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Lesson Transcript

Let’s take a closer look at the conversation.
Do you remember how Sasha asks,
"Excuse me, do you have salt?"
Disculpe, ¿tiene sal?
First is disculpe, meaning "excuse me." Disculpe (enunciated). Disculpe.
Note: You may be familiar with Disculpa, the informal form of "Excuse me." In this conversation, Sasha is speaking with someone she doesn’t know, so she uses the formal form, Disculpe.
Next is tiene, meaning "[you] have," in the formal register. Tiene (enunciated). Tiene.
Tiene is the shortened form of Usted tiene. Usted, a formal word meaning “you,” is omitted as it’s understood from the conjugated form of the verb.
Tiene is from the verb tener meaning "to have." tener.
Next is sal, meaning "salt." Sal (enunciated). Sal.
All together we have Disculpe, ¿tiene sal?, Literally, “Excuse me, [you] have salt,” but translates as, "Excuse me, do you have salt?" in the formal register.
Disculpe, ¿tiene sal?
Let’s take a closer look at the response.
Do you remember how the clerk replies,
"Yes, it's here?"
Sí, aquí está.
First is Sí, "Yes." Sí (enunciated). Sí.
It answers Sasha's question,
Disculpe, ¿tiene sal?
"Excuse me, do you have salt?"
Next is aquí,"here." Aquí (enunciated). Aquí.
Finally, está, "is,” as in [it] is. Está (enunciated). Está.
Note, the corresponding Spanish word for [it] is omitted as it is understood from context.
Está is from the verb estar "to be."
All together, it’s Sí, aquí está, meaning literally "Yes, here it is." or more natural English, "Yes, it's here." Sí, aquí está.
Sí, aquí está.
The pattern is
¿Tiene ITEM?
"Do you have" ITEM?
¿Tiene ITEM?
To use this pattern, simply replace the {ITEM} placeholder with the thing you’re looking for.
Note: This pattern requires a noun.
Imagine you’re looking for milk.
Leche. "Milk" Leche (enunciated). Leche.
Say, "Do you have milk?"
¿Tiene leche?
"Do you have milk?"
¿Tiene leche?
So far the pattern uses uncountable nouns, such as leche, “milk,” and sal, “salt.” When using this pattern with countable nouns, the pattern requires the noun to be in the plural.
For example, Do you have apples? ¿Tiene manzanas?
Manzanas is the plural form of manzana, apple. Manzana.