Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Fernando: Welcome everyone. I am Fernando. This is Beginner series, Season 5, Lesson 6. “Where can we go to spend a private moment in Spanish?” JP, how are you?
JP: I am fine, thanks. How are you?
Fernando: I am good and a little puzzled. Oh but I am sorry. We are still outsourcing, right?
JP: We are outsourcing the title. That’s right.
Fernando: Got you.
JP: So the people will find it on Google search but don’t worry.
Fernando: Okay.
JP: There is some relevance to this title, where can we go to spend a private moment in Spanish. Welcome everyone to the new spanishpod101.com. We are studying Spanish in a fun and educational format. So whether you are brushing up on Spanish that you started learning long ago or you are starting with us today, we are glad to have you here with us. Now Fernando, tell us what we are going to hear in this lesson about spending a private moment.
JP: Sure thing. In this lesson, you will learn about interrogative pronouns. This conversation takes place at the library. The conversation is between Jimena and Sergio and the speakers will be using the familiar register.
Fernando: Cool. Now we are going to listen to this but before we do, I want to remind you all that you can go to our website which is www.spanishpod101.com. There you can find the lesson notes for this lesson and in the lesson notes, you will find the transcript of this dialogue which we are about to hear and see what you are hearing. Shall we start the dialogue, Fernando?
JP: Yes.
DIALOGUE
Jimena: ¿Buscamos un cuarto privado?
Sergio: Sí, pero primero debo ir al baño. ¿Sabes dónde hay uno?
Jimena: Hay uno a la entrada de la biblioteca.
Sergio: Gracias. Regreso en dieciocho minutos.
Jimena: Shall we find a private room?
Sergio: Yes, but first I have to go to the bathroom. Do you know where there is one?
Jimena: There's one at the entrance of the library.
Sergio: Thank you. I'll be back in eighteen minutes.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
JP: Well Fernando, if you are following the series, Jimena and Sergio are study mates. They are classmates in a class called “History of the chile”, right?
Fernando: Something like that, yeah.
JP: Okay, so now they are studying for the class in the library and they are looking for a private room.
Fernando: Looking for a private room.
JP: To study, Fernando.
Fernando: To study, well I know, I know. So Jimena is inquiring, “should we find a private room?”, “¿Buscamos un cuarto privado?”
JP: Right and Sergio says “Yes.”
Fernando: “Sí”.
JP: “But first I have to go to the bathroom.”
Fernando: “Pero primero debo ir al baño”.
JP: Okay, now this word “baño” is so important for anybody who is learning Spanish.
Fernando: Anyone.
JP: Anybody that’s traveling.
Fernando: Yes, anyone.
JP: “Baño”, “el baño”, is “the bathroom.”
Fernando: The bathroom…
JP: So he is looking for the bathroom and he asks Jimena if she knows where there is one.
Fernando: “¿Sabes dónde hay uno?”
JP: “¿Sabes dónde hay uno?” Okay, “do you know where there is one?” She does!
Fernando: “Hay uno en la entrada de la biblioteca”.
JP: “En la entrada”. So this is “the entrance”?
Fernando: Yes.
JP: “The entrance of the library”, “la entrada de la biblioteca”.
Fernando: Right. It seems they had a pretty hefty lunch or at least Sergio.
JP: Well, Sergio says “thank you” and “I will get back in 18 minutes.”
Fernando: 18 minutes.
JP: “Regreso en 18 minutos”.
Fernando: “Gracias. Regreso en 18 minutos”. I love Sergio’s precision.
JP: Yeah, there is something to be said about that. Shall we go to the vocabulary?
Fernando: Let’s please move on to the vocabulary. “El baño”.
VOCAB LIST
Fernando: “Bathroom.”
JP: “El ba-ño”, “el baño”. “Dónde”.
Fernando: “Where.”
JP: “Dón-de”, “dónde”. “La entrada”.
Fernando: “Entrance”, “entrance fee”, “entrance ticket.”
JP: “La en-tra-da”, “la entrada”. “La biblioteca”.
Fernando: “Library.”
JP: “La bi-blio-te-ca”, “la biblioteca”. “Regresar”.
Fernando: “To return”, “to come back home.”
JP: “Re-gre-sar”, “regresar”.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
JP: All right, Fernando, let’s talk about these five words. Should we start with the word for bathroom?
Fernando: “El baño”.
JP: “El baño”. So easy but very important if you are traveling in the Spanish speaking world.
Fernando: Claro.
JP: “El baño”.
Fernando: “El baño”. La siguiente, “dónde”.
JP: “Dónde”. This is the word “where.”
Fernando: To know where the bathroom is.
JP: Okay, “¿dónde está el baño?”
Fernando: Exactly.
JP: “¿Dónde?” So that’s one of the interrogative pronouns that we are going to talk about later in the grammar section. What’s the next word we are going to talk about now?
Fernando: “La entrada”.
JP: “La entrada”. Okay, this is the word for “entrance” but in Spanish, it’s a little more versatile than the English word “entrance.”
Fernando: Yes, to make an entrance.
JP: Uhum.
Fernando: The entrance to weight building.
JP: Right the physical entrance, the active entering like you said the entrance, like to make a big entrance. It’s also an amount of money, right? If you pay an entry fee, that’s “una entrada”.
Fernando: Yes.
JP: And also, you can also call the ticket that they sell you, an “entrada”.
Fernando: Yes.
JP: So all of these things, they all have to do with entering and it’s “la entrada”.
Fernando: “La biblioteca”.
JP: “Library.” Okay, not much to say about there, biblio, it sounds like a Greek word. Doesn’t it?
Fernando: Biblio.
JP: “Biblioteca” like the “bibliotheke”.
Fernando: “Bibliotheke”.
JP: Okay, the last word.
Fernando: “Regresar”.
JP: “Regresar” is “to return.” A lot of times when people don’t provide context, you can assume “regresar” means “to go home.”
Fernando: Exactly.
JP: Right but sometimes they will say “I am going back to the office”, “regreso a la oficina”, and they will specify what the context is and where they are going, right?
Fernando: Many of my friends in Mexico, they ask me “¿Cuándo regresas?”
JP: Oh that’s “when are you going back to Mexico?”
Fernando: “When am I going back home?”, “when am I going back to Mexico?”, which I happened to call home.
JP: Excellent. All right, let’s move on to the grammar point. Would you like to take us?

