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Lesson Transcript

Hola a todos! Soy Lucia. Hi everybody! I’m Lucia.
Welcome to SpanishPod101.com’s Español en tres minutos. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Spanish.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask "When" questions in Spanish.
This time, we are going to ask "who" questions.
Imagine you want to ask your friend who the girl in front of you is.
Here, the question you can ask is ¿Quién es esta chica?
[slowly] ¿Quién es esta chica?
So let’s break down this question.
First we had-
Quién which is the basic translation of "Who" in Spanish.
es which is "are," the 3rd person form of the verb ser, which we have already learned.
esta chica means "this girl."
All together, ¿Quién es esta chica?
So in Spanish, "Who" is mainly translated as Quién.
To ask "Who are these people?" You will say ¿Quiénes son estas personas?. We have to use the plural form for Quién, by just adding -es at the end of the word, Quiénes.
As in English, the question word “Who” is placed in the 1st position, and is followed by the verb.
Quién can also be used to ask who did something.
If you are in a museum for instance, you can ask ¿Quién pintó este cuadro? This means "Who painted this painting?"
Another question with Quién that is used a lot is ¿De quién? In this case, the meaning is different because it can be translated to "Whose", where you’re asking about the owner of something.
So if you want to ask "Whose pencil is it?" you will have to say ¿De quién es este lápiz?
If we break down this question, it is-
De quién which is "whose"
Es which is the verb ser in the 3rd person present indicative tense.
And finally, este lápiz, which means "this pencil."
You can also use the word Quién to ask "for whom is it?" In Spanish, we use the formula ¿Para quién?
So if you want to know "For whom is this cake?" It would be ¿Para quién es este pastel?
Now it’s time for Lucia’s Insights.
If someone that you didn't expect is knocking at your door in Perú, the common question you can ask is ¿Quién es? before opening the door.
This literally means "Who is it?"
Before ending this lesson, Let’s go back and look at all the ways to translate "Who" in Spanish-
- Quién is the basic "Who" as in Quién es esta chica? “Who is this girl?”
- De quién is asking about ownership, like "Whose" in English. "Whose pencil is it?" De quién es este lápiz?
- Para quién, is the direct translation of "For whom?" As in "For whom is this cake?" Para quién es este pastel?
In this lesson, we’ve learned how to correctly use the word for "Who" and also some variations.
The next lesson will be our last of this absolute beginner series.
We will deal with the last question word, "Why".
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Español en 3 minutos lesson.
Hasta pronto!