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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 3. Using an adjective.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing something using an adjective.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "That candy is spicy."
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
Alex: [slow] Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: The pattern for describing something using an adjective has 3 elements. First, a noun phrase, in this case "That candy."
Alex: Ese dulce.
Eric: Second, the verb "to be" conjugated in the third person singular form.
Alex: es.
Eric: Third, an adjective – in this case, "spicy."
Alex: picante.
Eric: Altogether, we have.."That candy is spicy."
Alex: Ese dulce es picante. [slow] Ese dulce es picante. [normal] Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: In Spanish the subject – pronoun, noun, noun phrase, or proper noun – is usually the first element of a sentence followed by the verb. In this case, we have the verb "to be," conjugated according to the noun and whether it is singular or plural. The adjective comes last and it is modified by the gender and number of the noun.
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: So remember that to describe something using an adjective, start with the noun or noun phrase, plus the verb "to be," plus an adjective. Be aware of the noun's gender and number.
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "Tacos are delicious." First comes a noun phrase, in this case "The tacos."
Alex: Los tacos.
Eric: Second, the verb "to be" conjugated in the third person plural form.
Alex: son.
Eric: Third, the adjective – in this case "delicious."
Alex: deliciosos.
Eric: Altogether we have..
Alex: Los tacos son deliciosos. [slow] Los tacos son deliciosos. [normal] Los tacos son deliciosos.
Eric: "Tacos are delicious."
[pause]
Alex: Los tacos son deliciosos.
Eric: How do you say - "This class is interesting?" To give you a hint, "interesting" is..
Alex: interesante. [slow] interesante. [normal] interesante.
Eric: This class is interesting.
[pause]
Alex: Esta clase es interesante. [slow] Esta clase es interesante. [normal] Esta clase es interesante.
[pause]
Alex: Esta clase es interesante.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "That candy is spicy."
[pause]
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
[pause]
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: "Tacos are delicious."
[pause]
Alex: Los tacos son deliciosos.
[pause]
Alex: Los tacos son deliciosos.
Eric: "This class is interesting."
[pause]
Alex: Esta clase es interesante.
[pause]
Alex: Esta clase es interesante.
OUTRO
Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing something using an adjective, as in..
Alex: Ese dulce es picante.
Eric: meaning "That candy is spicy." You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

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