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Lesson Transcript

Lizzie: Buenos días, soy Lizzie.
Allan: Allan here. Beginner Series, lesson number 16: Mathematics for division. Hi, y’all. Welcome back to SpanishPod101.com coming to you from Lima Peru. For those of you here for the first time, glad you could join us.
Lizzie: Hello, friends. How’s it going, Allan?
Allan: Just fine. And I’m excited because we’re talking about mathematics today, Lizzie. And we are on an important number.
Lizzie: Why is that?
Allan: Because we are on lesson 16.
Lizzie: Why is that important?
Allan: Because how do you say 16 in Spanish?
Lizzie: dieciséis
Allan: That’s right, dieciséis. This is the first number in which 10 is mentioned. An easy way to remember.
Lizzie: So, Allan, getting back to today’s lesson, where did we leave off?
Allan: Well, in Beginner Lessons 13, 14 and 15, so that’s trece, catorce and quince, we looked at addition, subtraction and multiplication, in that order.
Lizzie: Ah yes. So today we’re going to conclude the mathematic segment by looking at la división, division.
Allan: Once more, we’re joined by professor Puga and his students, Mariana and Eduardo, as they tackle this new topic.
Lizzie: Oh I remember when I was just a little girl and had to learn this at school.
Allan: Didn’t we already talk about that?
Lizzie: It should still be mentioned again.
Allan: Ok, guys, let’s get into today’s conversation.
PROFESOR PUGA: Mariana, ¿Cuánto es treinta dividido entre dos?
MARIANA: Umm. ¿Treinta dividio entre dos es igual a veinte?
PROFESOR PUGA: Es una respuesta incorrecta. Eduardo ¿tú sabes?
EDUARDO: ¿Es quizás treinta dividido entre dos igual a diez?
PROFESOR PUGA: Es una respuesta incorrecta también. Aprendamos a dividir.
PROFESOR PUGA: Mariana, How much is thirty divided by two?
MARIANA: Umm. Does thirty divided by two equal twenty?
PROFESOR PUGA: It's an incorrect answer. Eduardo d'ya know?
EDUARDO: Maybe two into thirty equals ten?
PROFESOR PUGA: It's an incorrect answer too. Let's learn to divide.
Lizzie: Yes, this can be a hard topic for kids. And you know even though this conversation sounds rudimentary, the topic of division is really important to know when you’re speaking Spanish.
Allan: Yeah, I know what you mean. As adults we know the mathematical operations. I mean we know how to divide but being able to express this in Spanish is another story altogether.
Lizzie: Yeah and on top of this you’d be surprised to how often something as simple as division pops up in everyday conversations.
Allan: Ok, for example?
Lizzie: Well if you’re with a group of friends and you're going somewhere together but you have to take two cars, you’re basically dividing the group in half.
Allan: And now I see what you mean, you’re right, it does come up all the time, doesn’t it?
Lizzie: Yes.
Allan: On to the vocabulary. Here we’re going to break these words down syllable by syllable so that you can hear how each word sounds.
Lizzie: Vamos!
Allan: So let’s begin with…
Lizzie: Entre.
Allan: Between, among, in to, divided by.
Lizzie: Entre, entre.
Allan: Ok, now we have…
Lizzie: Dividir.
Allan: To divide, to split.
Lizzie: Dividir, dividir.
Allan: Ok, and then…
Lizzie: Respuesta.
Allan: Answer, response, reply.
Lizzie: Respuesta, respuesta.
Allan: Ok now we’ll hear…
Lizzie: Incorrecto, incorrecta.
Allan: Incorrect, wrong.
Lizzie: Incorrecto, incorrecta. Incorrecto, incorrecta.
Allan: Great. Let’s listen to…
Lizzie: cuánto, cuánta
Allan: how much, how many.
Lizzie: cuánto, cuánta. cuánto, cuánta.
Allan: Ok, now let’s finish off with…
Lizzie: quizá
Allan: Perhaps, maybe.
Lizzie: quizás, quizás . Muy bien Now, what good is knowing vocabulary without usage.
Allan: I couldn’t agree more.
Lizzie: Where should we start off today?
Allan: Well, I would like to begin with the word entre.
Lizzie: Dos dividido entre ocho es igual a cuatro.
Allan: Eight divided by two equals four.
Lizzie: Now this can be a bit tricky.
Allan: I think we should make it a little bit more clear.
Lizzie: So we know that the word entre means between, right?
Allan: Sure, we’ve talked about that before.
Lizzie: Well, today we are looking at it when it means among and it’s in the sense that we can understand why it’s used in division expressions.
Allan: Exactly it's like saying two into eight equals four.
Lizzie: Or two goes into eight four times.
Allan: Just refresh our memory, how did we see it before, Liz?
Lizzie: In other cases, the word entre means “between”, like entre amigos or among friends and entre dos lugares, “between two places”.
Allan: So the word entre can mean “divided by”, “between” or “among”.
Lizzie: I think they got it.
Allan: Which word should we look at next?
Lizzie: Let’s look at dividir.
Allan: As in?
Lizzie: Dividimos el dinero entre los dos de nosotros.
Allan: We divide the money between the two of us.
Lizzie: In mathematics, dividir is “to divide” for when you practice la división or “division”.
Allan: Now, I noticed that this word dividir ends in an IR.
Lizzie: I knew you were going there.
Allan: Well, ok. Why don’t you let our audience know what that tells us?
Lizzie: This means that it’s a third conjugation verb. It follows the par dime for regular verbs with the IR ending in the infinitive, for example partir, which means “to depart”.
Allan: Right, right. And because this is a regular third conjugation verb, it’s a good one to practice the conjugations with.
Lizzie: Yeah, of course. Which words would you like to look at next?
Allan: Let’s look at respuesta.
Lizzie: Tengo una respuesta para ti.
Allan: I’ve got an answer for you.
Lizzie: So the word respuesta is a feminine noun that means “answer”, “reply” or “response”.
Allan: You know, it even kind of looks and sounds like the word “response”, doesn’t it?
Lizzie: Yes, response, respuesta. I can see that .
Allan: This word respuesta comes from the verb responder that is “to respond” or “to answer”.
Lizzie: So if I have one answer, I’ve got una respuesta.
Allan: Right you are, Liz.
Lizzie: And if I have two?
Allan: Then you have dos respuestas. See how there’s just an S on the end? respuestas, that’s the plural form
Lizzie: Gracias por la respuesta.
Allan: De nada. So now we can move on and look at one more word?
Lizzie: Ok, let’s finish up with the word incorrecto.
Allan: How about an example?
Lizzie: La dirección es incorrecta.
Allan: The address is wrong.
Lizzie: So the adjective incorrecto means “wrong” or “incorrect”.
Allan: Now, Lizzie, in English we can say wrong or incorrect when something’s not right. Is there something similar in Spanish?
Lizzie: Not really, Allan. We basically just use incorrecto. So you hear the way that R is rolled there? Incorrecto.
Allan: Yeah, and that can take a while to learn. Its really helpful to hear you pronounce that word. Incorrecto.
Lizzie: If you don’t grow up pronouncing it, you just need to practice it for a while. Incorrecto.

