something in the past has three elements. First comes the pronoun, "I."
Alex: Yo.
Eric: Second is the verb in preterite, "went," conjugated in the first person singular form.
Alex: fui.
Eric: Third is the complement, "to the beach on Sunday."
Alex: a la playa el domingo.
Eric: Altogether, we have.."I went to the beach on Sunday."
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo. [slow] Yo fui a la playa el domingo. [normal] Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: First use a pronoun, which can be replaced by a proper noun or any other subject, then follow it with a verb in its preterite form. Make sure to conjugate the verb according to the subject. The complement can be anything that gives more details of what someone or something has done in the past - noun, noun phrase, adjective, or adverb.
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: So remember that to talk about something in the past, first give the subject, plus a verb in its preterite form, and add a complement for more details.
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "You worked late." First comes the pronoun, "You."
Alex: Tú.
Eric: Second is the verb in the preterite, "worked," conjugated in the second person singular form.
Alex: trabajaste.
Eric: Third is the complement, "late." Literally "until late."
Alex: hasta tarde.
Eric: Altogether we have..
Alex: Tú trabajaste hasta tarde. [slow] Tú trabajaste hasta tarde. [normal] Tú trabajaste hasta tarde.
Eric: "You worked late."
[pause]
Alex: Tú trabajaste hasta tarde.
Eric: How do you say - "We created a robot." To give you a hint, "a robot" is..
Alex: un robot. [slow] un robot. [normal] un robot.
Eric: We created a robot.
[pause]
Alex: Nosotros creamos un robot. [slow] Nosotros creamos un robot. [normal] Nosotros creamos un robot.
[pause]
Alex: Nosotros creamos un robot.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "I went to the beach on Sunday."
[pause]
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
[pause]
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: "You worked late."
[pause]
Alex: Tú trabajaste hasta tarde.
[pause]
Alex: Tú trabajaste hasta tarde.
Eric: "We created a robot."
[pause]
Alex: Nosotros creamos un robot.
[pause]
Alex: Nosotros creamos un robot.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for talking about something in the past, as in..
Alex: Yo fui a la playa el domingo.
Eric: meaning "I went to the beach on Sunday."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

10 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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What did you do last weekend?

SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 9:35 am
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Hola Frank,


Thank you for your feedbacks.

"sabía", in Spanish and English conjugation is not the same. There or is difficult to translate this literally, I recommend to not compare this to English tenses.

"quisite", yes you are correct we will fix this typo.

We will review your english suggestions.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Frank
Wednesday at 4:13 am
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Hola una vez más, Eric y Alex,


Se me olvidó una cosa: En esta lección dice, Nosotras dijimos la historia completa.

"We said the whole story." Aunque es una traducción literal, no es lo que nosotros decimos en inglés. Nosotros decimos, "We told the whole story" en lugar de "said."


Also, in the slide show, it says, Ellos dijeron una mentira.

“They said a lie.” Again, we would say, "They told a lie," rather than they said a lie.


Muchísimas gracias,


Saludos, Frank

Frank
Wednesday at 3:34 am
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Hola otra vez, Eric y Alex,


Thanks again for such outstanding lessons!


A couple of things about the written notes: I noticed that in the examples the list shows "sabía" (the imperfect tense of saber) as a preterite tense instead of "supo." Also, in the chart showing the "Preterite of Irregular Verbs," it shows "quisite" as the second person preterite for querer instead of "quisiste."


Thanks again for such outstanding lessons!


Frank


P.S. Since I do not come back and look at these lessons or the comments after I have finished the lesson, if you send any comments to me, please send them to my email address. Thanks!

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 10:59 am
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Hola Ginette,


Gracias por tus comentarios.

Usamos mas el pasado simple que el preterito perfecto.

El preterito perfecto es como el past perfect en ingles.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Ginette Carter
Friday at 7:30 am
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Quiero saber si el uso de pretérito es más común en Español que el uso del pasado simple? Se dice (Yo) fuí o (yo) he ido? (yo) comí or (yo) he comido? Tu supiste o tu sabias o tu has sabido ?


En francés usamos el pasado simple de una manera narrativa, y raramente en la conversation. Cómo le uso en español ?

Ginette Carter
Tuesday at 7:27 am
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El tiempo preterit es muy difficil para me. Necessito que le praticar muchissimo, un verbo cada día....

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:03 pm
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Hola Cee,


Thank you for your comments.

Well, it depends on you, but I'll say 3 times. One just listening, a second one reading the transcript along with the audio, and third time of just listening.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Cee
Thursday at 1:48 am
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I have read that repetition plays a part in our learning. How often should we repeat a lesson and how many times is recommended.

Cee
Thursday at 1:47 am
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Yo fue a la ejercicio en sábado.