Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha: Hi everybody, this is Alisha.
Fernando: Hola amigos, soy Fernando.
Alisha: Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 3, Lesson 11 – Going Shopping in Mexico!
Fernando: In this lesson you will learn how to buy something using Mexican Spanish.
Alisha: You will learn how to ask for prices, count money, haggle, and order things in Spanish.
Fernando: The conversation takes place at a market stand and is between Ashley and the stand attendant.
Alisha: The conversation is between a seller and a customer, so they will be speaking formal Spanish.
Fernando: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Ashley: Buenas tardes. ¿Cuánto cuesta el aguacate?
Merchant: A sesenta pesos el kilo.
Ashley: ¿Y cuánto cuesta el limón?
Merchant: A cincuenta el kilo.
Ashley: Dos kilos por favor.
Merchant: Aquí tiene.
Alisha: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Ashley: Buenas tardes. ¿Cuánto cuesta el aguacate?
Merchant: A sesenta pesos el kilo.
Ashley: ¿Y cuánto cuesta el limón?
Merchant: A cincuenta el kilo.
Ashley: Dos kilos por favor.
Merchant: Aquí tiene.
Alisha: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Ashley: Buenas tardes. ¿Cuánto cuesta el aguacate?
Alisha: Good afternoon. How much is the avocado?
Merchant: A sesenta pesos el kilo.
Alisha: Sixty pesos per kilo.
Ashley: ¿Y cuánto cuesta el limón?
Alisha: And how much is the lemon?
Merchant: A cincuenta el kilo.
Alisha: Fifty per kilo.
Ashley: Dos kilos por favor.
Alisha: Two kilos please.
Merchant: Aquí tiene.
Alisha: Here you are.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Fernando: Ok, so we are at a market in Mexico City…
Alisha: One of those street markets that open once in a week?
Fernando: Exactly. The classical farmers market.
Alisha: Oh, I love those. So, if you see something you’re interested in buying… what do you say?
Fernando: Simple. You start by asking the price.
Alisha: Asking the price?
Fernando: Yes, you ask cuánto cuesta and that’s it. It’s just basic haggling techniques. The seller will then offer you a price.
Alisha: I see. And if you don’t like it, you can ask for a lower price?
Fernando: Right. That’s where the haggling process begins.
Alisha: I imagine you can get pretty good deals doing this.
Fernando: Definitely, so don’t be afraid to give it a try.
Alisha: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Alisha: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Fernando: buenas tardes [natural native speed]
Alisha: good afternoon
Fernando: buenas tardes [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: buenas tardes [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: cuánto [natural native speed]
Alisha: how much
Fernando: cuánto [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: cuánto [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: costar [natural native speed]
Alisha: to cost
Fernando: costar [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: costar [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: sesenta [natural native speed]
Alisha: sixty
Fernando: sesenta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: sesenta [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: peso [natural native speed]
Alisha: peso (Mexican currency)
Fernando: peso [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: peso [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: cincuenta [natural native speed]
Alisha: fifty
Fernando: cincuenta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: cincuenta [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: dos [natural native speed]
Alisha: two
Fernando: dos [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: dos [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: por favor [natural native speed]
Alisha: please
Fernando: por favor [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: por favor [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: aquí [natural native speed]
Alisha: here
Fernando: aquí [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: aquí [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: tener [natural native speed]
Alisha: to have
Fernando: tener [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: tener [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Fernando: The first word we’ll look at is....
Fernando: Por favor
Alisha: Please
Fernando: Make sure you add this phrase to the end or at the beginning of all your requests.
Alisha: Is it used in the same way as please in English?
Fernando: Exactly in the same way. But in extremely casual conversations, it is more common to say the short version “por fa”.
Alisha: And to sound more formal?
Fernando: Por favor señor. Or por favor señora. Literally it means “as a favor.”
Alisha: After asking the price of the lemons, Ashley asked the merchant to please give her two kilos of lemon. What did she say?
Fernando: Dos kilos por favor.
Alisha: “Two kilos, please.” Let’s repeat, everyone!
Fernando: Dos kilos, por favor [pause]
Alisha: So you always add this phrase por favor to show respect, right?
Fernando: Yes, you can add it at the end or at the beginning of a sentence to underline your request.
Alisha: And is that what people use in everyday life?
Fernando: Yes, that’s what we typically use,
Alisha: So it’s just shortened?
Fernando: Right. Por fa.
Alisha: Our second phrase is aquí tiene.
Fernando: This means “Here you are”. Once more, Aqui tiene.
Alisha: What does it mean?
Fernando: It is used to bring attention to the fact that I am giving something to someone.
Alisha: What is the verb here?
Fernando: The verb is tener, “to have”. The literal translation is here you have.
Alisha: Let’s repeat that part of the dialogue where Ashley is asking the merchant. Repeat after Fernando - “two kilos please.”
Fernando: Dos kilos por favor [pause]
Alisha: Here you are.
Fernando: Aquí tiene [pause]
Alisha: Great! Now let’s move onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Alisha: So the purpose here is to learn how to ask how much something costs. What’s the phrase Fernando?
Fernando: ¿Cuánto cuesta, plus the item you’re asking about. Cuánto means “how much”, and cuesta means “it costs”.
Alisha: It’s the conjugation of the verb “to cost”, right?
Fernando: Yes, the verb “to cost”, or costar, is conjugated in third person to mean “it costs”. In other words, how much does it cost.
Alisha: So please say “How much does the lemon cost?”
Fernando: Repeat after me - ¿Cuánto cuesta el limón? [pause]
Alisha: And now “how much does the avocado cost?”
Fernando: Repeat ¿Cuánto cuesta el aguacate? [pause]
Alisha: Here we were using the singular forms of the nouns “lemon” and “avocado”..Now let’s use the plural forms “lemons” and “avocados”.
Fernando: What’s important to know is that the verb changes slightly… from cuesta to cuestaN.
Alisha: So when talking about more than one item, an N is added to the end of the verb.
Fernando: Right. For example… ¿Cuánto cuestan los limones?
Alisha: How much are the lemons?
Fernando: ¿Cuánto cuestan los aguacates?
Alisha: How much are the avocados?
Alisha: And just to finish here, Fernando, what is a typical answer to a merchant once you have agreed on the price?
Fernando: You must order the product. So you say “give me a kilo please” or whatever.
Alisha: And how do you say that, again?
Fernando: You just need to mention the name of the product with its corresponding article. If it’s lemons, unos limones and don’t forget to add “please”, por favor.
Alisha: Unos limones, por favor…
Fernando: Repeat after me - unos limones por favor [pause]
Alisha: What if you are counting by units, such as kilos?
Fernando: Then you say “two kilos, please.” Dos kilos, por favor. Or three kilos, tres kilos por favor.
Alisha: Lets repeat everyone
Fernando: Dos kilos por favor. [pause].
Alisha: Ok, I think we’ve covered our lesson here. Don’t forget to check the lesson notes to find more examples using cuánto cuesta…
Fernando: See you in our next lesson! por favor…
Alisha: Bye everyone!!

