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Lesson Transcript

Fernando: Hello everyone. I am Fernando and I am joined by JP in the studio. This is Beginner series, Season 5, Lesson 2. “I want to take classes in Spanish every day of the week.” Well that’s a mouthful. How are you JP?
JP: I am great, Fernando. How are you doing?
Fernando: I am good, thank you.
JP: So I want to extend a big welcome to everyone and thank you for listening to the new spanishpod101.com. We are studying Spanish with some fun and effective podcast lessons and we are hoping to provide you with some cultural insights and tips that you might not find in a regular textbook. Now Fernando, tell us what we are going to talk about today in this lesson?
Fernando: Well in this lesson, you will learn about days of the week. This conversation takes place at a professor’s office and the conversation is between Sergio and his history professor. The professor addresses Sergio in the informal register and Sergio answers with the formal register.
JP: Okay, cool. We are going to listen to that conversation in a second but before we do, I want to remind you that you can follow along with the transcript of this dialogue which you will find in the lesson notes. The lesson notes are at our website which is www.spanishpod101.com and when you see the link marked lesson notes, click on that and you will be able to see exactly what these people are saying. All right, so let’s listen to this conversation. Okay, so it looks like Sergio is at office hours.
Maestra: Entonces, ¿quieres tomar mi clase de ‘Historia del chile’?
Sergio: Así es, maestra. ¿Qué días son las clases?
Maestra: Los martes y jueves a las tres de la tarde.
Sergio: Excelente. Yo puedo esos días.
Teacher: So, would you like to take my class "History of the chili pepper"?
Sergio: That's right, professor. What days are the classes?
Teacher: Tuesdays and Thursdays at three p.m.
Sergio: I can make it those days.
*the English translation in the main audio says Monday, but the correct translation is Tuesday
Fernando: Yes, he is talking to his professor. I guess she is Botany professor.
JP How do you know she is a Botany professor?
Fernando: Because the name of her course is “Historia del chile”.
JP: Okay, “History of the chili pepper.” Now that is a great botanical topic.
Fernando: Sergio says he wants to take her class but he asked her what days are the classes, “¿Qué días son las clases?”
JP: “What days are the classes?”, “¿Qué días son las clases?”
Fernando: And the answer is “los martes y jueves a las tres de la tarde”.
JP: Okay, so “los martes” is Tuesdays and “los jueves” is Thursdays, “a las tres de la tarde”.
Fernando: “Three in the afternoon”, “a las tres de la tarde”. Sergio then says “Excelente. Yo puedo esos días”.
JP: Okay, “excelente” is like “excellent” and then...
Fernando: “Yo puedo esos días”.
JP: “I can do those days.” All right, “yo puedo esos días”. Cool let’s hear the vocab.
Fernando: “Así es”.
JP: “That’s right.”
Fernando: “A-sí es”, “así es”.
JP: Okay, what’s next?
Fernando: “El chile”.
JP: “Chili pepper.”
Fernando: “El chi-le”, “el chile”. “El día”.
JP: “Day.”
Fernando: “El dí-a”, “el día”.
JP: All right, two more.
Fernando: “Poder”.
JP: “To be able”, “can.”
Fernando: “Po-der”, “poder”.
JP: All right, last one.
Fernando: “Excelente”.
JP: “Excellent.”
Fernando: “Ex-ce-len-te”, “excelente”. Well, let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Let’s start with “así es”.
JP: “Así es”. Now this is an affirmation, “así es”. Literally “así es” means “it is thus.” You know “that’s how it is” but I think it’s okay to translate it as “that’s right.”
Fernando: “Así es”.
JP: Ok, “así es”. What’s the next word?
Fernando: Next we have “el chile”.
JP: “El chile”. This is of course “the chili pepper”, “el chile”, and it refers to all kinds of chili peppers, right Fernando?
Fernando: All kinds, “jalapeños”, “habaneros”, the “chile poblanos”...
JP: Okay, so all shapes and sizes, all levels of spiciness. They are all called “chiles”.
Fernando: Así es.
JP: Okay, what’s next?
Fernando: “El día”.
JP: “El día”. Easy word. It means “day”, “el día”. One thing you should notice about “el día” is that it ends in an “a”, right? “El día”. But grammatically it’s masculine. So all the adjectives that modify it are going to be masculine as well. “El día”, “los días”, “los días bonitos”, right? The singular is “el día”.
Fernando: “El día”. The next word is “excelente”.
JP: “Excelente”, of course this means “excellent”, “excelente”. Right, what else?
Fernando: Last one is “poder”.
JP: “Poder”. Now this is a modal verb, “poder”, and when I say it’s a modal verb, that means it’s followed by an infinitive and it means “can” or “to be able.” So if “comer” means “to eat”, then “poder comer” means “to be able to eat.”
Fernando: How about “hablar”?
JP: Okay, “hablar” means “to speak.” So “poder hablar” means “to be able to speak.” Okay, so you get it. Put “poder” before an infinitive and it means “to be able to do that action”, right? So how did we hear it used in the dialogue, Fernando?
Fernando: The professor says her classes are Tuesdays and Thursdays. Then Sergio says “yo puedo esos días”.
JP: Oh, great.
Fernando: What’s wrong?
JP: Well, after making that huge deal about “poder” plus infinitive, here we have an example of “poder” without an infinitive.
Fernando: We do, but it’s not hard to understand, “yo puedo esos días”, “I am able to on those days”, “I can go those days.”
JP: All right, that’s true. Now anyway, the form of “poder” that we heard in “yo puedo esos días” is the word “puedo”. It means “I can”, right? “I am able”, “puedo”, that’s the verb “poder”.
Fernando: So JP, what’s the grammar point for today?

Lesson focus

JP: Well, I want to say a word or two about the days of the week.
Fernando: Should we review them first?
JP: Yeah. Okay, let’s go through them real fast.
Fernando: Okay.
JP: We’ve got them listed in the lesson notes for this lesson. So if you want to see the written form, you can go to our website and take a look. Okay, let’s start with Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday.
Fernando: “Lunes”, “martes”, “miércoles”.
JP: “Lunes”, “martes”, “miércoles”. How about Thursday and Friday?
Fernando: “Jueves”, “viernes”.
JP: “Jueves”, “viernes”. And then the weekend?
Fernando: “Sábado”, “domingo”.
JP: “Sábado”, “domingo”. Saturday and Sunday, “sábado”, “domingo”.
Fernando: Okay, that’s the whole week. What is it that you want to say about the days of the week?
JP: Okay, usually when we use the days of the week in English, we use a preposition. We say on Monday, on Tuesday. In Spanish, we don’t do that. We usually just use the definite article “el”. So if I want to say, “I am going to Boston on Friday.”
Fernando: “Voy a Boston el viernes”.
JP: See you just did it. I said on Friday and you said “el viernes”.
Fernando: Well, that’s how we do it.
JP: Okay. Now the last thing I want to say is something that we did here in the dialogue. It’s when the prof says what day her class is on.
Fernando: “Los martes y jueves a las tres”.
JP: Right. “Los martes y jueves”, “on Tuesdays and Thursdays.” When we use the definite article “los” with the day of the week, it means on those days, right? Every week. So “los martes” is “on Tuesdays.” We could say every Tuesday, “los martes”. The same thing with “los jueves”, it means “on Thursdays” or “every Thursday”, “los jueves”.
Fernando: So “el lunes” means “on Monday”, “los lunes” means “every Monday” or “on Mondays.” I think that just about does it for today, JP.


JP: And before we go, I just want you to remember to stop by our website which is www.spanishpod101.com. Not only can you look at the transcript of the dialogue, but you can also leave us a comment in the comments section of this lesson. We love to hear your questions, your comments, your suggestions, anything you have to say even if you just want to say hello. So enter your comment and your name and that’s it. All right folks that will do it. So I guess it’s time to go. ¡Hasta luego!
Fernando: Adiós.


Please to leave a comment.
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SpanishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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¡Hola a todos! In this lesson we talked about weekly routine. Do you have any weekly routines? Extra points if you answer in Spanish! Los jueves lavo la ropa y voy al gimnasio. También me gusta ver la tele los jueves por la noche. Y los fines de semana suelo salir con mis amigos. On Thursdays I do my laundry and go to the gym. I also like to watch tv on Thursday nights. On the weekends, I usually go out with my friends. ¿Y ustedes? jp@spanishpod101.com

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:13 PM
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Hola Laurie,

Thank you for your comment.

This is correct, and we already have a note about this on the transcript.

Sigamos practicando!



Team SpanishPod101.com

Sunday at 11:44 AM
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Just a little note. At the beginning of the podcast, when the narrators are translating the dialogue, the speaker says Monday instead of Tuesday. It is written correctly in the transcript, though. "Teacher: Tuesdays and Thursdays at three p.m." Most people may not be confused by it, but it should probably be fixed.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 09:02 AM
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Hola Gene,

Thank you for your feedback.

We have a note about this in the transcript.

*the English translation in the main audio says Monday, but the correct translation is Tuesday



Team SpanishPod101.com

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 04:02 AM
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Hola Valerie,

Thank you for sharing.

Es bastante dinámico. Que bueno.

Sigamos estudiando!



Team SpanishPod101.com

Wednesday at 09:51 AM
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There's a mistake in the translation - "Mondays and Thursdays" is not what the professor said. The transcript is correct but the podcast is wrong. Just FYI.

Tuesday at 02:57 AM
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Voy a la oficina los lunes, martes, y miércoles. Trabajo desde casa los jueves y viernes. Hago ejercicio todas las mañanas. Los fines de samana, me relajo con mi esposo y amigos.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:57 PM
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Hola İbrahimCe,

Hope you’re enjoying the lessons.

Please let us know if you have any questions.



Team SpanishPod101.com

Monday at 12:40 AM
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Ves bien.. :)

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 11:34 AM
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Hola jean,

Thank you for your comment.

Hope you’re enjoying the lessons.

Formal vs informal dialogs depend on the type or situation you are.



Team SpanishPod101.com

Wednesday at 04:31 AM
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Please explain the formal register, and the informal register.