Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Javier: Hola soy Javier. Hi I’m Javier.
Jessie: Jessie here, welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 2, Lesson 6 - Being a Spanish workaholic. In this lesson, you will learn how to use plural definite articles in Spanish such as the cars.
Javier: los coches
Jessie: And the houses.
Javier: las casas. Where does this conversation take place?
Jessie: This conversation takes place at a restaurant.
Javier: Who is the conversation between?
Jessie: The conversation is between Pedro and Maria, two university students.
Javier: Escuchemos la conversación.
Jessie: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
1. PEDRO: Son las diez de la noche, ¿vamos a tomar algo?
2. MARÍA: No puedo, los domingos trabajo, me voy a casa.
3. PEDRO: ¿Los domingos también? ¿Cuándo tienes fiesta?
4. MARÍA: Sólo los sábados y las fiestas nacionales…
Jessie: Now let’s listen to the dialog one time slowly.
1. PEDRO: Son las diez de la noche, ¿vamos a tomar algo?
2. MARÍA: No puedo, los domingos trabajo, me voy a casa.
3. PEDRO: ¿Los domingos también? ¿Cuándo tienes fiesta?
4. MARÍA: Sólo los sábados y las fiestas nacionales…
Jessie: Now let’s listen to it with the translation.
1. PEDRO: Son las diez de la noche, ¿vamos a tomar algo?
1. PEDRO: It's ten P.M. Why don't we go have a drink?
2. MARÍA: No puedo, los domingos trabajo, me voy a casa.
2. MARÍA: I can't. I work every Sunday. I'm going to go home.
3. PEDRO: ¿Los domingos también? ¿Cuándo tienes fiesta?
3. PEDRO: Sundays too? When do you have a day off?
4. MARÍA: Sólo los sábados y las fiestas nacionales…
4. MARÍA: Only on Saturdays and national holidays...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Javier: Shall we have a beer after recording this lesson?
Jessie: Sure where can we go?
Javier: We can go to any bar.
Jessie: Ah sure. In Spain, you have something called the Bar culture right?
Javier: Yeah. Cultura del Bar. Spain is the first or second country in the world with the more bars per person.
Jessie: Wow! That’s a lot and can you only drink alcohol there?
Javier: No bars in the Spain are also like cafes and sometimes like restaurants too.
Jessie: So you can have a coffee there?
Javier: Sure. These days, Ito cafes are more popular for coffee but before when we wanted to get a coffee, we went to a bar.
Jessie: Interesting. I wouldn’t have imagined getting a coffee at a bar. The bar culture of Spain sounds really nice.
Javier: I think so. We can stop in for a coffee or for beer or even a breakfast. It’s a place to relax with the newspaper, watch soccer on TV, talk to people and so on.
Jessie: It’s a place you spend a lot of time I see.
Javier: Yes. If you go to the Spain, I recommend you go to a bar.
Jessie: It sounds like it would be a good experience.
VOCAB LIST
Jessie: The first word is
Javier: diez
Jessie: Ten.
Javier: di-ez, diez
Jessie: Next is
Javier: noche
Jessie: Night.
Javier: no-che, noche
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: algo
Jessie: Something.
Javier: al-go, algo
Jessie: Next is
Javier: ir
Jessie: To go.
Javier: ir, ir
Jessie: Next is
Javier: poder
Jessie: Can, to be able to
Javier: po-der, poder
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: domingo
Jessie: Sunday
Javier: do-min-go, domingo
Jessie: Next is
Javier: también
Jessie: Also, to, as well.
Javier: tam-bién, también
Jessie: Next is
Javier: trabajar
Jessie: To work.
Javier: tra-ba-jar, trabajar
Jessie: Next is
Javier: fiesta
Jessie: Party, day off.
Javier: fi-es-ta, fiesta
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: solo
Jessie: Only, just
Javier: so-lo, solo
Jessie: Next is
Javier: tomar
Jessie: To drink, to take, to have.
Javier: to-mar, tomar
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first one we will look at is
Javier: tomar
Jessie: An ar verb meaning to take as in
Javier: Tomar el tren.
Jessie: To take the train.
Javier: However if we say ‘tomar’ plus a drink, it means
Jessie: To drink. So depending on the context, it can mean to take or to drink.
Javier: Yes for example, Tomar un café.
Jessie: To drink a coffee.
Javier: Or Tomar una cerveza.
Jessie: To drink a beer. What’s the next one we will look at?
Javier: poder
Jessie: An er verb meaning to be able to. Let’s look at some sentences with a word - poder
Javier: Puedo correr cinco kilómetros.
Jessie: I can run 5 kilometers.
Javier: Puedo comer tres big macs.
Jessie: I can eat three big macs. Great and how do you create the negative form?
Javier: You just add - no, before - poder. For example, No puedo ir.
Jessie: I can’t go
Javier: Or No puedo beber leche.
Jessie: I can’t drink Milk.
Jessie: Okay, now on to the focus.

