Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hi everyone, I'm Gina.
Lucia: And I'm Lucia!
Gina: And welcome to Culture Class Essential Spanish Vocabulary, Lesson 8! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to society and culture. These are five popular parts of Peruvian pop and traditional culture, hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at SpanishPod101.com.
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gina: Lucia, what’s our first word?
Lucia: chocolatada
Gina: “hot chocolate party”
Lucia: [slow] chocolatada [regular] chocolatada
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: chocolatada
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Chocolatada is a hot chocolate party where groups of people in Peru gather to drink hot chocolate and eat panettone, Italian fruitcake, during the Christmas season. It’s celebrated in schools and in any type of social group, and there’s usually exchanging of gifts.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] No hay chocolatada sin panetón.
Gina: “It is not a chocolate party without panettone.”
Lucia: [slow] No hay chocolatada sin panetón.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lucia: pollada
Gina: “chicken party”
Lucia: [slow] pollada [regular] pollada
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: pollada
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Pollada is a type of party where Peruvians raise money for a special cause. It’s named a “chicken party” because chicken is the main dish. This way, neighbors can get together to dance and drink, while all proceeds go to help someone in need.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] Las polladas son mayormente asistidas por personas mayores y no jovénes.
Gina: “It’s mostly seniors who attend chicken parties; not young people.”
Lucia: [slow] Las polladas son mayormente asistidas por personas mayores y no jovénes.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lucia: carnavales
Gina: “carnival”
Lucia: [slow] carnavales [regular] carnavales
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: carnavales
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Carnival season in Peru is in February. It’s celebrated throughout the entire month, and you have to watch out for kids playing in the streets because they might throw water balloons at you. Also carnival parties for young people are held everywhere. At these parties people paint on each other with colorful paints.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] Hay que tener cuidado cuando se camina por las calles en carnavales porque puedes terminar empapado.
Gina: “Beware when walking down the street during carnival season, because you might end up getting wet.”
Lucia: [slow] Hay que tener cuidado cuando se camina por las calles en carnavales porque puedes terminar empapado.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lucia: yunza
Gina: “yunza”
Lucia: [slow] yunza [regular] yunza
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: yunza
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Yunza is a tree from the highlands of Peru traditionally seen at carnival festivities, though it can be used to celebrate anything. At carnivals, people dance in pairs around a tree while they try to cut it in turns, passing an ax around. The tree is usually decorated with hanging presents which the dancing people will collect once they finally cut it down.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] Generalmente se baila huayno, baile tradicional del Perú, alrededor de la yunza.
Gina: “Usually huayno, a traditional Peruvian dance, is performed around the yunza.”
Lucia: [slow] Generalmente se baila huayno, baile tradicional del Perú, alrededor de la yunza.
Gina: Okay, what’s the last one?
Lucia: El Señor de los Milagros
Gina: “Lord of Miracles”
Lucia: [slow] El Señor de los Milagros [regular] El Señor de los Milagros
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: El Señor de los Milagros
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
The Lord of the miracles is a religious festivity celebrated in the month of October in Lima. During this month, many people who have faith in Jesus dress in a purple tunic. On the main day, masses of people gather to follow the painted image of Jesus around the city of Lima in a huge procession.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] Es tradición para muchas familias acudir a la procesión del Señor de los Milagros.
Gina: “It’s a tradition for many families to attend the procession of the Lord of Miracles.”
Lucia: [slow] Es tradición para muchas familias acudir a la procesión del Señor de los Milagros.
QUIZ
Gina: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Lucia: will give you the Spanish, and then please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Lucia: chocolatada
[pause]Gina: “hot chocolate party”
Lucia: pollada
[pause]Gina: “chicken party”
Lucia: carnavales
[pause]Gina: “carnival”
Lucia: yunza
[pause]Gina: “yunza”
Lucia: El Señor de los Milagros
[pause]Gina: “Lord of Miracles”

Outro

Gina: There you have it; five popular parts of pop and traditional culture in Peru! We have more vocab lists available at SpanishPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Lucia: Adiós

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Which one of this lesson's traditional activities would you like to watch when you go to Peru?