Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Javier: Hola soy Javier. Hi I’m Javier.
Jessie: Jessie here, welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 2, Lesson 25. When will the Spanish weather break? Javier, we are in Lesson 25, the last lesson of this series.
Javier: Yes, let’s make it a good one.
Jessie: Alright, in this lesson, you will learn about weather expressions in Spanish such as
Javier: hace frío
Jessie: It’s cold.
Javier: Where does this conversation take place?
Jessie: This conversation takes place at a park.
Javier: Who is the conversation between?
Jessie: The conversation is between Christina and Aya.
Javier: Escuchemos la conversación.
Jessie: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
1. AYA: ¡Qué calor hace!
2. CHRISTINE: Pero mañana viernes vi en la tele que lloverá.
3. AYA: Cada fin de semana llueve.
4. CHRISTINA: El fin de semana han dicho que no lloverá pero estará nublado.
Jessie: Now let’s listen to it one time slowly.
1. AYA: ¡Qué calor hace!
2. CHRISTINE: Pero mañana viernes vi en la tele que lloverá.
3. AYA: Cada fin de semana llueve.
4. CHRISTINA: El fin de semana han dicho que no lloverá pero estará nublado.
Jessie: And now with the translation.
1. AYA: ¡Qué calor hace!
1. AYA: It's so hot!
2. CHRISTINE: Pero mañana viernes vi en la tele que lloverá.
2. CHRISTINE: But tomorrow, Friday, I saw on TV that it's going to rain
3. AYA: Cada fin de semana llueve.
3. AYA: It rains every weekend...
4. CHRISTINA: El fin de semana han dicho que no lloverá pero estará nublado.
4. CHRISTINA: They said that on the weekend it's not going to rain, but it will be
cloudy.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Jessie: So Javier, speaking of the weather, what’s the weather like in Spain?
Javier: Well it depends on the area.
Jessie: Okay let’s talk about Madrid and around Madrid.
Javier: Madrid and other cities in the center of Spain tend to experience extreme temperatures in both winter even under zero degrees Celsius and summer.
Jessie: And how about around Barcelona?
Javier: Barcelona and Eastern Spain have pretty mild summers and mild winters, but it’s always humid. So sometimes that makes the extreme temperatures hard to bear.
Jessie: I hear also in the South of Spain Andalusia for example and the summer is really extreme which in temperatures have even 40 degrees Celsius.
Javier: Yes it is true. There are many heat waves. That’s because of its proximity to Africa. It can be a big problem for kids or the elderly if they aren’t careful.
Jessie: And how about Northern Spain?
Javier: In the North, the weather systems come from the Atlantic Ocean. So there is a temperate climate with mild winters and warm summers. I think it’s very comfortable.
Jessie: So the climate in Spain can be very different depending on the location.
Javier: Yeah something to keep in mind.
Jessie: Alright, let’s take a look at the vocab for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Jessie: The first word is
Javier: calor
Jessie: Heat, hot.
Javier: ca-lor, calor
Jessie: Next is
Javier: llover
Jessie: To rain
Javier: llo-ver, llover
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: nublado
Jessie: Cloudy.
Javier: nu-bla-do, nublado
Jessie: Next is
Javier: decir
Jessie: To say, to tell.
Javier: de-cir, decir
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: mañana
Jessie: Tomorrow, morning.
Javier: ma-ña-na, mañana
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: semana
Jessie: Week
Javier: se-ma-na, semana
Jessie: Next is
Javier: fin de semana
Jessie: Weekend
Javier: fin de se-ma-na, fin de semana
Jessie: Next is
Javier: cada
Jessie: Each, every.
Javier: ca-da, cada
Jessie: Next is
Javier: frío
Jessie: Cold
Javier: frí-o, frío
Jessie: And last is
Javier: tiempo
Jessie: Time, weather.
Javier: ti-em-po, tiempo
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Jessie: Let’s take a closer look at the words and phrases from this lesson. The first one we will look at is.
Javier: nublado
Jessie: An adjective that can be translated as cloudy in English.
Javier: El cielo está nublado, parece que lloverá.
Jessie: The sky is cloudy. It seems like it’s going to rain.
Javier: Hoy hace un día nublado.
Jessie: Today is a cloudy day. The next one is
Javier: calor
Jessie: A word that indicates that the temperature body or atmosphere is higher than normal. This is actually a noun in Spanish that means heat but it’s used to describe the weather as being hot.
Javier: Hoy hace mucho calor.
Jessie: Today is very hot and
Javier: No puedo trabajar con este calor.
Jessie: I can’t work in this heat. However we can’t use this word when describing an object like a drink for example. So if we wanted to say, a coffee is hot.
Javier: In that case, the adjective - caliente, is used. El café está caliente.
Jessie: Okay and the last one.
Javier: cada
