Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Let's take a closer look at the conversation.
Do you remember how Sonia asks,
"Is this your family?"
Sonia Hernández Acevedo: ¿Es su familia?
Let's start with the word familia, "family." Familia (enunciated). Familia.
In Spanish, all nouns have grammatical gender and are either singular or plural. Familia is feminine and singular — a fact that determines the form of other words in the sentence.
Before this is su, meaning "your," in this formal context. Su (enunciated). Su.
Note: Su fundamentally means "his," "hers," or "its," but it's also a formal way to say "your" when speaking to someone directly using formal Spanish.
Now, you might be more familiar with tu, an informal word for "your," as in tu familia, "your family (informal)." As this is a conversation between two adults that don't know each other very well, the formal form, su, is more appropriate.
All together, su familia means "your family." Su familia.
Moving to the start of the sentence, es, "is." Es (enunciated). Es.
Es comes from the verb, ser, meaning "to be."
All together, it's ¿Es su familia? This literally means "Is [this] your family?" but it translates as "Is this your family?" ¿Es su familia?
Note: "This" is understood from context.
Also, note the rising intonation of the sentence to indicate that it's a question. ¿Es su familia?
Remember this question. You'll hear it again later.
Let's take a closer look at the response.
Do you remember how Karen says,
"Yes. My husband, my son, my daughter, and me."
Sí. Mi esposo, mi hijo, mi hija y yo.
First is the word sí, meaning "yes." Sí (enunciated). Sí.
It answers Sonia's yes-or-no question, "Is [this] your family?" ¿Es su familia?
After this, Karen points to the picture and says,
Mi esposo, mi hijo, mi hija y yo.
First is mi esposo, "my husband." Mi esposo.
Mi. "My." Mi (enunciated). Mi.
Esposo. "Husband." Esposo (enunciated). Esposo.
Together, it's mi esposo, "my husband." Mi esposo.
Next is hijo, "son." Hijo (enunciated). Hijo.
Mi hijo. "My son." Mi hijo.
After this is hija, "daughter." Hija (enunciated). Hija.
Mi hija. "My daughter." Mi hija.
Next is y, "and." Y (enunciated). Y.
Last is the word yo, which translates as "me," in this context. Yo (enunciated). Yo.
All together, Mi esposo, mi hijo, mi hija y yo means "My husband, my son, my daughter, and me." Mi esposo, mi hijo, mi hija y yo.
The pattern is
Mi {FAMILY MEMBER}, mi {FAMILY MEMBER}, mi {FAMILY MEMBER} y yo.
"My {FAMILY MEMBER}, my {FAMILY MEMBER}, my {FAMILY MEMBER}, and me."
To use this pattern, simply replace the {FAMILY MEMBER} placeholder with the members of your family.
Imagine your family members are your wife, your son, your daughter, and you.
Esposa is "wife." Esposa (enunciated). Esposa.
Say
"My wife, my son, my daughter, and me."
Mark Lee: Mi esposa, mi hijo, mi hija y yo.
Mark Lee: "My wife, my son, my daughter, and me."
Mark Lee: Mi esposa, mi hijo, mi hija y yo.

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Can you talk about your spouse and children using the pattern introduced in this lesson?