Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Let's take a closer look at the conversation.
Do you remember how Silvia asks,
"Is this your family?"
Silvia Ramírez Arce: ¿Es tu familia?
Let's start with the word familia, "family." Familia (enunciated). Familia.
In Spanish, all nouns have grammatical gender and are either singular or plural. Familia is feminine and singular — a fact that determines the form of other words in the sentence.
Before familia, is tu, "your." Tu (enunciated). Tu.
Together, tu familia, "your family." Tu familia.
Moving to the start of the sentence, es, "is." Es (enunciated). Es.
Es comes from the verb, ser, meaning "to be."
All together, it's ¿Es tu familia? This literally means "Is your family?" But it translates as "Is [this] your family?"
Note "this" is understood from context.
Also, note the rising intonation of the sentence to indicate that it's a question.
Silvia Ramirez (@college-friendf): ¿Es tu familia?
Remember this question. You'll hear it again later.
Let's take a closer look at the response.
Do you remember how Ben says,
"Yes. My father, my mother, my sister, and me."
Sí. Mi papá, mi mamá, mi hermana y yo.
First is the expression, sí, meaning "yes." Sí (enunciated). Sí.
It answers Silvia's yes-or-no question, "Is this your family?"
¿Es tu familia?
After this, Ben points to the picture and says,
Mi papá, mi mamá, mi hermana y yo.
First is Mi papá. "My father." Mi papá.
Mi. "My." Mi (enunciated). Mi.
Papá. "Father." Papá (enunciated). Papá.
Together, it's mi papá. "My father." Mi papá.
Next is Mamá. "Mother." Mamá (enunciated). Mamá.
Mi mamá. "My mother." Mi mamá.
After this is Hermana. "Sister." Hermana (enunciated). Hermana.
Mi hermana. "My sister." Mi hermana.
Next is y. "And." Y (enunciated). Y.
Last is yo, which translates as "me" in this context. Yo (enunciated). Yo.
All together, it's Mi papá, mi mamá, mi hermana y yo.
"My father, my mother, my sister, and me."
Mi papá, mi mamá, mi hermana y yo.
The pattern is
Mi {FAMILY MEMBER}, mi {FAMILY MEMBER}, mi {FAMILY MEMBER} y yo.
"My {FAMILY MEMBER}, my {FAMILY MEMBER}, my {FAMILY MEMBER}, and me."
To use this pattern, simply replace the {FAMILY MEMBER} placeholder with the members of your family.
Imagine your family members are your father, your mother, your brother, and you.
Hermano. "Brother." Hermano (enunciated). Hermano.
Say
"My father, my mother, my brother, and me."
Sasha Lee: Mi papá, mi mamá, mi hermano y yo.
Sasha Lee: "My father, my mother, my brother, and me."
Sasha Lee: Mi papá, mi mamá, mi hermano y yo.

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Can you talk about your family using the pattern introduced in this lesson?