Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Hola a todos! Soy Lucia. Hi everybody! I’m Lucia.
Welcome to SpanishPod101.com’s Español en tres minutos. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Spanish.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the verb ir, which means "to go" in Spanish.
In this lesson, we’ll continue our lesson series dedicated to common Spanish verbs.
The second verb in our series is hacer, which means "to do", or “to make”. You’ll see how it can be used in many different situations.
So imagine someone asks you ¿Qué estás haciendo?
That means "What are you doing?" in an informal form.
So if you are doing your homework, for example, you will say in Spanish Hago mis tareas.
[slowly] Hago mis tareas.
So let’s break down this answer.
First we had-
Hago, which is "I am doing."
It’s the 1st person form of the verb hacer, which is “to do", in the present tense. It literally means “I do”, but it has the meaning of “I’m doing”.
Next was mis, which is the word "my" in the plural form.
Finally, we had tareas which is a plural noun meaning "homework."
As I just mentioned, in Spanish, you can use the present indicative to say that you are doing something right now.
Let’s see some examples.
Hago la comida. is “I’m preparing the meal.”
Hago un examen. is “I’m taking a test.”
As you can see, hacer has different meanings beyond “to do”.
So now, let’s take look at what can you say with this verb hacer in Spanish.
It is one of the most useful verbs in Spanish, you can use it in almost every sentence!
It can mean “to prepare” or “to take” as we saw just before, but it can also stand for "to make" or "to practice," as in Hago un pastel or Hago tenis which are "I make a cake" and "I play tennis."
Sometimes, it can also stands for "to work" as in Hago de cocinero which is "I’m working as a cook."
It can also replace a lot of other verbs, for example "to buy" as in Hago la compra which is "I’m shopping." Or Hago limpieza which is "I’m cleaning."
Now it’s time for Lucia’s Insights.
In Spanish, we often say ¿Qué haces esta noche? which means “What are you going to do tonight?” to ask about plans.
For example, if you are with some friends at night and you haven't decided your plans yet, you can ask them,... ¿Qué hacemos esta noche?
In this lesson, we learned how to use the verb hacer in many different contexts and I’m sure it will help you a lot!
Next time, we’ll learn another very useful and special verbs, gustar y querer.
Do you know what these Spanish verbs mean? I’ll be waiting for you with the answer in the next Español en 3 minutos.
Hasta pronto!