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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Fernando: Hola todos! This is Gengo Spanish lesson 5 - (Touch down) Making Tricky Spanish Calculations. Soy Fernando, y yo soy aquí con JP. Hola, JP.
JP: Hello, and welcome to the Gengo Spanish at SpanishPOD101.com, where we study modern Spanish in a fun, educational format! So, brush up on the Spanish that you started learning long ago, or start learning today. Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Fernando, what are we going to talk about today?
JP: In this lesson you will learn about expressing time of day. This conversation takes place on the plane. First you’ll hear the pilot, and then a brief conversation between Jimmy and Sandra. The pilot address the passengers with the formal register; Jimmy and Sandra in the familiar one.
DIALOGUE
PILOTO: Buenas tardes damas y caballeros, bienvenidos al Aeropuerto Internacional de Cancún. Son las tres de la tarde, y estamos a 17 grados centígrados y el cielo está despejado. Que disfruten de su estancia en México.
JIMMY: 17 grados, que frío, ¿no?
SANDRA: Sí, siempre traigo un suéter.
JIMMY: Pues yo no.
JP: One more time, with the translation.
PILOTO: Buenas tardes damas y caballeros, bienvenidos al Aeropuerto Internacional de Cancún. Son las tres de la tarde, y estamos a 17 grados centígrados y el cielo está despejado. Que disfruten de su estancia en México.
PILOT: Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen, welcome to Cancún International Airport. It is three o'clock in the afternoon, seventeen degrees centigrade, and the sky is clear. Enjoy your stay in Mexico.
JIMMY: 17 grados, que frío, ¿no?
JIMMY: Seventeen degrees. That's cold, right?
SANDRA: Sí, siempre traigo un suéter.
SANDRA: Yes. I always take a sweater.
JIMMY: Pues yo no.
JIMMY: Not me.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
JP: So Fernando, today we heard the airline pilot's speech as the plane touched down in Cancún.
Fernando: Right, if you've flown before, you're familiar with this speech; welcome to the destination, this is the local time, this is the weather, enjoy your stay.
JP: You know, I actually had a question about the weather. What was the temperature he said it was?
Fernando: He said "estamos a 17 grados centígrados."
JP: Ok, what is 17 Celsius for those of us that are... metrically challenged.
Fernando: In Fahrenheit, that's the low 60s.
JP: Doesn't that seem a little cold for Cancún at 3 in the afternoon?
Fernando: It is; it does seem a little cold. Hope you brought a sweater. Sandra brought a sweater.
JP: Well, sounds like Jimmy's going to have to buy one. Ok, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Fernando: el suéter [natural native speed]
JP: the sweater
Fernando: el suéter [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: el suéter [natural native speed]
JP: Next.
Fernando: la estancia [natural native speed]
JP: the stay
Fernando: la estancia [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: la estancia [natural native speed]
JP: Next.
Fernando: disfrutar [natural native speed]
JP: enjoy
Fernando: disfrutar [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: disfrutar [natural native speed]
JP: Next.
Fernando: bienvenido/a [natural native speed]
JP: welcome
Fernando: bienvenido/a [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: bienvenido/a [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
JP: Ok, now let’s take a look at how we use some of the words and phrases in this lesson. Now, what are we going to talk about first?
Fernando: El suéter.
JP: Yah, el suéter sounds exactly like English.
Fernando: I think it's a loan word from English, actually.
JP: Cool. el suéter. What was the next word?
Fernando: La estancia.
JP: Ok, so this is a stay... it's the length of time you stay at a certain place. La estancia. So when they say enjoy your stay in Mexico...
Fernando: Que disfruten de su estancia... en México. Which takes us to our next word... disfrutar.
JP: Ok, and in the dialog we heard "disfrutar de." He says "que disfruten de su estancia." So the pilot is wishing the passengers an enjoyable stay,"que disfruten de... su estancia en México. And the last word?
Fernando: Bienvenido. It means welcome, bienvenido.
JP: Bienvenido. Actually in the dialog we heard it with an /s/ on the end, bienvenidos.
Fernando: That's right. That's because the pilot was addressing all the passengers of the plane. In Spanish when you use an adjective, it has to agree in gender and number to the noun you're referring to, and in this case, the passengers are plural. So "bienvenidos."
JP: Bienvenidos.

Lesson focus

Fernando: What's the grammar point for today?
JP: I want to talk about how to tell time in Spanish.
Fernando: Alright... In the dialog, we heard the pilot say "it's three in the afternoon." Son las tres de la tarde.
JP: Ok, we're going to break this down, so 3 o'clock? las tres.
Fernando: Las tres.
JP: Las tres. Notice how we use the feminine article with a number to talk about the time. las tres. what if it's two o'clock?
Fernando: Las dos.
JP: What if it's one o'clock?
Fernando: La una.
JP: La una. Why is it la una but las dos? Is it singular and plural?
Fernando: Apparently so...
JP: Ok then. So to say "it three o'clock" son las tres.
Fernando: Son las tres. we use "ser" to make the sentence. Son las tres.
JP: It's two o'clock?
Fernando: son las dos
JP: It's one o'clock?
Fernando: es la una.
JP: Es la una... we use 'es' because it's singular.
Fernando: Así es.
JP: Ok, from there you can extrapolate, son las cuatro, son las cinco, son las once, son las doce.
Fernando: Right. But let's get back to "it's three o'clock in the afternoon" for a second. We have to be able to say "in the afternoon."
JP: Ok, we said "son las tres... de la tarde."
Fernando: And that's how you say "in the afternoon... "de la tarde."
JP: Ok, so what if it's nine in the morning? Son las nueve...
Fernando: de la mañana.
JP: de la mañana.. that means in the morning.
Fernando: de la mañana.... If you want to say it's nine in the evening...
JP: Son las nueve... de la...
Fernando: Son las nueve de la noche.... de la noche.
JP: De la noche... so now we know our three times of the day, there's de la mañana, de la tarde, and de la noche.
Fernando: And there's one more...
JP: one more? I thought we covered it all... we have in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening... what else is there?
Fernando: de la madrugada.
JP: Ahh... like, son las tres de la madrugada.
Fernando: Right. La madrugada. We use la madrugada to talk about the early morning, before sunrise. La madrugada.
JP: La madrugada. Ok, now la madrugada is the time when people are expected to be asleep.
Fernando: Exactly. And it depends on point of view, you know... if it's 3am and you're still going strong at the club, you might say "son las tres de la noche." But if you're tired and you think you ought to be in bed, you'll say "son las tres de la madrugada"
JP: haha, the noche only ends... when the evening ends... la madrugada.

Outro

Fernando: I think that’s a wrap!
JP: Before we go, I wanna remind our Premium members, use the review track to perfect your pronunciation. This is available in the premium section of the website, the learning center and through iTunes via the premium feed, the Review Track gives you vocabulary and phrases followed by a short pause so you can repeat the words aloud. The best way to get good fast!
Fernando: Adiós.
JP: Hasta Luego.

6 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello everyone! What time is it where you are? Please tell us in Spanish!

SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:20 am
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Hola Tryler,


Thank you for your comment.

Revisemos.

Soy de Maine, es once de la mañana aquí.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Tryler
Sunday at 11:59 pm
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Hola,

Soy en Maine, es once de la mañana aquí.

SpanishPod101.com
Thursday at 11:19 pm
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Hola Lily,


Thank you for posting.


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Saludos,

Cristiane

Team SpanishPod101.com

lily
Thursday at 9:25 am
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son las cuatro y veiticinco de la tarde.

el estudiante
Sunday at 6:36 am
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So where was the part that told us how to make metric to standard calculations?