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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 20. Explaining a Reason or Cause.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for explaining the cause or reason for an action or condition.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "I leave early today because it is a holiday. "
Alex: Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo.
Alex: [slow] Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo.
Eric: The pattern for explaining the cause or reason for an action or condition has 3 elements. First, clause A. In this case, "I leave early today."
Alex: Salgo temprano hoy.
Eric: Second, "because."
Alex: porque.
Eric: Third, clause B. "It is a holiday."
Alex: es día festivo.
Eric: Altogether, we have... "I leave early today because it is a holiday. "
Alex: Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo. [slow] Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo. [normal] Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo.
Eric: When explaining the cause or reason for something, first state the resulting action or condition (Clause A). Then, comes the word "because," or...
Alex: porque
Eric: after which, add clause B. This is the reason why the action or condition in the first clause was reached. Note that both clauses contain conjugated verbs in the present tense.
Alex: Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo.
Eric: So remember: To explain the cause or reason for an action or condition, first introduce the resulting condition in Clause A, add "because"
Alex: porque
Eric: to connect it to the reason stated in Clause B.
Eric: Here’s another example meaning, "I'm angry because you don't listen to me." First, clause A. "I'm angry."
Alex: Estoy enojada.
Eric: Second, "because."
Alex: porque.
Eric: Third, clause B. "You don't listen to me."
Alex: no me escuchas.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Alex: Estoy enojada porque no me escuchas. [slow] Estoy enojada porque no me escuchas. [normal] Estoy enojada porque no me escuchas.
Eric: "I'm angry because you don't listen to me."
[pause]
Alex: Estoy enojada porque no me escuchas.
Eric: How do you say - "The dog is fat because it eats all day." To give you a hint, "eats all day" is...
Alex: come todo el día. [slow] come todo el día. [normal] come todo el día.
Eric: "The dog is fat because it eats all day."
[pause]
Alex: El perro está gordo porque come todo el día. [slow] El perro está gordo porque come todo el día. [normal] El perro está gordo porque come todo el día.
[pause]
Alex: El perro está gordo porque come todo el día.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "I leave early today because it is a holiday. "
[pause]
Alex: Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo.
[pause]
Alex: Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo.
Eric: "I'm angry because you don't listen to me."
[pause]
Alex: Estoy enojada porque no me escuchas.
[pause]
Alex: Estoy enojada porque no me escuchas.
Eric: "The dog is fat because it eats all day."
[pause]
Alex: El perro está gordo porque come todo el día.
[pause]
Alex: El perro está gordo porque come todo el día.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for explaining the cause or reason for an action or condition, as in...
Alex: Salgo temprano hoy porque es día festivo.
Eric: meaning "I leave early today because it is a holiday. "
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, and see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

7 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:31 pm
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Hola linda elliott,


Thank you for your comment.

We're happy to have you here.

Please let us know if you have any question or doubt.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

linda elliott
Wednesday at 3:04 am
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hi

SpanishPod101.com
Saturday at 2:29 pm
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Hola John,


Thank you for your comment.

Both are use in the same way, it would depend in the question.

Has ido a la ciudad de Mexico?

Has estado en la ciudad de Mexico?


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

John Ives
Sunday at 4:15 am
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Which is used more in Spanish? Both mean, "Have you been to Mexico City?" Has ido al ciudad de Mexico?

Has estado en la ciudad de Mexico?

SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 9:35 pm
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Hi Margaret,


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Margaret Wotkyns
Saturday at 12:26 am
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I need to speak to somebody.... I have to still go through hoops to log in , never wrote down my password . I might be interested in upgrading to having my own tutor, but need to know how much access I would hand & how much extra expense . I already paid for premium & haven’t been able to access many of the features I want - like comparing my pronunciations to native speakers . I would want to do that before upgrading . Also wondering if they could show me how to get the free lifetime feature mentioned !