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Lesson Transcript

Megan: ¡Bienvenidos a SpanishPod101.com!
David: Buenos días. Me llamo David.
Megan: Megan here. Iberian Spanish Series, Lesson 1 – “How’s it going?” I’m Megan. I’m here with David and we’d like to welcome you to the first lesson of Iberian Spanish Series on SpanishPod101.com, the only place where you get podcast adapted to the Spanish of Spain.
David: ¡Así es! That’s right! Here, we reference the core curriculum of SpanishPod101.com and show how it applies to Iberian Spanish.
Megan: We’ll also shed light on words and idiomatic expressions proper to Spain.
David: Showing you how these are pronounced with an authentic Iberian accent.
Megan: And, at the same time, we will give you insight into Iberian customs and culture. So, join us for this lesson of SpanishPod101.com. Welcome to the inaugural Iberian Spanish Lesson. For this lesson, we’ll study how the Spanish spoken in Spain and sometimes specifically in the capital city Madrid, differs from the neutral version that we’ve heard in Newbie Lesson 1. So, let’s start today’s lesson off by going back to Newbie Lesson 1. In that lesson we heard the following conversation:
MEGAN: ¡Hola!
DAVID: ¡Hola! ¡Buenos días!
MEGAN: ¿Cómo estás?
DAVID: Yo estoy bien. ¿Y tú?
MEGAN: Yo estoy muy bien, gracias.
Megan: “Hi!”
David: “Hi! Good morning!”
Megan: “How are you?”
David: “I am well. And you?”
Megan: “I’m very well. Thanks!”
Megan: Now, let’s hear what that sounds like in Iberian Spanish, in particular using some slang from Madrid.
MEGAN: ¡Hola!
DAVID: ¡Buenas, guapa!
MEGAN: ¿Qué tal?
DAVID: Bien. ¿Y tú, cómo andas?
MEGAN: Pues nada, tirandillo.
MEGAN: ¡Hola!
DAVID: ¡Buenas, guapa!
MEGAN: ¿Qué tal?
DAVID: Bien. ¿Y tú, cómo andas?
MEGAN: Pues nada, tirandillo.
English translation:
Megan: “¡Hola!” - “Hey!”
David: “¡Buenas, guapa!” - “Morning, beautiful!”
Megan: “¿Qué tal?” - “How are you doing?”
David: “Bien” - “Okay.” “¿Y tú, cómo andas?” - “How is going with you?”
Megan: “Pues nada, tirandillo” - “I’m all right!”
Megan: So, as you can see there are some big differences between the two conversations. First off, let’s look at the way “Hi! Good morning!” was rendered in Iberian Spanish. David, could you repeat that for us, please?
David: “¡Buenas, guapa!”
Megan: Which literally means “Good, beautiful.” Now, in Lesson 1 it sounded like this:
M2: “¡Hola! ¡Buenos días!”
Megan: David, what would you say the major differences are?
David: In very colloquial situations, when you greet someone you can just say “¡Buenas!”. This is literally “Good!”, in the plural feminine form. It’s very convenient and it works for “Buenos días”, “Buenas tardes” and “Buenas noches”.
Megan: That’s a good trick! This way you can’t go wrong.
David: Just saying “Buenas” makes it a lot easier.
Megan: So, David, would you say this is a formal or informal greeting?
David: Actually, it’s pretty universal. I always use it when I greet “un compañero de trabajo”, “a co-worker”, and “un vecino”, “a neighbor.” So, you can see that it’s not really that informal slangy. In fact, I say “Buenas” all the time. It’s really common.
Megan: That’s interesting now that you put it that way. I’m thinking about how this compares to English.
David: Megan, do you think this happen in English?
Megan: No tanto. Not so much. If we were to translate this usage from the Spanish, it would be like going around and saying “Good!” to everyone you run into. And that would be pretty silly. In English when we shorten these greetings we tend to say “Morning!” or “Night!” or “Good night!”
David: Yes, that’s similar to what we do with “hasta luego”, which ends up being something like “¡sta luego!” o “¡ta luego!”, “See you later!”
Megan: That’s true. So, to review the neutral way to say “Hi! Good morning!” is:
M2: “¡Hola! ¡Buenos días!”
Megan: And in the Iberian Spanish we can say:
David: “¡Buenas!”
Megan: Which means “Good morning!”, “Good afternoon!”, “Good evening!” or ‘Good night!” And what about “guapa”? It literally means “beautiful” and it’s singular and feminine since you are talking to a woman.
David: It’s a common way of talking to any friend or person close to you, assuming that one is a woman. Were you surprised the first time someone called you that here in Spain?
Megan: Definitely! In English we can only get away with that in a very informal romantic sort of situation. You could really get yourself into a lot of trouble in the U.S if you went around saying “Hi, beautiful!” to all of your co-workers, colleagues or pretty much anyone who wasn’t your girlfriend.
David: I guess it just doesn’t translate well.
Megan: Yes, it’s a cultural thing. Here, saying “¡Hola, guapa!” or “guapo” is just a cure or affectionate way of greeting a friend or a colleague, or even someone you don’t know well in certain context, kind of like saying “Hey, honey!” or “Hey, sweetie!”. It just doesn’t have the romantic overtones at all. One of my professors even came in the class every single day and greeted us with “¡Hola, guapos!”. So, again, the neutral way to say “How are you?” is:
F2: “¿Cómo estás?”
Megan: And in Iberian Spanish we can say:
David: “¡Buenas, guapa!”
Megan: “Morning, beautiful!” All right! Next we’ll look at “How are you?”. David, could you repeat that for us, please?
David: “¿Qué tal?”
Megan: “How are you doing?” Now, in Newbie Lesson 1 it sounded like this:
F2: “¿Cómo estás?”.
Megan: David, what do you think are the major differences here?
David: Okay! “¿Qué tal?” could be seen as a shorten form for “¿Qué tal estás?”, “How are you doing?”
Megan: And what about the other expression “¿Cómo andas?”? It literally means “How are you walking?”
David: Yes, it’s another informal way to ask how someone is doing.
Megan: But you aren’t really interested in how he or she walks, right?
David: No, no, right!

Lesson focus

Megan: So, when you asked me “¿Cómo andas?”, I replied with “Pues nada, tirandillo”. First, let’s focus on “Pues nada”. This literally means “So, nothing”, but what is the exact meaning?
David: Well, there’s really no concrete meaning. It’s just filler or a pet phrase. The sentence would mean exactly the same if you leave it out.
Megan: I’ve got it. It’s a “muletilla” or “a crutch word”, kind of like “Whatever!” or like “you know”, in English. Muy bien. Now, let’s look at the word “tirandillo”. David, what can you tell us about it?
David: This word “tirandillo” is very “ibérica”, very Iberian. To start, I should say that it’s the diminutive form of “tirando”, which is the Gerund of the verb “tirar”.
Megan: And what does “tirar” mean?
David: It has a lot of meanings. It can mean “to throw”, “to pull” or even “to shoot”.
Megan: So then, as a Gerund, what does “tirando” mean?
David: Oh well, Megan, the Gerund form “tirando”, “you’d be throwing”, “pulling” or “shooting”.
Megan: Got it! Now that we have the formation down, what does the localism “tirandillo” mean in Madrid?
David: “Tirando” is a very common response to “¿Qué tal?” or “¿Cómo estás?” or “¿Cómo andas?”. It’s used when you feel just okay, not really as well as usual. If someone asks me “How’re you doing?”, it’s like saying “I’m alright.”
Megan: I see! So, if I say “tirando” it can mean that something might be a little off with me or I’m just not as enthusiastic about my mental state as I could be. Or, as it’s so often the case here in Madrid, I don’t want to come office to over the top cheerful.
David: Right! If you say “tirando”, I would imagine you are a bit ill or stressed, but nothing really serious.
Megan: I see! It’s kind of like how in English we say “I’m getting by.”
David: Eso es. Now you get it.
Megan: Okay! Back to “tirandillo”, what nuance does the diminutive “illo” bring?
David: Yes. When you want to sound a bit less serious, a bit more fun, a bit kinder. You can change a noun or an adjective into the diminutive form. So, you probably said “tirandillo” because you’re kind of tired, but you don’t want to sound dramatic or make a big deal out of it.
Megan: Could you give me some more examples?
David: Yes, I’m sure you have heard “¿Unas cañitas?”.
Megan: Oh, yes! “Cañitas y tapitas”, that’s a Madrid institution. “Cañas” in this context means a small glass of beer and a “tapita” is a small plate of food.
David: “¿Unas cañitas?” is what the barman or waiter might ask a group who is hanging out at the bar or who has sat down at the table. “Cañitas” is the diminutive for “cañas”, so by saying “¿Unas cañitas?” we are being asked if we want to order small glasses of beer.
Megan: But why the diminutive?
David: Well, it sound more fun, don’t you think so?


