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Lesson Transcript

Anna: Hola soy Anna.
Eric: Eric here! When Will This Spanish Weather Break?
Anna: In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about the weather in Spanish.
Eric: This conversation takes place while walking in a park.
Anna: And it’s between Mioko and Christine.
Eric: The speakers are friends, so they'll be speaking casually.
Anna:Let's listen to the conversation.
Mioko: ¡Qué calor hace!
Christine: Pero mañana viernes vi en la tele que lloverá.
Mioko: Cada fin de semana llueve.
Christine: El fin de semana han dicho que no lloverá pero estará nublado.
Eric: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Mioko: ¡Qué calor hace!
Christine: Pero mañana viernes vi en la tele que lloverá.
Mioko: Cada fin de semana llueve.
Christine: El fin de semana han dicho que no lloverá pero estará nublado.
Eric: Let's now listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Mioko: ¡Qué calor hace!
Mioko: It's so hot! (Literally—How hot it is!)
Christine: Pero mañana viernes vi en la tele que lloverá.
Christine: But tomorrow, Friday, I saw on TV that it's going to rain.
Mioko: Cada fin de semana llueve.
Mioko: It rains every weekend...
Christine: El fin de semana han dicho que no lloverá pero estará nublado.
Christine: They said that on the weekend it's not going to rain, but it will be cloudy.
Anna: Okay so, this is our last lesson in this series.
Eric: I know! Pretty cool.
Anna: Yeah. Speaking of cool, we're going to talk about Spanish weather, which is more interesting than you think.
Eric: That's right! In Spain, the weather can vary widely. In northern Spain, like the Basque country and Cantabria, the weather systems come from the Atlantic Ocean, so there’s a temperate European climate with mild winters and warm summers.
Anna: But the south of Spain frequently experiences blisteringly hot summers which can reach 40° degrees Celsius. The winters are mild though, which is nice.
Eric: The center of Spain has many areas that reach below freezing during the winter and over 35º Celsius in the summer.
Anna: In the east of Spain, which has Mediterranean weather, the summers are not too hot, and winters are mild, but it is always humid.
Eric: So there’s a lot of variety! Okay, now let's move on to the vocabulary.
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: frío
Eric: cold
Anna: frío [slowly]
Anna: frío
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: tiempo
Eric: time, weather
Anna: tiempo
Anna: tiempo
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: calor
Eric: heat, hot
Anna: calor [slowly]
Anna: calor
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: llover
Eric: to rain
Anna: llover [slowly]
Anna: llover
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: nublado
Eric: cloudy
Anna: nublado [slowly]
Anna: nublado
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: decir
Eric: to say, to tell
Anna: decir [slowly]
Anna: decir
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: mañana
Eric: tomorrow, morning
Anna: mañana [slowly]
Anna: mañana
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: semana
Eric: week
Anna: semana [slowly]
Anna: semana
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: fin de semana
Eric: weekend
Anna: fin de semana [slowly]
Anna: fin de semana
Eric: And last..
Anna: cada
Eric: each, every
Anna: cada [slowly]
Anna: cada
Eric: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Anna: The first word we'll look at is calor, which means "heat" or “hot.”
Eric: This noun indicates that the temperature is higher than normal. Could you give us an example sentence?
Anna: Sure. You could say, No puedo trabajar con este calor, which means, "I cannot work with this heat."
Eric: However, we cannot use this word as an adjective, even though it means "hot." So, how do you say, "Today is very hot?"
Anna: Hoy hace mucho calor, which literally translates as, "Today makes a lot of heat," but means "Today is very hot.” In this case, the word “hot”, calor, is used as a noun. But, in order to say, "The coffee is hot," in Spanish it would be, El café está caliente. The word caliente is the adjective meaning “hot”.
Eric: And the next word we'll look at is?
Anna: Cada. This is an adjective that we can translate as "every," and we can use it in several ways.
Eric: The lesson notes give more detail, but this lesson is a bit long so we'll keep it simple.
