Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 21. Explaining a Result or Response.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for explaining the result of, or the response to, an action or condition.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "I have the day off so I will go to the movies."
Alex: Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine.
Alex: [slow] Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine.
Eric: The pattern for explaining a response to an action or condition has 3 elements. First, clause A. In this case, that’s "I have the day off."
Alex: Tengo el día libre.
Eric: Second, "so."
Alex: así que.
Eric: Third, Clause B. "I will go to the movies."
Alex: iré al cine.
Eric: Altogether, we have... "I have the day off so I will go to the movies."
Alex: Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine. [slow] Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine. [normal] Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine.
Eric: To explain an action as the result of something, first state the current action or condition (Clause A). Then, comes the phrase meaning “so”. In Spanish, this is
Alex: así que.
Eric: After which you add Clause B. This is the result or the response to the action or condition in the first clause. Note that Clause A contains conjugated verbs in the simple present tense, and the verb in Clause B is conjugated in the simple future tense.
Alex: Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine.
Eric: So remember: To explain an action as a result of something, first introduce the current condition in Clause A. Then add the word meaning “so.”
Alex: así que
Eric: This connects Clause A to Clause B, which is the result of that condition.
Eric: Here’s another example meaning, "I'm sick so I will stay home." First, Clause A. "I'm sick."
Alex: Estoy enfermo.
Eric: Second, "so."
Alex: así que.
Eric: Third, Clause B. "I will stay home."
Alex: me quedaré en casa.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Alex: Estoy enfermo así que me quedaré en casa. [slow] Estoy enfermo así que me quedaré en casa. [normal] Estoy enfermo así que me quedaré en casa.
Eric: "I'm sick so I will stay home."
[pause]
Alex: Estoy enfermo así que me quedaré en casa.
Eric: How do you say - "My stomach hurts so I will not eat." To give you a hint, "my stomach hurts" is...
Alex: me duele el estómago. [slow] me duele el estómago. [normal] me duele el estómago.
Eric: "My stomach hurts so I will not eat."
[pause]
Alex: Me duele el estómago así que no comeré. [slow] Me duele el estómago así que no comeré. [normal] Me duele el estómago así que no comeré.
[pause]
Alex: Me duele el estómago así que no comeré.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "I have the day off so I will go to the movies."
[pause]
Alex: Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine.
[pause]
Alex: Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine.
Eric: "I'm sick so I will stay home."
[pause]
Alex: Estoy enfermo así que me quedaré en casa.
[pause]
Alex: Estoy enfermo así que me quedaré en casa.
Eric: "My stomach hurts so I will not eat."
[pause]
Alex: Me duele el estómago así que no comeré.
[pause]
Alex: Me duele el estómago así que no comeré.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for explaining the result or the response to an action or condition, as in...
Alex: Tengo el día libre así que iré al cine.
Eric: meaning "I have the day off so I will go to the movies."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, and see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

3 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 8:19 pm
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Hola Valerie,


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In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Saludos,

Cristiane

Team SpanishPod101.com

Valerie
Friday at 1:31 am
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Me han pagado, así que iré de compras.