Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Lizzie: Bienvenidos a SpanishPod101.com!
Lizzie: Buenos días, me llamo Lizzie Stolear.
Allan: How’s it going? I am Allan La Rue. Beginner Series, Lesson number 24 - Whose shirt is this?
Lizzie: Hola allan. ¿Cómo has estado?
Allan: Muy bien, muy bien Lizzie. Emocionado por que estoy viajando este fin de semana a Trujillo.
Lizzie: Oh que lindo.
Allan: That means “I am going to Trujillo”, which is a city in the northern part of Peru, this week, with my family. They’ve got great beaches, great food, it’s going to be a lot of fun.
Lizzie: Lindo, lindo. Ademas los caballos de paso.
Allan: Yes, it is great to be back for another lesson of SpanishPod101.com. Today we have Beginner Lesson 24.
Lizzie: For those of you who are just tuning in, the Beginner Series is designed for anyone with a little Spanish background.
Allan: Right. However, if you are new to the language, you could still get a lot out of the series.
Lizzie: Claro.
Allan: Here, we focus on the essentials of grammar, teaching you the kind of vocabulary that you’ll really be able to use. And we put this in context, we’re talking a little bit about Hispanic cultures.
Lizzie: ¡Así es! So join us for this lesson of SpanishPod101.com.
Allan: Now, Lizzie, do you recall what we’d looked at last time?
Lizzie: los adjetivos posesivos
Allan: Exactly, possessive adjectives. So that was like saying, “It’s my car” or “That’s your house”.
Lizzie: Es mi auto, esa es tu casa
Allan: Today, we’re going to build on this and look at how we can say “that car is mine” or “that house is yours”.
Lizzie: Oh, sounds interesting,
Allan: Interesting and useful. So Lizzie, let’s have a little context for today’s conversation.
Lizzie: Well, today we’re going to hear Louis and Gisela again.
Allan: Great.
Lizzie: This time they’re having a little laundry dispute as they continue to clean up the house.
Allan: And I think that’s one we can all relate to.
Lizzie: Definitely.
Allan: Now, before we jump in here, don’t forget to check out the regional Spanish series.
Lizzie: That’s right, those lessons bring the Spanish speaking world to you.
Allan: Alright, shall we get into today’s conversation?
DIALOGUE
GISELA: ¿De quién es esta camisa?
LUIS: Esta camisa es mía.
GISELA: ¿Y los pantalones son tuyos también?
LUIS: No. Los pantalones son de mi hermano.
GISELA: No te creo.
LUIS: De verdad. Los pantalones son suyos.
GISELA: Whose shirt is this?
LUIS: This shirt is mine.
GISELA: And are the pants yours too?
LUIS: No. The pants are my brother's.
GISELA: I don't believe you.
LUIS: Really. The pants are his.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Lizzie: Possession is such an interesting idea. Que idea interesante la de posesión.
Allan: ¿Por qué lo dices? Why do you say that?
Lizzie: Because it expresses belonging.
Allan: Ah, right. For example los pantalones son de mi hermano “they are of him” in the sense that “they are his”.
Lizzie: A eso voy. That’s what I mean.
Allan: So when we say De quién es it’s like saying “Whose is it”?
Lizzie: Osea
Allan: Osea no expresamos solamente la posesión, possession, sino también pertenencia, belonging. Well Lizzie, what do you say we move on and take a closer look at some of the vocabulary that came up today?
Lizzie: Me parece muy bien. Where should we start?
VOCAB LIST
Allan: Let’s start with...
Lizzie: camisa
Allan: Shirt.
Lizzie: camisa, camisa
Allan: Then we have…
Lizzie: pantalón
Allan: Pants.
Lizzie: pantalón, pantalón
Allan: Now we’ll hear...
Lizzie: mío, mía
Allan: Mine.
Lizzie: mío, mía. mío, mía
Allan: Now we’ll hear...
Lizzie: tuyo, tuya
Allan: Yours.
Lizzie: tuyo, tuya. tuyo, tuya
Allan: Now let’s hear…
Lizzie: suyo, suya
Allan: His, hers, theirs.
Lizzie: suyo, suya. suyo, suya
Allan: And finally….
Lizzie: no te creo
Allan: I don’t believe you.
Lizzie: no te creo
Allan: Now, Lizzie, this word camisa can be a little tricky.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Lizzie: ¿Por qué? Why? I mean, it just means “shirt”.
Allan: Well, the thing is there are different kinds of shirt, right?
Lizzie: Claro.
Allan: For example, a camisa generally refers to a buttoned down collared shirt, doesn’t it?
Lizzie: It does.
Allan: And how would you say T-shirt In Spanish?
