Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Fernando: Welcome everyone. This is Beginner Series, Season 5, Lesson 1. “Is there a bar around here?” I am Fernando and I am joined by JP. Hey JP!
JP: Hola Fernando. Welcome everyone to the new spanishpod101.com. We are studying Spanish with some fun and effective lessons for listening comprehension and we are hoping to provide you with some cultural insights and tips that you might not find in a textbook. Now Fernando, what’s going to happen in this lesson?
Fernando: In this lesson, you will learn about the existence verb “hay”. The conversation takes place at a Taco truck on the street and the conversation is between Paco and a Taco vendor. They will be using the formal register.
JP: Okay, now we are going to listen to this conversation but before we do, I want to remind you all that you can follow along this lesson by looking at the lesson notes on your computer screen. Just go to our website which is www.spanishpod101.com. When you get there, you can click and find your way to this lesson and you will find a link to the lesson notes. You can read along as you listen. Let’s listen to this conversation now.
DIALOGUE
Paco: Disculpe, ¿hay algún bar por la zona?
Vendedor: Sí, joven. Hay unos a dos cuadras de aquí.
Paco: ¿Y son caros?
Vendedor: Hay de todo... baratos y caros.
Paco: Excuse me, is there a bar in this neighborhood?
Vendor: Yes, young man, there are some a few blocks from here.
Paco: And are they expensive?
Vendor: There are all kinds...cheap and expensive.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
JP: So Paco was going out tonight.
Fernando: Yes, but apparently he doesn’t even know the neighborhood. So he asks the Taco guy for some bar advice.
JP: Right, now the Taco guy is probably well informed, right? From serving all the people when they come out of the bars.
Fernando: Exactly. So he asks, “¿hay algún bar por la zona?”
JP: “¿Hay algún bar?”, “Is there any bar?” and then “por la zona” this is “around the neighborhood.” We use that word “por” for in the location of or around.
Fernando: Yes and the answer is “Sí, joven”.
JP: Right. In Mexico, you can call guys “joven”. It’s like saying “young man” and it’s a form of respect.
JP: “Sí, joven. Hay unos a dos cuadras de aquí”.
Fernando: “Hay unos…”, “there are some…”, “a dos cuadras de aquí”, “two blocks away”, “two blocks from here”, right? Now look how he says “a dos cuadras”. We use “a” to talk about distances. “A dos cuadras”, “two blocks away.”
JP: “Hay unos a dos cuadras de aquí”, and then Paco has a follow up question, “¿y son caros?”
Fernando: “¿Y son caros?”, “So are they expensive?”
JP: “Hay de todo”, “there is all kinds.” He says “baratos y caros”.
Fernando: “Baratos”, “cheap ones” and “caros”, “expensive ones.” All right, now let’s take a look at the vocabulary in this lesson. First we are going to hear them in isolation.
VOCAB LIST
JP: “Hay”.
Fernando: “There is”, “there are.”
JP: “Hay”, “hay”.
Fernando: Okay, next.
JP: “Unos”.
Fernando: “Some.”
JP: “U-nos”, “unos”.
Fernando: All right, what’s next?
JP: “La cuadra”.
Fernando: “Block.”
JP: “La cua-dra”, “la cuadra”.
Fernando: Okay, two more to go.
JP: “Caro”.
Fernando: “Expensive” or “dear.”
JP: “Ca-ro”, “caro”.
Fernando: All right, and the last one.
JP: “Barato”.
Fernando: “Inexpensive”, “cheap.”
JP: “Ba-ra-to”, “barato”.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Fernando: Okay, now that we’ve heard this vocabulary in isolation, let’s talk about them. What are we going to do first?
Fernando: Let’s look at this word, “hay”.
Fernando: “Hay”. Okay, this is a very special word in Spanish. It’s a verb, “hay”. It says that something exists. Now in English, we say “there is” or “there are.” Now we are going to talk about “hay” in the grammar section. So let’s move on to the next word.
JP: Okay. “Unos”.
Fernando: “Unos” means “some.” It looks like the plural of “uno”.
JP: Yes, “unos” means “some.”
Fernando: So when he says “there are some a couple of blocks from here”...
JP: “Hay unos”, “there are some”, “a dos cuadras de aquí”.
Fernando: Okay, “unos”. Now shall we look at the word for blocks?
JP: “Cuadras”.
Fernando: Right. Now singular is “la cuadra” but since we want to say two blocks away, we say “a dos cuadras”.
JP: Right. The singular is “la cuadra”. Next we have two adjectives and they are opposites. The first one is “caro”.
Fernando: “Caro”, “expensive”, “caro”.
JP: And the opposite is “barato”.
Fernando: “Barato”, “cheap” or “inexpensive.”
JP: Sí, “caro”, “barato”.

