Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Javier: Hola soy Javier. Hi I’m Javier.
Jessie: Jessie here, welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 2, Lesson 20 Spending time at the Spanish library. In this lesson, you learn how to ask and explain where people or things are such as he is at home.
Javier: Él está en casa. Where does this conversation take place?
Jessie: This conversation takes place on the phone.
Javier: Who is the conversation between?
Jessie: The conversation is between Maria and Harvey’s mother.
Javier: Escuchemos la conversación.
Jessie: Let’s listen to the conversation.
1. MADRE DE JAVI: ¿Diga?
2. MARIA: Soy María. ¿Está Javi?
3. MADRE DE JAVI: Ahora no está.
4. MARIA: ¿Sabe dónde está?
5. MADRE DE JAVI: Está en la biblioteca.
Now let’s listen to it one time slowly.
1. MADRE DE JAVI: ¿Diga?
2. MARIA: Soy María. ¿Está Javi?
3. MADRE DE JAVI: Ahora no está.
4. MARIA: ¿Sabe dónde está?
5. MADRE DE JAVI: Está en la biblioteca.
Jessie: And now with the translation.
1. MADRE DE JAVI: ¿Diga?
2. MARIA: Soy María. ¿Está Javi?
2. MARIA: This is María. Is Javi there?
3. MADRE DE JAVI: Ahora no está.
3. JAVI'S MOTHER: He's not here right now.
4. MARIA: ¿Sabe dónde está?
4. MARIA: Do you know where he is?
5. MADRE DE JAVI: Está en la biblioteca.
5. JAVI'S MOTHER: He's at the library.
Javier: ¿Sí, diga?
Jessie: So this is how you normally answer the phone in Spain.
Javier: Yes ¿diga?
Jessie: This is actually the polite command form of the verb that means to say or to tell.
Javier: That verb is - decir
Jessie: And this is very common in Spain. In other Spanish speaking countries, you might hear
Javier: ¿bueno?
Jessie: Which means good or well. In English, we usually say hello when answering the phone but the phrase is quite different. You don’t answer the phone with - hola, in Spanish. So be careful.
Javier: Yes I think it’s best to stick with - ¿diga?
Jessie: Okay, let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Jessie: The first word is
Javier: estar
Jessie: To be
Javier: es-tar, estar
Jessie: Next is
Javier: diga
Jessie: Tell me
Javier: di-ga, diga
Jessie: Next is
Javier: saber
Jessie: To know, to know how
Javier: sa-ber, saber
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: ahora
Jessie: Now, just now, right away
Javier: ah-o-ra, ahora
Jessie: Next is
Javier: biblioteca
Jessie: Library
Javier: bi-blio-te-ca, biblioteca
Jessie: Next is
Javier: dónde
Jessie: Where
Javier: dón-de, dónde
Jessie: Last is
Javier: soy
Jessie: I am
Javier: soy, soy
Jessie: Let’s take a look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first one we will look at is.
Javier: saber
Jessie: In a regular verb that can be translated as, To know. It’s used to talk about having knowledge about something. However it can’t be used to talk about knowing someone. That requires a different verb.
Javier: To talk about knowing someone, you use - conocer
Jessie: Okay now this verb doesn’t follow the rules for regular verbs. So let’s see how to conjugate it.
Javier: Yo sé
Jessie: I know.
Javier: Tú sabes
Jessie: You know.
Javier: Él sabe
Jessie: He knows
Javier: Nosotros sabemos
Jessie: We know.
Javier: Vosotros sabeís
Jessie: You all know.
Javier: Ellos saben
Jessie: They know. All right, the next one is
Javier: biblioteca
Jessie: Library.
Javier: But be careful because library is not the word - librería
Jessie: It sounds really similar.
Javier: Yes but - librería, means bookstore, not library. And so it is easy to make a mistake.
Jessie: Yes good to know. So the word for library again is
Javier: biblioteca
Jessie: And the last one
Javier: ahora
Jessie: Now. An adverb that indicates this moment, now-a-days or the present time. Some examples.
Javier: Ahora estoy corriendo.
Jessie: I am running now. It also means immediately before or immediately after the moment it’s used.
Javier: Ahora lo hago.
Jessie: I will do it now.
Javier: Or - Ahora acabo de hablar con ellos.
Jessie: I just talked with them now. All right, let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Jessie: The focus of this lesson is the use of the verb to be - estar, to express where people or things are located. In the last lesson, we saw how the verb - estar, works to express feelings and also to talk about temporary situations. Let’s review how to conjugate this verb.
Javier: Yo estoy
Jessie: I am
Javier: Tú estás
Jessie: You are
Javier: Él está
Jessie: He is
Javier: Nosotros estamos
Jessie: We are
Javier: Vosotros estáis
Jessie: You all are
Javier: Ellos están
Jessie: They are. So as we just mentioned earlier, estar - is used to talk about the location of a person or object. We saw this in the dialogue when Maria called Javi’s house. When his mother answered the phone, she asked.
Javier: ¿Está Javi?
Jessie: Is Javi there? The response is No. So then Maria asks where she can find him.
Javier: ¿Sabe dónde está?
Jessie: Do you know where he is.
Javier: dónde - translates as where.
Jessie: And then the mother answers
Javier: Está en la biblioteca.
Jessie: He is in the library. Know how you use the verb - estar, to say where someone is. Okay let’s practice with some examples now. Listeners, listen and repeat. I am at the station.
Javier: Estoy en la estación.
Jessie: She is in California.
Javier: Ella está en California.
Jessie: Is my cell phone at your house?
Javier: ¿Está mi movil en tu casa?
Jessie: No, it’s not at my house.
Javier: No, no está en mi casa.
Jessie: Now let’s review the pattern for asking where something or someone is too.
Javier: It’s ¿Dónde está? plus the item or person.
Jessie: For example, where is my book?
Javier: ¿Dónde está mi libro?
Jessie: Listeners, please repeat.
Javier: ¿Dónde está mi libro?
Jessie: Or how about where is Andy?
Javier: ¿Dónde está Andy?
Jessie: Listeners please repeat.
Javier: ¿Dónde está Andy?


