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Lesson Transcript

Let's take a closer look at the conversation.
Do you remember how Karen says,
"It’s so hot!"
¡Hace mucho calor!
Let’s start with calor, meaning "heat." Calor (enunciated). Calor.
In Spanish, all nouns have grammatical gender and are either singular or plural. Calor is masculine and singular — a fact which will determine the form of other words in the sentence.
Before calor is mucho, literally, “much,” but translates as “so,” as in “so hot.” Mucho (enunciated). Mucho.
Mucho is masculine singular to agree with calor.
Together, mucho calor, literally, “much heat,” but translates as "so hot." Mucho calor.
Starting the sentence is hace, translating as “is,” as in “[It] is,” in this context. Hace (enunciated). Hace.
Note: hace is from the verb hacer, meaning, "to do," or “to make,” but in this instance, when talking about the weather, it translates as "to be." Hace.
All together, ¡Hace mucho calor! literally “It makes much heat,” but translates as “It’s so hot.” ¡Hace mucho calor!
Karen is expecting her neighbor to respond after she says,
¡Hace mucho calor!
Let's take a closer look at the response.
Do you remember how the neighbor says,
"Yes, right?"
Sí, ¿verdad?
First is sí, meaning "yes." Sí (enunciated). Sí.
Next is ¿verdad? translating as, "Right?" ¿Verdad? (enunciated). ¿Verdad?
Here ¿Verdad?, “right?” is used to express agreement with the speaker.
Notice the intonation illustrating strong agreement.
Translation note: ¿verdad? could translate here as “isn’t it,” as in “Yes, [it’s hot], isn’t it?”
All together, Sí, ¿verdad? "Yes, right?" Sí, ¿verdad?
The pattern is
To use this pattern, simply replace the WEATHER CONDITION placeholder with a weather condition.
Note: This pattern requires a noun or a noun phrase. In this lesson, you'll learn nouns related to the weather that you can use with this pattern.
Imagine it's cold. Frío. "Cold." Frío (enunciated). Frío.
Before frío is mucho, "so" in this context. Mucho.
"It’s so cold!"
¡Hace mucho frío!
"It’s so cold!"
¡Hace mucho frío!
In Spanish, there are several patterns used to talk about the weather. This lesson focuses on the pattern hace weather condition.
However, in Spanish, you can’t use any noun with this construction. It’s restricted to a small set of nouns, such as the nouns covered in this lesson, and some others:
sol, “sun,” viento, “wind,” buen tiempo, “nice weather,” mal tiempo, “bad weather,” among others.