9 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone,
Let's make a sentence using 'Cuánto'!

SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 11:29 am
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Hola Pam,


Thank you for participating.

Algunas correcciones. Let's omit para, there is no need.

Cuanto cuesta ese par?

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Pam
Saturday at 2:56 pm
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Me encantan los aretes. ?Cuanto cuesta para ese par?

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 12:50 pm
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Hola Gloria,


Creo que es algo muy común y necesario hoy en día, que se expandirá por todo el mundo.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Gloria
Thursday at 5:57 am
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Hola Carla,

Estoy de acuerdo contigo. (I agree with you.)

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 11:11 am
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Hola Gloria,


Hoy en día hay mas personas que hablan español e ingles, por lo que es mejor que no nos sorprendan y podamos comunicarnos en mas de un idioma.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Gloria
Saturday at 9:32 am
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Gracias Carla, Yo creo que es importante seguir practicando el español. Ahora muchos mexicanos que trabajan con el público aprenden el inglés. Me dicen que el inglés es muy difícil.

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 3:45 am
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Hola Gloria,


Muy buena oración. Sigamos practicando!


Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Gloria
Tuesday at 6:25 am
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A veces me gusta usar pelucas. ¿Cuánto cuesta la pelirroja? (Sometimes I like to wear wigs. How much is the red one?)