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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 3. Using an adjective.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing something using an adjective.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "That candy is spicy."
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
Alex: [slow] Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: The pattern for describing something using an adjective has 3 elements. First, a noun phrase, in this case "That candy."
Alex: Ese dulce.
Eric: Second, the verb "to be" conjugated in the third person singular form.
Alex: es.
Eric: Third, an adjective – in this case, "spicy."
Alex: picante.
Eric: Altogether, we have.."That candy is spicy."
Alex: Ese dulce es picante. [slow] Ese dulce es picante. [normal] Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: In Spanish the subject – pronoun, noun, noun phrase, or proper noun – is usually the first element of a sentence followed by the verb. In this case, we have the verb "to be," conjugated according to the noun and whether it is singular or plural. The adjective comes last and it is modified by the gender and number of the noun.
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: So remember that to describe something using an adjective, start with the noun or noun phrase, plus the verb "to be," plus an adjective. Be aware of the noun's gender and number.
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "Tacos are delicious." First comes a noun phrase, in this case "The tacos."
Alex: Los tacos.
Eric: Second, the verb "to be" conjugated in the third person plural form.
Alex: son.
Eric: Third, the adjective – in this case "delicious."
Alex: deliciosos.
Eric: Altogether we have..
Alex: Los tacos son deliciosos. [slow] Los tacos son deliciosos. [normal] Los tacos son deliciosos.
Eric: "Tacos are delicious."
[pause]
Alex: Los tacos son deliciosos.
Eric: How do you say - "This class is interesting?" To give you a hint, "interesting" is..
Alex: interesante. [slow] interesante. [normal] interesante.
Eric: This class is interesting.
[pause]
Alex: Esta clase es interesante. [slow] Esta clase es interesante. [normal] Esta clase es interesante.
[pause]
Alex: Esta clase es interesante.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "That candy is spicy."
[pause]
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
[pause]
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: "Tacos are delicious."
[pause]
Alex: Los tacos son deliciosos.
[pause]
Alex: Los tacos son deliciosos.
Eric: "This class is interesting."
[pause]
Alex: Esta clase es interesante.
[pause]
Alex: Esta clase es interesante.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing something using an adjective, as in..
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: meaning "That candy is spicy." You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

5 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Try describing what you have in front of you now.

Chris
Wednesday at 11:02 pm
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Hola, me llamo Chris!

I just have one question regarding the examples...

Can we say: este dulce es picante?

I am not really able to know when to use este and when to use ese...

Waiting for your response😊.

¡Adiós!

SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 9:14 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Frank,


Thank you for your feedback.

We're happy to know you're enjoying the lessons.

Yes, in Spanish we say "Tú eres nervioso." for a person that usually is in this state in different situations.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Lynn
Thursday at 2:04 am
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En frente de mí esta una computadora. Esta sobre la mesa al lado de mí taza de té.


Esta es una lección muy bueno. Tengo problemas con pronombres demonstrativos. Esto es útil.👍

Frank
Tuesday at 8:29 am
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Hello, Eric and Alex,


I like your teaching very much. Both of you are extremely clear in what you say and also in your explanations. Also, I very much appreciate that you are very direct and to the point in your teaching without extraneous talking, jokes, and making other comments that have no relationship to the class or what you are teaching!


One question I have about this lesson: It shows "Tú eres nervioso." Unless it means the person has a permanent nervous condition, wouldn't it be, "tú estas nervioso?"


Thanks! Frank


P.S. Please send your reply to this question and to a previous one I sent to my email address. ¡Muchísimas gracias!