Lizzie: Well, here in Peru, we say polo, but in other places they use the word camiseta.
Allan: Right, and this can be a little tricky since you can be looking for a T-shirt, and ask someone in the store for a camisa and they may take you to the aisle of formal clothes. It’s happened to me it can be a problem. So remember the difference between polo and camisa. polo is T-shirt, camisa is a dress shirt.
Lizzie: So this word, Allan, camisa, it’s a feminine noun, right?
Allan: Yes.
Lizzie: And how do we know that?
Allan: Oh, is an A ending, la camisa.
Lizzie: And this is in the singular form, right?
Allan: Yes. The plural form would be las camisas as in esas camisas son bonitas those shirts are nice.
Lizzie: Right. With the AS ending in the plural.
Allan: Alright. And you know, Lizzie, we should talk about the word pantalón.
Lizzie: Ok.
Allan: When we are talking about pants, as in the article of clothing, we use the plural pants, right? And not the singular “pant, it would sound strange in English to say “I put on my pant”, right?
Lizzie: Yeah, I see what you mean.
Allan: So we can say los pantalónes “the pants”, mis pantalónes “my pants”, or mi par de pantalónes “my pair of pants”.
Lizzie: Now, Allan, back in the conversation where we heard Esta camisa es mía., we see a really is easy word to learn and a useful one too.
Allan: Which ones that?
Lizzie: It’s mía..
Allan: mía. like “mama mia”.
Lizzie: ¡Que chistoso!
Lizzie: But right, I think you are right. It’s a good one to comment on. This is our first look at what we call possessive pronoun.
Lizzie: Right, and what exactly is a possessive pronoun?
Allan: Let’s hold off just a bit before we get into that. In terms of its meaning though, we can translate it as “mine”.
Lizzie: A ver un ejemplo.
Allan: Esta camisa es mía.
Lizzie: This shirt is mine.
Allan: The sentence, of course, comes right from the conversation.
Lizzie: A ver otro...
Allan: Es todo mío.
Lizzie: It’s all mine.
Allan: And if want to talk about mío, we might as well mention tuyo.
Lizzie: Lógico.
Allan: So Lizzie, we said that estos pantalones means “these pants”, right?
Lizzie: Right.
Allan: And if I say estos pantalones son de ti it’s like saying “these pants belong to you”, isn’t it?
Lizzie: Por supuesto.
Allan: And if they belong to you, then they’re yours?
Lizzie: Right, so in Spanish it’s either son de ti or son tuyos.
Allan: Right. And again, with the pants example.
Lizzie: Los pantalones son tuyos.
Allan: Great.
Lizzie: Anything else, you can like to cover here.
Allan: Well, one quick point.
Lizzie: Ok.
Allan: That phrase no te creo - this is a great example of what we call pronominal verb, in the sense that it’s directing its action on to the pronoun. “I don’t believe you” - no te creo.
Lizzie: And the placement of the pronoun is so characteristic of the Spanish language.
B: Exactly. It comes before the verb, no te creo, so when we say no te creo, we’re saying “I don’t believe you”.
Lizzie: Right. From the verb creer, “to believe” - no te creo
Allan: And in the conversation, when Gisela says no te creo, she’s using it in the sense of disbelief.
Lizzie: Ok.
Allan: And if we add the verb poder to the sentence - poder means can or to be able - we get something like this: no te puedo creer.
Lizzie: Right, no te puedo creer.
Allan: And literally, this means “I can’t believe you”.
Lizzie: Right again.
Allan: But now, this person seems to be expressing disbelieve, but rather admiration. It’s like saying “I can’t believe what you have done”, no te puedo creer.
Lizzie: Allan, is this a saying that you use?
Allan: Yeah, for example, a friend of mine recently told me, that he’s taking a dream trip to the Amazon jungle, and I said no te puedo creer.
Lizzie: And what about when other people have said it to you?
Allan: I’d answer sí, créeme es verdad.
Lizzie: Alright, so now, let’s move on and talk about a little bit more about possessive pronouns.
LESSON FOCUS
Allan: Ok, Lizzie, so let me ask you, that blue car in the parking lot, el auto azul ¿es tu auto?, is it your car?
Lizzie: Si, es mi auto Yeah, it’s my car.
Allan: And if it’s your car, then we could say it’s yours, couldn’t we?
Lizzie: Claro.es mio It’s mine.
