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Lesson Transcript

Hola a todos! Soy Lucia. Hi everybody! I’m Lucia.
Welcome to SpanishPod101.com’s Español en tres minutos. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Spanish.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the verb tener, "to have," in the negative form.
In this lesson, we will start to learn about Spanish adjectives and how to use them properly.
You will see that Spanish adjectives are a little bit different from English.
So the basic rule in order to use adjectives correctly is that in Spanish, adjectives always have to agree with the subject that they are qualifying, and in gender. The biggest difference is that in Spanish all the adjectives are either singular or plural.
Let’s start with an example- Es un juego divertido - "It is a fun game."
[slowly] Es un juego divertido.
Here the subject juego is a masculine singular word, so the adjective divertido is also in the masculine singular form.
Let’s see the same sentence with a feminine subject. It becomes-
Es una chica divertida - "She’s a funny girl."
Here we have change the vowel o to a to make the adjective feminine.
There are some exceptions like “kind” which is amable and “hot” which is caliente, and in these cases the same word has both genders, and you don’t have to change the last vowel.
Here are a few more examples to show the difference between masculine and feminine form.
Redondo is the masculine for "round", whereas redonda is the feminine.
Bonito is the masculine for "nice", "beautiful", whereas bonita is the feminine.
Frío is the masculine for "cold", whereas fría is the feminine.
Delicioso is the masculine for "delicious", whereas deliciosa is the feminine.
Now let’s find out how to turn an adjective from singular to plural. Basically the rule is to put an s at the end of the adjective to make it plural.
Often in Spanish, there are exceptions. But most of the time, you have to follow this rule.
For example, Juan es amable. means "Juan is kind", so if you make it plural it is the same- Mis amigos son amables, which is "My friends are kind. The s is added to the end.
To practice this switch, let’s see some examples-
Amarillo / amarillos
Amarilla/ amarillas
“Yellow”
pequeño/pequeños
pequeña/pequeñas
"Small"
Amable / amables
“Kind”
Grande / Grandes
“Big”
Now it’s time for Lucia’s Insights.
Did you notice a pattern with the ending letter of adjectives? Masculine adjectives end in an o, feminine ones end in an a, and adjectives which do not change depending on the gender of the noun, end in an e. So if you see an adjective like increíble, you know that you don't need to worry about changing it to match the gender of the noun!
In this lesson, we learned how to properly use adjectives in Spanish and how to agree them correctly with nouns.
Next time we’ll learn the basic uses of verb ir, which is "To go," so that you will be able to say sentences like "I’m going to school."
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Español en 3 minutos.
Hasta pronto!!

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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spanishpod101.comVerified
Saturday at 1:44 pm
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Hola Nico,


Normally if it ends with "a" its feminine and if it ends in "o" is masculine.

And you can change them depending if the gender you're using.

eg. bonita/bonito

If they end in a consonant than the adjective is the same for both genders.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Nico Andrews
Tuesday at 10:35 am
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My previous comment probably did not make sense, so I guess my question has more to do with why and how nouns are divided into feminine and masculine forms.

Nico Andrews
Tuesday at 10:18 am
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Hola,


when I first learned about the difference between masculine and feminine it seemed fairly arbitrary, and random. But in your graphic at 1:40, you show the difference between the masculine and feminine forms as slightly different translations of similar meanings.


Is the differentiation between masculine and feminine adjectives a complex and nuanced translation difference, as opposed to the random binary system that my high school teacher made it seem like?


Yet again, gracias!

spanishpod101.comVerified
Sunday at 9:49 am
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Hola Richard,


"soy amable" Yes, it doesn't have a gender.

Please let us know if you have any question or doubt, our team will answer you as soon as possible.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Richard Lionheart
Thursday at 7:11 am
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So Amable is non-gender, right?

I dont have to switch it...

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 9:42 am
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¡Que bueno!

Sigue practicando,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101

Mayme Smith
Friday at 4:21 am
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Fantastico