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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Alex: And I'm Alex.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Spanish Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 13. Asking for a Reason.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern to ask for a reason.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "Why are you always late?"
Alex: ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde?
Alex: [slow] ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde?
Eric: The pattern for asking for a reason has 3 elements. First, "Why."
Alex: Por qué.
Eric: Second, the conjugated verb "you arrive."
Alex: llegas.
Eric: Third, the complement "always late."
Alex: siempre tarde.
Eric: Altogether, we have... "Why are you always late?"
Alex: ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde? [slow] ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde? [normal] ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde?
Eric: Start with the word "why,"
Alex: por qué
Eric: and follow it with the conjugated verb for which you want an explanation. At the end, you can add more information that will complement the action, such as: a noun, adverb, or noun phrase.
Alex: ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde?
Eric: So remember to ask for a reason, start with the word "why," followed by a conjugated verb, and end with a complement for more details.
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "Why do I have to go?" First, "Why."
Alex: Por qué.
Eric: Second, the conjugated verb "I have."
Alex: tengo.
Eric: Third, the complement "to go."
Alex: que ir.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Alex: ¿Por qué tengo que ir? [slow] ¿Por qué tengo que ir? [normal] ¿Por qué tengo que ir?
Eric: "Why do I have to go?"
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué tengo que ir?
Eric: How do you say - "Why do you run every morning?" To give you a hint, "every morning" is...
Alex: todas las mañanas. [slow] todas las mañanas. [normal] todas las mañanas.
Eric: "Why do you run every morning?"
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué corres todas las mañanas? [slow] ¿Por qué corres todas las mañanas? [normal] ¿Por qué corres todas las mañanas?
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué corres todas las mañanas?
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Spanish. Here we go.
Eric: "Why are you always late?"
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde?
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde?
Eric: "Why do I have to go?"
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué tengo que ir?
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué tengo que ir?
Eric: "Why do you run every morning?"
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué corres todas las mañanas?
[pause]
Alex: ¿Por qué corres todas las mañanas?

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for asking for a reason, as in...
Alex: ¿Por qué llegas siempre tarde?
Eric: meaning "Why are you always late?"
Eric: You can find more vocab and phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on SpanishPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Alex: Hasta la próxima.

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Try translating this question, "Why are you late?"