Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Fernando: Hello everyone. I am Fernando and I am joined by JP in the studio. This is Beginner series, Season 5, Lesson 2. “I want to take classes in Spanish every day of the week.” Well that’s a mouthful. How are you JP?
JP: I am great, Fernando. How are you doing?
Fernando: I am good, thank you.
JP: So I want to extend a big welcome to everyone and thank you for listening to the new spanishpod101.com. We are studying Spanish with some fun and effective podcast lessons and we are hoping to provide you with some cultural insights and tips that you might not find in a regular textbook. Now Fernando, tell us what we are going to talk about today in this lesson?
Fernando: Well in this lesson, you will learn about days of the week. This conversation takes place at a professor’s office and the conversation is between Sergio and his history professor. The professor addresses Sergio in the informal register and Sergio answers with the formal register.
JP: Okay, cool. We are going to listen to that conversation in a second but before we do, I want to remind you that you can follow along with the transcript of this dialogue which you will find in the lesson notes. The lesson notes are at our website which is www.spanishpod101.com and when you see the link marked lesson notes, click on that and you will be able to see exactly what these people are saying. All right, so let’s listen to this conversation. Okay, so it looks like Sergio is at office hours.
DIALOGUE
Maestra: Entonces, ¿quieres tomar mi clase de ‘Historia del chile’?
Sergio: Así es, maestra. ¿Qué días son las clases?
Maestra: Los martes y jueves a las tres de la tarde.
Sergio: Excelente. Yo puedo esos días.
Teacher: So, would you like to take my class "History of the chili pepper"?
Sergio: That's right, professor. What days are the classes?
Teacher: Tuesdays and Thursdays at three p.m.
Sergio: I can make it those days.
*the English translation in the main audio says Monday, but the correct translation is Tuesday
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Fernando: Yes, he is talking to his professor. I guess she is Botany professor.
JP How do you know she is a Botany professor?
Fernando: Because the name of her course is “Historia del chile”.
JP: Okay, “History of the chili pepper.” Now that is a great botanical topic.
Fernando: Sergio says he wants to take her class but he asked her what days are the classes, “¿Qué días son las clases?”
JP: “What days are the classes?”, “¿Qué días son las clases?”
Fernando: And the answer is “los martes y jueves a las tres de la tarde”.
JP: Okay, so “los martes” is Tuesdays and “los jueves” is Thursdays, “a las tres de la tarde”.
Fernando: “Three in the afternoon”, “a las tres de la tarde”. Sergio then says “Excelente. Yo puedo esos días”.
JP: Okay, “excelente” is like “excellent” and then...
Fernando: “Yo puedo esos días”.
JP: “I can do those days.” All right, “yo puedo esos días”. Cool let’s hear the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Fernando: “Así es”.
JP: “That’s right.”
Fernando: “A-sí es”, “así es”.
JP: Okay, what’s next?
Fernando: “El chile”.
JP: “Chili pepper.”
Fernando: “El chi-le”, “el chile”. “El día”.
JP: “Day.”
Fernando: “El dí-a”, “el día”.
JP: All right, two more.
Fernando: “Poder”.
JP: “To be able”, “can.”
Fernando: “Po-der”, “poder”.
JP: All right, last one.
Fernando: “Excelente”.
JP: “Excellent.”
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Fernando: “Ex-ce-len-te”, “excelente”. Well, let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Let’s start with “así es”.
JP: “Así es”. Now this is an affirmation, “así es”. Literally “así es” means “it is thus.” You know “that’s how it is” but I think it’s okay to translate it as “that’s right.”
Fernando: “Así es”.
JP: Ok, “así es”. What’s the next word?
Fernando: Next we have “el chile”.
JP: “El chile”. This is of course “the chili pepper”, “el chile”, and it refers to all kinds of chili peppers, right Fernando?
Fernando: All kinds, “jalapeños”, “habaneros”, the “chile poblanos”...
JP: Okay, so all shapes and sizes, all levels of spiciness. They are all called “chiles”.
Fernando: Así es.
JP: Okay, what’s next?
Fernando: “El día”.
JP: “El día”. Easy word. It means “day”, “el día”. One thing you should notice about “el día” is that it ends in an “a”, right? “El día”. But grammatically it’s masculine. So all the adjectives that modify it are going to be masculine as well. “El día”, “los días”, “los días bonitos”, right? The singular is “el día”.
Fernando: “El día”. The next word is “excelente”.
JP: “Excelente”, of course this means “excellent”, “excelente”. Right, what else?
Fernando: Last one is “poder”.
JP: “Poder”. Now this is a modal verb, “poder”, and when I say it’s a modal verb, that means it’s followed by an infinitive and it means “can” or “to be able.” So if “comer” means “to eat”, then “poder comer” means “to be able to eat.”
Fernando: How about “hablar”?
JP: Okay, “hablar” means “to speak.” So “poder hablar” means “to be able to speak.” Okay, so you get it. Put “poder” before an infinitive and it means “to be able to do that action”, right? So how did we hear it used in the dialogue, Fernando?
Fernando: The professor says her classes are Tuesdays and Thursdays. Then Sergio says “yo puedo esos días”.
JP: Oh, great.
Fernando: What’s wrong?
JP: Well, after making that huge deal about “poder” plus infinitive, here we have an example of “poder” without an infinitive.
Fernando: We do, but it’s not hard to understand, “yo puedo esos días”, “I am able to on those days”, “I can go those days.”
JP: All right, that’s true. Now anyway, the form of “poder” that we heard in “yo puedo esos días” is the word “puedo”. It means “I can”, right? “I am able”, “puedo”, that’s the verb “poder”.
Fernando: So JP, what’s the grammar point for today?

