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Lesson Transcript

Fernando: Mmmm…in Spanish, You Just Have to Eat Them All!
JP: It’s quite a title, Fernando.
Fernando: Yes, we outsource our titles.
JP: Me too. And Fernando, what on Earth are we going to talk about today?
Fernando: Without outsourcing the content, in this lesson, you will learn about direct object pronouns. The conversation will take place in the break room, and the conversation is between Violeta and Rodrigo. They will be using the informal register.
JP: All right, let’s listen to this conversation.
Lesson Conversation + Translation
(1 time natural native speed, 1 time slowly, 1 time with translation)
(1 time natural native speed)
Rodrigo:Oye, ¿Qué estás comiendo?
Rodrigo:¿Me das unas?
Violeta:…no. Ya me las comí todas.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Rodrigo:Oye, ¿Qué estás comiendo?
Rodrigo:¿Me das unas?
Violeta:…no. Ya me las comí todas.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Rodrigo:Oye, ¿Qué estás comiendo?
JP:What are you eating?
JP:Potato chips.
Rodrigo:¿Me das unas?
JP:Will you give me some?
Violeta:…no. Ya me las comí todas.
JP:...No. I ate them all.
JP:Ok, Fernando, so Rodrigo walks into the break room and sees Violeta eating.
FO:Right, he asks her "oye, ¿qué estás comiendo?
JP:Hey, what are you eating? Oye, qué estás comiendo... so that oye, is hey.
FO:And then ¿qué estás comiendo? is "what are you eating?"
JP:Right. word for word qué means what, estás comiendo.. you are eating. We've got the verb for "to eat" in the present progressive.
FO:What are you eating, ¿qué estás comiendo? And the answer is "papitas."
JP:papitas. These are potato chips. papitas. That's a nice little snack. papitas.
FO:So then Rodrigo asks if he can have some. ¿Me das unas?
JP:¿Me das unas? Will you give me some? me is to me, das is the verb dar, which is to give... Das would be you give. Me das, you give to me...
FO:Me das unas
JP:Unas means some so me das unas, will you give some to me. Meaning some papitas.
FO:And then her answer is no. ya me las comí todas.
JP:So cruel. I ate them all already. So the verb here is comer, she says comí, I ate. las comí, I ate them... that las is a direct object pronoun, referring to the chips. las comí todas, I ate them all. Me las comí todas, I ate them all for myself, and then the word ya, at the beginning of the sentence, means already.
FO:ya me las comí todas.
JP:I ate them all for myself already. Ya me las comí todas. No chips for you, Rodrigo.
JP:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
:The first word we shall see is:
Fernando:comer [natural native speed]
JP:to eat
Fernando:comer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando:comer [natural native speed]
Fernando:las papitas [natural native speed]
JP:potato chips
Fernando:las papitas [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando:las papitas [natural native speed]
Fernando:dar [natural native speed]
JP:to give
Fernando:dar [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando:dar [natural native speed]
Fernando:ya [natural native speed]
JP:already, now
Fernando:ya [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando:ya [natural native speed]
Fernando:todo [natural native speed]
Fernando:todo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando:todo [natural native speed]
JP:Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Fernando:The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
FO:First let's look at the verb comer.
JP:Comer, to eat. This is my favorite verb. comer.
FO:We heard it a couple ways in the dialog, the first way was in the question ¿Qué estás comiendo?
JP:Ok, so you can see here we have it in the present progressive. Comiendo is the present participle of comer, so if comer means to eat, then comiendo means "eating." ¿Qué estás comiendo?
FO:We also heard it in "ya me las comí todas."
JP:Ok, here comer shows up as comí, I ate. This is the first person singular of the verb comer in the preterit tense. Comí.
FO:Bien. Next we have las papitas.
JP:mmm, potato chips, las papitas. My Mexican friends always put hot sauce on their papitas.
FO:I do that too. And a squirt of lime.
JP:It's delicious. Now of course in Europe they don't say papitas, they say patatas fritas. las patatas fritas de bolsa.
FO:But they don't put hot sauce on them.
JP:No, no way. haha. las papitas. Ok, what's next?
FO:Next is another verb, dar.
JP:Dar, to give. We heard it in the second person present, right?
FO:Yes, Rodrigo says ¿me das unas?
JP:Will you give me some. Dar.
FO:Ok, next we have ya.
JP:Ya. This is a little word, hard to explain. How did we hear it in the dialog?
FO:Ya me las comí todas.
JP:Right. So here, ya is used with a verb in the past, so we're gonna say that it means already. I already ate them all ya.
FO:Ya me las comí todas. Ready for the last word?
JP:Let's hear it.
FO:The last word is todo.
JP:Todo, it means "all." Now in the dialog, the "all" we're referring to is all the papitas. So todo is going to reflect the gender and number of the papitas, right? Todas Todas las papitas.
FO:Ya me las comí todas.
JP:Great, now one word of pronunciation about "todas," we have to use the Spanish /d/ in this word, if you try to use American /d/ you're going to end up with toro, which means "bull." So pronounce that Spanish /d/ with your tongue between your teeth. todo. todas. It's like the american th in the word "the" or "this. Todo, todas.
FO:That's right. Using the American /d/ will give you an American accent. Todo. Todas.
FO:Ok, JP, what's the grammar for today?
JP:Well, Fernando, I want to talk about direct object pronouns.
FO:That's kind of a huge topic, isn't it?
JP:It is, so I'm just going to explain just enough so that we can understand the dialog today. Let's take the last sentence of the dialog.
FO:Ya me las comí todas.
JP:Right, in English we'd say "I already ate them all." That them is referring to las papitas. She could have said Ya me comí todas las papitas.
FO:She could have.
JP:But people use pronouns like "them," in this case, so they don't have to go around repeating full nouns. Can you imagine, if the conversation was what are you eating, papitas, can you give me some papitas, i already ate all the papitas.
FO:So it can get repetitive, is what you're saying.
JP:So we used the pronoun las instead. Notice that las is feminine plural, and the reason why is because papitas is feminine plural. So just for fun, what if she was eating a tamal, which is masculine singular. Can you give me a tamal, me das uno?
FO:She would say yo me lo comí todo.
JP:I ate it already. So you can see that lo would stand for tamal, but las is for papitas. You know, we're going to put a chart of all the direct object pronouns in the lesson notes, so you can see all the different forms together.
FO:Ok, is that it?
JP:Well, one more thing... in Spanish, the direct object pronouns go before the conjugated verb. So ya me las comí. Las comes before comí.
JP:this is different than in English, right? Because in English we say I already ate them.... so ate comes first, and them comes after. But in Spanish
FO:In spanish las comes first, me.. las... comí.. todas.


Fernando: All right, let’s wrap it up.
JP: I guess for now, it’s time to say goodbye, so hasta la proxima!
Fernando: Adiós!