Allan: Now, when you put it that way, the noun auto] disappears, right?
Lizzie: Yeah, it does.
Allan: And what’s the gender of the noun auto?
Lizzie: It’s masculine, el auto.
Allan: Now, instead of saying mi auto “my car”, we’re saying mio, “mine”.
Lizzie: Right.
Allan: And what kind of word is mio?
Lizzie: Well, this is one of the possessive pronouns.
Allan: And what’s the number and gender of it?
Lizzie: It too is singular and masculine.
Allan: And this is really the key point, right here, the number and gender for word like mio tells us which noun is replacing with its ending.
Lizzie: Exactly. So if we are at a party and I ask you, ¿Son tus amigos, o son amigos de Gabriel?, “Are they your friends or are they Gabriel’s friends?” How might you respond?
Allan: Oh, I could say si, son mios “They’re mine.” So, Lizzie, what are the forms of mio then?
Lizzie: We have mio and mia in the masculine and feminine singular, and mios and mias in the plural.
Allan: And what about to say “yours”. If I ask you: Is this my glass? este mi vaso?. How might you respond?
Lizzie: si, es el tuyo
Allan: And the number and gender of the word vaso , which means “glass”.
Lizzie: Singular and masculine.
Allan: And now, look at how we saw el tuyo. First, we have el the masculine singular definite article, and then tuyo without O ending, that often tells us that it’s masculine and singular.
Lizzie: Right, and just as we saw with mio the word tuyo has the same endings - tuyo for the masculine and tuya feminine singular tuyos and tuyas in the plural.
Allan: And similar to what we saw in the possessive adjectives, with possessive pronouns the same form are used for “his, hers, and your” in the formal sense.
Lizzie: And what are those forms?
Allan: We have suyo and suya in the masculine and feminine singular, and suyos and suyas in the plural.
Lizzie: Right, so if I ask you ¿La guitarra es de Felipe?, “Is it Felipe’s guitar?” How would you answer?
Allan: I could say si, es la suya.
Lizzie: And the number and gender.
Allan: la guitarra singular and feminine.
Lizzie: excelente
Allan: Now, Lizzie, do you remember what possessive adjective we used to say “our” as in “it’s our house”?
Lizzie: sure. It’s nuestro.
Allan: As in?
Lizzie: As in es nuestra casa.
Allan: And now to say “it’s ours”.
Lizzie: es la nuestra
Allan: Right, la nuestra, which is singular and feminine. la nuestra, “ours”. And, Lizzie, what about the forms of this?
Lizzie: They’re nuestro and nuestra in the masculine and feminine singular, and nuestros and nuestras in the plural.
Allan: Right, so I can say, los autos son nuestros, “the cars are ours”.
Lizzie: Muy bien.
Allan: And finally, there’s one more we should look at. When you’re talking to a group of people informally and you want to say yours, we have the word, vuestro
Lizzie: That’s not one you hear in Peru very much.
Allan: No. But this form is mainly used Spain. But i think, that people here will understand it, even though it’s not used, don’t you?
Lizzie: Sí, es probable.
Allan: And with this one we can say, es vuestra casa “it’s your house”.
Lizzie: Right, or son vuestros vecinos “they’re your neighbours”.
Allan: Yeah, you know Lizzie, I remember when I was just starting out, and for a while, it was hard for me to make the distinction es mi auto “it’s my car” and el auto es mio “the car is mine”.
Lizzie: So how did you learn to make it?
Allan: Well, just hard work. I sat down with the teacher one day and I practiced and I practiced. We did drills back and forth with the white board. Yeah, we worked at it.
Lizzie: Yeah that’s one of those, cases where practice makes perfect.
Allan: You got that right, Lizzie. Well, Lizzie, this been really great.
Lizzie: Yeah, this is pretty interesting territory to cover.
OUTRO
Allan: Unfortunately, that’s all the time we have for today.
Lizzie: Be sure to stop by SpanishPod101.com to pick up the PDF for this lesson, and while you there don’t forget to leave us a post.
Allan: Yeah, any feedback is really appreciated. I mean, the more we know about what helps you and what doesn’t, the better we’ll be able to design future lessons.
Lizzie: bueno ha sido un gran placer.
Allan: Igualmente, Lizzie. We’ll see you soon.
Lizzie: Que todos estén bien. ¡Ya nos vemos, chao chao chao!