Jessie: Great. Now let’s recap this lesson. We studied the verb - estar, to express location and also we learned how to ask where things and people are. For example.
Javier: ¿Dónde está Pedro?
Jessie: Where is Pedro? Well that is all for this lesson.
Javier: Make sure to read the lesson notes for more information.
Jessie: Yes, don’t forget
Javier: Listeners want a free way to build your Spanish vocabulary?
Jessie: Follow our Spanish word of the day at SpanishPod101.com
Javier: See and hear the word of the day
Jessie: Plus sample phrases and sentences
Javier: get this daily vocabulary alerts on Facebook, Twitter, and the SpanishPod101.com blog
Jessie: and add this widget to your own website or blog. Get this easy instructions at SpanishPod101.com/spanish-phrases
Javier: Muchas gracias, hasta pronto
Jessie: see you all next time


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:06 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Inna,

Thank you for your comment.

“Sabe” is in the third person conjugation of “saber”

Sigamos practicando!



Team SpanishPod101.com

Friday at 01:34 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola! Please help me to understend usage os frase SABE DONDE ESTA? Мaria asks mama where is he. In your dox was exmpl TU SABER, EL SABE. Why we did't use saber donde esta?

Sunday at 10:56 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Goo,

Thank you for your comment.

I just check the conjugation of SABER and is fine.

As what do Mexicans use when answering the phone is "buenas?"



Team SpanishPod101.com

Sunday at 01:31 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

in notes saber first person is not fixed. April 28,2017

In Mexico people say Buen. When they answer the phone.

Spanishpod101.com Verified
Monday at 12:00 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Esteban,

Thank you for your feedback!

Yes, our team will be changing the typo as soon as possible.

Sorry for the inconvenience.



Team SpanishPod101.com

Saturday at 03:37 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

In the Lesson Notes PDF, the first person singular of saber is listed as "Yo se" instead of "Yo sé". It is wrong in the table and in one of the examples. In the online examples for saber, it is conjugated correctly

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.