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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hi everyone, I'm Gina.
Lucia: And I'm Lucia!
Gina: And welcome to Culture Class Essential Spanish Vocabulary, Lesson 25! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to society and culture. These are five well-known historical figures in Peru, hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at SpanishPod101.com.
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gina: Lucia, who’s our first historical figure?
Lucia: Francisco Pizarro
Gina: “Francisco Pizarro”, a Spanish conquistador
Lucia: [slow] Francisco Pizarro [regular] Francisco Pizarro
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: Francisco Pizarro
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire and captured the Incan emperor, Atahualpa, in the battle of Cajamarca.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] Francisco Pizarro uso al Inca Atahualpa para adueñarse del oro peruano.
Gina: “Francisco Pizarro used the Incan emperor, Atahualpa, to seize Peruvian gold.”
Lucia: [slow] Francisco Pizarro uso al Inca Atahualpa para adueñarse del oro peruano.
Gina: Okay, who's the next historical figure?
Lucia: José de San Martín
Gina: “José de San Martín”, an Argentinian general
Lucia: [slow] José de San Martín [regular] José de San Martín
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: José de San Martín
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
José de San Martín was an Argentinian general who declared Peruvian independence on July 28, 1821.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] Los colores de la bandera del Perú fueron elegidos por José de San Martín.
Gina: “The Peruvian flag colors were chosen by José de San Martín.”
Lucia: [slow] Los colores de la bandera del Perú fueron elegidos por José de San Martín.
Gina: Okay, who's the next historical figure?
Lucia: Miguel Grau
Gina: “Miguel Grau”, a naval officer
Lucia: [slow] Miguel Grau [regular] Miguel Grau
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: Miguel Grau
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Miguel Grau was a naval officer and hero of the battle of Angamos during the War of the Pacific which was from 1879 to 1884.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] Miguel Grau es conocido como el Caballero de los mares.
Gina: “Miguel Grau is known as the ‘Gentleman of the Seas’.”
Lucia: [slow] Miguel Grau es conocido como el Caballero de los mares.
Gina: Okay, who's the next historical figure?
Lucia: Simón Bolívar
Gina: “Simón Bolívar”, a Venezuelan military leader
Lucia: [slow] Simón Bolívar [regular] Simón Bolívar
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: Simón Bolívar
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Simón Bolívar was a Venezuelan hero, revolutionary, and key player in the struggle for independence of Peru from the Spanish Empire.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] Simón Bolívar fue el lider de la Batalla de Junín, una de las últimas batallas que llevo a la independencia del Perú.
Gina: “Simón Bolívar was the leader of the Battle of Junin, one of the last battles that led to Peruvian independence.
Lucia: [slow] Simón Bolívar fue el lider de la Batalla de Junín, una de las últimas batallas que llevo a la independencia del Perú.
Gina: Okay, who’s the last historical figure?
Lucia: Túpac Amaru II
Gina: “Túpac Amaru II”, a military leader
Lucia: [slow] Túpac Amaru II [regular] Túpac Amaru II
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: Túpac Amaru II
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Túpac Amaru II was an inspirational leader for indigenous rights throughout the Peruvian struggle for independence. He fought and died against the Spanish in Peru and in the hands of Francisco Pizarro.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence.
Lucia: [normal] Túpac Amaru II afirmaba ser el último descendiente de los incas.
Gina: “Túpac Amaru II claimed to be the last descendant of the Incas.”
Lucia: [slow] Túpac Amaru II afirmaba ser el último descendiente de los incas.
QUIZ
Gina: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Lucia will give you the Spanish, and then please repeat it out loud! Are you ready?
Lucia: Francisco Pizarro
[pause]Gina: “Francisco Pizarro”, a Spanish conquistador
Lucia: José de San Martín
[pause]Gina: “José de San Martín”, an Argentinian general
Lucia: Miguel Grau
[pause]Gina: “Miguel Grau”, a naval officer
Lucia: Simón Bolívar
[pause]Gina: “Simón Bolívar”, a Venezuelan military leader
Lucia: Túpac Amaru II
[pause]Gina: “Túpac Amaru II”, a military leader

Outro

Gina: There you have it; five well-known historical figures in Peru! We have more vocab lists available at SpanishPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you in the next series!
Lucia: Adiós

5 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Do you know any other famous Peruvian historical figures?

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 11:29 am
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Hola Steven,


Thank you for your feedback.

Yes, you are correct. It would be more appropriate to say Atahualpa and not Tupac Amaru II.

I'll report the issue, gracias por tu constante ayuda.


Saludos,

Carla

SpanishPod101.com

steven
Monday at 3:13 pm
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I think your history is little off. In the transcript, it says:


Túpac Amaru II was an inspirational leader for indigenous rights throughout the Peruvian struggle for independence. He fought and died against the Spanish in Peru and in the hands of Francisco Pizarro.


Pizarro was a conquistador in the 1500s. Túpac Amaru II was killed in 1781.

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 1:05 pm
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Hola Bob,


Oh yes, he is very popular for the bad and good.

Her daughter run for president this year.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Bob
Tuesday at 12:52 am
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Fujimori