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Lesson Transcript

Absolute Beginner, Season 4, Lesson 17 - Choosing a Spanish Dining Destination
INTRODUCTION
Anna: Hola soy Anna.
Eric: Eric here! Welcome back to SpanishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 4, Lesson 17, Choosing a Spanish Dining Destination.
Anna: In this lesson, you'll keep learning how to use the demonstrative adjectives. This time we will talk about esos and esas.
Eric: This conversation takes place at home on a Saturday morning.
Anna: And it’s between Paula and Daniel.
Eric: The speakers are dating, so they'll be speaking casually.
Anna:Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Paula: Tengo hambre, ¿cenamos fuera?
Daniel: Sí, podemos ir a uno de esos restaurantes modernos del centro.
Paula: ¿Vamos a ese que está al lado del teatro?
Daniel: A cualquiera de esos estará bien.
Eric: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Paula: Tengo hambre, ¿cenamos fuera?
Daniel: Sí, podemos ir a uno de esos restaurantes modernos del centro.
Paula: ¿Vamos a ese que está al lado del teatro?
Daniel: A cualquiera de esos estará bien.
Eric: Let's now listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Paula: Tengo hambre, ¿cenamos fuera?
Paula: I'm hungry; shall we go out for dinner?
Daniel: Sí, podemos ir a uno de esos restaurantes modernos del centro.
Daniel: Yeah, we can go to one of those fashionable restaurants downtown.
Paula: ¿Vamos a ese que está al lado del teatro?
Paula: Shall we go to the one next to the theater?
Daniel: A cualquiera de esos estará bien.
Daniel: Any of them will be fine.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Spanish food is well known around the world. Spain has become famous not only for its healthy Mediterranean food but also for Ferràn Adrià, who is considered to be one of the best chefs in the world.
Anna: Ferran Adrià was the owner of El Bulli, which was named best restaurant in the world for five years in a row, according to The Restaurant magazine.
Eric: Ferran Adrià's cooking is special because of his creativity. For example, he sometimes uses liquid nitrogen as part of the cooking process.
Anna: His creativity was recognized when he was awarded a Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Barcelona and the University of Aberdeen. Plus he was named one of the one hundred most influential people in the world by The Times.
Eric: Make sure you eat plenty of Spanish food when you visit Spain, listeners! Now let's take a look at the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: tener hambre
Eric: to be hungry
Anna: tener hambre [slowly]
Anna: tener hambre
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: cenar
Eric: to have supper or dinner
Anna: cenar
Anna: cenar
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: fuera
Eric: outside, out
Anna: fuera [slowly]
Anna: fuera
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: moderno
Eric: modern, fashionable
Anna: moderno [slowly]
Anna: moderno
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: centro
Eric: downtown, center
Anna: centro [slowly]
Anna: centro
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: cualquiera, cualesquiera
Eric: any
Anna: cualquiera, cualesquiera [slowly]
Anna: cualquiera, cualesquiera
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: teatro
Eric: theater
Anna: teatro [slowly]
Anna: teatro
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: esos, esas
Eric: those, adjective
Anna: esos, esas [slowly]
Anna: esos, esas
Eric: And last..
Anna: ésos, ésas
Eric: those, pronoun
Anna: ésos, ésas [slowly]
Anna: ésos, ésas
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Anna: The first phrase we're going to look at is tener hambre, which means "to be hungry." Tener is the verb "to have," and hambre means "hunger."
Eric: So, literally it means "to have hunger." You could technically say...
Anna: Estoy hambriento.
Eric: Which literally means "I’m hungry," but the real meaning in Spanish is "I’m very hungry."
Anna: The verb tener must be conjugated in order to use this phrase correctly. We've put a conjugation table in the lesson notes.
Eric: Could you give us a few examples?
Anna: Sure. You could say something like Él tiene hambre, which translates as "He's hungry." Or ¿Vosotros tenéis hambre? which means "Are you all hungry?"
Eric: What's our next phrase?
Anna: The next phrase we'll look at is cenar fuera, which means "to eat out" or "to go out for dinner."
Eric: This phrase is made up of the verb...
Anna: Cenar.
Eric: Which means "to have dinner," and the adverb...
Anna: Fuera.
Eric: Which means "out" or "outside."
Anna: An example sentence using this phrase would be ¿Vamos a cenar fuera?, which roughly means, "Shall we go out for dinner?"
Eric: The next word we'll look at is...
Anna: Moderno, which means "something new or recent." And it refer to a thing, a tendency, or anything.
Eric: This is the singular, masculine version, and the feminine version is...
Anna: moderna. And the last phrase we'll look at is Centro de la ciudad, which means something like "center of the city" or "downtown."
Eric: So, when the Spanish speaking people want to go downtown, they say...
Anna: Al centro de la ciudad.
Eric: Or, even shorter...
Anna: Al centro. So, to say something like "let's have dinner downtown," the sentence would be Cenemos en el centro de la ciudad.
Eric: Okay, now let's take a look at the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the demonstrative adjective "those."
Anna: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase, Podemos ir a uno de esos restaurantes modernos del centro.
Eric: Which we translated as, "We can go to one of those fashionable restaurants downtown."
Anna: Okay so, in this lesson, we'll look at two more demonstrative adjectives.
Eric: That's right. In the last three lessons, you learned about...
Anna: ESTE and ESTA, which are singular demonstrative adjectives that mean "this" in English.
Eric: Then, you learned about..
Anna: ESE and ESA, which are singular demonstrative adjectives and translate as "that."
Eric: Then we talked about...
Anna: ESTOS and ESTAS, which are plural demonstrative adjectives, and both of them translate as "these."
Eric: In this lesson, we'll look at the Spanish equivalents for "those" which are...
Anna: ESOS and ESAS. Esos is the masculine form and esas is the feminine form.
Eric: These adjectives refer to a place, concern, time, or thing that's distant from the speaker in some way.
Anna: That's right. For example, Podemos ir a uno de esos restaurantes, which translates as, "We can go to one of those restaurants."
Eric: That means the restaurants are not near the speaker. This could be either physically, mentally, or both.
Anna: That's right. For example, you could say this when you're looking at restaurants in a phone book and esos restaurantes are at the top of the page, and therefore more distant from you than the restaurants at the bottom of the page. In this situation, esos refers to the physical distance of the advertisements on the page in relationship to you, not the physical relationship of the restaurants to you.
Eric: Indeed, you could find out that the restaurants are quite close to you once you look at the address.
Anna: Exactly. A few more examples would be phrases like esas sillas which means "those chairs," esos años which means "those years," and esas aventuras meaning "those adventures."
HOMEWORK
Eric: Okay, now it’s time for the answer to the previous lesson’s homework.
Anna: The answer to the Tarea is, Estos cucharas están sucias. The correct sentence should be, Estas cucharas están sucias.
Eric: This time, the homework will be a bit more complicated. We’ll ask you to choose the correct plural demonstrative adjective in each case:
Anna: 1) (blank) pantalones *referring to an object close to the speaker.
2) (blank) niñas *referring to an object far from the speaker.
3) (blank) duraznos *referring to an object close to the speaker.

Outro

Eric: So fill in the blanks. Well, that just about does it for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Bye!
Anna: ¡Hasta luego!

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