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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 23. The Verb "to Hope."
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for expressing things you hope will happen.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "I hope (that) you win the contest. "
Alex: Espero que ganes el concurso.
Alex: [slow] Espero que ganes el concurso.
Eric: The pattern for expressing hope has 4 elements. First, "I hope."
Alex: Espero.
Eric: Second, "that."
Alex: que.
Eric: Third, a verb in present subjunctive. In this case, "you win."
Alex: ganes.
Eric: And last, the complement "the contest."
Alex: el concurso.
Eric: Altogether, we have... "I hope (that) you win the contest. "
Alex: Espero que ganes el concurso. [slow] Espero que ganes el concurso. [normal] Espero que ganes el concurso.
Eric: Start with the verb meaning "I hope."
Alex: espero
Eric: Followed by the conjunction "that."
Alex: que
Eric: Then add a verb in the present subjunctive form. You can add more details at the end by putting another verb, noun, or phrase.
Alex: Espero que ganes el concurso.
Eric: So remember: To express your hope that something will happen, start with the phrase "I hope that.” In Spanish, that’s…
Alex: Espero que
Eric: Then add a verb in the present subjunctive, and finish with a complement.
Eric: Here’s another example meaning, "I hope (that) you find what you are looking for." First, "I hope."
Alex: Espero.
Eric: Second, "that."
Alex: que.
Eric: Third, the verb in the present subjunctive "you find."
Alex: encuentres.
Eric: And last, the complement "what you are looking for."
Alex: lo que buscas.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Alex: Espero que encuentres lo que buscas. [slow] Espero que encuentres lo que buscas. [normal] Espero que encuentres lo que buscas.
Eric: "I hope (that) you find what you are looking for."
[pause]
Alex: Espero que encuentres lo que buscas.
Eric: How do you say - "I hope (that) you come to the party." To give you a hint, "you come to the party " is...
Alex: vengas a la fiesta. [slow] vengas a la fiesta. [normal] vengas a la fiesta.
Eric: "I hope (that) you come to the party."
[pause]
Alex: Espero que vengas a la fiesta. [slow] Espero que vengas a la fiesta. [normal] Espero que vengas a la fiesta.
[pause]
Alex: Espero que vengas a la fiesta.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "I hope (that) you win the contest. "
[pause]
Alex: Espero que ganes el concurso.
[pause]
Alex: Espero que ganes el concurso.
Eric: "I hope (that) you find what you are looking for."
[pause]
Alex: Espero que encuentres lo que buscas.
[pause]
Alex: Espero que encuentres lo que buscas.
Eric: "I hope (that) you come to the party."
[pause]
Alex: Espero que vengas a la fiesta.
[pause]
Alex: Espero que vengas a la fiesta.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern to express that you’re hoping for something, as in...
Alex: Espero que ganes el concurso.
Eric: meaning "I hope (that) you win the contest. "
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, and see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

9 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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What's your biggest hope?

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 2:38 am
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Hola Esteban,


Thank you for your comment.

"sin que" is used when you want to express something fictitious or that hasn’t happened.

¡El ladrón se fue sin que lo pillaran! - The thief left without being caught!

As you can see the thief was never caught so it is a fictitious situation.

"sino que” *is used when you want to introduce a subordinate clause to previously stated information.

Javier no sabe tocar el piano, sino que toca la guitarra. - Javier doesn’t know how to play the piano but he does play the guitar.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 2:25 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Cary,


Thank you for your comment.

Don't worry, we just need to practice them lots.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Esteban
Sunday at 1:27 am
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Is there a rule for when to use "sin que" vs "sino que?"

Cary
Friday at 9:48 am
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There are SO MANY verb endings to keep straight! I don't know how I can remember them all.

SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 5:47 am
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Hola Roberto,


Thank you for your comment.

La idea es que no sea fácil sino que tengas que esforzarte.

Sigamos practicando.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Roberto
Friday at 2:51 am
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¡Ay! No creo que esta lección sea muy fácil.

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 9:41 pm
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Hola Sylvia,


Thank you for posting.


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Saludos,

Cristiane

Team SpanishPod101.com

Sylvia Perreira
Tuesday at 1:46 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Espero que mi esposo se vuelve mas saludable.