Lesson focus

Jessie: The focus of this lesson is the usage of the definite article in Spanish. We will first focus on the plural ones. Xavier, what were the singular ones again?
Javier: El, for masculine and La, for feminine.
Jessie: Great. Now let’s hear some examples of the plural forms.
Javier: Los lápices.
Jessie: The pencils.
Javier: Las naranjas.
Jessie: The oranges. So the difference between them is the same as what we saw in the past lesson right?
Javier: Exactly. Los, is for masculine nouns. Another example Los plátanos.
Jessie: The Bananas.
Javier: And Las, is for feminine nouns. Another example, Las manzanas.
Jessie: The Apples. We already learned how to differentiate between masculine and feminine words and how to form the plurals. So we just need to use the proper definite article before the noun especially now that we’ve learned all of them.
Javier: Let’s see some more examples.
Jessie: Sure.
Javier: Las habitaciones.
Jessie: The rooms.
Javier: habitación
Jessie: Is feminine and
Javier: habitaciones
Jessie: Is the plural form.
Javier: Los caballos.
Jessie: The horses, horse in the singular is
Javier: caballo
Jessie: And in the plural, horses it’s
Javier: caballos
Jessie: And this is a masculine noun. Now in the last lesson, we saw some rules about when to use these articles and now we will look at a few more of these rules. For example, the definite article is used with the names of languages.
Javier: El chino.
Jessie: Chinese.
Javier: El inglés.
Jessie: English. They are also used when we tell time.
Javier: Son las dos.
Jessie: It’s 2 o’clock, and they are also used with some titles.
Javier: El doctor Martínez.
Jessie: Dr. Martinez
Javier: o, El señor Pérez.
Jessie: Mr. Perez. Okay so now let’s do some practice. Listen and repeat. The Pencils.
Javier: Los lápices.
Jessie: The Jackets.
Javier: Las chaquetas.
Jessie: 3 o’clock.
Javier: Las tres.
Jessie: The Chinese language.
Javier: El chino.

Outro

Jessie: Okay. Now let’s recap this lesson. We learned more rules about how to use the definite articles and we took a look at the plural forms.
Javier: That’s right. Los and Las.
Jessie: Well, I think that’s all for this lesson.
Javier: Are you an iPhone, iPod, or iPad user?
Jessie: Listen, tap and swap away your fluency with our Spanish language apps.
Javier: grow your vocab and practice on the go with our Spanish language apps.
Jessie: Fun and easy to use, our Spanish apps are available on iTunes. Visit our iPhone page on SpanishPod101.com/iPhone to learn more
Javier: Muchas gracias, thank you, hasta pronto
Jessie: Bye everyone.
1. PEDRO: Son las diez de la noche, ¿vamos a tomar algo?
2. MARÍA: No puedo, los domingos trabajo, me voy a casa.
3. PEDRO: ¿Los domingos también? ¿Cuándo tienes fiesta?
4. MARÍA: Sólo los sábados y las fiestas nacionales…

Grammar

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5 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Practice using some of the definite articles here!

SpanishPod101.com
Sunday at 12:30 pm
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Hola Isabel,


Un gusto conocerte!

We're happy to know you're enjoying the lessons.

Please let us know if you have any question or doubt.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Isabel HAN
Tuesday at 9:34 pm
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Es las diez de noche en Seul. Me gusta estudiar espanol. Encandada de conocerte 😇

spanishPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 12:26 am
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Hola Anthony,


You should listen at the lessons all the times you need, so they stick with you.

If you feel confortable moving to the next lesson or season, please do it.


Suerte,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Anthony
Friday at 12:45 am
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I am a absolute beginner and I am looking for guidance on how long should I stay within a lesson before moving on to the next series? I finished with Absolute Beginner season 1 at which I would listen to the audio and practice saying the words and vocab two to three times over and over then I would move on to the next audio tract. Is this a good pattern or should I move on only after knowing 50% or more of each lesson?


Muchas gracias por ayuda!