Jessie: This means every. In the dialogue we had
Javier: Cada fin de semana llueve.
Jessie: Every weekend it rains. So like the English word every, cada, comes before the word it is describing. Alright, on to the Grammar point.
LESSON FOCUS
Jessie: In this lesson, we will focus on talking about the weather in Spanish. Javier, first of all, how do we say weather in Spanish?
Javier: tiempo
Jessie: Tiempo, this word also has the meaning of time and it also means weather. What kind of weather expressions will we be looking at?
Javier: Hace calor.
Jessie: It’s hot.
Javier: Or Hace frío.
Jessie: It’s cold. The first thing you might notice is that while in English, the verb to be is used when talking about the weather like it’s hot, etcetera. In Spanish the verb to make - hacer, is the most common.
Javier: So we say - hace - plus the condition. For example, Hace viento.
Jessie: It’s windy.
Javier: Hace sol.
Jessie: It’s sunny. So let’s see some other expressions like this one.
Javier: Hace buen tiempo.
Jessie: It’s good weather.
Javier: Hace mal tiempo.
Jessie: It’s bad weather. Let’s also learn an important question how to ask what the weather is like.
Javier: ¿Qué tiempo hace?
Jessie: What’s the weather like. Listeners, please repeat.
Javier: ¿Qué tiempo hace?
Jessie: Okay now for some weather expressions, the verb - estar, to be is used and instead of using an adjective, we use a verb. For example, the verb to rain is
Javier: llover
Jessie: And to say, it’s raining, we say
Javier: Está lloviendo.
Jessie: Another example is it’s cloudy.
Javier: Está nublado.
Jessie: Alright. So now it’s time to practice. We will start with the question. Listeners, listen and repeat. What’s the weather like?
Javier: ¿Qué tiempo hace?
Jessie: It’s sunny.
Javier: Hace sol.
Jessie: It’s hot.
Javier: Hace calor.
Jessie: It’s cold.
Javier: Hace frío.
Jessie: It’s cloudy.
Javier: Está nublado.
OUTRO
Jessie: Let’s recap this lesson. We studied different weather expressions in Spanish such as
Javier: Hoy hace calor.
Jessie: It’s hot today. You can find a lot more examples in the lesson notes. So be sure to check those out. Okay, well that’s all for this lesson, and this series.
Javier: Yes, that’s right.
Jessie: We hope you enjoyed this introduction to Spanish from Spain.
Javier: Please, let us know if you have any questions.
Jessie: Yes, we would love to hear from you.
Javier: Listeners, want a free way to build your Spanish vocabulary.
Jessie: Follow our Spanish word of the day at SpanishPod101.com
Javier: See and hear the word of the day
Jessie: Plus sample phrases and sentences
Javier: Get this daily vocabulary alerts on Facebook, Twitter, and the SpanishPod101.com blog.
Jessie: And add this widget to your own website or blog, get this easy instructions at SpanishPod101.com/spanish-phrases
Javier: muchas gracias, hasta luego
Jessie: hope to see you soon, bye everyone.

7 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Spanishpod101.com
Sunday at 4:04 am
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Hola Speranta,


Gracias a ti! :thumbsup:

Thanks to you!

We're happy to know you're enjoying the lessons. Please let us know any question you have.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

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Speranta
Monday at 6:36 pm
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Muchas gratias por esto serie de lecciones! :-)

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SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 1:48 pm
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Hello soha,


Thank you for your comment and feedback.

We will consider your advice for our future lessons.

Sorry for the inconvenience and if you have any question, please let us know.


Regards,

Laura

Team SpanishPod101.com

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soha
Wednesday at 9:09 pm
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Hi

The spanish guy his English is not clear at all I can't recognize what he is talking about


plz take care about the non english speakers as we just depend on listening


Thank you

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SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 8:26 am
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Hola Jean,


I apologize for the mistake. The PDF is correct now.

Please check it again. :wink:


If you have any other questions, please let us know!


Paloma

Team SpanishPod101

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Jean
Friday at 3:07 am
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Hola


In the lesson notes, there seems to be something missing:


Following are more uses of the verb haber for weather expressions:

But we can also use the verb estar ("to be")


We can also use the verb caer ("to fall"):


No examples are given!


Best wishes

Jean