Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hi everyone, I'm Gina.
Lucia: And I'm Lucia!
Gina: And welcome to Culture Class Essential Spanish Vocabulary, Lesson 4! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to food and drink. These are five popular Peruvian home-cooked meals, hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at SpanishPod101.com.
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gina: Lucia, what’s our first meal?
Lucia: arroz con pollo
Gina: “rice with chicken”
Lucia: [slow] arroz con pollo [regular] arroz con pollo
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: arroz con pollo
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Rice and chicken is a well-known meal all over Latin America. In Peru, it’s cooked all together in a big pot and mixed with small square carrots and peas. It can be yellow or green depending on the spices used, and it’s usually accompanied with a side dish of potatoes with a cheese sauce.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] El arroz con pollo es el plato de casa mas común.
Gina: “Chicken and rice is the most common home-cooked meal.”
Lucia: [slow] El arroz con pollo es el plato de casa mas común.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next meal?
Lucia: arroz con lentejas
Gina: “rice with lentils”
Lucia: [slow] arroz con lentejas [regular] arroz con lentejas
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: arroz con lentejas
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
In Peruvian homes it’s tradition to eat rice and lentils every Monday because of an old saying that goes, “Eating lentils at the beginning of the week will give you good fortune and luck.” This tradition is called “Mondays of lentils”.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] Lucia: veces, el arroz con lentejas es acompañado con un filete de bisteck o carne molida.
Gina: “Sometimes, rice with lentils is accompanied by beefsteak or ground beef.”
Lucia: [slow] Lucia: veces, el arroz con lentejas es acompañado con un filete de bisteck o carne molida.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next meal?
Lucia: arroz chaufa
Gina: “fried rice”
Lucia: [slow] arroz chaufa [regular] arroz chaufa
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: arroz chaufa
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Fried rice is part of Chinese-Peruvian cuisine, nowadays popular in homes. It’s a mix of fried rice with vegetables, egg, meat, soy sauce, and oil. In Peruvian homes, it usually has hot dog slices instead of meat or sometimes both.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] Es muy popular que se prepare arroz chaufa de hot dog en casa.
Gina: “It’s very popular to prepare fried rice with hot dogs at home.”
Lucia: [slow] Es muy popular que se prepare arroz chaufa de hot dog en casa.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next meal?
Lucia: ají de gallina
Gina: “shredded chicken in a creamy, spicy yellow sauce”
Lucia: [slow] ají de gallina [regular] ají de gallina
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: ají de gallina
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
This dish is shredded chicken in a creamy, spicy yellow sauce made from yellow chilli, milk, cheese and bread, and popular at house parties.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] El ají de gallina es un poco tedioso de preparar, ya que el pollo es deshilachado a mano.
Gina: “Ají de gallina is a bit tedious to prepare because the chicken is shredded by hand.”
Lucia: [slow] El ají de gallina es un poco tedioso de preparar, ya que el pollo es deshilachado a mano.
Gina: Okay, what’s the last meal?
Lucia: lomo saltado
Gina: “lomo saltado, or fried onions, tomatoes, strips of meat, and spices”
Lucia: [slow] lomo saltado [regular] lomo saltado
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: lomo saltado
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Lomo saltado consists of fried onions, tomatoes, strips of meat, and spices. It’s usually served with rice and french fries. There are some variations and cheaper options of this home-cooked meal where you can use chicken or canned tuna.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] Usualmente las familias compran las papas fritas ya hechas en restaurantes cercanos para agregarle al lomo saltado.
Gina: “Families usually buy ready-made fries in nearby restaurants to add to lomo saltado.”
Lucia: [slow] Usualmente las familias compran las papas fritas ya hechas en restaurantes cercanos para agregarle al lomo saltado.
QUIZ
Gina: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Lucia will give you the Spanish, and then please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Lucia: arroz con pollo
[pause]Gina: “rice with chicken”
Lucia: arroz con lentejas
[pause]Gina: “rice with lentils”
Lucia: arroz chaufa
[pause]Gina: “fried rice”
Lucia: ají de gallina
[pause]Gina: “shredded chicken in a creamy, spicy yellow sauce”
Lucia: lomo saltado
[pause]Gina: “lomo saltado”

Outro

Gina: There you have it; five popular home-cooked meals in Peru! We have more vocab lists available at SpanishPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Lucia: Adiós

5 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Which meal do you know how to cook better?

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SpanishPod101.com
Wednesday at 3:49 am
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Hola Steven,


Thank you for your comment.

In this case we use the singular "agregarle" because is one dish "lomo saltado".

Dishes are usually use in singular.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

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steven dirks
Saturday at 2:20 pm
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Example from expanded vocab section:


Usualmente las familias compran las papas fritas ya hechas en restaurantes cercanos para agregarle al lomo saltado.

"Families usually buy ready-made fries in nearby restaurants to add to lomo saltado."


What does "le" refer to in "agregarle""? If the French fries, then wouldn't it be "agregarles"?

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SpanishPod101.com
Saturday at 5:21 pm
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Hola annmarie,


Yo tampoco cocino mucho, pero si me encanta probar nuevas comidas.


Saludos,

Carla

TeamSpanishPod101.com

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annmarie
Wednesday at 9:39 am
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NO COCINO, NADA PERO ME GUSTA MUCHO COMIDA DE ESPONAL

:smile: