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Lesson Transcript

Hola a todos! Soy Lucia. Hi everybody! I’m Lucia.
Welcome to SpanishPod101.com’s Español en tres minutos. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Spanish.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask "Where" questions in Spanish.
This time, we are going to ask "When" questions.
Let’s go! Vamos!
Imagine you want to ask when your roommate is coming back home. You will ask him ¿Cuándo vuelves a casa?
[slowly] ¿Cuándo vuelves a casa?
So let’s break down this question.
First we had-
Cuándo, which is the basic translation of "When" in Spanish.
vuelves is the verb "to come back", volver in the 2nd person present indicative form.
The subject in this sentence is Tu, which is "you", but it is omitted from the sentence.
And finally a casa which is "to home."
So, all together it is ¿Cuándo vuelves a casa?
"When will you come back home?"
So in Spanish, "When" is translated with the word Cuándo. Here's another example: if you want to ask "When were you born?" you would say ¿Cuándo naciste?
Like in English, the question word is placed in the 1st position and then the verb. It’s exactly the same structure as Qué and Dónde.
So let’s take a look at another example-
How can you say "When did you arrive?"
It’s really simple since it is exactly the same pattern- ¿Cuándo llegaste?
First we have Cuándo, which is "When"
The second word is llegas which is the verb llegar or ”to arrive” in 2nd person past tense.
[slowly] ¿Cuándo llegaste?
Let’s see how to ask "Until when?" in Spanish. It is very easy because you can translate it directly. It becomes ¿Hasta cuándo?
So for example, if you want to ask a friend "Until when are you going to stay here?" it would be, ¿Hasta cuándo te quedas aquí?
Just add Hasta “Until” before cuándo.
Simple, isn’t it?
Now it’s time for Lucia’s Insights.
To ask how long an action has been taking place in Spanish, we could say ¿Desde cuándo? It’s the same structure that we used in Hasta cuándo?
¿Desde cuándo estás esperando? That is "How long have you been waiting?"
Literally, it would be “from when...”.
In this lesson, we learned how to ask "When" questions and also some variations.
Next lesson we’ll learn about asking "Who" questions in Spanish.
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Español en 3 minutos lesson.
Hasta la próxima!