Lesson focus

Lizzie: Ok, let’s switch gears a bit and look at some of the grammar from today’s conversation.
Allan: Alright, what would you like to focus on today?
Lizzie: Today I’d like to concentrate on the word entre.
Allan: This is a pretty small word to be focusing on.
Lizzie: You’re right, it is. But it’s a really important one and it has a number of meanings. As we saw in the vocabulary section it means “between”, “among”, and in equations of division it means “divided by” or “into”.
Allan: Well, I hear quite a bit when people are talking about the location of something between other things.
Lizzie: Right. Now here’s a little fact that might surprise you.
Allan: Try me.
Lizzie: The word entre comes from the Latin word inter, which means “between”.
Allan: Yeah, that makes me think of the word “interaction”.
Lizzie: Good connection. So the English word “interaction” refers to the mutual or reciprocal actions between two people or things.
Allan: So again, we can see that meaning “between” coming up again.
Lizzie: Exactly. Now, when we’re dividing something we use the word entre to mean “into”, “among” or “by”.
Allan: Alright. I think to really get what you mean here, we’re going to need to look at an example.
Lizzie: pero claro But of course!
Allan: So how about it?
Lizzie: ¿Cuánto es treinta dividido entre dos?
Allan: How much is thirty divided by two?
Lizzie: So this is how a division question is formed.
Allan: Lizzie, the word order we used to ask this question looks very similar to the word order we used for addition, subtraction, and multiplication.
Lizzie: Buena observación. Great observation. However, there are some differences.
Allan: And what are they?
Lizzie: First, we’re going to use the interrogative adverb cuánto, then the verb ser in the third person singular of the present, which is es.
Allan: Ok, so far then we have cuánto es.
Lizzie: After that we will use a numerator, in this case treinta or “thirty”. After the numerator, we’ll use entre or dividido entre, which means “divided by”. And finally we have the denominator, which in this case is dos or “two”. ¿Cuánto es treinta dividido entre dos? “How much is thirty divided by two?”
Allan: So this sense “between” or “among” comes through here.
Lizzie: Exactly. When we divide, we’re splitting something up among other things, I mean entre otras cosas.
Allan: Lizzie, can you give us the correct answer to this question?
Lizzie: Treinta dividido entre dos es igual a quince.
Allan: Thirty divided by two equals fifteen.
Lizzie: Now we can see what the answer looks like.
Allan: Lizzie, it looks like you are better at division than poor Marina and Eduardo.
Lizzie: Thank you, Allan. So in this answer what comes first?
Allan: Well, first we have the numerator.
Lizzie: Right, treinta “thirty”. And, Allan, what comes after that?
Allan: Ok, after that we have the prepositional phrase.
Lizzie: And here its dividido entre which means “divided by”. And after that?
Allan: Then we have the nominator.
Lizzie: You’re a real mathematician. Right. And the nominator is dos, so up to now we have Treinta dividido entre dos “thirty divided by two”. And after that then, what do we see?
Allan: Well, then there’s this phrase that has the verb in it.
Lizzie: Right es igual a this means “is equal to” or simply “equals”. And finally, Allan, what comes last?
Allan: Well, last we have the “dividend” or the “answer”.
Lizzie: Así es. That’s right. And here the answer is quince “fifteen”. Treinta dividido entre dos es igual a quince.
Allan: Thirty divided by two equals fifteen.
Lizzie: So Allan, I just thought of a really common situation in when we use math operations on a daily basis.
Allan: What is that, Liz?
Lizzie: When we’re exchanging money.
Allan: Ah, that’s a great point. Here, in Lima, the dollars in circulation, as well as Peruvian Sole.
Lizzie: Yes, you can have a bank account either in dollars or soles, Peruvian soles, which is our national currency.
Allan: That’s right. And because of this people are often exchanging dollars for soles or vice versa, right?
Lizzie: Right. And the best rates you can find are on the street where there are authorized people to exchange your money but if you exchange a large amount in one transaction, they’ll usually give you a better rate but you’ve got to make sure that the conversion is correct. Well, that’s all we have time for today.


Allan: Alright, friends, have a great day.
Lizzie: Que tengan un buen dìa.
Allan: Hasta luego.
Lizzie: Chao!


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Dialogue - Bilingual