Anna: For example, Da un examen a cada alumno, which means, "Give an exam to each and every student," or Hazlo todos y cada uno de los días, which means, "Do it each and every day."
Eric: The next word we'll look at is...
Anna: Nublado. Nublado is a masculine singular adjective that means "cloudy."
Eric: Okay, so, how do I say "Today is a cloudy day?"
Anna: That would be, Hoy es un día nublado.
Eric: Okay, got it.
Anna: Lastly, we're going to look at the phrase, fin de semana, which means "weekend." We make the phrase fin de semana with three words; fin, which means "end," de, which means "of," and semana, meaning "week."
Eric: Literally, this translates as "end of week" but it really means "weekend" in English. Could you give us an example?
Anna: Sure! You could say, Este fin de semana voy a esquiar, which means, "This weekend I'm going skiing."
Eric: Great, now let's move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn some weather-related expressions.
Anna: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase ¡Qué calor hace!
Eric: Which we translated as, "How hot it is!" So, many weather expressions use the verb "to make" or...
Anna: Hacer. That's right. For example ¡Qué calor hace! which means "How hot it is!" even though it literally translates as "How hot it makes!"
Eric: How do you say, "It's hot?"
Anna: Hace calor.
Eric: And "It's cold?"
Anna: Hace frio.
Eric: And "It's windy?"
Anna: Hace viento.
Eric: what about "It's good weather?"
Anna: Hace buen tiempo.
Eric: Or, "What's the weather like?"
Anna: ¿Qué tiempo hace?
Eric: So, do all Spanish weather expressions use the verb hacer?
Anna: Not all of them. But some of the most common ones do. We can also use the verb haber which means "there is" or "there are."
Eric: How would we do that?
Anna: Well, you could say something like, Hay niebla, which literally translates as, "There’s fog." But it means, "It's foggy."
Eric: And how would I say, "The sun is shining?"
Anna: Hay sol.
Eric: And "It's humid?"
Anna: Hay humedad.
Eric: Now, the list says that you can also say "It's windy." with haber. What would that sound like?
Anna: Hay viento.
Eric: And with the other verb?
Anna: Hace viento.
Eric: And how are these two phrases different?
Anna: Well, hace viento is kind of like saying, "There’s a lot of wind being made," and hay viento is kind of like, "There’s is a lot of wind out there."
Eric: So, technically it’s a little different but practically the same. There's almost no difference. In this case, you can use the one you like best. Okay, is that all of the weather expressions?
Anna: Not all of them. There are actually quite a few weather expressions. Too many to look at, but there’s one more that we should look at more closely.
Eric: Okay. And what’s that?
Anna: These are phrases that use the verb estar, which means "to be."
Eric: What are they?
Anna: The first one is, Está tronando,
Eric: which means, "It's thundering."
Anna: The second one is, Está lloviendo,
Eric: which means, "It's raining.”
Anna: The third one is, Está oscuro, which means, "It's dark."
Eric: And the last one?
Anna: Está nublado, which means, "It's cloudy."
Eric: As you have noticed, there are many weather expressions in Spanish, using different verbs.
Anna: Whether a noun such as calor, or an adjective such as caliente, should be used, depends on the verb. So you can say, está caliente and hace calor. But not vice versa.
Eric: That’s right. This may seem a little bit complicated, but with practice you’ll end up learning the most common expressions by heart.
Anna: Before we go, here is the answer to the previous lesson’s tarea. The sentence, “You never do your homework,” in Spanish is the third one: Nunca haces la tarea.
Eric: And our last homework will be to choose the correct answer to this question...
Anna: ¿Cómo está el tiempo?
1) Está calor.
2) Hace nieve.
3) Hay mal tiempo.


Eric: You’ll find the answer in the first comment of this lesson. Well, that just about does it for this lesson and for this series. We hope you enjoyed it and found it useful. If you have any questions or comments, please leave a post at SpanishPod101.com. In the meantime, thanks for listening, and we’ll see you in another series. Bye everyone!
Anna: ¡Hasta la próxima!