Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Intro: Sean bienvenidos a SpanishPod101.com
David: Buenos días soy David.
Megan: And I am Megan here, Lower Intermediate series, season 2, Lesson #3. Show Me The Money.
David: Eso es.
Megan: ... So today’s conversation follows the topic of banking in Spain which we’ve been looking at for the last two lessons right. Today Alejandro needs to take out some of money. And we want to do it at the counter as opposed to using the ATM.
David: Hoy Alejandro va a la ventanilla, en vez de a sacar el dinero del cajero automático.
Megan: And this conversation takes place between him and the teller, the - cajera - the woman at the counter of the bank.
David: Él está hablando hoy con la cajera. Recordás que habíamos dicho anteriormente que - cajero - es la persona que está en la ventanilla, que también es el ATM. En este caso - cajera - sólamente es la mujer que está en la ventanilla de la oficina.
Megan: Right. If you were a man, it would be - un cajero - and that’s the same word that you use for the - cajero - the ATM where you take your money out. As you can imagine, this conversation is formal. We don’t recommend that you go to the bank and use a lot of slang especially not if you want to get your money. So the people are doing a business transaction here.
David: Sí, no es recomendable que venís ahí diciendo, ¡hey que pasa! Dame mi dinero.
Megan: No. Así no, and I think our listeners are pretty bright. They know that that’s not a good idea. So now would be the time to open up the lesson guide in your PDF reader.
David: Por qué no abrís ya la guía de la lección en vuestro lector de PDF
DIALOGUE
1. ALEJANDRO: Buenos días, quería retirar dinero de mi cuenta.
2. CAJERA: Ya sabe que puede retirarlo a cualquier hora en los cajeros automáticos.
3. ALEJANDRO: Sí, pero quería sacar una cantidad importante y prefiero retirarlo aquí en ventanilla.
4. CAJERA: Por supuesto. ¿Trae su cartilla?
5. ALEJANDRO: Sí, aquí está. Si puede, además, pongamela al día, que creo que hace bastante que no lo hago.
6. CAJERA: Muy bien. ¿Cuánto dinero desea sacar?
7. ALEJANDRO: Dos mil euros. Si es posible en billetes como máximo de cincuenta, que sino luego no me cambian en ningún sitio.
8. CAJERA: Muy bien. Pues aquí tiene. ¿Quiere que se lo guarde en un sobre?
9. ALEJANDRO: Sí, por favor. Gracias. Adiós.
10. CAJERA: Adiós, buenos días.
Intro: And now with the translation. Ahora incluiremos la traducción.
1. ALEJANDRO: Buenos días, quería retirar dinero de mi cuenta.
1. ALEJANDRO: Good morning, I wanted to withdraw money from my account.
2. CAJERA: Ya sabe que puede retirarlo a cualquier hora en los cajeros automáticos.
2. TELLER: By now you know that you can withdraw it at any time from the ATM's, right?
3. ALEJANDRO: Sí, pero quería sacar una cantidad importante y prefiero retirarlo aquí en ventanilla.
3. ALEJANDRO: Yes, but I wanted to take out an important sum and I prefer to withdraw it here at the counter.
4. CAJERA: Por supuesto. ¿Trae su cartilla?
4. TELLER: Of course. Have you brought your bankbook?
5. ALEJANDRO: Sí, aquí está. Si puede, además, pongamela al día, que creo que hace bastante que no lo hago.
5. ALEJANDRO: Yes, here it is. If you can, while you're at it, get me up to date, as I believe it's been quite some time since I've done so.
6. CAJERA: Muy bien. ¿Cuánto dinero desea sacar?
6. TELLER: Very well. How much money do you wish to withdraw?
7. ALEJANDRO: Dos mil euros. Si es posible en billetes como máximo de cincuenta, que sino luego no me cambian en ningún sitio.
7. ALEJANDRO: Two thousand Euros. If it's possible, in bills no larger than fifty, or else later no one will break them for me anywhere.
8. CAJERA: Muy bien. Pues aquí tiene. ¿Quiere que se lo guarde en un sobre?
8. TELLER: Very well. Well, here you go. Do you want me to put it in an envelope for you?
9. ALEJANDRO: Sí, por favor. Gracias. Adiós.
9. ALEJANDRO: Yes, please. Thank you. Goodbye.
10. CAJERA: Adiós, buenos días.
10. TELLER: Goodbye, good day.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
David: ¡Ay Megan!, I know you have had some problems in Spain with - tu libreta. As tenido algunos problemillas con tu libreta, ¿no?
Megan: libreta, and here you call it a - cartilla - right?
David: Sí, la cartilla y la libreta.
Megan: Cartilla, la libreta. I translated it as bank book. In the United States, we don’t have anything like that and it’s like – it looks like a passport. It’s the same size and it has all of the movements in your account and you are supposed to update it and you can do it at the - ventanilla - at the window, at the teller’s window or you can do it in the special machine and that’s where I get freaked out.
