Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Javier: Hola soy Javier. Hi I’m Javier.
Jessie: And I’m Jessie - Writing a Spanish letter to a friend. In this lesson, you learn how to conjugate IR verbs such as to write.
Javier: escribir
Jessie: Or to live
Javier: Vivir. Where does this conversation take place?
Jessie: This conversation takes place at an apartment.
Javier: And who is the conversation between?
Jessie: The conversation is between Christina and Maria, two friends that are living together. Maria is a university student and Christina is a student at a Spanish language school.
Javier: Escuchemos la conversación.
Jessie: Let’s listen to the conversation.
1. MARÍA: ¿Qué haces?
2. CHRISTINA: Escribo una carta a Aya.
3. MARÍA: ¿Aya? ¿De dónde es?.
4. CHRISTINA: Es Japonesa y vive en Osaka.
Jessie: Let’s listen to it one time slowly.
1. MARÍA: ¿Qué haces?
2. CHRISTINA: Escribo una carta a Aya.
3. MARÍA: ¿Aya? ¿De dónde es?.
4. CHRISTINA: Es Japonesa y vive en Osaka.
Jessie: And now with the translation.
1. MARÍA: ¿Qué haces?
1. MARÍA: What are you doing?
2. CHRISTINA: Escribo una carta a Aya.
2. CHRISTINA: I'm writing a letter to Aya.
3. MARÍA: ¿Aya? ¿De dónde es?.
3. MARÍA: Aya? Where is she from?
4. CHRISTINA: Es Japonesa y vive en Osaka.
4. CHRISTINA: She's Japanese. She lives in Osaka.
Jessie: Javier, I heard Spain is one of the countries where people work a lot.
Javier: Well, where people stay at work for a long time, I would say.
Jessie: How come? Do you have long work schedules in Spain?
Javier: In many offices and shops yes. Office work begins at 9, people work till 2 PM and instead of having a quick lunch break, many companies take about 2 hour for lunch.
Jessie: Two hours for lunch. That’s quite long.
Javier: Yes it is.
Jessie: And so people go back home for lunch?
Javier: Some people do but others can’t and eat at the office or in some bar near the area.
Jessie: And then
Javier: Then there is another shift from 4 to 7 or 8.
Jessie: So you work 8 hours as normal but you spend about 10 hours in a job.
Javier: Yes and if you have to work extra, you might finish quite late.
Jessie: Yeah. I suppose it would be better to take a short lunch break and finish around 4 or 5 PM so that if you have to do extra hours, you don’t finish work so late.
Javier: Yeah. I think so too.
Jessie: Alright, on to the vocab.
Jessie: The first word is
Javier: carta
Jessie: Letter.
Javier: car-ta, carta
Jessie: Next is
Javier: japonés, japonesa
Jessie: Japanese
Javier: ja-po-nés, ja-po-ne-sa, japonés, japonesa
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: hacer
Jessie: To do
Javier: ha-cer, hacer
Jessie: Next is
Javier: vivir
Jessie: To live
Javier: vi-vir, vivir
Jessie: Next is
Javier: venir
Jessie: To come
Javier: ve-nir, venir
Jessie: Next is
Javier: escribir
Jessie: To write
Javier: es-cri-bir, escribir
Jessie: Next is
Javier: en
Jessie: in
Javier: en, en
Jessie: Next is
Javier: a
Jessie: To, at
Javier: a, a
Jessie: Next is
Javier: una
Jessie: A, an, feminine
Javier: u-na, una
Jessie: Let’s take a look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first one is
Javier: escribir
Jessie: An ir verb meaning to write. Some examples are
Javier: Yo escribo una carta.
Jessie: I write a letter.
Javier: Él escribe en el papel.
Jessie: He writes on paper. We will talk more about ir verbs later on in this lesson. What’s the next one we will look at?
Javier: a
Jessie: To. This is a preposition that shows direction and it actually indicates final destination. However it can have other uses too.
Javier: Voy a España.
Jessie: I am going to Spain.
Javier: Vuelvo a casa.
Jessie: I am going back home, and the last one.
Javier: en
Jessie: This is another Spanish preposition. This preposition shows position. It’s not possible to translate it directly because in English, the preposition will change depending on the situation. It can be equal to on, in or at.
Javier: Estoy en casa.
Jessie: I am at home.
Javier: Vivo en Barcelona.
Jessie: I live in Barcelona.
Javier: Está en la mesa.
Jessie: It’s on the table. Now on to the Grammar Point.

Lesson focus

Jessie: The focus of this lesson is IR verbs in the singular present tense
Javier: Such as - escribir
Jessie: To write. As we saw before in Spanish, we can classify the regular verbs into three groups. Verbs that end in AR, verbs that end in ER and verbs that end in IR. The endings of all regular IR verbs conjugate the same way. So that’s what we will look at today.
Javier: Remember we are looking at the present tense.
Jessie: Yes the tense used to talk about current actions or habitual actions.
Javier: Shall we get started.
Jessie: Sure. Let’s learn how to conjugate IR ending regular verbs in Spanish. We will use the verb - escribir, to write.
Javier: Yo escribo
Jessie: I write.
Javier: Tú escribes
Jessie: You write.
Javier: Él escribe
Jessie: He writes.
Javier: Nosotros escribimos
Jessie: We write.
Javier: Vosotros escribís
Jessie: You pleural write.
Javier: Ellos escriben
Jessie: They write. So as you can see, the only part that’s different is the ending and these endings apply to all IR verbs. Shall we see some common verbs belonging to this group?
Javier: Sure - vivir
Jessie: To live
Javier: abrir
Jessie: To open
Javier: recibir
Jessie: To receive. All right. Now some simple example sentences with IR verbs conjugated.
Javier: Yo vivo en Sevilla.
Jessie: I live in Sevilla.
Javier: Tú escribes una novela.
Jessie: You write a novel.
Javier: Ella asiste a una reunión.
Jessie: She attends a meeting. All right and now some practice. Listeners, listen and repeat. I live.
Javier: Yo vivo.
Jessie: You attend
Javier: Tú asistes
Jessie: He receives
Javier: Él recibe
Jessie: We write
Javier: Nosotros escribimos
Jessie: You all live
Javier: Vosotros vivís
Jessie: They open
Javier: Ellos abren
Jessie: All right. Let’s recap this lesson. We learned about the third group of regular Spanish verbs that end in IR and how to conjugate them in the present simple tense. For example
Javier: Yo escribo
Jessie: I write and we also learned some new verbs to practice with. To write
Javier: escribir
Jessie: To live
Javier: vivir
Jessie: To open
Javier: abrir
Jessie: And more. Be sure to read the lesson notes for more info and examples of IR verbs.


Jessie: Alright well that’s all for this lesson, thanks for listening everyone.
Javier: Sí, gracias. Hasta pronto.
Jessie: Bye everyone.
1. MARÍA: ¿Qué haces?
2. CHRISTINA: Escribo una carta a Aya.
3. MARÍA: ¿Aya? ¿De dónde es?.
4. CHRISTINA: Es Japonesa y vive en Osaka.