Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Javier: Hola soy Javier. Hi I’m Javier.
Jessie: And I’m Jessie, welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 2 Lesson 4 Playing Spanish games. In this lesson, you will learn how nouns work in Spanish when it comes to number and gender.
Javier: Where does this conversation take place?
Jessie: This conversation takes place at a university.
Javier: Who is the conversation between?
Jessie: The conversation is between Pedro and Javi Two university students that have known each other for a long time.
Javier: Escuchemos la conversación.
Jessie: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
1. PEDRO: ¿Tienes la nueva PlayStation?
2. JAVI: Sí, y también tengo un juego de fútbol.
3. PEDRO: ¿Porqué no jugamos?
4. JAVI: Es que no tengo otro mando.
5. PEDRO: No pasa nada, yo tengo otro mando.
Jessie: Now let’s hear it one time slowly.
1. PEDRO: ¿Tienes la nueva PlayStation?
2. JAVI: Sí, y también tengo un juego de fútbol.
3. PEDRO: ¿Porqué no jugamos?
4. JAVI: Es que no tengo otro mando.
5. PEDRO: No pasa nada, yo tengo otro mando.
Jessie: Now with the English translation.
1. PEDRO: ¿Tienes la nueva PlayStation?
1. PEDRO: Do you have the new PlayStation?
2. JAVI: Sí, y también tengo un juego de fútbol.
2. JAVI: Yes, and I also have a soccer game.
3. PEDRO: ¿Porqué no jugamos?
3. PEDRO: Why don't we play?
4. JAVI: Es que no tengo otro mando.
4. JAVI: Because I don't have another controller.
5. PEDRO: No pasa nada, yo tengo otro mando.
5. PEDRO: No problem, I have another controller
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Jessie: So Javier, what’s your favorite sport?
Javier: El fútbol.
Jessie: Soccer.
Javier: That’s right. Es mi deporte favorito - It’s my favorite sport.
Jessie: That’s great. I personally like basketball.
Javier: ¿baloncesto?
Jessie: Yes, baloncesto.
Javier: Ah in Spain, Soccer and Basketball are really popular.
Jessie: Ah really? Which team do you like?
Javier: Well Real Madrid and Barcelona are the most famous.
Jessie: Umm Real Madrid and Barcelona. So which one do you like?
Javier: A mi me gusta Barcelona - I like Barcelona.
Jessie: How about other sports? Do you play baseball or American Football in Spain too?
Javier: We have Tennis, Handball and Formula 1 but actually Baseball or American Football are not that popular.
Jessie: Oh really, huh that’s interesting. I can kind of picture it though. When I think of Spain, I think of Soccer.
Javier: Yes and not only in the Spain, it’s popular in many Latin American countries too.
Jessie: hm, that is definitely true. Okay. On to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Jessie: The first word we will look at is
Javier: tener
Jessie: To have.
Javier: te-ner, tener
Jessie: Next is.
Javier: la
Jessie: The
Javier: la, la
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: también
Jessie: Also, as well, to
Javier: tam-bién, también
Jessie: Next is
Javier: un
Jessie: A, an
Javier: un, un
Jessie: Next is
Javier: juego
Jessie: Game
Javier: jue-go, juego
Jessie: Next is
Javier: fútbol
Jessie: Soccer
Javier: fút-bol, fútbol
Jessie: Next is
Javier: por qué
Jessie: Why
Javier: por qué, por qué
Jessie: Next is
Javier: jugar
Jessie: To play
Javier: ju-gar, jugar
Jessie: Next is
Javier: mando
Jessie: Controller
Javier: man-do, mando
Jessie: Next is
Javier: otro, otra
Jessie: Other, another, else
Javier: ot-ro, ot-ra, otro, otra
Jessie: Next is
Javier: nuevo, nueva
Jessie: New
Javier: nue-vo, nue-va, nuevo, nueva
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Jessie: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first one we will look at is
Javier: por qué
Jessie: Why
Javier: Here is a sample sentence. ¿Por qué juegas al fútbol?
Jessie: Why do you play Soccer?
Javier: Here is another one. ¿Por qué estudias español?
Jessie: Why do you study Spanish? Here, don’t worry too much about any unfamiliar words. We are just showing you how this word is used. So - por qué, is the Spanish word for why and it’s used to ask the reason for something.
Javier: Eso es. That’s right.
Jessie: What’s the next one we will look at?
Javier: jugar
Jessie: A verb that means to play. Something I want to point out really quickly. All verbs in Spanish end in either ar, er or ir.
Javier: Exactly. Every verb.
Jessie: So if you see a word that ends in one of these, chances are it’s a verb. We will go more into the differences later on in this season, but just know that this is an ar verb. Okay let’s hear some short sample phrases.
Javier: Yo juego a Football.
Jessie: I play soccer.
Javier: Tú juegas a baloncesto.
Jessie: You play basketball.
Javier: Nosotros jugamos a badminton.
Jessie: We play badminton. All right, can you introduce one more word?
Javier: nuevo
Jessie: An adjective that means new. For example
Javier: Tengo un coche nuevo.
Jessie: I have a new car. Remember this verb - tener, from last time.
Javier: Tengo un coche nuevo - I have a new car.
Jessie: Okay, on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Jessie: The focus of this lesson is how number and gender work with Spanish nouns
Javier: Such as coche and coches
Jessie: Car singular and cars plural.
Javier: Or habitación and habitaciones
Jessie: Room singular and rooms plural. The formation of the plural or the feminine version of the noun changes depending on the noun right?
Javier: Yes we have masculine words that and in O like - oro.
Jessie: Gold
Javier: Or brazo
Jessie: Arm. So words that end in O are normally masculine.
Javier: Yes but not 100% of the time.
Jessie: Are there any other endings for masculine words?
Javier: Yes words ending in ama or oma, as in - anagrama or diploma.
Jessie: Which are anagram and diploma.
Javier: Or aje, such as - equipaje, which means luggage.
Jessie: Are there any other words that are masculine?
Javier: números, y días de la semana
Jessie: The numbers and the days of the week are also masculine.
Javier: el uno, el dos
Jessie: The number one, the number two and so on.
Javier: Or, el lunes, el sábado
Jessie: Monday, Saturday and so on. So now how about feminine nouns. If we said that nouns ending in O are normally masculine, can we say that nouns ending in A are normally feminine?
Javier: Yes we can such as cama or columna
Jessie: These mean bed and column and these are some examples of feminine words.
Javier: But again this rule does not always apply.
Jessie: Like we saw before nouns that end in ama or oma are normally masculine even though they end in A. So that’s an exception.
Javier: Right.
Jessie: Okay. How about the plural? How do we make the plural form of nouns?
Javier: This is easier. We add an S like in English. For example - coche
Jessie: Car
Javier: and, coches
Jessie: Cars.
Javier: If the word ends in a constant though, we add ES. For example - papel
Jessie: Paper
Javier: and papeles
Jessie: Papers. Got it. To recap, when the word ends in a vowel we add an s to form the plural, and when the noun ends in a consonant, we add ES.
Javier: Perfecto, however
Jessie: Not 100% of the time right?
Javier: You got it.
Jessie: All right. Let’s do some practice. Listen and repeat. Car, Singular.
Javier: coche
Jessie: Cars, plural.
Javier: coches
Jessie: Paper singular.
Javier: papel
Jessie: Papers plural.
Javier: papeles