David: Sí, hay cajeros especiales. Cajeros automáticos dónde puedes meter la cartilla.
Megan: Yeah.
David: Que está llena de hojas, de páginas en las que puedes ir imprimiendo todos los movimientos.
Megan: Right. So you just – you take your book. It’s like putting a little password into this machine and it flips the pages and it automatically prints it and I just freak out every time I have to do it and some little lady had to show me how to do it.
David: En España, los bancos están muy adelantados.
Megan: Yeah, yeah. Okay now that we’ve gone through the conversation, what do you say we run through some of the vocabulary David?
David: Es muy buena idea.
VOCAB LIST
Megan: Alright. So let’s move on to the vocabulary section of today’s PDF lesson guide. And we are going to start out with a noun.
David: cuenta
Megan: Account.
David: cu-en-ta, cuenta
Megan: And now we get an indefinite adjective.
David: cualquier, cualquiera
Megan: Whichever
David: cual-qui-er, cual-qui-e-ra, cualquier, cualquiera
Megan: And now we have a feminine noun
David: cantidad, cantidad
Megan: A sum or amount.
David: can-ti-dad, cantidad
Megan: And here we have another noun.
David: cartilla
Megan: A bank book.
David: car-ti-lla, cartilla
Megan: And an adjective.
David: bastante
Megan: A great deal of
David: bas-tan-te, bastante
Megan: And a noun phrase.
David: Como máximo.
Megan: At most.
David: co-mo má-xi-mo, como máximo
Megan: And an indefinite adjective.
David: ningún, ninguno, ninguna
Megan: None, not any.
David: nin-gún, nin-gu-no, nin-gu-na, ningún, ninguno, ninguna
Megan: And finally a verb
David: guardar
Megan: To save.
David: gu-ar-dar, guardar. ¿Qué te parece si hablamos hoy de la palabra cartilla?
Megan: Cartilla. Okay we are going to talk about the word - cartilla. ILLA is a diminutive and so that’s added to the root which is - carta.
David: Parece que sí, que es un diminutivo de carta, carta es
Megan: A letter.
David: hm, así que podría ser una pequeña carta. So it can be a little letter?
Megan: A little letter and
David: Pero ...
Megan: that’s the Bankbook that has all the little pages that we were talking about. Ah yeah and to get to the pronunciation part of this, in the old times in Spain there was a differentiation between the sound and you are going to have to make it for me, but the sound of a Y and an LL and you don’t hear it so much nowadays but…
David: No…
Megan: But try to show us what that was.
David: Yo te digo cómo se habría dicho antiguamente. Antiguamente se habría dicho - cartiLLIA.
Megan: uff.
David: Muy dificíl.
Megan: And every once in a while, you will hear someone in Spain still say it that way.
David: En algunos sitios se puede oír todavía.
Megan: In some regions you still hear this.
David: En Valladolid a lo mejor.
Megan: mhm
David: Ellos dirían VaLLAdolid. Pero ya no se diferencía, ahora sería como una Y griega. Entonces - cartilla.
Megan: Cartilla - and remember that Y - griega here in Spain and then also the LL is not YA it’s not YOUR, it’s not the sound of a Y in your, it’s more like the sound of the J in judge, so it’s - cartilla.
David: mhm, y si se pronuncian igual, por qué no lo escribimos con Y griega, por ejempo.
Megan: Maybe they will if they reform that. Maybe someday it will be spelled the same way as with the Y, you never know.
David: ¿Conoces a Juán Ramón Jiménez?
Megan: Yes. Juán Ramón Jiménez is a very important poem from the Generación del 25… del 27
David: Él lo intentó, él lo intentó que la ortografía del español, pues se ... siguiese una regla. Que no tuviese tantas expectiones.
Megan: But you don’t have so many exceptions not like in English. It’s not that crazy.
David: Vamos a ver un poco de uso del vocabulario.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Megan: Now we are going to go on to vocabulary usage.
David: Empezamos con - cuenta.
Megan: Cuenta - is a word with multiple meanings. In today’s context it means account or as in a bank account and there are related words like
David: Cuenta de ahorros o cuenta de corriente.
Megan: Savings account or checking account.
David: contar
Megan: With - contar - which is to count.
David: En la conversación de hoy escuchamos el siguiente ejemplo - Quería retirar dinero de mi cuenta.
Megan: I wanted to withdraw money from my account.
David: Muy bien, pasamos a cualquier, o cualquiera. Uno es masculino y el otro es femenino.
Megan: And this is an indefinite adjective which means whichever and this often changes depending on the context. For example, today we heard it in the following example.
David: Hoy lo hemos oído en este ejemplo - Ya sabe que puede retirarlo a cualquier hora en los cajeros automáticos.
Megan: By now, you know that you can withdraw at any time from the ATMs, right? and here it takes on the meaning of any because it’s modifying - Cajeros Automáticos - So instead of saying whichever, we wouldn’t say in English, you could withdraw it at whichever time. We would say at any time. So the translation is a little – a little flexible in English.
David: Pasamos a la palabra - cartilla. En este contexto, ¿Trae su cartilla?
Megan: Which means - have you brought your Bankbook? So you might wonder, do you need to have - de cartilla - in order to take your money out of the counter at the bank. Well no you don’t need it. It’s just people like to keep track. If you take money out of the bank, then they will automatically update your - your cartilla - so there is exactly the same as what you have in your account. It’s like having a statement – a banking statement basically.
David: Es como si llevas eso en tu bolsillo, constantemente el estado de tu cuenta. Todos los movimientos de tu cuenta. Vamos a ver - como máximo. Podemos traducirlo como -
Megan: At most.
David: Pero cambiará siempre según el contexto. Por ejemplo, hoy en la conversación hemos escuchado. - Si es posible en billetes como máximo de cincuenta.
Megan: If it’s possible in bills no larger than 50, so instead of it being at most, in English, we would say no larger than 50 or I want 50 to be the largest bill.
David: mhm, vamos a ver otros ejemplos para que veais cómo se utiliza - como máximo - en otros contextos. Por ejemplo - No te preocupes, creo que esto te llevará como máximo 10 minutos.
Megan: Don’t worry. This will take 10 minutes at the most.
David: O, puedes entregar este informe hasta el sábado como máximo.
Megan: You can hand in this report on Saturday at the latest. So you could say at the most but I think you know, this is an expression - como máximo - that changes a lot in English but I think we mostly – we can understand what it means in Spanish.
David: Muy bien, ningún o ninguno o ninguna.
Megan: Okay let’s continue with our last example.
David: Si es posible en billetes como máximo de cincuenta, que sino luego no me cambian en ningún sitio.
Megan: If it’s possible, in bills no larger than fifty or else later, no one will break them from anywhere. So ningún or ninguna, are indefinite adjectives which negate the meaning of the word which they modify. For example, En ningún sitio - means at no place literally or nowhere.
David: De ninguna manera, significa - No way or by no means.
Megan: Right. No way or by no means. We always use - ningún - before a masculine noun and - ninguna - before a feminine noun.
David: Right - ninguno es masculino, y ninguna, femenino.
Megan: And singular as well.
David: Right. Bueno nena de que hablamos hoy sobre gramática.
Megan: A good question. We are going to talk about the present indicative and the present subjunctive in sentences with subordinate clauses.
David: Uff, presente indicativo y presente de subjuntivo en oraciones con cláusulas subordinadas. Es muy buen punto. People, remember that you can find other entries about today’s grammar point in the grammar bank at SpanishPod101.com. Hoy vamos a repasar un poco los verbos que indican deseo. Que se utilizan en la clausula principal en forma indicativa.
Megan: Here we are going to talk about verbs of desire or need and the indicative clause in the first clause which triggers the subjunctive mood in the second clause. So remember, the indicative mood is used for objective actions whether present, past or future while the subjunctive mood is used for subjective information, hypothetical situations, desires, thoughts, things that don’t exist in reality.
David: Y hoy tenemos un bonito ejemplo. ¿Quiere que se lo guarde en un sobre?
Megan: Do you want me to put it in an envelope for you? The main clauses in the indicative mood - quiere - while the subordinate clause has the subjunctive mood - guarde - and always, always, always when you have - querer, desear - it always, always has the subjunctive right?
David: Uhoo.
Megan: Because you can’t want something that really exists right? It’s a different philosophy about living in a way, isn’t it?
David: Por ejemplo, quiero que vengas.
Megan: Quiero que vengas. - I want you to come. Now notice in English, we have the infinitive but in Spanish, we conjugate that second verb
David: en subjuntivo
Megan: en subjuntivo
David: o por ejemplo - Deseo que estés aquí.
Megan: I desire that you are here (with me). Which you are not. If you are not there, so it has to be in the subjunctive because you are imagining something impossible or something that’s not real.
David: Aunque sabemos que el uso del subjuntivo, siempre es muy difícil. Este tipo de frases os van a resultar muy fáciles de aplicar.