Megan: Definitely. Diminutives like “ito” and “illo” are a great way to be more expressive in Spanish and every country, region or even city has its own variations. But, we’re going to this a lot more in future lessons. We’ll stop here for today. See you soon!
David: ¡Hasta pronto!
MEGAN: ¡Hola!
DAVID: ¡Buenas, guapa!
MEGAN: ¿Qué tal?
DAVID: Bien. ¿Y tú, cómo andas?
MEGAN: Pues nada, tirandillo.


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Dialogue - Iberian

Dialogue - Standard


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:30 PM
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So, what do you think of the differences between the Standard version we heard in Newbie Lesson 1, the Peruvian version we heard in Regional Lesson 1, and now the Iberian version that we hear in this lesson?

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 02:44 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Ocotillo,

Thank you for your comment.

It depends on the topic.

Sigamos practicando!



Team SpanishPod101.com

Thursday at 01:49 AM
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I’m new to SpanishPod101. I’m surprised by how much English is spoken in these lessons and how little Spanish. Is that because this is the intermediate level?

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 04:07 AM
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Hola Faéz,

We're happy to know you're enjoying the lessons.

Diminutive is used for adjectives or nouns in general.

Sigamos practicando!



Team SpanishPod101.com

Saturday at 09:05 PM
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¡Hola a todos!

¡Guau, esta lección is an eye opener! I have been learning the "neutral" Spanish all these years and only now I discovered that the variety of Castellano as colloquially spoken in the Iberian Peninsula especialmente en Madrid could be quite different.

Pero es un lección muy buena. However I am very interested in the diminutive derived from gerund. Could you give más ejemplos and the contexts of use as well? Or do you have a dedicated lesson for this?

Keep up the good work!


SpanishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:49 PM
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Hola Libby,

Gracias por tu comentario. ?

Que bueno! Please enjoy the lessons and let us know if yu have any question.



Team SpanishPod101.com

Saturday at 06:50 AM
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Interesting! I have only just managed to find the Iberian lessons, which I really need, and I am looking forward to studying them.


Libby Bevan

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:30 PM
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Hola Lee,

With Iberia, they mean the spanish part of the Iberian Peninsula, which is a little different than other parts of Spain.

In Spanish "h" has no sound.



Team SpanishPod101.com

lee j won
Tuesday at 09:49 AM
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where is iberia? and why dos the spanish prounouce the j as h? some times not? it's kind of confusing.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 03:11 PM
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Hello Cuimris,

Thank for your comment!

1) The [t] never sounds like [d], they can confuse you but the sound is not the same at all.

2) No, only [z] is pronounce like [θ].

3) It sounds alike, but they actually have the same pronunciation.

4) [b] and [v] are very alike, they have two separate sounds hard and soft. At the beginning of a word and after "m" or "n", the hard Spanish "b/v" closely resembles the "b" in the word "boy," except that the lips are held tense. In other situations, the "b/v" is pronounced like an English "b" in which the lips are not allowed to touch.

Yes, there are many words that change their pronunciation from region to region.

Keep practicing your pronunciation,

Buena Suerte,


Team SpanishPod101.com

Tuesday at 11:19 AM
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Yet another question > "Yo estoy bien" sounds something like 'jo stoy byen' here, whereas it sounds more like 'yo stoy byen' in other recordings … Is my assessment correct, and, if so, is the 'jo' pronunciation a regionalism?