Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Let’s take a closer look at each of these expressions.
First, do you remember how Karen says,
"See you."
Nos vemos.
First is the word nos, meaning “us” or “ourselves." Nos (enunciated). Nos.
Next is the word vemos, "[we] see." Vemos (enunciated). Vemos.
Note that [we] is understood from the context and the conjugated form.
Vemos is from the verb ver, meaning, “to see.” Ver.
All together, nos vemos literally means something like "Ourselves we will see," but translates as "See you," as in “See you later,” “See you around,” etc. Nos vemos (enunciated).
Nos vemos.
Nos vemos is fairly informal, which indicates a close relationship between Karen and Maria Avila, her former homestay mother.
Next, do you remember how Sasha says,
Buenas noches.
"Goodnight." Buenas noches.
First is noches, "nights." Noches (enunciated). Noches.
Remember in Spanish, all nouns have grammatical gender and are either singular or plural. Noches is feminine and plural — a fact that will determine the form of other words in the sentence.
Next is buenas, "good." Buenas (enunciated). Buenas.
Buenas is feminine and plural to agree with noches.
Together, Buenas noches, literally means "goodnights," but it translates as "goodnight." This is the standard greeting during the evening.
Buenas noches.
You can use Buenas noches, "goodnight," when you don’t plan on seeing someone again that night, and often when someone is about to go to bed.
You can also use it to greet someone in the evening, just as you would use the expression "Good evening" in English.
Next, do you remember how Ben says,
"Have a good rest."
Que descanses.
"Have a good rest." Que descanses.
This starts with que, “that.” Que (enunciated). Que.
Next is descanses, "[you] rest." Descanses (enunciated). Descanses.
Descanses is from the verb descansar, meaning “to rest.” Descansar.
Together, que descanses literally means "that you rest," but translates as "Have a good rest." Que descanses (enunciated).
Que descanses.
In Mexico, wishing someone a good rest is a common way to say goodbye late at night.
Do you remember how María says,
"See you soon. Goodnight."
Hasta pronto. Buenas noches.
First is Hasta pronto. This literally means "Until soon," but translates as "See you soon." Hasta pronto.
After this is Buenas noches, "Goodnight.” Buenas noches.
All together, Hasta pronto. Buenas noches. "See you soon. Goodnight."
Hasta pronto. Buenas noches.
Hasta in the expression Hasta pronto is used in many parting greetings.
Hasta mañana. Literally, until tomorrow, but translates as “See you tomorrow.” Hasta mañana.
Hasta la próxima. Literally, until the next one, but translates as “Until next time.” Hasta la próxima.
Hasta la vista. Literally, until the view, but translates as “Until we see each other again.” Hasta la vista.
You can create many expressions with
Hasta plus [a later point in time, such as tonight, Friday, next week, etc.].
Until [a later point in time, such as tonight, Friday, next week, etc.]
You should be aware of the commonly used expressions, but you won’t need them for this lesson.