Lesson focus

Megan: Right. The subjunctives can seem difficult at first because in Spanish, it’s used much more than it is in English but when you have these examples, they start to - pegar. They start to stick in your mind and before you know it, you are going to - soltar - subjunctive all over there. You know let it loose. Okay now we are moving on to my favorite part which is - La Tarea - the homework. I love giving people homework. In today’s grammar lesson, we talked about sentences that express desire, deseo, and how we need to use the subjunctive mood and the subordinate clauses of these and the indicative mood in the main clauses. So here is what we are going to do.
David: Os vamos a dar cinco oraciones en español.
Megan: We will give you five sentences in Spanish.
David: Cada una va a tener un verbo en indicativo, y otro en subjuntivo.
Megan: And each will have a verb in the indicative mood and another in the subjunctive mood.
David: Luego os vamos a preguntar por la persona número. Tiempo y modo, de uno de los verbos.
Megan: Then we are going to ask you for the person, number, tense and mood of one of the verbs. Are you ready?
David: Estaís preparados -
Megan: Bueno.
David: Vamos allá. Número 1) Necesitan que lleguemos temprano.
Megan: What’s the person, number, tense and mood of the verb - lleguemos.
David: Queremos que vengas con nosotros.
Megan: What’s the person, number, tense and mood of the verb - queremos.
David: Número 3) Quiero que me digas la verdad.
Megan: Wooh what’s the person, number, tense and mood of the verb - digas.
David: Número 4) La empresa requiere que todos asistamos a la conferencia.
Megan: What’s the person, number, tense and mood of the verb - asistamos.
David: Número 5) ¿Queréis que os dé otro ejemplo?
Megan: What’s the person, number, tense and mood of the verb - queréis.
David: ¿Queréis otro ejemplo?
Megan: Pues ya no hay tiempo...No da tiempo
David: Bueno, pues ahora recordá que siempre podéis repasar las respuestas, y los comentarios sobre las respuestas en el Premium Audio Track, que llamamos - La Tarea.

Outro

Megan: Right. Okay well I think that’s going to do it for today. Now remember, these lessons are designed to be used in tandem with the language tools in the premium learning center at SpanishPod101.com. You are missing out if you don’t already have the premium membership but don’t forget, you can always sign up for a free 7-day trial and see what it’s all about. You don’t have anything to lose.
David: Okay, ¿sabes lo que quiero ya, Megan? Quiero que llegue ya el próximo día con la próxima lección.
Megan: Vale, pues anda.
David: Okay, creo que hemos terminado por hoy.
Megan: See you soon.
David: Hasta luego

Grammar

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Dialog - Bilingual

Tarea

Vocabulary

12 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 6:30 pm
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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 9:51 am
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Hola Jim,


Thank you for your comment!

You can use "ya" in both formal and informal.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Jim
Saturday at 9:54 am
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"ya" being used over and over in formal conversation is bazaar. "ya" might be used sometimes (occasionally) in informal English, but "you" is pretty standard in the English-speaking world.

JP
Friday at 1:26 am
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Evandar, if you have a glutton in you, then absolutely watch cooking shows! If you have an internal motivation to watch Spanish language media, you'll start to pick up things effortlessly!


Seriously, watch fútbol if you are a fútbol fanatic, watch the news if you're a news junkie... we often learn more language when we're looking PAST the language through to the content that actually interests us.

jp@spanishpod101.com

Evandar
Thursday at 7:01 pm
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Thanks for the suggestion, JP, but I think the glutton in me would have a field day if I were to start watching cooking shows. :twisted: In any case, I don't like making food, I just love eating it. I should have my own personal cook at home.

