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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 19. Making Commands.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing something that needs to be done.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "You have to finish the homework. "
Alex: Tienes que terminar la tarea.
Alex: [slow] Tienes que terminar la tarea.
Eric: The pattern for describing something that needs to be done has 3 elements. First, "You have to."
Alex: Tienes que.
Eric: Second, the verb in infinitive form "finish."
Alex: terminar.
Eric: Third, the complement "the homework."
Alex: la tarea.
Eric: Altogether, we have... "You have to finish the homework. "
Alex: Tienes que terminar la tarea. [slow] Tienes que terminar la tarea. [normal] Tienes que terminar la tarea.
Eric: Start with the phrase “You have to.” In Spanish, this is…
Alex: Tienes que
Eric: The verb "have" is conjugated in the second person singular. The pronoun "you" is implied in its conjugation. Next, add a verb in its infinitive form. At the end, you can give details by adding a noun, an adverb, or a phrase.
Alex: Tienes que terminar la tarea.
Eric: So remember: To describe something that needs to be done start with the phrase...
Alex: Tienes que
Eric: add an infinitive verb, and end with a complement.
Eric: Here’s another example meaning, "You have to wash the dishes." First, "You have to."
Alex: Tienes que.
Eric: Second, the verb in infinitive form "wash."
Alex: lavar.
Eric: Third, the complement. "The dishes."
Alex: los platos.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Alex: Tienes que lavar los platos. [slow] Tienes que lavar los platos. [normal] Tienes que lavar los platos.
Eric: "You have to wash the dishes."
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que lavar los platos.
Eric: How do you say - "You have to eat fruits and vegetables." To give you a hint, "fruits and vegetables" is...
Alex: frutas y verduras. [slow] frutas y verduras. [normal] frutas y verduras.
Eric: "You have to eat fruits and vegetables."
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que comer frutas y verduras. [slow] Tienes que comer frutas y verduras. [normal] Tienes que comer frutas y verduras.
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que comer frutas y verduras.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "You have to finish the homework. "
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que terminar la tarea.
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que terminar la tarea.
Eric: "You have to wash the dishes."
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que lavar los platos.
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que lavar los platos.
Eric: "You have to eat fruits and vegetables."
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que comer frutas y verduras.
[pause]
Alex: Tienes que comer frutas y verduras.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing something that needs to be done, as in...
Alex: Tienes que terminar la tarea.
Eric: meaning "You have to finish the homework. "
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, and see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

8 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 3:27 am
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Hola Andrew,


Hope you're doing fine.

Yes, muy cierto!

Se tiene que hablar español en todos los paises latinoamericanos.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Andrew
Sunday at 9:12 am
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Tienes que hablar español en Mexico.

SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 8:42 pm
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Hola Rochelle,


There are 4 types of accounts on SpanishPod101: Free Lifetime Account, Basic, Premium, and Premium PLUS.


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Rochelle Indo
Thursday at 4:40 am
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Please remove last comment I made. I found the other lessons. sorry


Rochelle Indo
Thursday at 4:32 am
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So if the account is a free lifetime account, why is it that only 3 lessons are free? I have the subscription for my ROKU Spanishpod101 channel. On it it says to get 800 additional lesson by signing up for free account. What am I missing here?


SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:00 pm
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Hola Blake,


Gracias por participar.

Muy bien! Sigamos practicando.:thumbsup:


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Blake
Wednesday at 11:17 am
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Tiene que comprar un anillo :wink: