Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Alex: Imagine you are visiting a famous archeological site. What do you do? Hola, soy Alex. Alex here. Anyone can learn how to act while visiting an archaeological site In this lesson, you'll learn how. Mark, Sasha and Ben are visiting Chichen Itza. They are talking to the tour guide. Let's watch!
DIALOGUES
Tour guide: Bienvenidos a Chichen Itza.
Mark: Gracias.
Sasha: ¿Está permitido subir a la pirámide?
Ben: ¿Puedo subir a la punta?
Tour guide: No, no está permitido, debido al desgaste de las estructuras.
Mark: ¿Por qué no vamos a ver el Observatorio?
Tour guide: Claro, síganme.
Ben: ¿Puedo tomar una foto?
Tour guide: Sí, pero sin flash por favor.
Mark: ¿Pueden los niños nadar aquí?
Tour guide: En uno de ellos sí.
Alex: Now with English!
Tour guide: Welcome to Chichen Itza.
Mark: Thank you.
Sasha: Is it permitted to climb up the pyramid?
Ben: Can I climb up to the top?
Tour guide: No, it is not allowed, because of the wear and tear on the structures.
Mark: Why don't we go to the Observatory?
Tour guide: Sure, follow me.
Ben: May I take a picture?
Tour guide: Yes, but without flash, please.
Mark: Can the kids swim in here?
Tour guide: In one of them, yes.
KEY VOCAB
Alex: Here are the key words from the scene.
Karen: Bienvenidos, Bienvenidos
Becky: welcome
Karen: Bienvenidos, Bienvenidos, Bienvenidos
Karen: poder, poder
Becky: to be able to
Karen: poder, poder, poder
Karen: estar permitido, estar permitido
Becky: to be allowed
Karen: estar permitido, estar permitido, estar permitido
Karen: pirámide, pirámide
Becky: pyramid
Karen: pirámide, pirámide, pirámide
Karen: subir, subir
Becky: to climb up
Karen: subir, subir, subir
Karen: tomar una foto, tomar una foto
Becky: to take a picture
Karen: tomar una foto, tomar una foto, tomar una foto
LANGUAGE USAGE
Alex: And now, a breakdown of some of the Spanish that you heard in the scene.
Becky: In the scene, what does Sasha ask the tour guide?
Sasha: ¿Está permitido subir a la pirámide?
Laura: ¿Está permitido subir a la pirámide? ¿Está permitido subir a la pirámide?
Becky: "Is it permitted to climb up the pyramid?" The first part of the phrase...
Laura: ¿Está permitido...?
Becky: "is it permitted to...?" can be used to ask if you are allowed to do something, like in the scene.
Becky: The words...
Laura: subir
Becky: "to climb" and
Laura: a la pirámide?
Becky: literally, "to the pyramid.”
Becky: If you want to ask if you are allowed to do something, simply say...
Laura: ¿Está permitido...?
Becky: and add what you would like to do. Pretty simple, right?
Becky: If you want to ask if you are allowed to eat somewhere, you can say...
Laura: ¿Está permitido comer?
Becky: "Is it permitted to eat?" The word...
Laura: comer
Becky: means "to eat."
Becky: Now you try! Say Sasha's line.
Mark: Gracias.
Sasha: ¿Está permitido subir a la pirámide?
Becky: How does Ben ask to take a picture?
Becn: ¿Puedo tomar una foto?
Laura: ¿Puedo tomar una foto? ¿Puedo tomar una foto?
Becky: “May I take a picture?” This is the request form for the verb
Laura: tomar
Becky: "to take." And the words...
Laura: una
Becky: "a" for feminine nouns and...
Laura: foto
Becky: "picture.”
Becky: If you want to do something while visiting an archeological site, simply say...
Laura: ¿Puedo...?
Becky: Followed by what you would like to do.
Becky: If you would like to ask if you can smoke somewhere, you can say...
Laura: ¿Puedo fumar?
Becky: The last word is...
Laura: fumar
Becky: "to smoke.”
Becky: Now, it's your turn! Say Ben's line.
Ben: ¿Puedo tomar una foto?

Lesson focus

Alex: Now, the lesson focus. Here is how to ask what you can and can't do at an archeological site.
Becky: All over Mexico's territory, there are ruins of ancient pre-Hispanic civilizations, such as...
Laura: Azteca, Maya, Zapoteca, and Tolteca.
Becky: Some of the major archaeological sites are…
Laura: Chichen Itza, Palenque, Teotihuacán, Tenochtitlán, Monte Albán, El Tajín, and la pirámide de Cholula.
Becky: At some sites such as…
Laura: Teotihuacan,
Becky: …it is possible to climb up to the top of the pyramids. In others people can go inside of its ruins like…
Laura: la pirámide de Cholula..
Becky: Every place is different, so be sure to check with your guide!
Becky: Since the archaeological sites are some of the main and most visited attractions in Mexico, it is common to find signs, and printed information in English. Some of them also have bilingual tour guides, or headsets that provide English explanations. And not only English, resources in other common languages such as French, Chinese, German and Japanese are also available.
Becky: If you need to ask a question, it is a good idea to ask if any of the people around you can speak English. To do that, please ask...
Laura: ¿Hay alguien que hable inglés?
Becky: "Does anyone speak English?"
Becky: That way, if you would like to ask permission, you can do so with ease.
Becky: An important tip is that at some places you have to pay a...
Laura: cuota de entrada
Becky: "entrance fee." There also may be other...
Laura: cuotas
Becky: "fees" for actions such as taking pictures or videos. So please get permission from the staff first.
Becky: Some places won't have any fees. Instead, they will have something called...
Laura: donación
Becky: …literally meaning, "charity." That means that you decide how much money you would like to give at that particular site.
Becky: If you want to ask if you can do something at an archaeological site, you can say...
Laura: ¿Está permitido...?
Becky: "Is it permitted to...?" and add what you want to do. Or, even more simply...
Laura: ¿Puedo__?
Becky: "Can I....?" and do the same thing.
Becky: Remember, each site has its own set of rules, so make sure you know the ones for the sites you visit, and check with your guide.
PRACTICE
Alex: Now it's time to practice your new ability.
Becky: You are at your first archeological site in Mexico. Ready? Here we go!
Becky: How do you ask if you are allowed to climb up a pyramid?
Laura: ¿Está permitido subir a la pirámide?
Becky: How do you ask if it is alright to take a picture?
Laura: ¿Puedo tomar una foto?
Becky: How do you ask if someone speaks English?
Laura:¿Hay alguien que hable inglés?
Becky: Great job!
Laura: ¿Está permitido subir a la pirámide?
Laura: ¿Puedo tomar una foto?
Laura:¿Hay alguien que hable inglés?

Outro

Alex: ¡Buen trabajo! Now, watch the scene one more time. After that, You're ready to visit your first site! Have a great time! ¡Hasta pronto!
DIALOGUES
Tour guide: Bienvenidos a Chichen Itza.
Mark: Gracias.
Sasha: ¿Está permitido subir a la pirámide?
Ben: ¿Puedo subir a la punta?
Tour guide: No, no está permitido, debido al desgaste de las estructuras.
Mark: ¿Por qué no vamos a ver el Observatorio?
Tour guide: Claro, síganme.
Ben: ¿Puedo tomar una foto?
Tour guide: Sí, pero sin flash por favor.
Mark: ¿Pueden los niños nadar aquí?
Tour guide: En uno de ellos sí.

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Hi Listeners! Have you ever visited an archeological site? Let's practice in the comments.