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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Common Short Expressions Used as Nouns
Eric: Hi everyone, and welcome back to SpanishPod101.com. I'm Eric.
Anna: And I'm Anna!
Eric: This is Must-Know Spanish Slang Words and Phrases, Season 1, Lesson 3. In this lesson you'll learn Common Short Expressions Used as Nouns.
Eric: You will hear these expressions often on TV, even if you are watching the news.
SLANG EXPRESSIONS
Eric: The expressions you will be learning in this lesson are:
Anna: friki
Anna: nini
Anna: guiri
Anna: puente
Eric: Anna, what's our first expression?
Anna: friki
Eric: This word comes from the English word "freak," with the Spanish pronunciation and spelling. When it's used as a slang expression it means "somebody obsessed with something, or a weird person."
Anna: [SLOW] friki [NORMAL] friki
Eric: Listeners, please repeat.
Anna: friki
[pause - 5 sec.]
Eric: Use this slang expression when you want to talk about somebody who is crazy about something. For example, an animal lover. However, it also could mean that somebody is not very normal. It can be an offensive word, so be careful.
Eric : Now let's hear an example sentence.
Anna: [NORMAL] En carnavales está lleno de frikis en ropa de chica. [SLOW] En carnavales está lleno de frikis en ropa de chica.
Eric: "Carnivals are full of freaky guys in women's clothing. "
Anna: [NORMAL] En carnavales está lleno de frikis en ropa de chica.
Eric: Okay, what's the next expression?
Anna: nini
Eric: literally meaning "neither neither." But when it's used as a slang expression it means "NEET," which stands for "Not in Education, Employment, or Training."
Anna: [SLOW] nini [NORMAL] nini
Eric: Listeners, please repeat.
Anna: nini
[pause - 5 sec.]
Eric: Use this word when you want to talk about somebody who is neither working nor studying. It comes from the phrase
Anna: "Ni estudia, ni trabaja."
Eric: And as you can guess, it usually doesn't have a good meaning.
Eric : Now let's hear an example sentence.
Anna: [NORMAL] Debido al paro mi hijo es un nini ahora. [SLOW] Debido al paro mi hijo es un nini ahora.
Eric: "Due to unemployment my son is a NEET now."
Anna: [NORMAL] Debido al paro mi hijo es un nini ahora.
Eric: Okay, what's our next expression?
Anna: guiri
Eric: It's believed that this word comes from the Euskera dialect of Basque, and it is...
Anna: guiristino,
Eric: which refers to the supporters of Queen Cristina in the 19th century. But when it's used as a slang expression it means "foreigner,” or “tourist."
Anna: [SLOW] guiri [NORMAL] guiri
Eric: Listeners, please repeat.
Anna: guiri
[pause - 5 sec.]
Eric: Use this slang expression when you’re talking about tourists. Actually it’s used to refer to tourists or foreigners, more specifically those who are originally from Northern and Central Europe.
Eric : Now let's hear an example sentence.
Anna: [NORMAL] ¡Barcelona está llena de guiris! [SLOW] ¡Barcelona está llena de guiris!
Eric: "Barcelona is full of tourists!"
Anna: [NORMAL] ¡Barcelona está llena de guiris!
Eric: Okay, what's the last expression?
Anna: puente
Eric: literally meaning "bridge." But when it's used as a slang expression it means "long holiday weekend."
Anna: [SLOW] puente [NORMAL] puente
Eric: Listeners, please repeat.
Anna: puente
[pause - 5 sec.]
Eric: Use this slang expression when you’re talking about a long weekend, more specifically, when the holiday is a Thursday or Tuesday and the Friday or Monday in between is also off. The day in between which originally is not a holiday is the "bridge", or puente, connecting one (or more) labor days to some holidays.
Eric : Now let's hear an example sentence.
Anna: [NORMAL] Este puente iré a París con mi novia. [SLOW] Este puente iré a París con mi novia.
Eric: "This long weekend, I'm going to Paris with my girlfriend."
Anna: [NORMAL] Este puente iré a París con mi novia.
QUIZ
Eric: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the expressions you just learned? I will describe four situations, and you will choose the right expression to use in your reply. Are you ready?
Eric: Andrew doesn’t work or study.
Anna: nini
Eric: "NEET"
Eric: Maria has 20 T-shirts of the same series.
Anna: friki
Eric: "somebody obsessed with something, or a weird person"
Eric: On Thursday there is no class so you don’t need to come on Friday.
Anna: puente
Eric: "long holiday weekend"
Eric: You always recognize foreigners by their clothes.
Anna: guiri
Eric: "foreigner, tourist"

Outro

Eric: There you have it; you have mastered four Iberian Spanish Slang Expressions! We have more vocab lists available at SpanishPod101.com so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, and see you next time!
Anna: ¡Hasta la próxima!

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Hi Listeners! Do you know any other related slang expression? Post them in the comments.