Grammar

Spanish Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

23 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
SpanishPod101.com
Wednesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Thanks to Kevin Macleod for the music used in today's lesson! This lesson should come in handy when you are staking claim to that which is yours. Next time you want to let someone know something belongs to you, give these possessive pronouns a try. Anyone want to try out posting a few sample sentences using possessive pronouns for some feedback?

user profile picture
SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 10:40 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola William,


Thank you for your comment.

Yes, it can be tricky.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

user profile picture
William Ross
Thursday at 9:17 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

De verdad, camisa y polo is tricky since the english Polo word is actually the button up dress shirt. Very interesting

user profile picture
Spanishpod101.com
Wednesday at 11:21 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi My N,


Thank you for posting!


Please let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team Spanishpod101.com

user profile picture
My N
Wednesday at 2:50 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

very helpful possessive pronounce!

user profile picture
SpanishPod101.com
Sunday at 12:52 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Kim,


Thank you for your comment.

They are similar and use to give affirmation about something or someone.

e.g.

Es verdad que tu hermana se casa? - Is it true your sister is getting married?

De verdad me gusta el hígado frito. - It's true I like fried liver.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

user profile picture
Kim
Saturday at 8:08 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Is there a difference in meaning or usage between "Es verdad" and "De verdad". It seems like in the last few lessons both have been used to mean something at least very similar... Thanks!

user profile picture
SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 12:46 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Teresa,


Gracias por tu comentario.

"la" refers to "mochila", Feminine noun.

But yes, you can also say "Esta mochila es tuya."

eg.

"Este carro es el tuyo." or "Este carro es tuyo."

"Esta casa es la tuya." or "Esta casa es tuya."


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

user profile picture
Teresa
Thursday at 7:19 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi

In one of the examples, the translation for "This backpack is yours" is "Esta mochilla es la tuya". I would like to know why is the "la" necessary in front of tuya. Is it wrong to say "Esta mochilla es tuya"?

user profile picture
SpanishPod101.com
Sunday at 9:07 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola JungMin,


"créeme" means "trust me"

"me cree" means "you trust"

Can you see the difference?


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

user profile picture
JungMin
Thursday at 11:26 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

When I respond to someone saying "No te creo" to me, why is the correct answer "créeme" and not "me cree"? My logic is that the subject is put before the verb in Spanish so the translation of "(you) trust me" needs to be "me cree" like "me trae el menu". I think it is of the same principle as "digame", which I didn't understand the grammatical mechanism of either. Can you please walk me through the grammar as to why it is "créeme" and not "me cree"?