Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 25. Using Conditionals.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for using conditionals with "if."
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "If you buy one, they give you one more free."
Alex: Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis.
Alex: [slow] Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis.
Eric: The pattern for using conditionals with "if" has 3 elements. First, "If."
Alex: Si.
Eric: Second, clause A in present indicative. In this example, that’s "you buy one."
Alex: compras uno.
Eric: Third, clause B in present indicative. "They give you one more free."
Alex: te regalan otro gratis.
Eric: Altogether, we have... "If you buy one, they give you one more free. "
Alex: Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis. [slow] Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis. [normal] Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis.
Eric: Start with the word "if."
Alex: si
Eric: Then add a clause with a verb conjugated in the present indicative. This is followed by a second clause with a verb that can be conjugated either in the future tense or present of the indicative. The second clause demonstrates a consequence of the first clause.
Alex: Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis.
Eric: So remember: To use conditionals, start with the word "if." In Spanish, this is...
Alex: si
Eric: Then add two clauses. The first one must contain a verb in the present indicative. The second clause demonstrates the consequence of the first. It can have a verb in either the future tense or present indicative.
Eric: Here’s another example meaning, "If you bring a friend, we will give you a discount." First, "if."
Alex: Si.
Eric: Second, clause A in present indicative. "You bring a friend."
Alex: traes a un amigo.
Eric: Third, clause B in future tense. "We will give you a discount."
Alex: te daremos un descuento.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Alex: Si traes a un amigo, te daremos un descuento. [slow] Si traes a un amigo, te daremos un descuento. [normal] Si traes a un amigo, te daremos un descuento.
Eric: "If you bring a friend, we will give you a discount."
[pause]
Alex: Si traes a un amigo, te daremos un descuento.
Eric: How do you say - "If you go out, you will be cold" To give you a hint, "you will be cold" is...
Alex: vas a tener frío. [slow] vas a tener frío. [normal] vas a tener frío.
Eric: "If you go out, you will be cold"
[pause]
Alex: Si sales vas a tener frío. [slow] Si sales vas a tener frío. [normal] Si sales vas a tener frío.
[pause]
Alex: Si sales vas a tener frío.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "If you buy one, they give you one more free. "
[pause]
Alex: Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis.
[pause]
Alex: Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis.
Eric: "If you bring a friend, we will give you a discount."
[pause]
Alex: Si traes a un amigo, te daremos un descuento.
[pause]
Alex: Si traes a un amigo, te daremos un descuento.
Eric: "If you go out, you will be cold"
[pause]
Alex: Si sales vas a tener frío.
[pause]
Alex: Si sales vas a tener frío.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson and this series. You learned a pattern for expressing conditionals using "if," as in...
Alex: Si compras uno, te regalan otro gratis.
Eric: meaning "If you buy one, they give you one more free. "
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, and see you in another series!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

3 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What would you do if you had a million dollars?

SpanishPod101.com
Sunday at 10:14 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Frank,


Thank you for your feedback!

Please don't hesitate in leaving your questions or doubts.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Frank
Wednesday at 3:41 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

"Me gustó mucho su enseñanza y la extrañaré. Descubrí que ambos eran muy directos, claros y al grano, sin ninguna risa y tonterías extrañas en las que algunos de los otros maestros solían involucrarse. ¡Muchas gracias!


Frank"

P.S. Espero que ustedes enseñar más lecciones pronto!