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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Hi everyone, I’m Jessi.
Karen: And I’m Karen. Welcome to Beginner Season 5, Lesson 21. “Let’s go out in Latin America.” ¿Cómo estás, Jessi?
Jessi: Excelente, Karen. ¿Y tú?
Karen: Muy bien, gracias.
Jessi: So Karen, what are we going to learn in this lesson?
Karen: In this lesson, listeners are going to learn about “ir a” plus infinitive verb to talk about future actions.
Jessi: Where does this conversation take place and who is it between?
Karen: The conversation takes place at Octavio’s house and it’s between Octavio and Tito.
Jessi: Okay, let’s listen to the dialogue. So Karen, is it pretty common to go out on the weekdays in Spanish speaking countries? Do a lot of people do that?
Octavio: Qué aburrimiento. Vamos a hacer algo.
Tito: Pero apenas es miércoles. No hay mucho que hacer esta noche.
Octavio: Bueno, vamos a hablarle a Marco, él siempre tiene buenas ideas.
Tito: Me parece. Deja le marco.
Octavio: I'm so bored. Let's do something.
Tito: But it's only Wednesday. There isn't much to do tonight.
Octavio: Okay, let's talk to Marco; he always has good ideas.
Tito: I agree, let me call him.
Karen: Yes. Well, I think young people in particular don’t mind hanging out during the week with friends and stuff, especially as it gets later in the week, say Thursday.
Jessi: Aaah since Friday is the last day of work, a lot of people start going out on Thursdays.
Karen: Yes, it’s pretty common for places to be crowded even on Thursdays.
Jessi: And a lot of places are open late, aren’t they?
Karen: Yes. That’s another thing you’ll find, a lot of places stay open late.
Jessi: Right, I think you can always find a party somewhere in Latin America.
Karen: Definitely.
Jessi: Speaking of parties in Latin America, if you want to learn more about them, we talk a bit about them in Refresher series Lesson 21.
Karen: Oh, right. Like what they do, what kind of Music they play,...
Jessi: Right, it’s all in Spanish but I think it would be good for listening.
Karen: Yes, I think so.
Jessi: So feel free to give that lesson a listen to learn more. Okay, what do you say we move on to the vocabulary?
Karen: Let’s do that.
Jessi: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Karen: “Aburrimiento”.
Jessi: “Boredom.”
Karen: “A-bu-rri-mien-to”, “aburrimiento”.
Jessi: Next is...
Karen: “Apenas”.
Jessi: “As soon as”, “no sooner than”, “hardly.”
Karen: “A-pe-nas”, “apenas”.
Jessi: Next is...
Karen: “Marcar”.
Jessi: “To dial.”
Karen: “Mar-car”, “marcar”.
Jessi: The next word is...
Karen: “Hablar”.
Jessi: “To speak”, “to talk.”
Karen: “Ha-blar”, “hablar”.
Jessi: Next is...
Karen: “Idea”.
Jessi: “Idea.”
Karen: “I-de-a”, “idea”.
Jessi: The next word is...
Karen: “Me parece”.
Jessi: “I think so”, “I agree.”
Karen: “Me pa-re-ce”, “me parece”.
Jessi: Next is...
Karen: “Siempre”.
Jessi: “Always.”
Karen: “Siem-pre”, “siempre”.
Jessi: Last we have...
Karen: “Noche”.
Jessi: “Night.”
Karen: “No-che”, “noche”.
Jessi: Let’s have a closer look for the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word we’ll look at is...
Karen: “Aburrimiento”.
Jessi: “Boredom.”
Karen: “Aburrimiento” is related to the word “aburrido”, meaning “bored” or “boring.”
Jessi: How did they use it in the dialogue?
Karen: Well, in the dialogue, Octavio said “Qué aburrimiento”.
Jessi: Now since this is a noun, it’s literally like saying, “what a bore” or “what boredom.” In the translation though, it becomes “I’m so bored.” Okay, and the next word?
Karen: “Apenas”.
Jessi: “As soon as”, “no sooner than”, “hardly”, “only”, it has all those meanings.
Karen: Yes, this adverb has many different meanings.
Jessi: In the dialogue though, they used it to mean “only.” Right?
Karen: Yes, Octavio said that they should do something and Tito says “pero apenas es miércoles”.
Jessi: Like, “but it’s only Wednesday”.
Karen: Right, I’d say its most common meaning though is “hardly” or “barely.”
Jessi: Can we hear an example of that?
Karen: Sure. For example, “apenas puedo moverme”.
Jessi: “I can barely move.”
Karen: Right. So depending on the context, the meaning changes.
Jessi: Okay. And the next word?
Karen: “Hablar”.
Jessi: “To talk”, and this is an “ar” verb.
Karen: Yes, and in the dialogue Octavio says “bueno, vamos a hablarle a Marco”.
Jessi: Right, which is “let’s talk to Marco.” And the last word?
Karen: “Marcar”.
Jessi: “To mark”, “to dial.”
Karen: Usually “marcar” is used to mark something but in many cases like in the dialogue it also means “to dial” as in “to call.”
Jessi: Okay, great. Now let’s move on to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Karen: Sí, pasemos. In this lesson you will learn how to talk about future actions using “ir” plus “a” plus a verb in the infinitive.
Jessi: Now you may know that Spanish has a separate future tense that is also of course used to talk about future actions, but you’ll find that this structure is very common.
Karen: Right, just like saying “going to” plus a verb.
Jessi: So as we said, the verb, the action that’s going to take place in the future, is in the infinitive. That never changes.
Karen: Right. What does change though is the verb “ir” in the beginning.
Jessi: It’s pretty basic but let’s review those conjugations really quickly.
Karen: Okay. First we have “yo voy”.
Jessi: “I go.”
Karen: “Tú vas”.
Jessi: “You go.”
Karen: “Él/ella va”.
Jessi: “He/she goes.”
Karen: “Nosotros vamos”.
Jessi: “We go.”
Karen: “Vosotros vais”.
Jessi: “You all go”, used in Spain.
Karen: “Ellos van”.
Jessi: “They go.”
Karen: Remember that after the conjugated verb “ir” you need the preposition “a”.
Jessi: Right, “ir a” verb. “Going to do” verb.
Karen: That’s right.
Jessi: Let’s go through some examples now.
Karen: Sure, how about “voy a comer una manzana”?
Jessi: Okay. So we have the verb “ir” conjugated in the first person which is “voy”, then the preposition “a” and finally the verb in the infinitive form, “comer”. “Voy a comer una manzana”. “I’m going to eat an apple.”
Karen: Correct. Let’s look at another example, “él va a trabajar hoy”.
Jessi: “Trabajar”, as you know, means “work”, so “él va a trabajar” is “he is going to work.” Not bad at all, right listeners? It’s pretty simple.
Karen: Yes, I think so. There is something important I want to point out.
Jessi: Okay.
Karen: When we use this structure in the first person plural, for “nosotros” or “nosotras”, it can take on another meaning.
Jessi: Ahh. You mean when we use “vamos a” plus a verb?
Karen: Exactly. “Vamos a” plus a verb is used to talk about future actions too, of course, but it also has the meaning of “let’s.”
Jessi: So there are two possible interpretations for “vamos a” plus a verb.
Karen: Right. For example, if I said, “vamos a la playa”, just straight like that, one meaning would be “we are going to the beach.”
Jessi: So just a straightforward statement.
Karen: Yes. But if I change the tone a little and say “¡vamos a la playa!” it could mean “let’s go to the beach.”
Jessi: Like making a suggestion.
Karen: Exactly. So in the dialogue we actually had this meaning.
Jessi: Aaah, right in the beginning when Octavio says...
Karen: “Vamos a hacer algo”
Jessi: He means “let’s do something”, not “we are going to do something.” That wouldn’t even make much sense in that context anyway.
Karen: Right. Also, later on Octavio says “vamos a hablarle a Marco”.
Jessi: “Let’s talk to Marco”, another suggestion.
Karen: That’s exactly, right. So just keep in mind that this “vamos a” can have both meanings.