Lesson focus

JP: Well, I want to say a word or two about the days of the week.
Fernando: Should we review them first?
JP: Yeah. Okay, let’s go through them real fast.
Fernando: Okay.
JP: We’ve got them listed in the lesson notes for this lesson. So if you want to see the written form, you can go to our website and take a look. Okay, let’s start with Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday.
Fernando: “Lunes”, “martes”, “miércoles”.
JP: “Lunes”, “martes”, “miércoles”. How about Thursday and Friday?
Fernando: “Jueves”, “viernes”.
JP: “Jueves”, “viernes”. And then the weekend?
Fernando: “Sábado”, “domingo”.
JP: “Sábado”, “domingo”. Saturday and Sunday, “sábado”, “domingo”.
Fernando: Okay, that’s the whole week. What is it that you want to say about the days of the week?
JP: Okay, usually when we use the days of the week in English, we use a preposition. We say on Monday, on Tuesday. In Spanish, we don’t do that. We usually just use the definite article “el”. So if I want to say, “I am going to Boston on Friday.”
Fernando: “Voy a Boston el viernes”.
JP: See you just did it. I said on Friday and you said “el viernes”.
Fernando: Well, that’s how we do it.
JP: Okay. Now the last thing I want to say is something that we did here in the dialogue. It’s when the prof says what day her class is on.
Fernando: “Los martes y jueves a las tres”.
JP: Right. “Los martes y jueves”, “on Tuesdays and Thursdays.” When we use the definite article “los” with the day of the week, it means on those days, right? Every week. So “los martes” is “on Tuesdays.” We could say every Tuesday, “los martes”. The same thing with “los jueves”, it means “on Thursdays” or “every Thursday”, “los jueves”.
Fernando: So “el lunes” means “on Monday”, “los lunes” means “every Monday” or “on Mondays.” I think that just about does it for today, JP.

Outro

JP: And before we go, I just want you to remember to stop by our website which is www.spanishpod101.com. Not only can you look at the transcript of the dialogue, but you can also leave us a comment in the comments section of this lesson. We love to hear your questions, your comments, your suggestions, anything you have to say even if you just want to say hello. So enter your comment and your name and that’s it. All right folks that will do it. So I guess it’s time to go. ¡Hasta luego!
Fernando: Adiós.

190 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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¡Hola a todos! In this lesson we talked about weekly routine. Do you have any weekly routines? Extra points if you answer in Spanish! Los jueves lavo la ropa y voy al gimnasio. También me gusta ver la tele los jueves por la noche. Y los fines de semana suelo salir con mis amigos. On Thursdays I do my laundry and go to the gym. I also like to watch tv on Thursday nights. On the weekends, I usually go out with my friends. ¿Y ustedes? jp@spanishpod101.com

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:23 PM
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Hola Cyril Azoulay,


Thank you for your comment.

It is actually the history of chili pepper.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Cyril Azoulay
Wednesday at 02:49 AM
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Historia del Chile... the Chile has a capital later... I'm not sure we are talking about the chili pepper.... why would you learn the history of peppers anyway? It makes more sense to talk about the history of Chile officially the Republic of Chile is a country in western South America.


I could be wrong but having a class on chill pepper... unless it's a cooking class... ;o)

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:15 PM
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Hola Binnur,


Thank you for sharing.

Todos en el mundo estamos en una situación parecida. 😅

Please let us know when you have any questions or doubts.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Binnur
Monday at 10:36 PM
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Hola a todos!

porque de la quarantina,todos mis dias son lo mismo.Ahora estoy en casa todos los dias y no trabajo.Generalmente,me gusta estar en casa Me gustaria salir con mis amigos pero no puedo hacer eso.Entonces leo,hacer yoga ,cocinar y estudiar espanol.Me encanta aprender espanol.En la noche,me gusta ver peliculas.Mi hijo es en alemania ahora.Entonces , a veces mi marido y yo hablamos con el en skype.Todo es.

Saludos de estambul

Binnur

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:21 PM
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Hola Phill,


Thank you for your comment.

Creo que así es para todos ahora. Yo también descanso con mi mascota.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Phill
Sunday at 04:58 PM
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En la semana, todos mis dias son lo mismo. Yo trabajo en el dia en en la noche me gusta mirar al tv con mi gato, y ahora espero que voy a estudiar espanol si no estoy demasiado cansado.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 09:52 AM
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Hola sandra burrows,


Thank you for sharing.

We're happy to know you're doing good with the lessons.

Please let us know if you have any questions or doubts.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 08:15 AM
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Hola Allie,


Thank you for participating.

We're happy to know you're enjoying the lessons.

Sigamos practicando.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:47 PM
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Hola Emma Porter,


Thank you for your comment.

Hope you're studying more now from home.

Please let us know if you have any questions or doubts.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:37 AM
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Hola Lara,


Thank you for your comment.

We actually mean the chile pepper.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com