Lesson focus

JP: I think I will pass the button on to you.
Fernando: Okay, so we are talking about interrogative pronouns in Spanish. Now this is a big fancy word for sometimes in English, we call them the WH words, right?
JP: What?
Fernando: The WH words that are important if you are a newspaper writer because you always have to write who, what, which, when, where, why and how and how much and how many. Okay, these are all question words, right?
JP: These are pretty – it sounds like there is a bunch of them. If you are going to ask a question and it’s not a yes or no question, you are going to have to use one of these words, who, what, which, when, where, why, how, how much. Now those are the ones in English. We are talking about the ones in Spanish and we are just going to list them off to you. First of all, let’s start with the one that’s in the dialogue. When was there a question in the dialogue that wasn’t a yes/no question?
Fernando: I believe it’s when Sergio is inquiring about the bathroom.
JP: Okay, what did he say?
Fernando: “¿Sabes dónde está el baño?”
JP: “¿Sabes dónde está el baño?”, “Do you know where there is a bathroom?” So we heard that word for there which is “dónde”, right? It’s one of our vocab word.
Fernando: “Dónde” which means in English “where.”
JP: Exactly. Now let’s go through our list. So we have the word for “who” and “whom.”
Fernando: “Quién”.
JP: “Quién” means “who” or “whom.” The answer is going to be a person. Now Spanish is special because it has a plural form.
Fernando: “Quiénes”.
JP: “Quiénes”. Okay, if you know that the answer is going to be plural like if you are going to say “who are the 10 people you are going to choose?”, you would use “quiénes”, right?
Fernando: Right. “¿Quiénes son las 10 personas?”
JP: So “quién” and “quiénes” are the question words for “who” and “whom.” How about the word for “what”?
Fernando: “¿Qué?”
JP: The word for “what.”
Fernando: The word for “what”, JP, are you fooling around again?
JP: Yeah, I am doing a little joke, the “qué” joke, it’s a classic Spanish teacher.
Fernando: I can’t believe I’ve fallen for that one.
JP: ¿Qué?
Fernando: Again…
JP: Yeah, okay, so “¿qué?” means “what?”
Fernando: ¿Qué?
JP: What?
Fernando: I am not going to go through this again.
JP: Okay.
Fernando: Let’s move on.
JP: We already said “dónde” means “where.” How about the word for “when”?
Fernando: “Cuándo”.
JP: “Cuándo”.
Fernando: ¿Cuándo qué?
JP: Tell me when will you be mine...
Fernando: No, please, don’t break out in the song...
JP: Tell me “cuándo”, “cuándo”, “cuándo”.
Fernando: I am sorry, listeners.
JP: All right. Now I think [inaudible 06:30] just spelled that with a Q because he is Italian but it’s the same word in Spanish “cuándo”, [inaudible 06:34]. Now the word for “which” in Spanish...
Fernando: Bruja.
JP: The word for “which” in Spanish like “which one”...
Fernando: “Cúal”.
JP: “Cuál”, “cuál” means “which one.” Now in Spanish, there is a plural form which is “which ones”...
Fernando: “Cuáles”.
JP: “Cuáles”. So if there are a bunch of guitars around and you own three of them, you know, I could say “which guitars are yours?”
Fernando: “¿Cuáles son tuyas?”
JP: Okay, “which are yours?” How about the word for “how”?
Fernando: “Cómo”.
JP: ¿Cómo?
Fernando: How.
JP: Yeah, that one doesn’t work.
Fernando: Darn it!
JP: Okay, the funny thing about this word “cómo” means “how” is that it’s also the polite way to get somebody – to get somebody to repeat themselves.
Fernando: ¿Cómo?
JP: Right. It’s also the polite way to get somebody to repeat themselves.
Fernando: ¿Cómo?
JP: You just say “cómo” and then…
Fernando: We are just saying…
JP: Okay, “¿cómo?” Now we already did this joke with “qué” but “qué” is a little more rude, right?
Fernando: Yeah, “qué” you don’t want to use.
JP: You don’t want to do unless you are fooling around with your friend. The polite word “cómo”, “cómo”, also means “how” like “how does it taste?”
Fernando: “¿Cómo te sabe?”
JP: “¿Cómo te sabe?”, “How does it taste to you?”, right? And the last interrogative pronoun that I want to talk about are the words for “how much” or “how many.”
Fernando: “Cuánto”, “cuántos”. And in the feminine form “cuánta” y “cuántas”.
JP: Now the neuter form is “cuánto”, right? When we say “how much?”
Fernando: “¿Cuánto?”
JP: “¿Cuánto?” If you know that you are talking about something feminine like “how many pages do I have to read?”
Fernando: “¿Cuántas páginas?”
JP: “¿Cuántas páginas?”, “How many pages?”
Fernando: “La página”. Yes, all right.
JP: Okay, “página” is feminine. So we are going to use “cuántas”.
Fernando: “¿Cuántas páginas?”