Lesson focus

Fernando: All right, the grammar point. Now as promised, we are going to take a closer look at the existence verb “hay”. It’s actually the present tense of the verb “haber” and it’s impersonal. So no subject. So just like in English when we say “there is” or “there are”, we don’t give it a subject. Right, it just means that something exists. For example, we can say “there is a bar.”
JP: “Hay un bar”.
Fernando: Perfect, “hay un bar”. “There is a bar”, it exists, a bar exists. Now in our dialogue, it was a question, right?
JP: “¿Hay algún bar por la zona?”
Fernando: “¿Hay algún bar?”, “is there any bar?”, “por la zona”, “around the neighborhood.” And then the answer is “there are some.”
JP: “Hay unos”.
Fernando: Right. “Hay unos”. Now we hear it again when Paco asks if they are expensive and the Taco guy answers, “there are expensive ones”...
JP: “Hay caros”...
Fernando: “And inexpensive ones”...
JP: “Hay baratos”.
Fernando: Okay, so “there is all kinds.”
JP: “Hay de todo”.
Fernando: All right. So “hay” it’s our verb of existence. Now notice in English, you say “there is” if a singular thing exists and “there are” if a plural thing exists but in Spanish, it’s always “hay”, “hay un taco”, “hay dos tacos”, “hay muchos tacos”, always “hay”.
JP: I think that just about does it for today JP.

Outro

Fernando: Cool, now folks before we go, don’t forget that you can leave us a comment on this lesson. Just stop by our website which is www.spanishpod101.com and leave us your comment in the comments section where you can leave us a question, a suggestion, comment whatever. Your feedback is always welcome. All right so I guess it’s time to go. ¡Hasta luego!
JP: ¡Adiós!

Grammar

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293 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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¡Hola a todos! Here's the question of the day... All answers are welcome; extra points if you answer in Spanish! ¿Hay algún bar cerca de tu casa? Is there a bar near your house? Yo vivo en el Manhattan, entonces hay varios bars cerca de mi casa. Suelo ir a Mudville 9 con mis amigos para tomar una copa. I live in Manhattan, so there are a few bars near my house. I usually go to Mudville 9 with my friends for a drink.

ELENI SYRPIS
Saturday at 4:41 pm
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👍

SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 10:42 pm
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Hola Maria,


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Cristiane

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Maria
Friday at 9:39 am
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Si! Hay algunos baros cerca de mi casa. Vivo en el centro entonces hay varios.

SpanishPod101.com
Thursday at 8:00 pm
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Hola Johnny,

@Maja,


Thank you for studying with us!


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Maja Bodin
Thursday at 6:39 pm
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Good lesson, simple to understand and great repetition 😄

Johnny Antonio
Thursday at 9:46 am
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Hola😊


Buenos dias!

SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 9:00 pm
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Hola Brayan,


Thank you for posting.


Keep up studying well and soon you’ll get great results!


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Brayan
Tuesday at 8:10 am
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Buenas tarde,

Tengo segurdo que hay bars cerca de mi casa pero no conosco ni uno. Peridon si mi español no está bueno. Solo sabe poco. 😞

SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 8:22 pm
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Hola Cece,


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SpanishPod101.com
Thursday at 12:12 am
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Hola Tiffany,


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