Jessi: Okay, great. Well, I think that’s going to wrap it up for this lesson.
Karen: Do you know the number one reason people don’t study a second language?
Jessi: Not enough time.
Karen: You are busy, you are very busy.
Jessi: We know, and that’s why we have one click lesson downloads on iTunes.
Karen: Subscribe on iTunes.
Jessi: All free materials will be automatically downloaded for each new lesson as they become available.
Karen: Basic and premium members, get all access to bonus lesson materials too.
Jessi: Save time and spend more time studying.
Karen: Never worry about missing another lesson again.
Jessi: Go to iTunes, search for the phrase spanishpod101.com and click subscribe. Thanks for listening everyone.
Karen: See you later! ¡Hasta luego!
Jessi: ¡Adiós!


Please to leave a comment.
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SpanishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!
Tell us something you are going to do in the future using ir a + verb! :D

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 01:18 PM
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Hola Divyang,

Thank you for your feedback.

We will review this with our team to improve.

Sigamos practicando!



Team SpanishPod101.com

Thursday at 08:58 PM
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They are not explaining each sentence parts as JP and Fernando does. Please explain sentence by breaking it into small parts.


SpanishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:33 PM
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Hola Tiko,

Thank you for your question.

Is a person. Please don’t hesitate in leaving you comments.

Sigamos estudiando!



Team SpanishPod101.com

Friday at 07:20 AM
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Hola Jordan,

Thank you for your comment.

No, the correct way is "Yo estoy aburrida."

Sigamos practicando!



Team SpanishPod101.com

Tuesday at 05:36 AM
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Can you say " Yo tengo aburrimiento"?

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:22 AM
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Hola Lynette Lickley,

Thank you for your feedback!

We're happy to know you're enjoying the lessons.

Let me know if you have any question.



Team SpanishPod101.com

Lynette Lickley
Tuesday at 02:28 AM
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You're right-not many people have time to study another language. This lesson was shorter but no less interesting and beneficial. Well done.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:23 PM
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Hola JanedeVr@aol.com,

Ese es el espíritu! That't the spirit!

Estamos contentos de saber que estas disfrutando de las clases. We're really happy to know you enjoying the lessons.



Team SpanishPod101.com

Saturday at 01:42 PM
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Yo voy a estudiar Espanol mas en mi futuro con la ayuda de Spanishpod! Hasta luego!

Saturday at 01:41 PM
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I love season 5 and this lesson es lo mejor. El uso de verbo es mi favorito! (Por favor, correct my spelling! I am studying French and my spanish is suffering! Lo siento.)