Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hi everyone, I'm Gina.
Lucia: And I'm Lucia!
Gina: And welcome to Culture Class Essential Spanish Vocabulary, Lesson 21! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to people and homes. These are five common items of Peruvian traditional clothing, hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at SpanishPod101.com.
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gina: Lucia, what’s our first word?
Lucia: chullo
Gina: “chullo”, “a traditional hat”
Lucia: [slow] chullo [regular] chullo
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: chullo
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Chullo is a traditional hat of the Andean people. It has earflaps and is made of vicuña, alpaca, or llama wool.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] Los chullos tienen usualmente diseños de animales.
Gina: “Chullos usually have animal designs on them.”
Lucia: [slow] Los chullos tienen usualmente diseños de animales.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lucia: ojota
Gina: “ojota”, “a type of sandal”
Lucia: [slow] ojota [regular] ojota
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: ojota
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Ojota are sandals made of recycled tires worn by men and women of the rural Andean areas. These are inexpensive to make and they last for a long time.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] Las ojotas son usadas por los campesinos de la sierra central del Perú.
Gina: “Ojota are used by the farmers of the central highlands of Peru.”
Lucia: [slow] Las ojotas son usadas por los campesinos de la sierra central del Perú.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lucia: pollera
Gina: “pollera”, “a skirt”
Lucia: [slow] pollera [regular] pollera
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: pollera
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Pollera is a colorful skirt worn by Andean women. It’s worn with three or four underskirts to give women a round, full look.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] En ocaciones especiales, algunas mujeres de los andes usan hasta 15 polleras.
Gina: “On special occasions, women from the Andes can wear up to fifteen polleras.”
Lucia: [slow] En ocaciones especiales, algunas mujeres de los andes usan hasta 15 polleras.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next word?
Lucia: poncho
Gina: “poncho”, “a blanket worn on the body”
Lucia: [slow] poncho [regular] poncho
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: poncho
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
Lucia: poncho is a blanket made of wool with a hole in the middle. It’s used by the Andean people to cover and protect themselves from rain and to keep the body warm.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] El poncho es una prenda común entre los hombres de la sierra central del Perú.
Gina: “The poncho is a common item among men in the central highlands of Peru.
Lucia: [slow] El poncho es una prenda común entre los hombres de la sierra central del Perú.
Gina: Okay, what’s the last word?
Lucia: k'eperina
Gina: “k'eperina”, “a blanket worn on one's back”
Lucia: [slow] k'eperina [regular] k'eperina
Gina: Listeners, please repeat.
Lucia: k'eperina
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gina:
The k'eperina is a large, rectangular blanket worn on one's back and is knotted in front to carry goods or it can also carry children.
Gina: Now let's hear an example sentence using this word.
Lucia: [normal] Generalmente, son solo las mujeres las que usan k'eperina.
Gina: “It’s usually women who use k'eperina.”
Lucia: [slow] Generalmente, son solo las mujeres las que usan k'eperina.
QUIZ
Gina: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Lucia will give you the Spanish, and then please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Lucia: chullo
[pause]Gina: “chullo”, “a traditional hat”
Lucia: ojota
[pause]Gina: “ojota”, “a type of sandal”
Lucia: pollera
[pause]Gina: “pollera”, “a skirt”
Lucia: poncho
[pause]Gina: “poncho”, “a blanket worn on the body”
Lucia: k'eperina
[pause]Gina: “k'eperina”, “a blanket worn on one's back”

Outro

Gina: There you have it; five traditional clothing items in Peru! We have more vocab lists available at SpanishPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Lucia: Adiós

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Do people in your country wear traditional clothes in everyday life? Tell us what are they called!