Outro

JP: All right. That’s probably going to be it for this podcast. Folks, if you want to take a look at the list of these interrogative pronouns, please go to our website www.spanishpod101.com and find the grammar section of this lesson in our lesson notes. There you will have a nice neat list of all of these interrogative pronouns in English and in Spanish.
Fernando: And don’t forget guys and girls, please leave us a comment, leave us a suggestion. We want to hear your feedback, we want to know what you are thinking. We want to know how your Spanish is coming along and that will allow us to enhance your learning experience.
JP: Absolutely, folks. Well, I guess it’s time to go for now but we will see you again in the next edition of spanishpod101. ¡Hasta luego!
Fernando: ¡Adiós!

Grammar

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40 Comments

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SpanishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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¡Hola a todos! Usually I ask a question to start discussion, but in todays lesson we reviewed interrogative pronouns… so the question is, do you have any questions for me or Fernando?  Bonus points if you use an interrogative pronoun, and double bonus if you ask us in Spanish! Let’s here it!

SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 4:47 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Sylvia,


Thank you for your comment.

Yes, "what" and "that" are the meaning of "que" in Spanish.

Please let us know if you have a question or doubt.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com


Sylvia Perreira
Monday at 12:12 pm
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Hola,

La palabra "que" es par decir "what". Pero dale visto que se usa para la palabra "that" tambien?

SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 8:44 pm
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Hi Debbie,


As you don't have much available to study, please try to download the audio lessons to listen to them on the go. You can click on the arrow pointing down sign below the lesson's title and select [Lesson Audio]. You can also download the [Dialogue] only.


You can listen to the lessons a few times and, if possible, also practice the dialogue sentences as you listen to the [Dialogue] audio. This will help you develop your Spanish skills.


You can also download the [Lesson Notes] and [Lesson Transcript] PDFs to read them while listening to the audio.


In case this series is too advanced at the moment, please check out our Lesson Library for more Beginner series:

https://www.spanishpod101.com/lesson-library/beginner


Saludos,

Cristiane

Team SpanishPod101.com

Debbie Leandre
Saturday at 1:37 pm
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Hola español 101,

Mi nombre es Debbie y encuentro estas lecciones difíciles.


I am a very busy teacher and hardly have time to study, and when I do, I can not remember anything I have learnt.


Puede usted ayudar



SpanishPod101.com
Saturday at 11:19 pm
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Hola Tony,


Gracias por tu pregunta.

En el siguiente link puedes conocer acerca de los profesores de SpanishPod101.com

https://www.spanishpod101.com/about-us/member-introduction/

Please let us know if you have any question or doubt.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Tony
Saturday at 9:59 am
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Donde cual estado de Mexico esta Fernando?

SpanishPod101.com
Sunday at 5:19 pm
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Hola Victoria,


Thank you for studying with us!


Keep up studying well and soon you’ll get great results! 👍


Saludos,

Cristiane

Team SpanishPod101.com

Victoria Parr
Tuesday at 3:26 am
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Hello Fernando and JP,


I am really enjoying the lessons. They are actually difficult for me, but I listen more than once and they get easier. I'm glad you offer this style of learning as repeating lessons isn't as painful.


Best wishes

V

SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 4:59 am
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Hola Danny,


Thank you for your comment.

Depending on the lessons, you will find quizzes or you can always leave us your comments here.

Our team will answer you ASAP.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Danny
Friday at 5:04 am
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I just started lessons today.

Is there a time or place in these lessons to participate, besides the overly simple true/false vocabulary questions?

Gracias por tus respuestas.

Danny