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Lesson Transcript

Absolute Beginner, Season 4, Lesson 18 - Seeing the Sights in the Spanish City of Barcelona
INTRODUCTION
Anna: Hola soy Anna.
Eric: Eric here! Welcome back to SpanishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 4, Lesson 18... Seeing the Sights in the Spanish City of Barcelona
Anna: In this lesson you'll learn how to use the verb haber to say "there is" and "there are."
Eric: This conversation takes place in the morning after a workout.
Anna: And it’s between Santiago and Camila.
Eric: The speakers are friends, so they'll be speaking causally.
Anna: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Santiago: ¡Me voy de vacaciones a Granada!
Camila: ¿Granada? ¿Qué hay allí?
Santiago: Hay muchos edificios musulmanes, como la Alhambra.
Camila: Ah, ya me acuerdo. ¿Y también hay edificios modernistas de Gaudí?
Santiago: No, eso solo es aquí, en Barcelona.
Eric: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Santiago: ¡Me voy de vacaciones a Granada!
Camila: ¿Granada? ¿Qué hay allí?
Santiago: Hay muchos edificios musulmanes, como la Alhambra.
Camila: Ah, ya me acuerdo. ¿Y también hay edificios modernistas de Gaudí?
Santiago: No, eso solo es aquí, en Barcelona.
Eric: Let's now listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Santiago: ¡Me voy de vacaciones a Granada!
Santiago: I'm going to Granada on holiday.
Camila: ¿Granada? ¿Qué hay allí?
Camila: Granada? What's there?
Santiago: Hay muchos edificios musulmanes, como la Alhambra.
Santiago: There are a lot of Islamic buildings, like the Alhambra.
Camila: Ah, ya me acuerdo. ¿Y también hay edificios modernistas de Gaudí?
Camila: Ah, I just remembered. Are there also modernist buildings like Gaudí's?
Santiago: No, eso solo es aquí, en Barcelona.
Santiago: No, that's only here in Barcelona.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Barcelona is a city that is well known for its good weather, food, and architecture. You can find Romanic and Gothic architecture, such as Barcelona's Cathedral. But it's especially famous because you can also find the modernist architecture of Antoni Gaudí.
Anna: That's right. Gaudí was really famous for using curves instead of straight lines in many of his creations, as you can see in buildings such as Casa Batlló or the Park Güell.
Eric: In his career, he was inspired and motivated by different things such as religion, nature, and the region of Catalonia. So, we can see different styles in his creations.
Anna: Exactly. But his magnum opus was the Sagrada Família, which is a huge construction of multiple buildings that has been granted World Heritage Status by UNESCO.
Eric: Make sure you check it out if you go to Spain, listeners! Okay, now let's take a look at the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: musulmán
Eric: Muslim
Anna: musulmán [slowly]
Anna: musulmán
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: haber
Eric: to have, there is, there are
Anna: haber
Anna: haber
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: allí
Eric: there
Anna: allí [slowly]
Anna: allí
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: edificio
Eric: building
Anna: edificio [slowly]
Anna: edificio
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: modernista
Eric: modernist
Anna: modernista [slowly]
Anna: modernista
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: acordarse
Eric: to remember
Anna: acordarse [slowly]
Anna: acordarse
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: solo
Eric: only, just
Anna: solo [slowly]
Anna: solo
Eric: And last..
Anna: en
Eric: in
Anna: en [slowly]
Anna: en
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Anna: The first word we'll look at is allí, which means "there.”
Eric: That's right. This word is an adverb of location, and it indicates that the object, person, or place the speaker is talking about is at some distance from both the speaker and the listener.
Anna: However, it isn't very far away. For example, Vamos allí means, "Let's go just over there."
Eric: What's our next word?
Anna: The next word we'll look at is acordarse. This is a Spanish irregular verb meaning "to remember."
Eric: This verb always goes together with a pronoun. Since it's a verb, we've put a conjugation table in the lesson notes for you to review, listeners. Anna, could you give us a couple of examples?
Anna: Sure. You could say, Yo me acuerdo, which means "I remember," or nosotros nos acordamos meaning, "We remember."
Eric: The next word we'll look at is...
Anna: Modernista. Modernista is a singular adjective, but it's neutral in gender. That means it doesn't change for masculine or feminine nouns.
Eric: That's right. It refers to a person or thing related to the artistic movement of Modernism. The translation is "modernist."
Anna: An example sentence would be, Ésta es una construcción modernista, which translates as, "This is a Modernist construction."
Eric: The last phrase we'll look at is...
Anna: Edificio. Edificio is a Spanish masculine noun that refers to a construction made of materials suitable to house people, animals, things, or activities.
Eric: It looks a lot like the word "edifice," which should help you remember it a bit, but it actually means "building." Could you use this in a sentence?
Anna: Sure! You could say Éste es un edificio diseñado por Gaudí, which translates as, "This is a building designed by Gaudí."
Eric: And now on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Anna: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the verb haber with the meanings of "there Is" and "there Are." In the dialogue, we heard the phrase, Hay muchos edificios modernistas de Gaudí.
Eric: Which we translated as "There are a lot of Gaudí's modernist buildings."
Anna: In English, to say that a person or something exist in a certain location, we use "there is" and "there are."
Eric: In Spanish, it's even easier. There's only one verb, which is...
Anna: Haber. And haber means "to have" but it can also mean "to exist." What's nice about this is that you only need to learn a few conjugations of the verb haber in order to use it this way.
Eric: Now, the rules are pretty simple for this sentence structure, so this lesson is going to have lots of example sentences so you can hear how things fit together.
Anna: Right. Our first example sentence is, Hay un gato encima de la mesa.
Eric: Which means, "There's a cat on the table."
Anna: Here, the verb haber is conjugated to hay, which is what we use for present tense sentences.
Eric: In English, you have the singular—"there is"—and plural—"there are"—forms, while in Spanish there's just one form for both…
Anna: Hay. For example, Hay un perro, which means, "There's a dog." Or Hay tres perros, which means, "There are three dogs." The hay stays the same.
Eric: So, for the past tense, we use...
Anna: Había or hubo. For example, Hubo un accidente, which means, "There was an accident." Or Había tres coches allí, which means, "There used to be three cars over there."
Eric: And for the future tense, we use...
Anna: Habrá. An example would be, Habrá examen la semana que viene, which means, "There will be an exam next week."
Eric: To form the negative, just put no in front of the conjugated form of the verb.
Anna: Right. So, you could say, No hay naranjas, which means "There are no oranges."
Eric: Now, remember that even though the use of this verb is pretty easy, the noun still has its gender and number, so we have to use the correct article.
Anna: That's right. So it would have to be, Hay unas manzanas, which would be, "There are some apples."
HOMEWORK
Eric: Before we go, let’s give the answer to the previous lesson’s homework.
Anna: Okay, here are the answers to the tarea. The correct plural demonstrative adjective in each case is:
estos pantalones
esas niñas
estos duraznos
Eric: And this time?
Anna: This time we’ll ask you to choose which of the following sentences uses the verb haber in future tense:
Había naranjas en la canasta.
No hubo niños en el parque.
¿Habrá tarea hoy?

Outro

Eric: Well that just about does it for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Bye!
Anna: ¡Hasta luego!

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Have you ever been to Barcelona?