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Lesson Transcript

Absolute Beginner, Season 4, Lesson 15 - Choosing a New Outfit in Spain
INTRODUCTION
Anna: Hola soy Anna.
Eric: Eric here! Welcome back to SpanishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 4, Lesson 15, Choosing a New Outfit in Spain.
Anna: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use the demonstrative adjective meaning "that."
Eric: This conversation takes place at an open air market in the morning.
Anna: And it’s between Paula and the shop assistant.
Eric: They don't know each other, and also it's a commercial environment, so they are using formal language.
Anna: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Vendedor: ¿En qué puedo ayudarle?
Paula: Me gustaría esa camiseta de allí. (pointing)
Vendedor: ¿Esta camiseta roja? (holding a red t-shirt)
Paula: No no, ésta no. Esa camiseta azul al lado de la camiseta verde.
Eric: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Vendedor: ¿En qué puedo ayudarle?
Paula: Me gustaría esa camiseta de allí. (pointing)
Vendedor: ¿Esta camiseta roja? (holding a red t-shirt)
Paula: No no, ésta no. Esa camiseta azul al lado de la camiseta verde.
Eric: Let's now listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Vendedor: ¿En qué puedo ayudarle?
Shop assistant: How can I help you?
Paula: Me gustaría esa camiseta de allí. (pointing)
Paula: I would like that t-shirt. (pointing)
Vendedor: ¿Esta camiseta roja? (holding a red t-shirt)
Shop assistant: This red one? (holding a red t-shirt)
Paula: No no, ésta no. Esa camiseta azul al lado de la camiseta verde.
Paula: No, not this one. That blue t-shirt next to the green t-shirt.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Okay so, even though Spain is not as famous as its neighbor Italy in terms of fashion, it does have some very good designers...
Anna: ...and quite a few very popular brands that are well-known around the world.
Eric: That's right. If we talk about fashion designers there are a few well-known designers from Spain.
Anna: Two of the most well known are Paco Rabanne and Agatha Ruiz de la Prada. Almost everyone has heard of Prada, and most people have heard of Paco Rabanne.
Eric: These two in particular are popular because of the way they use color in their designs. As far as Spanish brands, the most popular, and the one with shops around the world, is Zara. Zara is very popular for having very elegant clothing, but with prices accessible to everyone.
Anna: Okay, now let's take a look at the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: ayudar
Eric: to help
Anna: ayudar [slowly]
Anna: ayudar
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: gustaría
Eric: would like
Anna: gustaría
Anna: gustaría
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: esta
Eric: this, adjective
Anna: esta [slowly]
Anna: esta
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: ésta
Eric: this, pronoun
Anna: ésta [slowly]
Anna: ésta
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: eso, ese, esa
Eric: that, adjective
Anna: eso, ese, esa [slowly]
Anna: eso, ese, esa
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: eso, ése, ésa
Eric: that, pronoun
Anna: eso, ése, ésa [slowly]
Anna: eso, ése, ésa
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: al lado
Eric: next to
Anna: al lado [slowly]
Anna: al lado
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: camiseta
Eric: t-shirt
Anna: camiseta [slowly]
Anna: camiseta
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: verde
Eric: green
Anna: verde [slowly]
Anna: verde
Eric: And last..
Anna: rojo
Eric: red
Anna: rojo [slowly]
Anna: rojo
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Anna: The first phrase we'll look at is gustaría, which means "would like."
Eric: This verb is special in Spanish because, even though it means "would like," the grammar surrounding it doesn't work the same way that "would like" does in English.
Anna: That's right. It's pretty complicated, but basically you have to use words like me, te, le, nos, and les with gustaría in order for it to make sense in Spanish.
Eric: Could you give us some examples?
Anna: Sure. Me gustaría ir al cine, which means "I would like to go to the movies." And ¿Te gustaría comer sushi para cenar?, which translates as, "Would you like to eat sushi for dinner?"
Eric: What's our next word?
Anna: The next word we'll look at is al lado which means "next to," "beside," or "near."
Eric: And the thing can be to the right or left, it doesn't matter. Could you use that in a sentence?
Anna: Sure. You could say something like, Está al lado del hospital, which means "It's next to the hospital."
Eric: The next word we'll look at is...
Anna: Ayudar, which means "to help. Ayudar is a Spanish regular -ar ending verb, and we've included a conjugation table in the lesson notes so you can practice.
Eric: Also, remember that...
Anna: Ayudar
Eric: ...is a transitive verb, which means an object is necessary. In other words, you have to help "someone" or help "do something."
Anna: For example, Yo ayudo a mi madre, which means "I help my mother."
Eric: And our last word?
Anna: The last word we’ll look at is rojo. Rojo means "red."
Eric: That's right. Now this word can be used as either a noun or as an adjective. So you could say, "The red truck is big."
Anna: El camión rojo es grande.
Eric: Or we can talk about the color red as a noun.
Anna: Yes. That would be something like, El rojo es fuerte, which means "The red is strong." Now let's move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Eric: The focus of this lesson is the demonstrative adjective "that."
Anna: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase Me gustaría esa camiseta.
Eric: Which we translated as "I would like that t-shirt." In the last lesson, we learned about the demonstrative adjective "this," which in Spanish we can find in the masculine form...
Anna: Este.
Eric: Or the feminine form…
Anna: Esta. And in this lesson, we'll focus on another demonstrative adjective, "that," which in Spanish is ese for masculine nouns, and esa for feminine nouns.
Eric: As we also saw before, the demonstrative adjective makes reference to a specific item and also where it is in relation to the speaker.
Anna: The demonstrative adjectives in Spanish, like all other adjectives, have to agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.
Eric: And in this lesson we’ll focus on the words for "that," which again are...
Anna: Ese and esa.
Eric: These two words refer to a place, concern, time, or thing somewhat distant to the speaker. As we can see in the dialogue, Paula says...
Anna: Me gustaría esa camiseta.
Eric: This means "I would like that t-shirt." But the use of “that” or...
Anna: Esa.
Eric: ...makes the t-shirt somewhat distant to the speaker and closer to the listener.
Anna: Also, be aware that esa and ese not only make reference to how near or far things are from the speaker but also how near or far things are in time. So, ese año means "that year."
Eric: Could you give us a few other example phrases?
Anna: Sure. You could say, ese lápiz which means "that pencil;" esa casa meaning "that house;" or esa corbata which means "that necktie."
Eric: As always, be careful when you use them, and make sure that the adjectives you use agree with the noun they modify in gender and in number. Okay, before we go, listeners - did you do your homework?
HOMEWORK
Anna:Here we have the answer from the previous tarea. The incorrect sentence is, Ése me gusta mucho, meaning “This one I like a lot.” The correct Spanish version of this sentence would be, Éste me gusta mucho.
Eric: And this week, the homework will be to choose the correct demonstrative adjective in each case.
Anna: Here they are:
(blank) bolsa, referring to an object close to the speaker.
(blank) moneda, referring to an object far from the speaker.
(blank) billete, referring to an object close to the speaker.

Outro

Eric: Don’t forget to fill in the blanks, listeners! And that just about does it for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Bye!
Anna: ¡Hasta luego!

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SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Try using the demonstrative adjective "that" in a sentence!

SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 7:56 pm
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Hola Brian,


Thank you for posting.


Looking forward to seeing you often here.


Saludos,

Cristiane

Team SpanishPod101.com

Brian H. Littleton
Friday at 9:15 am
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😄