JP Villanueva
Thursday at 12:28 am
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Evandar,

Glad to hear it! Listeners have told me that listening to the podcasts daily improves their listening comprehension more than expected.


Listen, if you're a fan of food, I recommend watching a cooking show in Spanish; the shows are instructional by nature and the content tends to be compelling. I think so at least!

jp@spanishpod101.com

Evandar
Wednesday at 7:11 pm
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Hey, JP. Yeah, I actually like challenging myself by studying one level higher than what I'm comfortable with. And like you say, checking out basic lessons can also be fruitful. My biggest problem is understanding spoken Spanish, hence my trouble with your lower intermediate lessons. Recently I've been trying to improve my listening skills by watching football (the proper kind of football, mind you!) with Spanish commentators, or watching news in Spanish, and similar things. Then again I have trouble understanding certain Norwegian dialects as well, so perhaps that part of me will never be that great.... -_-'


The thing I learned that pleased me the most with this lesson was the expression "como máximo", which I had never heard before. Also, the .pdf file is brilliant, I especially like the cultural insight part of it, but the whole thing is important, I think. Otherwise, I learned how to use certain words thanks to the sample sentences, which is always a good thing. So, overall, I got something out of this, even though the lesson was a bit above me, so to speak.

JP Villanueva
Tuesday at 12:34 am
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Hi Evandar,

In the Lower Intermediate lessons, Fernando talks in Spanish, I talk in English. The dialogs are around 6 to 8 lines long, and as is the case with all the dialogs, we use authentic language. It's cool to listen above our level and challenge yourself; also, some people like to listen below their level (absolute beginner, beginner) because there's often something new to learn.


Glad you were able to pick up something from this lesson! What was it, by the way? We haven't had a lot of feedback since we started, it would be great for us to find out what you find useful in the lessons! Let us know!

jp@spanishpod101.com

Evandar
Sunday at 7:50 pm
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Well, this one was a bit hardcore for me, I'm not that good in Spanish yet, but I picked up a few useful things from it. :)

megan
Thursday at 12:03 am
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Hola Nathan--

¡Buena pregunta!


Ninguno y ningún/ninguna se usan casi igual que uno y un/una (y alguno/alguna/algunos/algunas/algún).


un boli (a pen)

una mochila (a backpack)

unos bolis (some pens)

unas mochilas (some backpacks)


Adjetivo: Tienes un boli? (Do you have a pen?)

Pronombre: Sí, tengo uno. (Yes, I have one.)


Adjetivo: ¿Te has comprado una mochila? (Did you buy a backpack?)

Pronombre: Sí, me he comprado una. (Yes, I bought one.)


Entonces:


Ninguno (la forma plena) es (casi siempre**) un pronombre--lo que signfica que sustituye a un sustantivo.

Ningún (la forma apocopada)--siempre se usa como adjetivo y siempre precede al sustantivo que modifica.

Ninguna puede ser ambos—adjetivo y pronombre según la posición.

Ningunos/ningunos se usan siempre como adjetivos.


¿Tienes bolí? No tengo ninguno.

¿Tienes miedo? No tengo ningún miedo.

¿Tienes miedo? No tengo miedo ninguno. (menos frecuente)**


**Ésta es la excepción... cuando el adjetivo va pospuesto al sustantivo se usa la forma plena "ninguno".


Ninguno de nosotros sabe cocinar.

¿Cuál te gusta más? No me gusta ninguno de los dos

No he estado en ninguna de esas playas.


En feminino:

¿Tienes una (o alguna) posibilidad? No tengo ninguna.

¿Tienes una (o alguna) posibilidad? No tengo ninguna posibilidad.

¿Tienes una (o alguna) posibilidad? No tengo posibilidad ninguna.(menos frecuente)


En plural:

Uso menos frecuente—con sustantivos plurales con significado de singular (gafas, pantalones, tijeras, etc.) o para enfatizar--si no me equivoco, siempre como adjetivo:


Ningunas gafas, por muy buenas que sean, valen 400 euros.

No se han dado ningunas explicaciones oficiales.


¡Espero que te ayude!


--Megan

Nathan
Wednesday at 7:12 pm
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Buena lección! ¿Una pregunta por favor? ¿Cuando se usa "ninguno" en comparación con "ningún"?