Outro

Jessie: Okay well I think that’s all for this lesson. In the lesson notes, you can find a lot more examples of rules for the gender and number of nouns.
Javier: So please check them out.
Jessie: By the way listeners, ever have any Spanish language or lesson-related questions?
Javier: Or maybe you have some feedback for us...
Jessie: Leave us a comment or ask a question on the lesson’s page!
Javier: It's very simple. Go to SpanishPod101.com...
Jessie: ...click on comments,
Javier: ...enter your comment and name,
Jessie: ...and that's it! Thanks for listening everyone
Javier: Muchas gracias. Thank you. Hasta pronto. See you soon.
Jessie: Until next time.
1. PEDRO: ¿Tienes la nueva PlayStation?
2. JAVI: Sí, y también tengo un juego de fútbol.
3. PEDRO: ¿Porqué no jugamos?
4. JAVI: Es que no tengo otro mando.
5. PEDRO: No pasa nada, yo tengo otro mando.

Grammar

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12 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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What sports do you like? :)

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 1:00 pm
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Hola William,


Thank you for your comment.

Si, estas en lo correcto.

Si tienes alguna pregunta o duda escribenos!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

William Ross
Wednesday at 5:02 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Se vuelven los números femenino cuando se refiere a tiempo(hora). Numbers become feminem when taking about time correct?

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:37 am
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Hola Jani,


Thank you for your comment.

The difference is that with the second-person conjugation this can be implied. But you can also add the pronoun. "tu tienes"

It's better to use your complete pronouns when learning Spanish. "yo tengo", "tu tienes", "el tiene".


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Jani
Thursday at 12:40 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

i'm confused about pronoun usage. do you not need them most of the time? i was using an online dictionary and looked up 'i have', its yo tengo, but YOU have is just tienes. why is it needed for one, but not the other?

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 10:57 am
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Hello Teresa,


Thank you for posting.

The typo is fixed. We are sorry for the inconvenience.


Let us know if you have any question.

Sincerely,

Lena

Team SpanishPod101.com

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:22 pm
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Hola Teresa,


Thank you for your feedback.

Yes is s mistake, the correct word is "camiones".

We will fix this mistake ASAP.


Gracias,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Teresa
Friday at 4:05 pm
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Hi,

In the lesson note about the formation of plurals, it says that words ending in a consonant, the plural is formed by adding 'es' to the singular form. However, the example given for camión is shown as camions. Is that a mistake?

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 9:09 am
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Hola Jann,


Thank you for your comment!

Both word are valid, but in Latino America "basquet" is more common than "baloncesto".


Sigue practicando.

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Jann
Thursday at 5:26 am
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Hi, I was interested to see that in this lesson the word baloncesto for basketball and yet in your 'Learn Spanish with Pictures' Lesson 14(?) in any case, the lesson on names of sports, the word básquet is used. Are both correct? and which one would be more common in Spain, which in Latin America? or does it differ depending on which country? Thanks for your comments. :-)

Jessi
Friday at 10:39 am
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Hi W! Thanks for the comment!

I understand the feeling.. :lol: :lol: