Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Hola a todos! Soy Lucia. Hi everybody! I’m Lucia.
Welcome to SpanishPod101.com’s Español en tres minutos. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Spanish.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask "When" questions in Spanish.
This time, we are going to ask "who" questions.
Imagine you want to ask your friend who the girl in front of you is.
Here, the question you can ask is ¿Quién es esta chica?
[slowly] ¿Quién es esta chica?
So let’s break down this question.
First we had-
Quién which is the basic translation of "Who" in Spanish.
es which is "are," the 3rd person form of the verb ser, which we have already learned.
esta chica means "this girl."
All together, ¿Quién es esta chica?
So in Spanish, "Who" is mainly translated as Quién.
To ask "Who are these people?" You will say ¿Quiénes son estas personas?. We have to use the plural form for Quién, by just adding -es at the end of the word, Quiénes.
As in English, the question word “Who” is placed in the 1st position, and is followed by the verb.
Quién can also be used to ask who did something.
If you are in a museum for instance, you can ask ¿Quién pintó este cuadro? This means "Who painted this painting?"
Another question with Quién that is used a lot is ¿De quién? In this case, the meaning is different because it can be translated to "Whose", where you’re asking about the owner of something.
So if you want to ask "Whose pencil is it?" you will have to say ¿De quién es este lápiz?
If we break down this question, it is-
De quién which is "whose"
Es which is the verb ser in the 3rd person present indicative tense.
And finally, este lápiz, which means "this pencil."
You can also use the word Quién to ask "for whom is it?" In Spanish, we use the formula ¿Para quién?
So if you want to know "For whom is this cake?" It would be ¿Para quién es este pastel?
Now it’s time for Lucia’s Insights.
If someone that you didn't expect is knocking at your door in Perú, the common question you can ask is ¿Quién es? before opening the door.
This literally means "Who is it?"
Before ending this lesson, Let’s go back and look at all the ways to translate "Who" in Spanish-
- Quién is the basic "Who" as in Quién es esta chica? “Who is this girl?”
- De quién is asking about ownership, like "Whose" in English. "Whose pencil is it?" De quién es este lápiz?
- Para quién, is the direct translation of "For whom?" As in "For whom is this cake?" Para quién es este pastel?
In this lesson, we’ve learned how to correctly use the word for "Who" and also some variations.
The next lesson will be our last of this absolute beginner series.
We will deal with the last question word, "Why".
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Español en 3 minutos lesson.
Hasta pronto!

9 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 11:46 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Ali


¡Qué bueno!


We're glad you can access the pdfs :)


In case you have any doubts, please let us know


Saludos,


Cristiane

Team SpanishPod101.com

Ali
Wednesday at 11:38 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Thank you ... but in fact, all the lesson materials and review questions have magically reappeared today with all the lessons without me doing anything at all. Very strange. I hope it doesn't happen again.

Back to learning Spanish! ¡qué estupendo!

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 11:17 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Ali,


Thank you for your reply.


We've checked and the Lesson Notes are available in the current lesson. Could you please try to download it to your computer as follows:

Please left click on "Download PDFs", then right click on "Lesson Notes", choose "save as" and then save the file on your PC or device.


In case you still have problems, please write to us at contactus@spanishpod101.com


Gracias,


Cristiane

Team SpanishPod101.com

Ali
Monday at 7:17 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Carla,

No, we are not seeing lesson notes and haven't for many days now. It is very frustrating because my learning has come to a halt. Please can an IT person check this out further.

Regards,

Ali

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 10:55 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Jerel,


Please check back, now they are available.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Jerel
Saturday at 8:40 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Where are the lesson notes

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 6:43 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Mireille,


Thank you for your comment!

Si lo es! ¿quién eres? :smile:


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Mireille
Tuesday at 10:41 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Muy útil! Gracias!